Ethiopia

Wondo Genet Well Rehab Program - Ethiopia

Fetching water in Wondo Genet

Phase 2 of our Ethiopia Well Rehab ProgramPromoting Transformation and Hope among the Most Marginalized in EthiopiaNPCA & WC LOGOS

This project is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.

Non functioning wellLocation
Five villages in the Wondo Genet region of Ethiopia, spread across three Kebeles (counties).  Kube, Wuchale 1, Lomicha, Wuchale 2, and Abosa.

Community Description
Wondo Genet is in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia, about a four-hour drive south of Addis Ababa. It also is part of the Sidama Zone located in the Great Rift Valley.  Wondo Genet is bordered on the south by Malga, on the west by Awasa Zuria, and on the north and east by the Oromia Region. Based on the 2007 Census, this woreda has a total population of 155,715, of whom 79,664 are men and 76,051 women; 23,125 or 14.85% of its population are urban dwellers.

This region has been suffering from an interminable drought, as well as intractable poverty.  As such, they desperately need assistance to meet their basic living requirements.  The people of these 5 villages have wells which have fallen into disrepair, and are currently unusable... thus making their hard lives even harder.

Problem Addressed
A WaSH survey conducted by the district water office shows that there are 60 existing wells that are not functioning and need repair to provide water to the respective communities. To meet demand, 81 new wells need to be constructed.  Studies have shown that operation and maintenance of water supplies fail after a short period of time because of poor operation and lack of effective maintenance. The district water office has no budget for maintenance and cannot effectively provide technical support. Delay or negligence in operation and maintenance of water facilities negatively impacts the wellbeing of the population, forcing them to travel long distances and wait in lengthy queues for potable water.  Many people resort to dangerous undeveloped water sources, most of which amount to nothing more than a muddy pit.  Naturally, this causes severe, and often deadly, health concerns with a high incidence of waterborne illness.

Project Description
This project is to rebuild 5 wells, one in each of 5 villages. 

Gathering water with donkeyWater Charity has initiated the repairs by partnering with local NGOs to drill the wells deeper, replace handpumps, and otherwise enact repairs that will bring water back to the people of these villages.

Our friends at Water is Life International have people on the ground and a substantial infrastructure for doing WaSH work in the region, including a number of well-drilling rigs donated by our partners at Wine to Water.  By partnering with these groups, WC is able to do these projects at a fraction of their normal cost, without having to have our own personnel waste valuable funds in transit.

Before the repair work begins, an intentional process to engage the community and the government is followed in order to avoid a handout-mentality that can create dependency.  After receiving government permission, a Water Use Committee (WUC) has been elected in each community to take responsibility for the use and maintenance of the repaired well.  The WUC is comprised of four women and three men, which ensures that women will have a strong voice and position to manage the well.  The management of the well by the WUC usually includes charging a nominal fee to the users, in order to maintain a fund for repairs.  This fund is then used for maintenance and repairs to keep the pump operational. In this way our repaired wells are unlikely to meet the fate of many such wells in the region, and should be functional far into the foreseeable future.

Gathering water from a streamA productive and functioning well brings joy to the community as it promotes a healthier life, eases the physical burden of the community, and returns time to women (as the duty of fetching and carrying water traditionally falls to them).  It is vital to the sustainability of the well that the community is involved in the project throughout the entire process for design, planning, and implementation of the project.  WaSH training is provided to the WUC so they can become permanent trainers in the community. The idea is improved sanitation and hygiene behaviors within the community, such as Open Defecation Free areas and consistent handwashing, through the hygiene and sanitation training.

Hydrogeological conditions on site indicate that groundwater is in accessible depth (20 to 30 meter below the ground), has adequate hydraulic conductivity and storage volume and good quality.

Project Impact
Approximately 1,500 people will directly benefit from these repairs... as well as anyone who visits these villages.

Project Management
Josh Elliott, of Wine to Water, is providing administrative oversight for these projects.  And Water is Life technicians are managing the implementation and training aspects.

Monitoring and Maintenance
The WUC set up in each village will be responsible for the monitoring and maintenance of their well.  This will be overseen by WiLI personel who will continue to work with the villagers and train their SLT's.

Undeveloped Water SourceComments
As we have more funding for this program, and its parent programs, Water Charity is committed to continuing this work, and hopes to be able to fix all of the broken wells of Wondo Genet eventually.  As such, we ask you to donate generously.  Every dollar raised in excess of the cost of these rehabs will be spent on further rehabs in the region. 

In this program, as with all WC projects, we have used existing funds to start this project immediately. We only ask for donations once projects are already underway. In this way we can be extremely responsive and speedy in delivering aid where it is needed. Even a short delay in implementation can be costly when dealing with waterborne illness. Other charities reverse this, but we feel time is of the essence. In this way, donating to this program is actually reimbursing us for funds we have already allocated.  The more money we have on hand, the more projects like this we can start.

Dollar Amount of Project
$11,000

This project has been fully funded by an anonymous U.S. donor.  To help us provide more programs like this one, please Donate to our Ethiopia Well Rehab Program.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.


Waiting for water

 
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Ethiopia Well Rehab Program

Ethiopia Well Rehab Program

NPCA & WC LOGOSThis program is designed to help the people of Ethiopia by rehabilitating wells and repairing pumps across the country. It is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.

ETHIOPIA

Population: 90 million people

54% do not have access to safe water

89% do not have access to adequate sanitation

39% live below the poverty line

Life Expectancy:  55 years

GNI Per Capita:  $280 USD

443 Million:  The number of school days lost worldwide each year to

water-related diseases

1.8 Million:  Additional number of people estimated to lack access to clean water

in 2016 in Ethiopia due to El Nino related drought

 


The program will begin with the West Arsi region of Ethiopia.  Arsi Negele Woreda is located in the Great Rift Valley, an area of southern Ethoipia susceptible to drought and famine.  Water is, and remains, one of the most crucial issues of concern for these remote regions of Ethiopia.  People resort to drawing water from muddy pits, and are subject to a large variety of waterborne illnesses.West Arsi Map

Due to El Nino related weather effects in the fall of 2015, Arsi Negele has been hit hard by drought.  This drought is widely affecting the southern region of Ethiopia, and in particular Arsi Negele.  Traditionally, people living in Arsi Negele have collected water from traditional water sources, such as ponds and rivers, or some villages have been fortunate enough to have shallow wells drilled with hand pumps.  Traditional sources are not protected and the unclean water causes numerous health problems for the local communities.  Due to the drought, even these sources began to fail in the fall of 2015.  The combined effects of the failure of traditional water sources, as well as exacerbated problems related to the drought, has caused a serious and perilous water shortage in Arsi Negele..

This program will encompass the following 6 villages to start. Each of the villages delineated below will have their own projects under this program.  Furthermore, after these first 6 villages are served, Water Charity intends to continue the program in other needy locations, finding as many wells that need rehabilitation as we can.
Chart

With this program, six existing wells that are currently nonfunctioning will be rehabilitated.  The objective of well rehabilitation is to improve well performance, increase well capacity, clear silt deposits built up in the well, remove mineral build up encrusted on the pump screen, and repair or replace existing pumps.  This is a way of utilizing work already done in order to provide clean water at a lower cost.  By repairing or replacing hand pumps, we can serve as many people as a new well would at a fraction of the cost.

The well rehabilitation program will be followed by a further effort to drill 20 new shallow wells to serve the needs of the population, as well as finding more wells to rehabilitate

For this project, Water Charity is partnering with the local NGO WiLI (Water Is Life International), an organization active in the creation and support of Sustainable Living Groups (SLGs), as well as the improvement of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) practices. SLGs are Water Use Committeecommunity-based savings and credit institutions that are autonomous and completely managed by the poor themselves.

As they mature, eight to twelve SLGs may be organized into Cluster Level Associations (CLAs) to form a second institution of support.  They also create a stimulating context for new learning of healthy behaviors and practices such as drinking from improved water sources, using latrines, washing hands and managing microenterprises. These new behaviors drastically reduce the incidence of waterborne disease and put people on the path toward better economic and social development.  

WiLi has been working in Ethiopia since 2006 and has constructed over 300 wells, provided WaSH trainings for each community receiving a well and established over 400 SLGs that have transformed the lives of tens of thousands of Ethiopians.  These engagements are managed and implemented through a network of partnerships that builds the capacity of Ethiopians to address these challenging issues.

The powerful establishment of a thriving SLG program has brought dignity, hope, and economic empowerment to thousands in the region. To build on established relationships and achievements to continue these positive trends this project will strengthen the SLG program and the formation of CLAs, increase the number of safe water wells, and bring the nexus of these activities together through WaSH trainings and educational programs. 

 

The great need in West Arsi continues to be a call for action and response, and WiLi and Water Charity want to continue the vision of long-term development investment and involvement in West Arsi.  A cost-effective approach to provide clean and sustainable water to a community is to rehabilitate already existing wells and hand pumps.  current source

Summary of Program Objectives 
Rehabilitate 6 wells in the region near Lake Langano, in order to ensure a safe, accessible and sustainable source of potable water to approximately 500 people per well. 

Well rehabilitations are a cost effective way to renew a clean water source within a community. 

  • Subsequently Drill 20 new shallow wells.
  • Support the continued training activities of the SLG program into CLAs in order to benefit over 5,500 SLG members and their families.
  • Observe improved sanitation and hygiene behaviors within SLGs, such as Open Defecation Free communities and consistent handwashing, through hygiene and sanitation training.
  • Introduce the use of bio-sand filters.
  • Build the capacity of the SLG institutions to better serve themselves and become leaders in their own transformation.  

Ideally, this program will scale up to include more villages and regions afield from Wes Arsi, but this program, as big as it ever gets, will be focused on this efficient model, and the tangible goal of making life better for the people of this, and other difficult regions in Ethiopia.

Program Impacts
The approach of combining the WaSH sector with SLGs allows us to tackle a number of varying issues that pose the greatest challenges to the poorest of the poor in West Arsi.  This transformational approach targets the following:

  • Extreme Poverty Extreme poverty can imprison and paralyze people to a life of hopelessness and despair. The SLG movement restores personal dignity and creates opportunity and hopefulness out of the resource base that already exists in the community.  This is called asset based community development. The process is to create formal small groups to envision the future together and establish responsible planning and accountability to increase income. 
  • West Arsi Well RehabFood Security It is estimated that 5.2 million people in Ethiopia are experiencing scarcity of food and undernourishment.  West Arsi is included in this area.  SLG members will gain access to improved water sources and will be able to learn better nutrition and afford a healthier diet through alternative sources of income.  
  • Climate Change Adaptation  Over the past 40 years the cycles of rainfall shortage and drought in Ethiopia have worsened due to climate change.  In drought prone areas in the southern part of Ethiopia, drought has become an annual risk.  Water shortage is a direct result of climate change.  We are helping Ethiopians to adapt to the impacts of climate change by providing alternative water sources that are sustainable during drought periods.
  • Community Resilience and Disaster Response Social support is the foundation of strengthening a community’s resilience and ability to respond and adapt to disasters.  SLGs have proven to be key social structures that improve the ability of families and communities to respond to disasters in a successful way.  By strengthening and expanding our SLG programs, we promote community resilience and partner with communities for positive responses to disasters.
  • Health  Waterborne disease is the number one cause of infant mortality in Ethiopia, causing an estimated 300,000 deaths per year.  The best way to decrease infant mortality and improve the health of children and families in Ethiopia is through clean and safe water.  Our wells provide clean water sources so that death won’t be caused by dirty water, and our sanitation and hygiene education programs help decrease the transmission of water-borne diseases.

UPDATE:

All of the initial well rehabs in this program have been completed.  Conclusion pages are being posted under the individual project pages for each village well. We are in the process of assessing new wells that need rehabilitation in villages nearby and farther away.  Check back soon, as a SECOND PHASE of well rehabs will be underway shortly!

WELL REHABILITATION SITE SUMMARY

Village

GPS Coordinates

Elevation (m)

Depth (m)

Static Water Level (m)

Pump Type

Well Yield (L/s)

UTM East

UTM North

Kushe #1

475140

827438

1676

66

47

Extra Deep Hand Pump

2

Kushe #2

475851

828234

1649

69

38

Indian Mark-II

3

Gubeta Bomba

477271

830388

1618

72

18

Indian Mark-II

1

Buku Wolkite

473603

827858

1656

84

38

Indian Mark-II

2.5

Wondo Lemeche

476893

831783

1600

31

20

Afridev

1

Lalesa

470255

828879

1608

40

22

Afridev

1.5

Kids In Arsi

To contribute to this ambitious program, use the PayPal button below. We welcome corporate sponsorship.

 

NPCA & WC LOGOSAnd to those who have already contributed, thank you for changing the lives of so many of the poorest of the poor in Arsi Negele, Ethiopia, and for partnering with us to promote sustainable access to clean water!

This entire program falls under our larger East Africa Water & Sanitation Program.
These projects are made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.

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Ethiopia Borehole Program

Ethiopia Borehole Program - Ethiopia

 

Water Charity is proud to announce our Ethiopia Borehole Program.  This is a major initiative to drill new boreholes in the Sidama region of Ethiopia. The program is underway.  Click the links near the bottom of this page to read about the projects that are started.NPCA & WC LOGOS

This program is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.

The drilling will be done by Selam Awassa Water Drilling works & Sanitation PLC, a local company that was donated drilling equipment by our friends Wine 2 Water, who have been gracious enough to make this connection for us.  In order to achieve maximum effect, and a high return on the dollar, this program is being done in partnership with these groups with an existing presence in the region, and a strong record of success in the field of well creation, management and repair. These will be our first projects in Ethiopia in quite some time, and we are thrilled to be working with people who have been actively engaged in doing water and sanitation projects in the area.

The woredas (counties) to be served by this program are Wondo Genet and Dalle to begin with, and as we can compound upon initial successes, we will expand the program to include other needy areas.  Click on the map to the right to expand it.  Each well will have its own project (and conclusion) page, which will be linked below.  This page will be updated as new projects are started and news from the field comes in.

Map of the regionThe regions in question are mountainous with an average elevation of 6,000ft.  60% of the people in the area do not currently have access to clean water.  According to the 2011 UNDP Human Development Report, Ethiopia is ranked as one of the least developed countries at 174 out of 187 in the United Nations Human Development Index.  It is estimated that one in four Ethiopians live on less than one dollar per day. Access to safe drinking water is particularly lacking in Ethiopia’s rural areas.  During the dry season more traditional sources of water are placed under pressure as hand dug wells and other perennial sources dry up.  Although Ethiopia is said to have one of the greatest water reserves in Africa, most of this lies untapped below the surface of the earth with water tables ranging from 50 to over 500 feet down.

Given this variety in depth, the difficulty and cost of doing wells in various areas varies tremendously.  A 180m deep well is going to cost more per person than a 90m... or 30m well.  The areas we have chosen to start this program are neither the hardest nor the easiest regions where this is concerned, but rather represent an area where the need is great, and the infrastructure to get projects done is present and running well.

Ethiopia’s main health problems are said to be communicable diseases caused by poor sanitation and malnutrition.  Water and sanitation-related diseases, particularly diarrhea, are among the top causes of death in the country, especially for children under 5.  In the woredas where our new wells will be drilled, there are frequent cases of dysentery, giardia, typhoid and other dangerous waterborne illnesses.

The majority of the population consists of subsistence farmers, growing crops such as sugar cane, false banana, coffee, and avocado.  The women and children in the communities are responsible for collecting water for their households from unprotected hand dug wells and contaminated ponds. Wells of the kind we will be installing (deep boreholes) provide year-round safe access to water, and will free up many hours of labor. 

The focus is to empower women who carry the burden of hauling water and making a living in a paternalistic society and who offer so much promise to transform communities. Communities and trusted partners are invited to participate in each stage of the work in order to create a sense of ownership, responsibility and stewardship. In this way, a framework and support system is established that can provide long-term benefits for individuals and communities.

A Water Use Committee (WUC) has been established for each water point so money can be collected for repairs.  This will ensure village participation, sense of ownership, and long term sustainability.

Cement pouredAs the wells are drilled, a health and hygiene training program will be organized. Hand washing, diseases transmission, pump care, and other key lessons will be taught. One of the community members is chosen by the WUC to be caretaker of the pump and will be responsible for small maintenance issues and security.  The new boreholes will dovetail with local community based organizations to build upon a community outreach program (Sustainable Living Groups) for the longevity and sustainability of the project. This, combined with WC's traditionally minimal overhead costs, creates a very comprehensive package that doesn't stop at simply drilling a well and installing a pump, but continues to engage with the community, and make sure these water points will continue to provide for the people for many, many years to come.

While this ambitious effort to create wells in a very needy region of a very needy country has a major donor already, we encourage everyone interested in helping out to do so.  The more money we collect for this program, the more people we can help.  This is an opportunity for people to contribute meaningfully to these communities without the massive overhead often associated with such projects.

You can view the individual borehole projects via links at the bottom of this page.

This program falls under our larger, comprehensive East Africa Water & Sanitation Program.

 Village Mother

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High School Latrine Project - Ethiopia

High School Latrine Project - Ethiopia

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

High School Latrine Project - EthiopiaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxx, Tenta Woreda, South Wello, East Amhara, Ethiopia

Community Description
Xxxxxx is considered the central town in the Tenta region of East Amhara, Ethiopia, and is surrounded by six other communities. As the central town, it holds the only source of secondary education for the town of Xxxxxx and all of the surrounding six communities.

Due to the large community capacity of the area, Xxxxxx High School is ranked as the number one provider of education in the entire zone of South Wello. It supports the education of 3,221 students (1,385 female), 131 teachers, and 16 administrative staff.

Problem Addressed
Xxxxxx High School is deficient in hygienic latrine and wash facilities, especially for the female students.

The high school age is a particularly trying time for female students and this is the critical juncture, in their educational experience, where it has been shown that they tend to fall behind in their class work, attendance starts to decline, and drop-out rates increase. One reason for this decline is the lack of support at the school level when they have their monthly menstruation.

Currently, Xxxxxx High School only has one latrine, with four stalls, for the entire population of the 1,385 female students. This lack of a sufficient latrine facility and water source, for cleaning menstrual pads, is one deterrent for the attendance of female students.

High School Latrine Project - EthiopiaProject Description
The aim of this project is to construct one latrine and one hygienic wash facility for the female students of Xxxxxx High School.

The latrine will be comprised of eight stalls and a wash facility for the female students to use to wash their menstrual pads and to stay clean.

The project will also provide a water source for the school garden.

The PCV will work in conjunction with the Education Bureau, Youth Bureau, Agriculture Bureau, Water Bureau, and the High School administration to supervise the construction of the facility and to provide permagarden training and nutrition training.

Water Charity funds will pay for the materials and skilled labor. The community will provide local materials and unskilled labor.

Project Impact
1,385 female students will benefit directly from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
S. Alemayehu

Monitoring and Maintenance
The school administrative team will add the expenses for the new bathroom facility to their yearly budget, and pay for continued maintenance.

Funds from the school garden will help pay for upkeep and the purchase of provisions.

Let Girls Learn
This project addresses the need for girls to have safe and sanitary bathroom facilities, and creates a situation where it is easier for them to go to and remain in school. Thus, it comes under the Let Girls Learn program. 

This project has been paid for by an anonymous donor.

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Lamore Spring Rehabilitation Project - Ethiopia

Current state of the Lamore Spring

NPCA and WC logos

This project, to rebuild the Lamore spring so as to provide water for Doyogena, is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

LocationJerry Cans waiting for water
Lamore Spring in the Doyogena Woreda, Kambatta-Tambaro Zone, Ethiopia

Community Description

Doyogena is a beautiful welcoming community. It is a highland area surrounded by scenic mountains and greenery. The local plant, known as inset, and also known as false banana, can be seen in abundance through the land and along the roads. 

 

Doyogena is the woreda center town of the Doyogena Woreda. Doyogena has 17 kebeles, 13 rural and 4 urban. This woreda is fairly recent, only being established as its own woreda about 7 years ago. Doyogena is located in the Kambaata-Tambaro region, and the local language spoken is Kambatina.

Lamore Spring is found approximately 1 km from the Doyogena town center, and 170 km from the regional capital, Hawassa. Lamore is a natural spring, the water source coming from the ground. In 1986 a small reservoir was constructed to store the natural spring water, and allow it to be distributed to the community. At that time, it was estimated to serve more than 700 people. 
 

Problem Addressed

There have been many challenges with the reservoir built in 1986. First, it was not fully enclosed, so the water being stored was easily contaminated by rain water. Second, the reservoir built out of concrete has developed a hole that has increased in size over time, so that no water is able to be properly stored in the current reservoir. Third, the population in the town has greatly increased, and it is estimated that over 2,000 people are coming to this reservoir as a source for water. 

 

Hole in the encasment

Due to the small size, unenclosed reservoir, and giant hole, the water is contaminated and unclean. The community members often wait overnight in order to fill their “jerry cans" with the slow dripping water from the pipe connected to the natural spring. The discharge of the spring has been getting higher, and the collection chamber is not able to reserve enough water to satisfy the increasing demand of the society. The community also faces a shortage of the main water supply in the town. There is no money for them to budget for the much-needed repairs.  The leaky pipes, broken enclosure, and contamination of this water source are a source of consternation for all the people of the region.


Project Description

The proposed solution for the Lamore spring rehabilitation is to build a new reservoir, holding container for the natural spring water. The reservoir will have a capacity of 10,000 liters, and will be have a concrete foundation. There will be 4 faucets out of one outlet so that 4 different people can access it at one time. It will be fully enclosed to ensure that the water stays clean and avoids contamination from rain water/ other natural elements. The new reservoir will be built in an open area of land next to the natural spring, and will be connected by pipe to the current pipeline. 

 

The project includes:

-Cleaning the capping box area

-Rehabilitating the existing collection chamber

-Constructing the existing water point

-Making a drainage line to take the spilled water

-Constructing a protective fence around the water point

 

Much of the planning on the project was done by Melody Halzel, Returned Peace Corps Volunteer.

 

Long view of the spring as it is now.

Project Impact
By restoring the Lamore spring, and creating a new reservoir to hold the water, the community (over 2,000 in population) will greatly benefit.
 
Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Helen Boxwill, Executive Director of H2 Empower.
 
Monitoring and Maintenance
There will be a community board set up to oversee the project. The members of this board will include a community liaison, the water office director, two local engineers from the water office, two local elders, and one neighbor whose land is next to the current Lamore spring.
 
The community board will maintain the improvements, and make all necessary repairs.
 
The community will donate 10% of the proposed budget. The community will also build a fence from local materials to provide safety and security for the new reservoir. The community will also provide a “waiter”, or person who will keep the community members in line while they fetch the water. This will help to avoid overcrowding, fighting, or any destruction to the new reservoir.  

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.  If you would like to see more projects like this, please donate to the East Africa Water & Sanitation Program.

Waiting for water at Lamore Spring, EthiopiaCurrent state of the spring at Lamore, Ethiopia
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Garada Intella Kebele Water Project - Ethiopia

Villagers collecting water from polluted sources

This project is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.NPC & WC Logos

Location

SNNPRG region, Dawro zone, Gena Bossa district, Ethiopia.  The project will specifically be in the village of Garada Intella Kebele.

Community Description
Dawro is one of the 14 zones in SNNPRS. The administrative center and capital of the zone is Tarcha, which is situated about 495 kilometers Southwest of Addis Ababa and 342 kilometers away from the capital of SNNPRS (Hawassa) to the West. The zone was structured in October, 2000, with the population size of 600,102 across five woredas (Mareka, Loma, Gena Bossa, Tocha & Issera and Tarcha) and one town administration. The zone has a diversified agro-climatic region including highlands, mid temperate, and lowland with the altitudinal variation ranging from 550 meters to 2,820 meters above sea level.

Garada Intella is one of 36 rural kebeles in Gena Bossa District, with the total population size of 744 across four villages. Many obstacles make it difficult for these communities to get a potable water supply, proper quality education facilities, basic health services and livelihood facilities.

The people of the project areas are extremely disadvantaged and marginalized. As a result, the people live in severe poverty; and women and children in particular have faced the greatest hardship.

Problem Addressed
The people of the area have little or no access to potable water.  The extent of the problem required that government and non-state participants, such as Dawro Development Association, identify water development and sanitation as one of polluted water sourcethe key priorities in Gena Bossa District, particularly in Garada Intella Kebele, where you find the most marginalized areas in Dawro zone.  These villagers are in the worst situation to access potable water and basic sanitation services.

Currently, the coverage of potable water supply, sanitation services and access to clean, safe water in Garada Intella is basically non-existant. As a result, almost all community members in the area are obliged to depend on unsafe water sources such as rivers, ponds and unprotected springs full of algae that increases exposures to various types of rampant waterborne diseases, and at the same time increases the workload of women and children who commonly fetch water from long distances. The water supply and sanitation services have been poor and worsening in the proposed villages.

Currently, all the villages of Garada Intella Kebele have no developed and protected water systems. This project is predicted to reduce the incidence of waterborne diseases from the 98% to 40%, and increase safe water coverage from 0% to 38.40% in the Kebele.  Consequently, women and the larger community will be able to live a healthy and more dignified life.

Project Description
This project is planned to develop and protect two water sources in one village of Gena Bossa District. The components of each spring development and protection plan include capping, water point with two faucets and gates valves, cattle trough, and washing basins. 

The two springs are in close proximity but the flow from each, while adequate, is not great enough to sustain the necessary flow. The general area of this project is hilly and partially forested.  The soil is firm with small rocks.  There is a total of 200 meters of 50 mm pipe needed to connect the two small springs with the reservoir and the two separate public taps.  Similarly, the elevation difference is small.  The PVC piping is readily available, and the pipe will be buried two feet underground for sustainability.

A reservoir or storage tank will be built.  The water flow has been determined to be 0.08 liter per second.  This is equal to approximately 3 cubic meters of collection over the usual 12 hours of darkness each day.  If the project costs come in lower than estimated, the reservoir will be increased to 5 cubic meters.  Total water flow per day is 6,800 liters or 9.3 liters per person.

The major activities of this project include:

* Creating awareness among the communities regarding water issues
* Mobilize the communities to supply local materials, their labor, and money
* Establishment of water and sanitation management committees
* Provide training for water management committees for each newly constructed water point. A training will be given for seven water management committees on the topics of sanitation, hygiene, use of water, and maintenance at the center of Gena Bossa District (i.e. Qarawo at the end of May, 2016)

This project will undertake construction of two water sources, monitor and evaluate the process of implementation, and hand over the completed project to the respective communities and the Woreda Water Resource Development Office. This is a rural community-based water project, which addresses urgent needs of the communities. The project will support numerous demand-driven, small-scale projects led by the community.  

Project Impact
The direct beneficiaries of this project are 150 households with total population of 744 people, as well as everyone who visits or passes through this area.

Returned Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
The project is being directed by Bob Gausman, President of the Central Highlands Foundation, who served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Ethiopia. 

Monitoring and Maintenance
Dawro Development Association will be responsible for the implementation and management of the project.  The main office of Dawro Development Association with its branch office in Gena Bossa District will be responsible for community mobilization at grass root level.  It will also actively participate in project monitoring and evaluation as preparing and submitting physical and financial reports of the project to the respective concerned bodies on regular basis.

Comments
This project promotes a community-led development approach that puts emphasis on instituting an enhanced role for the community in water management and sanitation service sustainability.  It will engage local administration and the District Water Resource Development Office to play a supportive role and set directions in strong stakeholder participation, pro-poor emphasis and gender sensitivity.   This project also takes a key development approach to ensure sustainability, women's empowerment and the integration of water services within the water management framework.

The project is anticipated to have an expanded replication effect beyond the water sector to other development interventions and practices, the results motivating communities and local administrations in neighboring Kebeles in the Zone. Its financial and economic affordability and social acceptance, in addition to the fact that it is owned and managed by communities, particularly women's groups, is also assurance to its sustainability and explicability. 

It is the hope that this project will decrease child mortality rates due to the use of unprotected water and that families in the villages will adopt hand washing before and after eating.The community participation is crucially important for cost sharing, but also for the sustainability of the project.  As a result, the communities targeted with this potable water supply & sanitation services project will actively participate at each stage of the project cycle management from identification to evaluation. They provide labor, local material and money.  They are also responsible for the proper handling of the established water points.

The added value of this project is to create water management committees and establish water supply, sanitation and hygiene committees at local levels. Also, arrangements will be made to involve a broader range of stakeholders including grass-root communities in designing and implementing water supply, sanitation, and hygiene practices.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.  If you want to help us do more projects of this type, please contribute to our East Africa Water and Sanitation Program.

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Kushe #1 Village Well Rehab and Training - Ethiopia

Tsege - Village Leadership

NPCA & WC LOGOSThis project is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.
This is the first project in our Ethiopia Well Rehab Program

Location
Kushe #1 Village, Dawe Kebele, Ethiopia
Happy girl
Community Description
The Dawe Kebele (district) is in the region of West Arsi in Ethiopia.  It remains a relatively remote area, and suffers greatly from a variety of hardships, water being chief among them.  They are primarily subsistence farmers and shepherds.

Kushe #1 village (not to be confused with the other Kushe village where the 1st project in this program took place) is populated by members of the Arsi tribe (formerly known as the Arussi), one of over 200 "people groups" belonging to the largest tribe in Ethiopia called the Oromo.

The Arsi people, and the Oromo as a whole, have been oppressed by the Amharic rulers of Ethiopia at many stages of their joint history.  There were periods where they were forbidden to practice their traditional self-governance system, for intsance.

Problem Addressed
There is a 69 meter (227 foot) well in the village, that is not functioning.  It is in need of pump replacement, redrilling, parts, and general rehabilitation.  There are also no people in the village who know how to repair or maintain the well, so a training program is needed.

Project Description
This project will repair the village well, replace the pump, and train a number of locals in the care, upkeep, maintenance and repair of said well.  In concert with WiLI (Water is Life International), Water Charity will mobilize a team of workers who specialize in well rehabilitation, and provide the village a functioning and sustainable well for their water needs.SLG 2

As with all of these projects under the program, the project will be overseen by a local Water Use Committee (WUC), and a local Sustainable Living Group (SLG) that have already been formed for this express purpose.  Having the local community take responsibility for the well project, and raise a small amount of money for its maintenance, will ensure that the well is sustainable, and that the villagers themselves will be able to keep it operational.  

The pump system is the India Mark II, which is ubiquitous in Africa.  Thus, it will be easy for the villagers to find parts and service, if needed, as opposed to some other systems that might have some advantages over the India Mark line, but would be much harder to fix should something go wrong.

Project Impact
About 800 villagers will benefit from a clean, reliable water source.

Project Management
As a collaborative effort between Water Charity, WiLI, and Wine 2 Water, the project will be managed by WiLI staff on the ground, and Kyle Lomax (who has done a number of projects with WC) is overseeing the effort.

Monitoring and MaintenanceWest Arsi Map
The villagers themselves will monitor and maintain the well via their WUC, and they will have ability to get more help if the need should arise.  WiLI staff pays regular visits to the village, and will be very quick to notice if the well becomes un-functional.

Comments
As mentioned above, this project is part of our Ethiopia Well Rehab Program.  This program does deep well rehabilitation, shallow well construction, and comprehensive training for a number of villages in Ethiopia... starting with six communities in the West Arsi region.

The project also falls under our larger East Africa Water & Sanitation Program. Please Donate to the overall program to allow us to continue this model to encompass more villages.

This project has been fully funded by an anonymous donor.

This project has been completed.  To see the results, CLICK HERE.

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Wondo Lemeche Well Rehab Project - Ethiopia

Alemba da Town Well Rehab Project - Ethiopia

This project is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.NPCA & WC Logos
It is the fifth project in our Ethiopia Well Rehab Program

Location
Alemba da Town, Buku Wolda Kebele, EthiopiaLinguistic Map of Ethiopia

Community Description
The Buku Wolda Kebele (district) is in the region of West Arsi in Ethiopia.  This is a remote area, and the people are primarily subsistence farmers and shepherds.  Water is a major hardship in, not only this village, but the entire region.

Alemba da Town is populated by members of the Arsi tribe (formerly known as the Arussi), one of over 200 "people groups" belonging to the largest tribe in Ethiopia called the Oromo.  This is also the name of the local language, though people here speak the Arsi dialect of Oromo.  There has been occasional conflict between the ruling, Amharic speaking, people of Ethiopia, and the Oromo due to differences in language, culture and religion.

The local authority of the Arsi tribe—the Gadaa system—is very strong, historically speaking, but has not been allowed to be practiced under various ruling governments. Under the Gadaa system, the power to administer the affairs of the tribe and to make laws belong to the people. Many representatives come together to make decisions and to create a "check and balance" in their system of rule.

Problem Addressed
There is a deep, 91 meter well (nearly 300 feet) in the village that has not worked in over 2 years.  It is in need of parts, deepening, and a deep well Indian Mark III pump to restore access to clean drinking water.  The villagers had been happy with the water, its general quality, and taste, so the restoration of the well is the main problem facing the village.Villagers

Project Description
This project will repair the village well, install a new pump, and train local workers in proper maintenance, care and repair for the well. 

The pump system is the India Mark III, which is somewhat less ubiquitous in Africa than the India Mark II, as it is designed for deeper wells.  There are concerns about the India pumps, and a number of newer designs exist that boast longer lifespans, and potentially easier repairs. Nonetheless, it will still be easy for the villagers to find parts and service for this model of pump, as opposed to some other systems that might have some advantages over the India Mark line, but would be much harder to fix should something go wrong.

In concert with WiLI (Water is Life International), Water Charity will mobilize a team of workers who specialize in well rehabilitation, and return to the village a functioning and sustainable well for their water needs.

As with all of these projects under the program, the project will be overseen by a local Water Use Committee (WUC), and a local Sustainable Living Group (SLG) that have already been formed for this express purpose.  Having the local community take responsibility for the well project, and raise a small amount of money for its maintenance, will ensure that the well is sustainable, and that the villagers themselves will be able to keep it operational.  

Project ImpactLocal Well
About 650 villagers will benefit from this project to restore a clean, reliable water source.

Project Management
As a collaborative effort between Water Charity, WiLI, and Wine 2 Water, the project will be managed by WiLI staff on the ground, and Kyle Lomax (who has done a number of projects with WC) is overseeing the effort.

Monitoring and Maintenance
The villagers themselves will monitor and maintain the well via their WUC, and they will have ability to get more help if the need should arise.  WiLI staff pays regular visits to the village, and will be very quick to notice if the well becomes non-functioning.

Comments
As mentioned above, this project is part of our ongoing Ethiopia Well Rehab Program.  This program will do deep well rehabilitation, shallow well construction, and comprehensive training for a number of villages... starting with the current 6 in the West Arsi region of Ethiopia.

The project also falls under our larger East Africa Water & Sanitation Program. Please Donate to the overall program to allow us to continue this model to encompass more villages.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.

The project to do the Alemba da Town well was found not feasible, and was replaced with a similar one in Wondo Lemeche, which has been completed.  To see the results, CLICK HERE.

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Lalesa Village Well Rehab and Training - Ethiopia

Lalesa Village Well Rehab and Training - Ethiopia

This project is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.NPCA & WC Logos
It is the fourth project in our Ethiopia Well Rehab Program

Location
Lalesa Village, Keraru Kebele, EthiopiaLocal boy

Community Description
The Keraru Kebele (district) is in the region of West Arsi in Ethiopia.  This is a remote area, and the people are primarily subsistence farmers and shepherds.  Water is a major hardship in this area.

The Lalesa village is populated by members of the Arsi tribe (formerly known as the Arussi), one of over 200 "people groups" belonging to the largest tribe in Ethiopia called the Oromo.  This is also the name of the local language.

The local authority of the Arsi tribe—the Gadaa system—is very strong, historically speaking, but has not been allowed to be practiced under various ruling governments. The system organizes the Arsi society into groups that assume different responsibilities. It has guided the religious, social, political, and economic life for the Arsi for many years. Under the Gadaa system, the power to administer the affairs of the tribe and to make laws belong to the people. Many representatives come together to make decisions and to create a "check and balance" in their system of rule.

Problem Addressed
There is a 40 meter well (over 130 feet) in the village that has fallen into disrepair and disuse.  It is in need of parts and general rehabilitation to restore access to clean drinking water.  While the water in the well was good water, with a sweet taste, it is currently inaccessible.Villagers

Project Description
This project will repair the village well, and train local workers in proper maintenance, care and repair for the well.  The pump system is the Indian Mark II, which is fairly ubiquitous in Africa, and, as such, will be easy for the villagers to find parts for and to service (if need be)... as opposed to some other systems that might have some advantages over the Mark II, but will be much harder to fix should something go wrong.

In concert with WiLI (Water is Life International), Water Charity will mobilize a team of workers who specialize in well rehabilitation, and return to the village a functioning and sustainable well for their water needs.

As with all of these projects under the program, the project will be overseen by a local Water Use Committee (WUC), and a local Sustainable Living Group (SLG) that have already been formed for this express purpose.  Having the local community take responsibility for the well project, and raise a small amount of money for its maintenance, will ensure that the well is sustainable, and that the villagers themselves will be able to keep it operational.  

Project Impact
About 700 villagers will benefit from this project to restore a clean, reliable water source.

Project Management
As a collaborative effort between Water Charity, WiLI, and Wine 2 Water, the project will be managed by WiLI staff on the ground, and Kyle Lomax (who has done a number of projects with WC) is overseeing the effort.West Arsi Map

Monitoring and Maintenance
The villagers themselves will monitor and maintain the well via their WUC, and they will have ability to get more help if the need should arise.  WiLI staff pays regular visits to the village, and will be very quick to notice if the well becomes non-functioning.

Comments
As mentioned above, this project is part of our newly minted Ethiopia Well Rehab Program.  This program will do deep well rehabilitation, shallow well construction, and comprehensive training for a number of villages... starting with the current 6 in the West Arsi region of Ethiopia.

The project also falls under our larger East Africa Water & Sanitation Program. Please Donate to the overall program to allow us to continue this model to encompass more villages.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.

This project has been completed.  To see the results, CLICK HERE.

Country: 
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Progress: 

Gubeta Bomba Well Repair and Training - Ethiopia

Gubeta Bomba Well Repair and Training - Ethiopia

This project is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.NPCA & WC Logos
It is the third project in our Ethiopia Well Rehab Program

Location
Gubeta Bomba Village, Dawe Kebele, EthiopiaThe local SLG

Community Description
The Dawe Kebele (district) is in the region of West Arsi in Ethiopia.  It remains a relatively remote area, and suffers greatly from a variety of hardships, water being chief among them.  They are primarily subsistence farmers and shepherds.

The Gubeta Bomba village is populated by members of the Arsi tribe (formerly known as the Arussi), one of over 200 "people groups" belonging to the largest tribe in Ethiopia called the Oromo.  This is also the name of the local language.

The local authority of the Arsi tribe—the Gadaa system—is very strong but has not been allowed to be practiced under various ruling governments. The system organizes the Arsi society into groups that assume different responsibilities. It has guided the religious, social, political, and economic life for the Arsi for many years. Under the Gadaa system, the power to administer the affairs of the tribe and to make laws belong to the people. Many representatives come together to make decisions and to create a "check and balance" in their system of rule.

Problem Addressed
There is a 72 meter well (over 236 feet) in the village that has fallen into disrepair and disuse.  It is in need of parts and general rehabilitation to restore access to clean drinking and cooking water.  India Mark II Pump

Project Description
This project will repair the village well, and train local workers in proper maintenance, care and repair for the well.  The pump system is the Indian Mark II, which is fairly ubiquitous in Africa, and, as such, will be easy for the villagers to find parts and service, as opposed to some other systems that might have some advantages over the Mark II, but will be much harder to fix should something go wrong.

In concert with WiLI (Water is Life International), Water Charity will mobilize a team of workers who specialize in well rehabilitation, and return to the village a functioning and sustainable well for their water needs.

As with all of these projects under the program, the project will be overseen by a local Water Use Committee (WUC), and a local Sustainable Living Group (SLG) that have already been formed for this express purpose.  Having the local community take responsibility for the well project, and raise a small amount of money for its maintenance, will ensure that the well is sustainable, and that the villagers themselves will be able to keep it operational.  

Project Impact
Nearly 800 villagers will benefit from this project to restore a clean, reliable water source.

Project Management
As a collaborative effort between Water Charity, WiLI, and Wine 2 Water, the project will be managed by WiLI staff on the ground, and Kyle Lomax (who has done a number of projects with WC) is overseeing the effort.Coffee Growing For Income

Monitoring and Maintenance
The villagers themselves will monitor and maintain the well via their WUC, and they will have ability to get more help if the need should arise.  WiLI staff pays regular visits to the village, and will be very quick to notice if the well becomes unfunctional.

Comments
As mentioned above, this project is part of our newly minted Ethiopia Well Rehab Program.  This program will do deep well rehabilitation, shallow well construction, and comprehensive training for a number of villages... starting with the current 6 in the West Arsi region of Ethiopia.

The project also falls under our larger East Africa Water & Sanitation Program. Please Donate to the overall program to allow us to continue this model to encompass more villages.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.

This project has been completed.  To see the results, CLICK HERE.

Country: 
Tags: 
Funds Needed : 
Progress: 

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