Kasunya D/A Basic School Water & Sanitation Project – Ghana

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and Child Survival Aid Ghana.


Kasunya D/A Basic school in Dagbe West District of Ghana, Africa

Community Description

Kasunya D/A Basic Schools is located Dagbe West District of Ghana. The school is very impoverished and serves a student population of about 1,200 in grades kindergarten primary through JH3 with a staff of 20 teachers. The school has no portal water and place of the toilet. This has led to a sudden decrease in pupils’ enrolment rate at the Kasunya D/A Basic Schools.

Access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) remains central to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) where access to these services has been recognized as a human right (General Assembly, 2010; United Nations, 2015). Goals 4 and 6 of the SDGs aim at ensuring a universal, sustainable and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water, adequate sanitation and hygiene by 2030. The quest to prevent and reduce the effects of poor access to good quality facilities, led to the formulation and implementation of the WASH program aimed at ensuring proper sanitary conditions (United Nations Children’s Fund [UNICEF] and World Health Organization, 2016). The UNICEF Ghana & CDD-Ghana (2016) indicate that WASH is at the center of all efforts towards achieving goals 4 and 6 of the SDGs.

Problem Addressed

It is disappointing to note that in this modern age, there is no place of convenience. This is an issue to be worried about. This was one of the major concerns raised by the headmaster and the teachers of the school during our visit. They said that this has resulted in the practice of open defecation which has the potential to contribute to the people suffering from the contaminating effects of open defecation particularly children. Using a proper toilet would prevent the transfer of bacteria, viruses and parasites found in human excreta which otherwise contaminate water resources, soil and food. This contamination is a major cause of diarrhea, the second biggest killer of children and leads to other major diseases such as cholera, schistosomiasis and trachoma.

Improving access to sanitation is a critical step towards reducing the impact of these diseases. It also helps create physical environments that enhance safety, dignity and self-esteem. Safety issues are particularly important for children. Progress has not been made with the Sustainable Development Goal target on sanitation at the current rates of progress even though the Inter-governmental Open Working Group on the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals has recommended that the new goals include a target of achieving adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and ending open defecation by 2030. This is one of the reasons why the appeal to end the practice of open defecation is being made with growing insistence.

Project Description

Given the foregoing, the need for the provision of clean portable accessible water and toilet system is paramount and acute. The concept of the project has been discussed and approved by the school authorities and a piece of land has been designated for the project. The proposed project seeks to bring clean water, toilet and Sanitation systems to the school.

With the provision of this water, the project also seeks to take advantage by building a toilet/restroom system to improve sanitation. The school community will provide labor in the form of digging required trenches for laying pipes. They will also provide labor and materials for any concrete structures. This project will therefore have a dual function of providing clean water as well as a toilet facility thereby enhancing the quality of life and decreasing the water-borne disease burden from contamination from poorly disposed of public fecal matter.



  • To promote hygiene and health care delivery
  • To restore hope by providing care, love and support
  • To promote the Sustainable Development Goals


To contribute to the Government of Ghana’s effort in promoting the Sustainable Development Goals 1, 3 and 8 by ending poverty, promoting good health and well-being and decent learning, and safe environment for these poor school children and teachers at Kasunya D/A Basic Schools


By the end of the project:

  • Sanitation promoted
  • Kasunya D/A Basic Schools community provided with toilets and clean water
  • School Community members discouraged from the practice of open defecation

Cost Projection

Item DescriptionUnit Cost (GHC)QuantityCost GHC (GHC)
PVC pipes for water connection25050 Pieces12, 500
Cement for concrete platform raised to 15 feet to support Storage tanks/ block laying and plating works10010010,000
Storage Tanks (Rambo 450 – 1000gals )6,500319,500
Piping and distribution62542500
Water closet systems750107,500
Construction of toilet block73,50017,500
Total cost of construction 169,500
Contingency (10% of cost)6,95016,950

*All monies are quoted in Ghana Monetary Denomination (New Ghana Cedi) Exchange Rate (as of 3/2/23) 1 USD = 12.25 GHC

Total Cost in USD = $ 6242

Projected Timeline

February- Match 2023Sourcing for Funding
Beginning of April. 2023Initiation of the Project
End of June 2023Completion of the Project
June 15th 2023Inspection of the Project
July 2023Commission of the Project

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