Senegal

Gagnick Latrine Project - Senegal

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Gagnick Latrine Project - SenegalThis project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Location
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Gxxxxxx, Wxxx, and Dxxxx, Commune of Gagnick, Department of Guinguineo, Region of Kaolack, Senegal

Community Description
The three target villages of this project are Gxxxxxx, Wxxx, and Dxxxx. All three villages are located within the rural commune of Gagnick in the department of Guinguineo in Kaolack.

People in the communities of Wxxx and Gxxxxxx make a living primarily through farming millet and peanuts. People in Dxxxx typically work by rearing cows and sheep.

Ethnically, the village of Gxxxxxx is one-hundred percent Sereer, the village of Dxxxx is one-hundred percent Pulaar, and the village of Wxxx is eighty percent Wolof and twenty percent Sereer. Despite the mix of ethnicity, all of the members of all three communities can understand and speak Wolof fluently; this is how the separate villages communicate with one another.

All three of these villages identify as one-hundred percent Muslim and therefore value cleanliness highly. Thus, these villages are actively seeking to adopt a more cleanly lifestyle despite limitations.

The combined population of the three villages is about 1,000 people with the bulk of this population being youth under the age of eighteen. Additionally, all three of these villages have access to running water that is pumped from the commune capital, Gagnick Khojil, but none of these villages have access to electricity. Some households within these communities have independently paid to have solar panels attached to their houses, and most households have paid to have running water spigots constructed their compounds.

As far as health care infrastructure, Gxxxxxx has a Health Hut located locally that serves over four villages including Gxxxxxx and Wxxx. The community members of Dxxxx do not have a Health Hut that they can utilize, and must go to a Health Post, a higher performing healthcare infrastructure that is often times more expensive.

Gagnick Latrine Project - SenegalProblem Addressed
One of the biggest challenges within the three communities engaged in this project is financial limitations. Locals' jobs and herders and farmers typically provide individuals with enough money to feed themselves and their families, and enough money to handle minor health issues that may arise. However, individuals in these communities seldom have money to invest in construction projects, treating severe illnesses, and other luxuries. Most people living in the area resort to defecating in their fields, as there is no feasible alternative

A former Peace Corps Volunteer helped these communities receive forty household latrines. However, there are still over seventy remaining houses that have no latrine infrastructure whatsoever. Because of inadequate hand-washing and latrine infrastructure throughout these villages, diarrhea has been named as the top health care issue by local health workers.

Additionally, individuals in these communities do not always have the money needed to treat illnesses such as diarrhea and dehydration resorting from diarrhea.

In addition to financial problems, these three communities are all rural bush communities that do not have resources for building latrines regularly available. Transporting materials from other sites is nearly impossible for these individuals as vehicles only transport materials in bulk, and materials are too bulky and heavy to be transported by horse or donkey.

Project Description
This project is to construct ventilated-pit latrines in 31 households in the three villages.

Efforts began in February, 2017, when meetings were held with each village after the communities expressed interest in having increased access to latrines. At each meeting, project objectives were outlined, a village treasurer was designated, and community contributions were established. The meetings were led by PCV counterpart Ibrahima Diouf. In addition, treasurers from each Village, Mas Ndaiye, Niokhor Diouf, and Adama Sow have agreed to collect money from participating households and track the progress of each household in their respective village.

Gagnick Latrine Project - SenegalSince the initial meeting, 31 households have paid at least one-third of their total community contribution. Participating households will now purchase a hand-washing station, and attend behavior change communication health talks on hand-washing, the importance of latrine use, and latrine maintenance.

After each community member has attended these sessions, paid their entire cash contribution, and dug their pit holes, locally-hired masons will construct latrine pits and cement toilet seats over two days. Community members will then be required to provide either traditional millet-stalk fencing to enclose the infrastructure, or independently pay to add on a cement brick enclosure around the cement toilet chair.

After construction is complete, the PCV and her counterpart will complete home-visits to ensure that individuals are washing hands and using their latrine properly, in addition to reinforcing objectives of health talks.

The in-kind contribution for the project will consist of digging the pit hole, water for cement, lunch for masons, and transport of sand. The community contribution is compromised of the mason fee, hand-washing station, and latrine wire.

Water Charity funds will pay for the latrine materials, material transportation, and brick-making labor costs.

Project Impact
285 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
A. Dunajcik

Monitoring and Maintenance
The latrines will be maintained and repaired by the individual families.

Project Funding
This project has been paid for by a donor who chooses to remain anonymous. Please Donate so that we have funding for our next project in Senegal.

Gagnick Latrine Project - SenegalGagnick Latrine Project - Senegal

Gagnick Latrine Project - SenegalGagnick Latrine Project - Senegal

 

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Fatick Region Latrine Project - Senegal

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Fatick Region Latrine Project - SenegalThis project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Location
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Fxxxx and Nxxxx, Fatick Region, Senegal

Community Description
Fxxxx and Nxxxx are in the Fatick Region of Senegal. These towns are located on the tidal salt waters of the Sine Saloum Delta and all inhabitants of the village are proud members of the Sereer minority ethnic group. The community gathers salt, fish, and shrimp for a living.

Fatick Region Latrine Project - SenegalDuring the rainy season, farmers also grow peanuts and millet. There are also a few beautiful mango and cashew orchards just to the north of the villages. The two towns work together to harvest salt on the shared salt flats, and often fish together. This has fostered strong bonds between the two villages, which is also strengthened through the numerous familial connections and shared farming land. In rainy season, the salt flats separating the two villages flood, excluding a 3-kilometer raised dirt road that remains above the tide line.

The people are incredibly friendly, as part of the Senegalese tradition of Teranga (roughly translated to 'hospitality'). A locally-run set of huts operates as a small hotel for tourists who want to get off the beaten path. The town is 11 kilometers from the nearest paved road and the dirt road varies in its state of upkeep.

Problem Addressed
A community-conducted baseline survey in Nxxxx identified several problems with activities related to proper sanitation and hygiene. The survey initially indicated that the number of households without latrines was just over 50%. However, further investigation indicates that 24 of 31 (77%) households do not have latrines.

Additionally, the neighboring town of Fxxxx has 26 households without latrines. Of these households in need, a total of 19 households—10 in Fxxxx and 9 in Nxxxx —have demonstrated the dedication and interest needed to participate in the project.

Fatick Region Latrine Project - SenegalProject Description
This project is to build 19 latrines in the neighboring towns of Fxxxx and Nxxxx.

In both villages, counterparts will work together to construct latrines for households that lack basic sanitation facilities and engage in health classes to ensure proper usage, maintenance, and hand washing. This will increase the maximum benefit to the health of the community and the households directly affected.

The latrines will be single ventilated improved pit latrines. This was decided by the Fxxxx / Nxxxx Sanitation Committee as it met the standards of the existing latrines in the two villages.

The pits will be dug to 2-meters by 2-meters by 2-meters, and lined with concrete. Each latrine will have a PVC pipe vent and a Turkish-style seat made of concrete.

Families will additionally provide a wall or fencing to provide privacy during use. Adjacent to all latrines a hand washing station will be set up with soap to ensure proper hygiene.

All participating members will also attend three health classes related to proper hand washing, microbial disease transmission, and latrine maintenance. Additionally, part of the community contribution will go towards the purchasing of locally available hand washing stations.

The start of construction will be largely contingent on the water table and harvest. The water table must recede once the rains have stopped to begin digging the latrines. Also, the available labor for both community contribution and the mason will be devoted to the harvest of the peanuts before construction can begin. The mason has the capacity delegate younger masons under his employ to engage in multiple projects simultaneously, so actual construction should move along quickly.

Fatick Region Latrine Project - SenegalThe community role leading up to this will be crucial. Each household will make monetary and labor donations to their respective latrines, ensuring project ownership. Specifically, these families will provide money to pay for the cost of the manufacture of the cement plate and the hand washing station. The households will also dig the pits prior to the mason’s arrival and bring sand and water for cement mixing.

The funds from Water Charity will go toward other materials and labor necessary for the project. These include cement, rebar, gravel, PVC piping, wire, masonry labor, and transport costs.

Project Impact
127 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
H. Knecht

Monitoring and Maintenance
The latrines are designed to last for many years, providing long-lasting health benefits to the individual households receiving assistance and the community at large.

Education provided through the health classes will also introduce proper behavior to reduce diarrheal diseases, engage in proper waste management, and improve hygiene.

The construction of the latrines will be contingent on the presence of the households at these classes. Additionally, the Sanitation Committee will maintain an active presence in the community.

Project Funding
Funds for this project have been provided by an anonymous donor.

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Xxxxx Xxxxxxx Pipeline Expansion Project - Senegal

Xxxxx Xxxxxxx Pipeline Expansion Project - Senegal

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Xxxxx Xxxxxxx Pipeline Expansion Project - SenegalLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxx Xxxxxxx, Podor District, St. Louis Region, Senegal

Community Description
Xxxxx Xxxxxxx is a rural farming community located between a tributary to the Senegal River and the N2 highway. The village life is dictated by farming seasons and religious celebrations. The most remarkable characteristic of the community is the genuine kindness and warmth the inhabitants show to one another, and their visitors.

The village consists of approximately 1,000 members, and contains a health structure and various small businesses. Due to access to the newly built highway, the community has seen a tremendous development in population, infrastructure and commerce in the last 5 years.

To date, Water Charity has funded and completed two impactful projects within the village’s limits. The first was a latrine project for the elementary school, whose previous and dilapidated infrastructure could not handle the growth of students in the village.

The second project, completed with the help of the community and the PCV, established a central line of running water, passing through the heart of the village. Due to this collaboration between Water Charity and the community, there are now 3 public faucets, 15 private compounds with faucets, 2 new mosques in construction, and more village gardens established than ever before.

Xxxxx Xxxxxxx Pipeline Expansion Project - SenegalProblem Addressed
The original pipeline project established a baseline for what is possible for many of the families in the village. Unfortunately, there are still a great number of families who lack access to the pipeline and therefore fresh and clean drinking water. This water has also been demonstrated as necessary for the establishment of home and community gardens. The majority of the compounds in the village are eager to build on the success of the original project, and emulate its results by purchasing private faucets and establishing gardens.

Xxxxx Xxxxxxx is very fortunate to have a medium sized women's garden (15,000 m2) in the north eastern quarter of the village, which is protected by a previous Peace Corps fencing project. The garden contains three large concrete basins to hold water. The garden has been plagued in its development by a lack of access to water. The garden contains a relatively deep well that was once serviced by a manual pump. Once the pump fell into disrepair, 3 years prior, garden production sharply declined and has almost come to a standstill today. The women have found the pulling of water to be too laborious and time consuming to make garden production sustainable.

Lack of water access in homes and in community gardens creates barriers to sanitation, access to diverse and nutritious foods, and to income-generating activities (such as vegetable sales and completion of new buildings).

Project Description
This project has two distinct aims: to extend running water to the highest density of homes without current access in the village, and to expand the pipeline to the local women’s garden.

The new pipeline is designed to extend 126 m to the west, extending access to 11 more compound. It will continue eastward 360 m, towards the women’s garden, offering access to 8 more compounds that currently lack access. Finally, the pipeline will expand 150 m to the north, servicing 5 more compounds. In total, the project requires 636 m of pipeline to reach 24 compounds, averaging 8 inhabitants each.

This pipeline will also include three faucets at the terminus in the women’s garden, that will provide more than 100 women with water to garden effectively with.

The plumber and material supplier from the first project will again be used, bringing cost-effectiveness to this project.

The projects start-up costs are relatively low, as the village has its contract established with the water service provider and the majority of necessary infrastructure in place.

Xxxxx Xxxxxxx Pipeline Expansion Project - SenegalProject Impact
1,500 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
C. Byrnes (This PCV previously completed the Agnam Tonguel Water System Project - Senegal,) 

Monitoring and Maintenance
The monitoring and maintenance of this project fundamentally begins with a maintenance of the infrastructure. The water service has been actively monitored thus far and the only stoppage of water has been for one routine cleaning.

The faucets must be maintained by individual families, but as they become habituated to using them, we can expect families to have the intrinsic motivation to maintain their own individual sources.

The public faucets are maintained by the groups who pay their monthly bills (i.e. women's garden faucets maintained by Women's Group).

The monitoring of project results is the responsibility of the PCV. This includes, but is not limited to, keeping records of which families have purchased faucets and where, what home gardens have been started and their status, recording any profits rom new enterprises started.

Let Girls Learn
This project contains apparent and subtle benefit to the women of the village. As in the prior pipeline project, school-aged girls will save time for attending school and studying after class, if they are freed from the routine labor of pulling water for their families to drink, cook, and bathe with.

Women are empowered by the access to their garden space, as all families have at least one female representative from their home who can cultivate a plot of land. The space, once functional and flourishing, can be used for girls’ education days, whether it be about female health or proper nutrition, as it will be regarded as a space of female empowerment throughout the village.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.

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Xxx Xxxxxx Community Water Project - Senegal

Community Water Project - Senegal

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Xxx Xxxxxx Community Water Project - SenegalLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxx Xxxxxx, Kedougou, Kedougou Region, Senegal

Community Description
Xxx Xxxxxx is a rural farming village wedged in the lowlands between the Gambia River and one of its tributaries. There are remnants of the once lush landscape, with small groves of wild Shea trees, Maad fruit, teak, palm, and baobab. Rice and corn fields surround the village and make a carpet of neon green in the first weeks after seeding.

It is a Jaxanke community, an ethnic minority, and a group that has been persecuted in the past, and is now neglected by the government. In the Jaxanke language, a common greet is, "mun be diyalin?" which translates as "what is sweet?" The typical Dar Salaam response is "Barro doron," or "work only," in English. Clearly, they are motivated and desire work.

Being a group that is an ethnic minority, Xxx Xxxxxx is often overlooked by the government. This equates to a population that is uneducated and unable to access resources that other communities are entitled to. For instance, the village does not have a government-built, cement structure for a school, which many of the surrounding, majority Pular communities have, even though the bamboo shack, that now functions as a school room, houses more students than most buildings in the neighboring villages.

Xxx Xxxxxx is a community that is seeking a more prosperous life, but has a hard time imagining one in Senegal. They see trees chopped down, and encroaching deforestation that destabilizes land and makes finding fuel more difficult. They know it is hard to find a well-paid job without a basic education, yet, still seek jobs abroad. Every young man must at least attempt a trip to Europe, where they see images of prosperity, regardless of the perils en route and the unskilled labor that awaits them.

Those who remain inexhaustibly toil in rice fields, dependent on increasingly unpredictable rains, scavenger the bush for wild meat and cooking fuel that is increasingly rare, and pray that their efforts will be rewarded in this life or the next.

Xxx Xxxxxx Community Water Project - SenegalProblem Addressed
Xxx Xxxxxx, like many rural communities in Africa, lacks sufficient water. The exploding population relies on one hand pump well as their only source of tested, clean, and potable water. Although other wells exist across the community, they all run dry during the two months of extreme heat and dryness.

This timing is also referred to as "Starve Season" because gardens die, forageable food is depleted and storage supplies are low. In an attempt to increase their access to food, and generate a small income, some women use the one pump to water their garden beds throughout the dry season. It is often a futile effort. Women get fed up with waiting in long lines at the pump each day to fill their watering buckets, and give up on their vegetables before they fruit.

To compound the problem, young women are required to wait hours in line to fill their families' drinking water buckets, which keeps them from valuable daylight hours when they could otherwise do their homework or play with friends.

Project Description
This project is to deepen a well, build three basins, install a solar water pump, and teach improved gardening techniques.

The PCV, Community President Mamadou Minté, and Women's Group President Mariama Ba will ensure a timely implementation of all projects, including:

-Create tree nursery with fruit and live-fence species; implemented by Xxx Xxxxxx Women's Group and involves filling tree sacks and watering them.

Xxx Xxxxxx Community Water Project - Senegal-Build elevated basin foundations and dig trenches for PCV pipe; implemented by the men of Xxx Xxxxxx and involves filling tires with packed earth.

-Transport Materials from Kedougou to Xxx Xxxxxx; implemented by the young men of the community who work with donkey carts.

-Deepen Well; implemented by Babacar Keita a well digger who will deepen the well five meters and secure it with molds.

-Construct Basins; implemented by mason Babacar Djallo and his apprentice.

-Install Solar Pump; implemented by Technician Cherno Djallo and team and includes creating a cement box to protect equipment, and well cover.

-Transplant Trees; implemented by the women of Xxx Xxxxxx and includes both a live fence and small orchard.

-Construct Garden Beds; implemented by members of the Xxx Xxxxxx Women's Group.

-Improved Gardening Technologies Trainings; implemented by the PCV. and PC Master Farmer Mamadou Minté including trainings in composting, double digging, pest management, spacing, seed selection and storage, etc.

Project Impact
267 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
W. Benjamin

Monitoring and Maintenance
The PCV will oversee, monitor and report on the project. It is likely that he will be replaced by another volunteer once his contract is completed.

To ensure that this is a sustainable project, a section of the community garden will be dedicated to low-maintenance, collective crops that can be sold as a group and stored in the Xxx Xxxxxx Women's Group's cash box. This fund will be used to maintain the improvements, and perform necessary repairs.

Two women, from opposite sides of the village have keys to distinct locks, to ensure that funds are not being misused. Unlike a motor-pump that runs on gasoline, this solar powered well will not require daily expenses to pump water into the watering basins.

Let Girls Learn
This project will free up time that young girls traditionally spend waiting line to pump potable water for their families, making it easier for them to remain in school.

Conclusion

This project became infeasible, and the project was terminated.  There was no expenditure or loss of funds.
Any donations will be utilized for other projects in Senegal.

 

Xxx Xxxxxx Community Water Project - SenegalXxx Xxxxxx Community Water Project - Senegal

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Kaymore School Bathroom and Water Project - Senegal

Kaymore School Bathroom and Water Project - Senegal

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Kaymore School Bathroom and Water Project - SenegalLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Commune of Kaymore, Department of Nioro Du Rip, Region of Kaolack

Community Description
The community is a small rural village that gains most of its income from agriculture. The village does not have electricity but does have a water system with a few spigots throughout the village.

The French school is a primary school with two teachers and 88 students.

Problem Addressed
The French school in the community does not have bathrooms or access to water on school grounds. If the students need to use the restroom or get a drink of water, they must go seek out a compound in the village. This takes away time that the students should be spending in the classroom learning.

Project Description
This project is to build two bathrooms, and install a water line on the school grounds.

One bathroom structure will be built, with two separate bathrooms, one for girls and one for boys. A water line will be run from the main village water supply line to the building.

A local mason will be hired to do all of the construction work, and community members will dig the trench for the water line, and the hole for the bathroom.

Water Charity funds will be used for materials and to pay the mason for his work.

Kaymore School Bathroom and Water Project - SenegalThe community will contribute unskilled labor, local resources, and a small amount of money.

The project includes 20 solar lamps, to be distributed to the students as needed. Since the village does not have electricity the lamps will allow the students to study at night.

A training will be held regarding health, hygiene, sanitation, and the upkeep and maintenance of the bathrooms.

Project Impact
88 students and 2 teachers will benefit from the project each year.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
A. Evans, who previously implemented the Padaf Water System Project - Senegal.

Monitoring and Maintenance
The PCV will visit the site frequently to ensure that the facilities are being properly used and maintained.

The community is home to a few masons who can perform repairs as needed. The school teachers have played a large role in the planning of the project and will work hard to maintain what they have gained.

The WASH training will help the students understand the importance of hand washing and proper bathroom sanitation.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.

Kaymore School Bathroom and Water Project - SenegalKaymore School Bathroom and Water Project - Senegal

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School Well Project - Senegal

School Well Project - Senegal

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

School Well Project - SenegalLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxxxxx, Kolda Region, Senegal

Community Description
The rural village of Xxxxxxxxx, population approximately 500, lies about 15 kilometers north of the regional capital city of Kolda. There is no electricity and no running water. The village consists mainly of farmers and their families.

The primary school serves students from 4 villages: Soussotou, Saare Samba, Saare Dombel, and Saare Banje. The school currently has 129 students enrolled, 81 males and 48 females.

The community has an organization of parents of students (The Parents d' Eleves de Ecole Primere Xxxxxxxxx (PdE)) who upkeep and try to improve the school.

Problem Addressed
The school currently has no well, and the nearest water source is from a neighboring compound, about 600 meters away. With no close water supply, the school grounds have no trees or garden crops growing (excluding the young mangoes planted by the PCV and the head of the PdE August, 2016.) The PdE and teachers of the school have long wanted the school to be thriving with trees and a student-centered garden, but have not been able to realistically sustain any attempts because of the distance of the water supply.

When water is needed, students are pulled out of class to fetch water – usually girls. Additionally, there is no shade in the school grounds – as trees have no reliable source of water.

Project Description
This project is to build a well on the eastern perimeter of the school.

School Well Project - SenegalThe well will be located between the two teaching buildings. It will be 1 ½ meters in diameter, hand dug by laborers to a depth of 20 meters. The sides will be reinforced by rebar (locally sold as Fehr #10) arranged in a grid, and will be lined in with cement.

The sand and gravel for the cement will be sourced locally and brought by the community.

Upon completion of the well, an above-ground structure will be made. It will be approximately 1 meter tall and surround the well in a circle. On top of the structure will be a suspended metal pole (held up by two other pieces) to which a pulley and rope will be attached.

The project includes the purchase of buckets and watering cans.

Immediately upon completion of the well, a tree nursery will be set up with the students and teachers. Additionally, the well will be used to water 9 mango trees that were planted during the rainy season of 2016.

Long-term, the well will be used to continually sustain trees planted in the school. As the school nursery trees mature, they will be planted in the school yard and watered with water from the well. Moringa, pigeon pea, mango, and ornamental china pride trees are among the species that will be planted.

Additionally, when school resumes in Fall of 2017, the well will be used to support garden beds created and seeded by teachers and students. The students will grow bissap, okra, onions, and other assorted vegetables common to the village.

Another intended use of the school space is as a seed and grafted scion source for the community. The well will support grafted mango trees, as well as moringa and pigeon peas. Community members will be able to harvest seeds to plant in their own households as well as use the mangoes as sources for scions. The school can then also be a location for grafting trainings, moringa nutrition and transformation trainings.

School Well Project - SenegalProject Impact
200 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Holly Henriksen will manage the project. She previously implemented the Kolda Master Farm Water and Sanitation Project - Senegal.

Monitoring and Maintenance
This project will be monitored by the serving PCV, and volunteers who follow in the village. The Peace Corps indicators that will be measured are tree nursery creation, tree planting, tree survival, and gardens created. Additionally, any trainings associated with trees planted at the school (mango grafting, moringa transformation and nutrition, etc.) will be recorded – number of participants and other relevant information.

Maintenance of the actual structure of the well should be unnecessary in the coming years as it will be built to a high standard. The external structures (pulley, metal overhanging bar, buckets, and watering cans) can be maintained with funds from the school and PdE.

Maintenance and care of the trees and garden beds will be sustained by the students and overseen by the teachers, headed by the principal.

Let Girls Learn
This project supports Let Girls Learn. Currently, the school needs water to wash chalkboards, water the 9 mango trees planted, and wash hands. The water is retrieved exclusively by female students, who are pulled out of class to fetch water. Often, they are pulled out of class while class is in session. The addition of a well to the school will save the time that these female students are out of class getting water and increase their amount of time spent in the classroom learning.

Fundraising Target
$1,500

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$1,500

 

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Well and Solar Pump Project - Senegal

Well and Solar Pump Project - Senegal

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Well and Solar Pump Project - SenegalLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxx, Tambacounda, Senegal

Community Description
The community is made of 8,200 people, most ethnically Pulaar, who are proud to live in what was pre-colonially the capital of the Boundou region (now Tambacounda). The community is composed mostly of women, children, and elderly, as many young men have migrated to find work.

More than 60% of the Xxxxxx population lives below the federal threshold of poverty, leading to food insecurity. The economic decline among the population is explained by:

1. the low post-colonial productivity of their primary economic activity, agriculture because of:

a. significant loss of soil fertility due to desertification,
b. lack of availability of agricultural training, therefore
c. an inaccessibility of many small operators to credit, and

Well and Solar Pump Project - Senegal2. the lack of technical training in other sectors:

a. the only training for young people available is within the family, for that ever-shrinking percentage lucky enough to have been born in a family with prior skills (and this of course is rare for women, who start families early), and
b. stories of success from Dakar and abroad lure the men to pursue career options elsewhere, often after having started a family of his own. Thus, young men leave behind young wives with no employment skills, and young children, who are food insecure.

Problem Addressed
The problems to be addressed are water availability in the fields. There is a single well, which only provides water during the rainy season.

There are 8 gardens in Xxxxxx, which are not sufficient to meet the demand for vegetables of its 8,200 citizens.

Project Description
This project is to build a well, with a solar pump, to serve the water needs of the community.

A small community of volunteers in have given 2 hectares of registered land for the creation of a market garden, intercropped space for staple grains, and a fruit tree farm.

35 committed members have signed an agreement form to work for shared plots, attend ongoing trainings until August this year (with a break until November when cold season gardening begins).

Also, the agriculture club (15-19 students, which has helped the PCV plant and maintain trees) at the local high school will be attending all trainings.

1. From April 2017 - June 2017, a hand dug well will be constructed. At an excavation of about 1.5 meters in diameter, a local well company (head mason Mr. Sumare and 3-4 of his workers in tandem with one local metal worker) will dig two meters per day. The two meters dug will be supported by concrete poured from the top (between the sides of the excavation and temporary framework made of rebar) that becomes the permanent lining to the well, daily. This process will be repeated until the water table is reached at 30-35 feet.

The bricks will be made on site. The metal worker is scheduled to come every few days to make the new rebar rings and hooks for the next 4-6 meters until the water table is reached. Then, concrete rings, built by the head mason on site, will be sunk below the water line. Then, small gravel will be sunk to the bottom of the well as a sort of filter. The top of the well and below the ground for 3 meters will consist of a concrete and large gravel barrier for people to stand on while accessing water. This will channel draining water into a basin and keep rain or contaminated water from going into the well.

A tree nursery will be started in April, with a hands-on training and distributed maintenance calendar for members of the group.

Well and Solar Pump Project - Senegal2. In June 2017: After the completion of the well, a local volunteer from The hydraulics office will test the water for contamination, and conduct a safe irrigation training for 35 group members, high school students and any interested community members. This office will construct an “irrigation only” sign, to be installed on the day of training. The health PCV will train on dangers of unsafe drinking water, and importance of hand washing.

3. In June 2017: a solar pump will be transported and installed by a company in Dakar that specializes in solar pumps. Amadou Gakko, a solar pump technician will train 35 people, and additional high school students and interested community members on use, maintenance, and sustainability of the solar pump. Another PCV will give lesson on the dangers of uncontrolled slash and burn practices, so that local farming can scale up, as well as live fencing (with live fencing seed distribution).

4. In July 2017, pre-rainy-season staple crop lessons will be taught, cultivation of land will be carried out, and trees from the nursery will be planted. Post-rainy season (August 2017), 35 community members will harvest local crops and market garden, and distribute among 595 inhabitants.

Project Impact
Over 500 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
M. Lee

Monitoring and Maintenance
The PCV, and group lead Sada Dieng will be present every day to oversee progress. The responsibility for maintenance of the project will go to the 7 volunteers, with whom the PCV is conducting project management training with her counterpart using PDM (Project Design and Management) Peace Corps curriculum in March. However, until August (year one of the project) the PCV will be working closely with the volunteers to launch the project successfully, teach record keeping, and teach financial and business management so that the project may sustainably continue for years to come.

In addition, business planning by Sada Dieng and youth member Dienaba Thiam has demonstrated the group's ability to cover any maintenance costs, be it the purchase of repairs or new tools that may arise after grant funds are exhausted. The community group will manage this fund, having been trained on project management by PCV.

Certain educational activities, like live fencing, will lower maintenance costs and increase the sustainability of this project and the future projects started by members of the group. The inclusion of local experts including technicians, health and water specialists, farmers, and business people in planned teaching events will create a series of stakeholders who can maintain the momentum of technology dissemination after the initial project is completed.

Comments
The arable space will be maximized by an accessible supply of water. The project will result in increased access to fresh local food, which will boost the economy and increase the nutrition of the local population.

Fundraising Target
$4,500

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$150

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$4,350

 

Country: 
Funds Needed : 
Progress: 

Middle School Latrine Project - Senegal

Middle School Latrine Project - Senegal

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Middle School Latrine Project - SenegalLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxx, District of Medina Yoro Foulah, Kolda Region, Senegal

Community Description
Xxxxxx, a southern Senegalese village of 500 people, is a vibrant community made up of mostly people of the Pular ethnicity. This small, but historically significant locale is the seat of the communal government and is constantly welcoming visitors and officials for meetings and events.

The local sources of income are animal husbandry and field crops such as peanuts, millet, corn, and rice. The government structures include two schools, a health post, the mayor's office, and the office of the prefecture. There are also a number of small restaurants, a tailor, and shops that sell basic cooking materials and household items.

Additionally, with a new road being built between the village and the regional capital, Kolda, business and commerce between cities is becoming easier and easier. This village has a lot of potential for growth and can become a point of service for many of the surrounding villages.

There are a number of working groups within the community, such as a women's savings group, a youth association, and a health committee. Families value solidarity, hospitality, and unity of thought and action. The people say that they hold tradition in one hand, and modernization in the other. They want a brighter future for their children, but also to hold on to what makes them uniquely Pular.

Middle School Latrine Project - SenegalProblem Addressed
The village of Xxxxxx is the site of one of only two middle schools in the commune. This means that since its inauguration in 2005, the middle school has hosted students from any number of the surrounding 99 villages. Some students live as far as 30 kilometers away, and have to temporarily move to a closer village just to go to school. Others live in villages between 6-8 kilometers away, and make the trek by foot, bike, or donkey cart every day, twice a day. For these students, going to school is no easy task.

The school was constructed without toilets. This means that if students need to use a bathroom, they would have to take the time to walk some distance into the village and ask permission to use somebody’s home toilet. However, the students are now in the habit of relieving themselves behind the school buildings. In both situations, students are disrupting the learning environment by requiring more time out of the classroom to find a bathroom or by defecating in the open on school property.

The health risks of open defecation are serious, and the diarrheal disease it engenders is one of the top killers of children under five in the region.

Project Description
This project is to create a sanitary place for students and teachers to use the bathroom by building a total of four toilets on campus, complete with two handwashing stations. and to use this opportunity to talk to the community about the importance of latrine usage.

Specifically, a head mason will lead a team that will be charged with the construction of two sanitary blocks, one for males and one for females.

Each sanitary block will be constructed with cement bricks and iron supports. Each will have a superstructure with dimensions 2 x 2 x 2 meters, and will be roofless (this is what the community asked for, because otherwise the odors will be trapped inside), and fixed with one metal, locking door per toilet.

The latrines will be Turkish style seats, connected to an offset pit via PVC pipes. The pits will also be 2 x 2 x 2 meters in dimension and lined with cement bricks. The pits will be covered, and contain removable windows, for emptying, and an aeration pipe, to allow odors to escape.

The handwashing stations are "tippy-tap" style (pressing a foot pedal will incline a water-filled jug to dispense a small stream of water), but will be made out of metal, which is meant to be durable enough for public use over a long period of time.

Working alongside the mason, members of the local youth association will contribute by bringing sand and gravel to the work site via horse or donkey charet, and will dig both of the pits.

Middle School Latrine Project - SenegalThe metal components (doors, pit windows, handwashing stations) will be built in the regional capital and transported to the site along with the cement, iron bars, and other supplies. Water Charity funding will be used to pay for the majority of materials, supplies, equipment, and labor.

The community will contribute 10% of the total cost in cash and 15% in labor.

Project Impact
400 students will directly benefit from the project, with 13,000 people in the commune receiving indirect benefit.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
R. Bannister

Monitoring and Maintenance
The vice principal of the middle school will assist with the formation of a sanitation committee, which is in charge of the cleaning schedule and maintenance of the latrines. Students will pull water for the toilets every morning before school, as there is a well only 130 meters away from the construction sites.

The toilets will be constructed in a way that will allow the school to empty the pits when they are full. They will be offset from the superstructure, lined with cement, and built with two removable “windows” which will allow it to be cleaned.

Money for repairs and cleaning supplies will be managed by the vice principal and come from the school’s funds. The health workers in the area will continue health talks on school campus and reinforce the importance of latrine usage and handwashing.

Fundraising Target
$1,500

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$1,500

 

Middle School Latrine Project - SenegalMiddle School Latrine Project - Senegal

Country: 
Funds Needed : 
Progress: 

Kedougou Community Well Project - Senegal

Kedougou Community Well Project - Senegal

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Kedougou Community Well Project - SenegalLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxxxx, Kedougou, Senegal

Community Description
Xxxxxxxx is a community of 220-250 people, depending on the season. It is located on the Fongolimbi road on the way to Dimboli. Farming is the main source of income for everyone in the village.

The village is 3.5 - 4 kilometers from one side to the other, with a hill in the middle. It is made up of two halves, Xxxxxxxx Labor and Xxxxxxxx Mawni.

Problem Addressed
The issue that the village is facing is water security in the dry season. When the rains come, the water table around the village is raised very high so there is no problem with wells or the forage drying up, or not having enough water, but during the dry season the water table lowers to a point where some of the wells dry up and are no longer a reliable source of clean water.

Kedougou Community Well Project - SenegalThe other issue that presents itself in the dry season is that the forage, while deep enough, requires a motor pump to bring the water into the basin. The system is effective, but expensive because it is a gas powered system. During the dry season, when it would be needed, a lot of the villagers do not have the funds to maintain constant use of it. So, they end up walking to the other side of the village to use the wells that are deep enough to have water through the dry season.

There is also the issue that the forage system is great, but it is twenty years old and there are days that it is "tired" and has to take a rest, so even if they have the funds there are days were the forage is just not available.

This presents a problem when the next closest source of clean water is a kilometer or more away in either direction. This also eliminates all possibility of dry season vegetable farming, so, in order to have proper nutrition, they have to go to the closest market which is about 20 kilometers away up the mountain.

Project Description
This project is to build a well in an area where water access is cut off in the dry season.

There will be one main well digger and two assistants chosen by the village chief, one from each side of the village.

The dimensions of the well are roughly:

-20 meters deep
-1.25 meters across

The mouth of the well and cover will be constructed by a mason from the village as well. The dimensions will be:

-1.25 meters tall
-1.25 meters across

The PCV will be responsible for purchase and transport of most of the materials, with the village responsible for providing sand and gravel with transportation of all materials once inside the village. Water will also be provided by the village from a nearby water source.

Kedougou Community Well Project - SenegalThe PCV and the village chief will be responsible for overseeing the construction of the well and mouth of the well by the well digger and mason on a daily basis.

The women's group will be responsible for the construction of the fence surrounding the well. The dimensions will be 7 meters x 7 meters

The education component will be overseen by the PCV and president of the Women's Association. The training will be held every other Sunday afternoon for the duration of the well construction. This training will encompass:

-Water treatment and storage
- Hand Washing
- Proper hygiene around and using water
- Water conservation techniques in dry season gardening.

At the end of the training there will be a demonstration of skills learned and a graduation of the course. There will also be a follow-up demonstration about three months later to judge the retention and implementation rate of what was learned.

Project Impact
150 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Ashley Prettyman

Monitoring and Maintenance
The well will be the responsibility of the women's group to maintain.

Let Girls Learn
Water collecting is primarily a women's and girl's responsibility. Having a closer source of water will enable the girls to be on time to school in the morning and have more time in the afternoon to dedicate to their school work. It might also help motivate men and boys to help with the water because it is not as far and it is not as hard to do, which would give the girls more time.

While this is not an official Let Girls Learn project, it carries with it the same attributes, providing for the sanitation and hygiene needs of girls. Therefore, we designate it a Let Girls Learn + project.

This project is part of our ongoing Western Africa Water & Sanitation Program.

Fundraising Target
$1,850

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$1,850

 

Country: 
Tags: 
Funds Needed : 
Progress: 

Kolda Master Farm Water and Sanitation Project - Senegal

Kolda Master Farm Water and Sanitation Project - Senegal

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Kolda Master Farm Water and Sanitation Project - SenegalLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Kolda, Kolda Region, Senegal

Community Description
The region of Kolda is Senegal's poorest and among the most malnourished. This project will be done in a neighborhood called Xxxxxxx in the capital city of the Kolda Region, Kolda. It will be done at a demonstration space run by a "Master Farmer" named Cherif Diallo. A Master Farmer is an individual identified by the Peace Corps who shows exemplary farming and teaching skills who uses their garden space for trainings and demonstrations.

This demonstration space is a place where innovative and sustainable agricultural practices are displayed and taught. During its 2-year life span, the Kolda Master Farm has had demonstrations and trainings on attaining higher yield on field crops without the use of chemicals, cold season gardening, live fences, and tree grafting. Cherif's demonstration space has a very wide audience, as it is in the capital city of the region and is very close to the city center, only about 1 kilometer outside of the main market.

Kolda Master Farm Water and Sanitation Project - SenegalEvery person who is trained, tours, or visits the Master Farm will benefit. Annually, the Master Farm has around 250 visitors, who will benefit from the improved capability, innovation, and convenience.

Problem Addressed
The main well at this demonstration space caved in in July, 2016, due to heavy rains. This is the main source of water for the farm during the dry season. Until the well is re-dug, no gardening or advancement can be made at the garden, and no trainings or demonstrations can be held.

Since this farm is primarily a demonstration space, there are many visitors for the various trainings, tours, and demonstrations. In order to ensure sanitary visits while supporting a large number of people, a proper toilet is needed within the farm.

Project Description
This project is to build a well and a latrine at the Master Farm.

A 10-meter-deep well will be constructed about 10 meters North of the prior well location. A specialist will be hired to dig, as the soil is extremely sandy. When water is reached a reinforcement buttress of cement will be installed.

Kolda Master Farm Water and Sanitation Project - SenegalMaster Farmer Cherif Diallo and a hired mason will construct the reinforcement out of rebar, fencing, and cement. After the well has been sufficiently reinforced, an above-ground structure will be built for ease of access to the well. It will consist of approximately 150 bricks, made by a locally-hired mason.

A latrine will be constructed in the Eastern corner of the farm. The pit will be dug to a depth of 2 meters. A specialist will be hired to dig, as the soil is extremely sandy. When a depth of 2 meters is achieved, the walls of the pit will be reinforced by bricks and rebar. Approximately 30 bricks will be used.

A brick structure, 1 meter by 2 meters in size, will then be built by the mason using about 300 bricks. It will contain a concrete platform and a turkish toilet seat, and will be topped by a zinc sheet roof.

Project Impact
100 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
H. Henriksen

Monitoring and Maintenance
The Master Farm keeps records of how many people visit, tour, or attend a training at the farm. This attendance shows the number of people who will benefit from the installation of these features. Additionally, the master farmer keeps a record of all the produce, trees, and products he grows at the farm.

The Master Farmer has been farming for nearly 40 years, and is a very skilled mason. He will perform all repairs.

Comments
Improved farming techniques taught at the Master Farm will increase crop yields, leading to improved food security, enhanced nutrition and health, and increased economic opportunities.

Fundraising Target
$1,900

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$1,900

 

Country: 
Funds Needed : 
Progress: 

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