Fully Funded

BioSand Filter Training Program - Liberia

BioSand Filter Training Program - Liberia

New Groups Being Trained in Liberia to Make Filters!

 

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION working with Friendly Water for the World.

Location: Paynesville, Liberia

Problem Addressed

Flag of LiberiaThe first and second Liberian Civil Wars took place from 1989 to 2003, and destroyed much of this very small country. A combination of tribal hostilities, personal power grabbing, and interference from neighboring countries left some 250,000 dead, and a million displaced, and most of the water and power infrastructure destroyed. The country has been faced with trying to rebuild trust and infrastructure at the same time. It hasn’t been easy.

WHO reports that only one out of every four Liberians gets water from an “improved water source” – this doesn’t mean that the water is safe, only that it comes out of a pipe. In the countryside, the percentage would be far lower than that. It is estimated that as many as one out of every five Liberians die of a condition related to unsafe water and inadequate sanitation. Many rural and urban areas are almost entirely without toilets. Cholera and other waterborne illnesses are common. 80% of the population lives in poverty; unemployment is extremely high, and the cause of continued unrest.

Between 2014-2016, there were almost 11,000 cases of Ebola reported, and close to 5,000 deaths. However, it should be noted that many cases went unreported. At the start of the outbreak, there were only 50 doctors in a population of 4.3 million. Liberia was declared “Ebola free” in early 2016.  However, even at the height of the Ebola epidemic, far, far more people were dying from waterborne illnesses. And while much foreign assistance was received, little of it has gone to improving water and sanitation conditions.

Today, there are over 4.7 million people in Liberia, and WASH continues to be the biggest issue.  There is hope, though... as Water Charity is part of a multi-NGO effort to bring clean water access to every person in Liberia by December 2020.  See our Rivercess Well Repair Program - Liberia for details.

Project Description

Getting water from turbid source, LiberaiFour groups will be trained in the fabrication, distribution, installation, and maintenance of BioSand Water Filters, and in the teaching of sanitation and hygiene.

The Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP) is a training program designed to enable participants to respond to potentially violent situations in new and creative ways. First developed by Quakers and others working in U.S. prisons in the 1970s, it has since proliferated around the world. The first training was organized in Liberia in 2010, and it has spread. Many of the participants are students, and are also seeking employment opportunities, and are excited about BioSand Filter projects.

Camp for Peace Liberia (CFP-Liberia) was established in 2005 by a group of visionary youths with the goal to transform the lives of young people through community-based education and awareness in response to the manifest need for sustainable peace and development. CFP-Liberia was incorporated in 2010 as a non-profit organization with an overarching goal to contribute to the development, empowerment and self-sustainability of young people in Liberia. It focuses on the promotion of the culture of nonviolence, reconciliation, promotion of education, and creating awareness of accountable governance and social transformation. It creates opportunities for young people to be equipped to deal with their Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and to participate socially and economically in Liberia’s post-war development. CFP also provides micro-credit to enable youth to establish their own enterprises. To focus on its vision, mission and goal, CFP is supervised by a management team comprising of 75% young people including a vast number of volunteers who offer activities through a network of trainers.

AVP and CFP-Liberia will be trained as a single team.

RICCE – The Rural Integrated Center for Community Empowerment (RICCE) empowers rural communities to participate in decision-making in Liberia, with emphasis on issues that impact on their lives and threaten community peace and security. To do this, RICCE facilitates community based peacebuilding and conflict resolution processes, and works for the promotion of biodiversity and transparency in natural resource management. RICCE was established by development specialists, engineers, health professionals, grassroots activists and professors at the University of Liberia who were alarmed by the conditions of rural residents in 2005. At the time it was observed that the rural people were neglected when it came to political decision-making, economic opportunities, better schools, hospitals and basic protection of fundamental human rights. These conditions still exist today, contributing to conflict in Liberia. RICEE is also involved in advocating for women's rights, promoting female empowerment through programs that allow them to participate in leadership and decision-making processes.

Peaceful Lutheran Church in Paynesvile, on the outskirts of Monrovia, will be hosting the training, and will be sending a team to be trained, with a workshop to be set up there.

Woman with pail of water, LiberiaRescue Women Liberia is a non-governmental organization established in 2015 by group of gender activists. The organization is involved in promoting basic human rights of women including access to justice, sexual and reproductive health, combating gender-based violence, and promotion of clean water and sanitation. Currently they do not have funding, but have been involved with voluntary community service in health education in communities and schools, awareness on gender based violence in and around Montserrado County.

Project Impact

The project is likely to have considerable impact. Fifty people will be trained, and four ongoing workshops set up and equipped. Health and employment will immediately improve among the 50 families. Taken together, the four groups have substantial contacts with NGOs throughout Liberia, with demand for Filters likely to be high among their constituents. The four groups will also have considerable contact with small community-based organizations throughout the country.

There will be a significant reduction in waterborne illnesses, increased employment, and new small business opportunities generated. The four groups, taken together, should be able to create significant synergies in the development sector.

Immediate Beneficiaries:

-          50 Individuals trained
-          200 members of their families

Community Beneficiaries (in first two years):

-          Four groups build and distribute 500 BioSand Filters each in first two years = 2,000 Filters
-          Each Filter serves on average 10 people – 20,000 people served
-          50 Filters go schools and orphanages – 3,500 children served

Future Beneficiaries:Bio Sand Filter System

-          Programs expand and require more than two molds each
-          Large orders likely to be received from other NGOs working in Liberia

Impacts:

-          Waterborne illnesses curtailed
-          Health improved
-          Child morbidity and mortality reduced
-          Medical/pharmaceutical expenses curtailed
-          School attendance increases
-          Community productivity enhanced


Person Directing
The training will be directed by Friendly Water for the World Technical Advisor Wayne Medrud, with assistance from Alisa and Ken Malloch, both of whom has significant experience with missions in sub-Saharan Africa. Philip Quoqui, Director of AVP in Liberia, will serve as interim country coordinator.

Monitoring 

Each group will have a trained monitor to visit homes post-installation and keep records. A first report from each group will be due 90 days after they start operations. Following the reports, each group will meet to adjust their business plans as appropriate. The coordinator will keep track of the activities of the four groups.

Comments:

The joint training and operation of these four groups together create an opportunity to make a real difference in the lives of the long-suffering people of Liberia.

Liberia Training Budget Breakdown

Description Amount raised by Water Charity Quantity Cost per Item  Funders Budget Justification:
Liberia Project -  4 groups          
Steel Molds  $4,800.00 8 $600.00 Water Charity Each mold makes one filter/day.* Equip all four groups
Toolkits $1,900.00 4 $450.00 Water Charity Needed for Filter Fabrication*
Starter Materials $1,000.00 4 $250.00 Water Charity Sand,gravel,cement,tubing for first 20-25 Filters
Printing and Copying Materials $800.00 4 $200.00 Water Charity  
Travel for Trainers - Wayne $1,800.00 1 $1,800.00 Water Charity  
Honorarium - Wayne $400.00 1 $400.00 Water Charity **
Lunch/Tea for Trainees   50 $25.00 Local Community Lunch and Tea for five days**
Training Space   1 $200.00 Paynesville Church **
Trainers - Accommodation/Food $1,800.00 3 $600.00 Water Charity  
Internal Transportation $400.00 1 $400.00 Water Charity  
           
(Two trainers - Alisa and Ken Malloch - are paying their own transportation)        

*Molds and Toolkits are provided on long-term loan

**Local community contributions are required. 

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor. Please donate to Water Charity to allow us to expand our efforts in Liberia.

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AVEC Water Filter Training - Democratic Republic of Congo

AVEC Water Filter Training - Democratic Republic of Congo

AVEC – Northeast Congo

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION working with Friendly Water for the World.

Location: Nzulo KAMURONZA, Northeast Congo

Problem Addressed:
There is currently a major cholera epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with 20 of 26 provinces affected. There is no clear count of the number of cases, as only those who show up at health centers are counted, but it is likely that there are 100,000 cases, and perhaps close to 2,000 deaths.

Nowhere is the epidemic worse than in the hilly areas to the northeast of the city of Goma. Because of mining operations (many of them illicit), water from the few streams there are is virtually undrinkable. People make do gathering water from small ponds and even puddles, or from ground-level cisterns. Waterborne illnesses seriously weaken the population, constantly ravaged by war and civil strife.

Project Description:
Initiated in 2009 when the great humanitarian Zawadi Nikuze began aiding survivors of war-related rape, the Peace Center for Healing and Reconstruction of Community (CPGRBC) has been a leader in building a framework to respond to inter-ethnic violence and rebuild social links, and to Drawing Filters in Classassist communities in seeking solutions to their own problems in the Congo. All of this takes place in the context of continuing war and civil strife, and as backdrop, a new, massive outbreak of cholera.

Over the past eight years, CPGRBC has created and sustained 120 peace committees and 23 village savings and loan associations (AVECs) (banks are not trustworthy), built a management office in Goma, and trained four new groups in BioSand Filters/community sanitation and hygiene. The original group of rape survivors that Friendly Water for the World trained in Goma has played a major role in fighting the cholera epidemic there. CPGRBC has also recently acquired new space to build a headquarters and training center.

The plan is for CPGRBC to train and equip four new groups, each representing one of the AVECs. These groups already meet weekly, so they are organized to take up the challenge, and to market BioSand Filters to all of their members. They will also include community sanitation and hygiene as part of the peace/conflict resolution curricula. CPGRBC is experienced in monitoring and evaluation, and is an excellent, trustworthy partner.

Project Impact:
The project is likely to have substantial impact among the populations CPGRBC serves. Already existing CPGRBC BioSand Filter projects in the region have made massive differences in people’s lives, both in the provision of clean water and new employment opportunities. Other projects in chicken and goat production have been generated, and many people now have enough income to be able to afford to send their children to school. People with HIV are now able to fight off opportunistic infections.

What makes this project special is that those trained come from the CPGRBC savings and loan associations. Banks in the area are unstable and untrustworthy. By banding together, members of the associations have new access to credit, all within the context of their local community. Once the new teams are created, there will be ready market for BioSand Filters among their own members, and those in need will be able to access funds to purchase them. This may become a new model program, and could later expand to all 23 savings and loan associations.Bio Sand Filter

Immediate Beneficiaries:

-          60 Individuals trained
-          300 members of their families

Community Beneficiaries (in first two years):

-          Four groups build & distribute 600 BioSand Filters each in first 2 years = 2,400 Filters
-          Each Filter serves on average 10 people – 24,000 people served
-          60 Filters go schools and orphanages – 4,200 people served

Future Beneficiaries:

-          Program spreads to as many as 19 other AVEC groups
      

Impacts:

-          Waterborne illnesses curtailed
-          Health improved
-          Child morbidity and mortality reduced
-          Medical/pharmaceutical expenses curtailed
-          School attendance increases
-          Community productivity enhanced

Person Directing:
Aristote Bwaire has long experience working with CPGRBC since its inception, and in carrying out BioSand Filter training programs with CPGRBC throughout the region. He will work with Friendly Water for the World’s Medical Officer, Dr. Kambale Musubao and Congo-DRC Country Representative Eliphaz Bashilwango.

Monitoring:
Each group will have a monitor trained to go into homes and check on Filter installation and use. The groups will report 90 days after the workshops are set up, and business plans adjusted as appropriate. CPGRBC will be responsible for communicating results. Funds are included in the project for follow-up.

Trained with filters, Congo

Budget 

PROJECT COSTS
  Transport facilitators 2X5 days @ $15 ea = $150  
  Certificate 40 @ $2.5 ea = $100  
  Molds 8 @ $650 ea = $5200  
  Sand, gravel, cement 4 groups @ $250 ea = $1000  
  Tool kit 4 groups @ $450 ea = $1,800  
  Facilitation (2 people) @ $150 ea = $300  
  Printing modules 40 modules @ $7ea = $280            

LOCAL CONTRIBUTION (BENEFICIARIES)   
  Training Materials = $1OO
  Coffee break 40 persons @ $3 x 5 days = $600  
  Room rental 5 days @ $50/day = $250  
  Transport of participants 40x5 days @ $10 ea = $1,000  
Local Participation$2,950  

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor. Please donate to Water Charity to allow us to expand our efforts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 

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Nyiragongo Water Filter Training Project - Democratic Republic of Congo

Bio-Sand Filter Congo

Another Huge Water Filter Training for the Democratic Republic of Congo!


​This project has been completed.  Read the #Conclusion Report below.

Location
Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of Congo

Water Line DRCMuja group; including the Territory of Nyiragongo and the Territory of Masisi. The training will take place in the city of Rubaya in Masisi region nearby. Both territories are in North Kivu Province in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the women will come from 200+ villages around Nyiragongo.

Community Description
The territory of Nyiragongo and Masisi are entities of the North Kivu province. Nyiragongo is not far from the city of Goma, and has a volcanic environment. They are poor, in part, because of a government that has completely ignored the needs of the population.   

The land is fertile, but the water sources are few. The population waits for the rainy season to dig shallow holes and collect rainwater. Those who have the means walk 10 km or more to the city of Goma or Rubaya to get water. Sadly, the area is surrounded by mines.

The few water resources that do exist are heavily used in the extraction of minerals. Communities use dirty water coming from the quarries. The presence of rare earth minerals like coltan and beryllium have led to decades of conflict. While some foreign companies have grown rich on these resources, having a large amount of the most valuable elements on Earth hasn't benefited the local population... but on the contrary has made their lives a living hell on occasion, as various militias, armies and mercenary groups come through the area and ravage the land, kill people, rape the women and pillage the resources.

Now, at this point, the hundreds of villages in the area are nearly depleted of adult men, and are composed almost entirely of women, children and the elderly.  The men have either fled, been conscripted into government or rebel armies, or been killed.

Women of the MUSOsThe women of the region, against all odds, have banded together to form collective groups that are working to raise up this area, and have been very successful in providing for their own needs... serving the functions that governments usually serve in most countries. They have banded together in what are known as MUSOs (Mutual Use Sustainability Organizations), and created one of the largest and most successful self-help communities going in the world now. They have built health clinics, hired doctors and surgeons, kept up vital infrastructure, and now want to deal with their water issues!

This training project is being done with the Peace Center for Healing and the Reconstruction of Community Foundations (CPGRBC is the French acronym). This Congolese NGO is trying to help the people of the region in a number of ways. The CPGRBC today works in the field of rebuilding communities in Masisi, Walikale and Nyiragongo that have been long torn by armed and ethnic conflicts. It has implemented more than 120 peace committees, which are local structures of peace who work in their communities towards reconciliation and solidarity.  It has established 50 groups of women working in micro-credit. Also, the CPGRBC is working on a trauma healing program in the fight against neglected tropical diseases by assisting vulnerable people in Nyiragongo eradicate chiggers and waterborne diseases. 

Household in NyiragongoProblem Addressed
The lack of water in this area around the volcanoes, and the pollution that has engulfed the rivers used since ancient times, creates the current situation that the population her lives in water scarcity and is suffering from many different kinds of diseases. A major problem in the area is waterborne diseases due to water scarcity and consumption of unsafe water. Support these communities in their effort to drink clean water would help improve their health tremendously.

CPGRBC approached our friends at Friendly Water with the desire fight against diseases related to the consumption of unsafe water by providing opportunities for communities to obtain, make and distribute bio-sand filters. Water Charity was thrilled to be able to lend aid for this worthy goal, and decided to fund the entire effort.

Project Description
This project will consist of a series of 6-day trainings for a couple hundred women in the manufacture, use and upkeep of cement bio-sand water filters. The women will receive molds, tools and materials to make their first filters and will be trained on ways to turn all of this into small businesses for themselves, their MUSOs and their communities. Manuals and printed training materials will be given out in Swahili, English, French, Kinyarwanda, and a light lunch and tea for all participants will be provided every day.

Training women in DRC

The training will be conducted by Aristotle Lubao Mbairwe (Trainer with FW & CPGRBC), Zawadi Nikuze (CPGRBC leader), and Zawadi Mburano (also of CPGRBC). The training is in concert with Dr. Kambale Musubao (FW medical officer) and MUSO organizers.  CPGRBC and the MUSOs themselves are even coming up with a decent portion of the costs for this training.

The women who receive this training will go home with a functioning filter, but will also have the molds and designs to make as many as they can. They will be instructed in techniques to sell filters they make, sell clean water that they generate with their filters, and to proliferate the technology to others.

The profits made from some of the sales will go towards procuring more materials and molds. In this way, the projects are infinitely sustainable, generate income for these women, and can potentially reach and assist all the women in these villages via the MUSO system and the help of the CPGRBC.  FW & WC are proud to be able to create such a large and beneficial "ripple effect" with this project.

Project Impact
All residents of the 200+ villages in the region will benefit from this work.  In time, as many as 300,000 people could profit, as clean water, water filters, and the knowledge of how to make more disperses in these MUSO communities that are dedicated to sharing and mutual solidarity.
 
Sand MakingVolunteer Directing Project
Zawadi Nikuze is directing this project on the ground, and management is under the direction of David Albert, Board Chairman of Friendly Water for the World, with Water Charity overseeing.  See below for Zawadi's story.

Monitoring and Maintenance
CPGRBC and FW representatives will monitor the project and forward its objectives, but its maintenance will fall mainly to the women themselves and the MUSOs they belong to.  Given how self-motivated these remarkable women are, and have proven themselves to be in the face of all manner of adversity, we have no doubt that they will bring this raw strength and ability to bear on solving their water quality issues, and eradicate the scourge of waterborne illnesses from their lives entirely.
 

Comments
This project is part of our Training and Support Initiative, and is a sister project to our Minova Water Filter Training Project.

In the past, the ongoing war in Goma prevented training activities, and the general situation in the DRC kept WC from operating there due to our model of helping people efficiently as possible and never asking our volunteers to put themselves in harm's way.  We are extremely happy now, however, to be able to render aid in such a needy area, and in such a sustainable way.

     History and the present:

•    In late 2007-early 2008, a new phase of the Congolese war resulted in hundreds of thousands of people streaming out of the countryside toward the city of Goma.
•    Without any preparation or permission, they set up their own makeshift refugee camp southwest of the city. It is said to have grown quickly to almost 200,000 people.
•    Some international organizations attempted to provide material assistance there.
Zawadi Nikuze•    A small group of Quakers led by Zawadi Nikuze, a Quaker social worker, worked in the camp. The main work that the Quakers were involved in was trauma healing and reconciliation efforts, especially trying to prevent conflicts within the camp from erupting into violence.
•    In 2009, the government decided they did not want a refugee camp there, and sent troops to oust people from the camp. They sent tens of thousands of people out into the countryside, to “return to their homes” (but most of their homes had been destroyed). Thousands are said to have died of starvation, exposure, and in the ongoing military conflict.
•    Some 200 women, many with young children, refused to go, even at gunpoint. These women were survivors of rape, and had been rejected by their families and could not thus not even join the diaspora. 
•    Zawadi began working with these women, found primitive places for them to stay in Goma, and to provide them with minimum support.
•    Zawadi’s organization became one of “participatory development” alongside its trauma healing and peacebuilding activities. It is non-sectarian.
•    Zawadi came on three speaking tours to the U.S.
•    Zawadi was trained by Friendly Water in Newberg, Oregon in October 2013. (She was 8 months pregnant at the time.)
•    In March 2014, Friendly Water for the World held a training in Goma, Congo, which spawned three new groups: one associated with Dr. Kambale Musubao and the MUSO groups; one associated with Zawadi and CPGRBC; and God in Us-Africa, in Gisenyi, Rwanda. All three became hugely successful.
•    The women rape survivor affiliated with CPGRBC built and installed the first Filters in the 26 Goma orphanage, and later formed a major part of the program that eliminated cholera in all of them.
•    CPGRBC has expanded to encompass some 120 local peace committees and 50 groups of women. Most are working on trauma healing and reconciliation activities.
•    Later, it is hoped that members of CPGRBC will receive training in the fabrication of rainwater catchment systems/ferro-cement tanks, so that the open cisterns will no longer be able to spread disease. WC is happy to support them in this.

This project has been fully funded by a donor who wishes to remain anonymous.  If you would like to see us expand, scale up and do more projects like this one, use the DONATE button below, and your donation will go to more training projects like this one.  

 

Women of Nyiragongo
Manager and Orphanage in Goma
Kambale and Women
Ndosho Orphanage


Conclusion Report: Peace Center for Healing and Reconstruction of Community Foundations (CPGRBC) – Nyiragongo Project

This training project went off without a hitch, and was another unmitigated success in our Training & Support Initiative.  Many people in the region will benefit from this technology being propagated.  Not only are the 4 communities and the CPGRBC making and selling BioSand filters, but they are also selling water, purchasing more tools, and teaching more people to do the same.  Waterborne illness has already diminished since the project was completed earlier this year.
Trainees with certificates Nyiragongo

​Trainees with their certificates!

Background to CPGRBC and Water: CPGRBC was originally formed in 2009 by Zawadi Nikuze to provide healing and services to some 200 refugee women (and their children) who had been raped in the ongoing conflict in northeastern Congo. The project has grown steadily since. In 2013, when 8 months pregnant, Zawadi Nikuze was trained by Friendly Water for the World. In turn, in March 2014, she helped trained rape survivors from her group in Goma, who have gone on to manage a sustainable BioSand Filter project. They provided the first Filters to the 26 orphanages in Goma to help overcome the cholera epidemic there.

Making a filter with a mold
The Project: Friendly Water for the World trainers conducted a series of five-day trainings for four communities in Nyiragongo and Masisi in the fabrication of BioSand Water Filters, and in community sanitation and hygiene. The communities themselves contributed $6,250 in goods and services.  The four communities – Mudjua, Mutayo, Rusayo, and Rubaya – each received two steel molds and a toolkit, needed for BioSand Filter contruction. Some 100 people were trained; 48 of them women.

As of February 1st, 2017 (60 days after the end of the last training), 92 Filters had been built (87 installed). Since then, these numbers have grown exponentially. 

Among the results:

-  People have a better understanding of the BioSand Filter, and hygiene and sanitation. They also have better health and improved life style.

-  The groups have created a solidarity fund to be able to help other members of the community who have no resource have access to clean drinking water through the BioSand Fitlers.

-  The groups have become volunteers and advocates for clean water and awareness on the waterborne diseases in their respective communities.

-  The groups are already taking steps to ensure sustainability:

*     They have formed sustainable BioSand Filter, hygiene and sanitation philanthropies in their communities;

*     They are saving a part of the proceeds from BioSand Filter sales to purchase more materials to make more filters.Sifting Sand

*     They have formed follow-up committees.
 

In the longer run, the participants expect this project should give rise to other projects such as:

•    Microcredit

•    Vegetable growing

•    Child protection

•    Formation of solidarity groups.
 

All in all a very worthy project.  As we receive more reports from the field, we will continue to post them here.  So check back, follow our RSS feed, follow us on Twitter, or follow us on Facebook!  (links at bottom of this & every page)

Remember that this was the water source they used before:
Drinking from an old water source

Funds Needed : 
Progress: 

Village of Hope - Rotary Biosand Filter Training - Tanzania

Village of Hope, Tanzania

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION, working with Friendly Water for the World.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

BSF in process of being built

Location
Village of Hope - Nyegezi, Mwanza, Tanzania

Community Description
Village of hope is a care center for children located at Nyegezi ward in Mwanza region. Mwanza is a mid-sized port city on the southern shores of Lake Victoria in northwestern Tanzania. With a population of over 700,000, it is Tanzania's second largest city, following Dar es Salaam. Mwanza is the capital of the surrounding Mwanza Region.

Problem Addressed
The Village of Hope care center provides all the basic needs of children and youth, such as housing, food, education, health care and so on.  Children are brought to the center at different age stages, but once they reach 18 years old, they get sent back to their family or community. Some of the kids have no family to be sent to, but they have a good chance to start a new life independently because of the skills they learned at the center.

The center has no reliable source of drinking water, which makes it extremely hard to keep the kids healthy. A big chunk of the center’s income has been spent on charcoal for boiling water. Nonetheless, waterborne diseases such as typhoid, amoeba and dysentery are common at the center.

Project Description
The idea of a BioSand water filter training project was introduced to the community for the purpose of providing safe and clean water to people in order to reduce water-related diseases. They were enthusiastic :-)

This project is a WASH and Bio Sand Water Filter Fabrication Training. Projects like this have proven very valuable and deliver high performance and profound effects in many areas of lesser developed countries like Tanzania, where access to safe water is still a problem. Improvement of people’s health is the major outcome, and there is a rise in living standards of people who are engaged in these projects. New employment opportunities is another impact in Tanzania. Approximately 200 group members who have been trained so far, are now employed under this project through fabrication, selling water and selling filters to earn income.

This project to provide training on the making and maintaining of BioSand Water Filters to 28 members of the center will have similar benefit. The operation will not only provide a continuous and reliable access to clean drinking water but it will also provide a source of income to the center through the sale of drinking water and filters in the community.
Training in progress, VOH Tanzania
Community Organizations
​This training is a collaboration of Water Charity, Friendly Water, CLAO and Village of Hope.

Community Life Amelioration Organization (CLAO) is the local organization (initiated by Tanzanian) registered under nongovernmental Organization act, 2002 (registration no 00NGO/0008807) with the aim to implement bio sand water filter projects in Tanzania with Friendly Water For The World. CLAO will be working with community at grassroots level in different projects initiated to raise community wellbeing economically, socially and in terms of health. Under this project, CLAO will organize the training, do preparation for all other requirements of Testing the BSFthe training, and conduct the training, monitor and evaluate the project’s progress.

Our vision is “to see a sustainable community where everyone has a decent and contented life”

Mission
“Fostering rational utilization of skills and manpower for sustainable development in both social and economic spheres as well as creating friendly environment in order to ensure diversity sources of income and improve livelihoods of communities.

Village of Hope (VOH) is a nonprofit organization that exists for the sole purpose of bringing hope to vulnerable children in Mwanza. They try to accomplish this by providing vulnerable children with shelter, education, healthcare and nutrition. They are currently serving over 300 children through their children’s home and school.

Vision
The vision of Village of Hope-Mwanza is that all children are loved and care for.

Mission
Village of Hope-Mwanza exists to bring lasting hope to the children at risk so they can embrace adulthood as independent and contributing members of the society.

Village of Hope-Mwanza came to exist due to stories of children, including abandonment and death of one or both parents. Many of the children were found abandoned in a certain area and brought to police and then to social welfare, which brought them to VOH. A few stories involve the death of both parents and family being unable to care for the child. In some cases the mother died at birth and no family was available.

Children are raised at the center until the age of 18 years, then released back to society to start independent life. It becomes a challenge for them to cope with community life, as some of them do not even know their relatives. They often have no life skills, apart from home-based education that they have received during years spent in VOH. 

New BSF!Each year, numbers of youth complete their secondary education with no hope for further studies, hence becoming a burden to society or engaging in adverse psychosocial behaviors.

Project Impact
More than 300 children living at Village of Hope-Mwanza and more than 30 workers employed with VOH will gain access ro safe and clean water. Trained youth will become employed, enabling them to earn income and  benefit the community.

Volunteer Directing Project
Julius Kenyamanyara

Monitoring and Maintenance 
Community Life Amelioration Organization (CLAO) in collaboration with Village of Hope-Mwanza (VOH) will monitor the progress of the project, whereby selected leaders from the group will collaborate on providing progress report and share groups information. 

Sustainability;

-Entrepreneurship and marketing skills will be taught as part of the training to provide members with techniques on selling of filters.

-VOH will be responsible to advertise, and find other donors to support the group.

-VOH should contact their partners to introduce them to the project hence more training is expected in the future in partnership with FWFW and CLAO.

Expected Outcomes:
Short-term

  • Equip group members with the knowledge and skills on fabrication and installation of bio sand water filter
  • Capacity building on water, hygiene and sanitation education to group members
  • Provision of safe and clean water to VOH community
  • Employment opportunity                                                                  

Long-term

  • Improve living standard of the group members and families in general
  • Reduction of water borne diseases as more people will be using bio sand water filters
  • Health improvement

Certificates Awarded
Village of Hope, Tanzania - Training Concluded!

The training was conducted and was a tremendous success.  Many filters were constructed and the knowledge that the certified trainees gained has already been passed along throughout the area.  The additional income generated for Village Of Hope is allowing them to expand their reach and aid even more children there.

A group of 28 people were trained: 24 youths, 2 teachers and, and 2 house women.
 

At the end of the training all the participants received a certificate, that prove their capability in making and maintaining the BioSand Water Filter as well as the basics of hygiene and sanitation.

 

Certificate awardedOutcomes:

- More than 300 beneficiaries in the Village of Hope center now have safe and clean drinking water, and the surrounding community also benefits from the project.  Members of the village of hope are designated to educate people on the importance of using safe clean water. This will also increase the sale of filters.

- Improvement of living standard of the group. The operation is making filters for the center and for the community. The BioSand filter is in high demand, and people buy them from the center.

- In a long run the center is projecting to be trained on the making of rainwater catchment system to have readily available source of water.

Up to date the group made and installed 139 filters. The center management has purchased 31 filters for all the workers at the center to be installed  in their households.  The center is proceeding to make filters for the surrounding community. The group has also recently received an order of 7 filters from the neighboring village of Bugarika.

The Village of Hope has a goal of making 200 filters by the end of the year, which will serve about 1,400 people.

​UPDATE:  They have already surpassed their goal, and continue to expand this very successful operation.  Who can say how many people will drink water free of microbes due to this project in the long run...

This project has been paid for through the generosity of an anonymous donor.

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Funds Needed : 
Progress: 

Minova Water Filter & Training Project - Democratic Republic of Congo

Women's Center - Congo

Our 1st Water Filter Training Project in the Democratic Republic of Congo

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

 

Village of MinovaLocation
Minova, DRC

50 km west of Goma, on the northwest shore of Lake Kivu, in South Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo

Community Description
The village has about 30,000 inhabitants, plus 5,200 internally displaced people in camps (refugees). There are another 30,000 or so in three surrounding villages.

The surrounding area is mountainous, with numerous volcanoes. The volcanic soil is fertile, but does not hold water well.

     War Torn Area

  • For the past 20 years, war has raged throughout the area, mostly over control of natural resources, including coltan.
  • In 2012, Congolese government forces, backed by United Nations troops, fought and lost a major battle with M23 (and perhaps other) militia forces in Goma.
  • Congolese troops retreated to Minova, where besides other destruction and killings, they raped at least 139 women and young girls as young as nine years old.
  • Following an international outcry, a trial of 37 low-ranking soldiers was held in Goma, Dozens of survivors testified.
  • Only two were found guilty of rape.
  • The events and the trial are depicted in the 2015 Academy Awards shortlisted short film The Testimony. http://www.thetestimonyfilm.com/  (It can be seen on Netflix.) Photos from the trial can be seen here: http://www.dianazeynebalhindawi.com/the-minova-rape-trials-congo-2014/

  Woman With Baby   Women Coming Together

  • Almost all the women had been farmers.
  • Most of the husbands of the women who had been raped deserted them, leaving them without funds to send their children to school, or enough labor to tend their fields effectively. Food became scarce, and hunger common.
  • HIV had been relatively uncommon in Minova. However, the war – and rape – brought HIV to the community.
  • A community leader named Masika Katsuva, who was among those raped, stepped forward to help organize a group of the women in agriculture (180 in all), to give them a voice, and to help them come forward at the rape trial. She also set up a center for women and children abandoned by their families.
  • Masika’s story is told in the 2014 feature-length documentary film Seeds of Hope. http://www.seedsofhopefilm.co.uk/ Watch the trailer on the website.
  • Masika’s organization APDUD received significant international support before and during the trial.
  • International support of APDUD fell off significantly after the trial.

In February 2016, Masika died, leaving APDUD in some disarray. Her daughter Desanges hopes to revitalize the organization, and at only 23 years of age, has already done a lot to promote the organization and organize local women.

It is through Masika's women's center organization APDUD, and working with Desanges Kamate Kabua, Congolese NGO leader Herman Chirahambali, and our friends at Friendly Water For The World, that Water Charity will be conducting this support and training in much needed water filters. Herman met Dr. Kambale who does training and work for Friendly Water, and recognized the need for this project immediately.

Problem Addressed
The area is prone to large amounts of waterborne illnesses.  Cholera, dysentery, and a host of other pathogenic microbes pollute all the available water sources, and sickness due to these microbes is a huge problem.  Children under 5 are especially vulnerable to such illnesses. Worldwide it is the 2nd leading cause of death for children, and in the DRC, Diarrheal Diseases are the #1 cause of death (according to the CDC and the WHO)! 

Desanges and kids!Project Description
Water Charity will fund a biosand filter workshop led by trainers Dr. Kambale Musubao and Aristote Lubao Mbairwe (who work with our friends at Friendly Water Congo), for the women of Minova.  At least 35 women will be provided with a 5-6 day training on how to construct, use, and care for their own biosand filters. These filters, when used correctly, can basically last forever... especially the cement mold types we will train them to make. 

We will provide them with a few molds, and materials enough for all of the women to make their own filter.  Manuals and printed training materials will be given out in Swahili, English, French, Kinyarwanda. Furthermore, they will receive business training by which they will build filters, and sell them (as well as water) to the people of the Minova area.  

There will be an office established at the Women's Center whereby the women of the program can advertise and sell their product... and in time, they can even begin to conduct their own trainings to spread the technology.

Funds raised by selling water and filters will go towards purchasing more molds, more materials and more tools.  Filters and water are in high demand, so there is every reason to believe that this effort will be sustainable, effective and successful.  We expect that more women will come wanting to learn how to make these lifesaving devices, and the Women's Center will be happy to share this with them.  Thus, in a short time, the ability to make effective water filters will spread across the region.

All in all, a very sustainable effort with a great deal of positive "ripple effect!"

Project Impact
The project has the potential to help and impact all of the 65,000 plus people in the Minova area (Minova town, refugees, and the 3 neighboring villages).  The direct, immediate beneficiaries include all the families and friends of the women of the Women's center, as well as everyone who purchases a filter or water from them.  This number is hard to pinpoint, but it should amount to 5,000 or more people in the first year alone.

Volunteers Directing Project
Herman and Desanges will be running the project on the ground, and management of the project will be under the direction of David Albert, Board Chairman of Friendly Water for the World, with Water Charity overseeing. 

Herman Chirahambali

  • ​Herman is a former school principal. His career came to his end when soldiers came and occupied his school, destroying all desks and burning all books. His mother was killed when rebels pillaged his village. His sister died of AIDS, the result of war-related rape. His wife died giving birth to his second child, who also died.
  • Today, Herman is a volunteer for a non-profit that teaches environmental stewardship through language. They teach female farmers native literacy classes and also run an after-school English language program for children. They reach hundreds of women and children, yet still struggle to raise the $6.00/month they need to rent their classroom while operating with no computer and only a few books.

Minova Farmer Woman

Desanges Kamate Kabua

  • Daughter of Women's Center founder and current organizer and leader of APDUD.
  • It was her drive to help the families of Minova that led to FW and WC becoming involved in this wonderful project.

Monitoring and Maintenance
Eliphaz Bashilwango (FW representative) will be tasked with reporting, in concert with Herman and Desanges, who will be there on the ground to make sure the project achieves its goals.  Should further training and assistance become necessary, any of these individuals will be able to contact WC & FW and request such aid.

Comments
This noteworthy project is part of our Training and Support Initiative, and is a sister project to our even larger and more comprehensive DRC filter project in Nyiragongo, which is being started promptly. It is our desire to have a continuing and substantial effect on these communities, so expect even more projects of this nature there, including training the women to build rainwater catchments and fero-cement water tanks!

This project has been fully funded by a donor who wishes to remain anonymous.  If you would like to see us expand, scale up and do more projects like this one, use the DONATE button below, and your donation will go to more training projects like this one.  Use the comments if you wish your donation to be used for DRC projects specifically.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

 

Rape victims group

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Wondo Genet Well Rehab Program - Ethiopia

Fetching water in Wondo Genet

Phase 2 of our Ethiopia Well Rehab ProgramPromoting Transformation and Hope among the Most Marginalized in EthiopiaNPCA & WC LOGOS

This project is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.

Non functioning wellLocation
Five villages in the Wondo Genet region of Ethiopia, spread across three Kebeles (counties).  Kube, Wuchale 1, Lomicha, Wuchale 2, and Abosa.

Community Description
Wondo Genet is in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia, about a four-hour drive south of Addis Ababa. It also is part of the Sidama Zone located in the Great Rift Valley.  Wondo Genet is bordered on the south by Malga, on the west by Awasa Zuria, and on the north and east by the Oromia Region. Based on the 2007 Census, this woreda has a total population of 155,715, of whom 79,664 are men and 76,051 women; 23,125 or 14.85% of its population are urban dwellers.

This region has been suffering from an interminable drought, as well as intractable poverty.  As such, they desperately need assistance to meet their basic living requirements.  The people of these 5 villages have wells which have fallen into disrepair, and are currently unusable... thus making their hard lives even harder.

Problem Addressed
A WaSH survey conducted by the district water office shows that there are 60 existing wells that are not functioning and need repair to provide water to the respective communities. To meet demand, 81 new wells need to be constructed.  Studies have shown that operation and maintenance of water supplies fail after a short period of time because of poor operation and lack of effective maintenance. The district water office has no budget for maintenance and cannot effectively provide technical support. Delay or negligence in operation and maintenance of water facilities negatively impacts the wellbeing of the population, forcing them to travel long distances and wait in lengthy queues for potable water.  Many people resort to dangerous undeveloped water sources, most of which amount to nothing more than a muddy pit.  Naturally, this causes severe, and often deadly, health concerns with a high incidence of waterborne illness.

Project Description
This project is to rebuild 5 wells, one in each of 5 villages. 

Gathering water with donkeyWater Charity has initiated the repairs by partnering with local NGOs to drill the wells deeper, replace handpumps, and otherwise enact repairs that will bring water back to the people of these villages.

Our friends at Water is Life International have people on the ground and a substantial infrastructure for doing WaSH work in the region, including a number of well-drilling rigs donated by our partners at Wine to Water.  By partnering with these groups, WC is able to do these projects at a fraction of their normal cost, without having to have our own personnel waste valuable funds in transit.

Before the repair work begins, an intentional process to engage the community and the government is followed in order to avoid a handout-mentality that can create dependency.  After receiving government permission, a Water Use Committee (WUC) has been elected in each community to take responsibility for the use and maintenance of the repaired well.  The WUC is comprised of four women and three men, which ensures that women will have a strong voice and position to manage the well.  The management of the well by the WUC usually includes charging a nominal fee to the users, in order to maintain a fund for repairs.  This fund is then used for maintenance and repairs to keep the pump operational. In this way our repaired wells are unlikely to meet the fate of many such wells in the region, and should be functional far into the foreseeable future.

Gathering water from a streamA productive and functioning well brings joy to the community as it promotes a healthier life, eases the physical burden of the community, and returns time to women (as the duty of fetching and carrying water traditionally falls to them).  It is vital to the sustainability of the well that the community is involved in the project throughout the entire process for design, planning, and implementation of the project.  WaSH training is provided to the WUC so they can become permanent trainers in the community. The idea is improved sanitation and hygiene behaviors within the community, such as Open Defecation Free areas and consistent handwashing, through the hygiene and sanitation training.

Hydrogeological conditions on site indicate that groundwater is in accessible depth (20 to 30 meter below the ground), has adequate hydraulic conductivity and storage volume and good quality.

Project Impact
Approximately 1,500 people will directly benefit from these repairs... as well as anyone who visits these villages.

Project Management
Josh Elliott, of Wine to Water, is providing administrative oversight for these projects.  And Water is Life technicians are managing the implementation and training aspects.

Monitoring and Maintenance
The WUC set up in each village will be responsible for the monitoring and maintenance of their well.  This will be overseen by WiLI personel who will continue to work with the villagers and train their SLT's.

Undeveloped Water SourceComments
As we have more funding for this program, and its parent programs, Water Charity is committed to continuing this work, and hopes to be able to fix all of the broken wells of Wondo Genet eventually.  As such, we ask you to donate generously.  Every dollar raised in excess of the cost of these rehabs will be spent on further rehabs in the region. 

In this program, as with all WC projects, we have used existing funds to start this project immediately. We only ask for donations once projects are already underway. In this way we can be extremely responsive and speedy in delivering aid where it is needed. Even a short delay in implementation can be costly when dealing with waterborne illness. Other charities reverse this, but we feel time is of the essence. In this way, donating to this program is actually reimbursing us for funds we have already allocated.  The more money we have on hand, the more projects like this we can start.

Dollar Amount of Project
$11,000

This project has been fully funded by an anonymous U.S. donor.  To help us provide more programs like this one, please Donate to our Ethiopia Well Rehab Program.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.


Waiting for water

 
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Water For Zambia Program - Zambia

Water For Zambia Program - Zambia

NPCA - WC Logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the National Peace Corps Association.

Location: 
Mansa District School, ZambiMansa District, Luapula Province, Zambia
 
Community Description: 
The primary schools where this project will take place are located in and around Mansa District in the Luapula Provnice of Zambia. These communities and schools are often without electricity and running water. The villages surrounding the schools consist of mud huts with grass thatch roofs. The main source of income in these communities is subsistence farming. 
 
Problem Addressed: 
The lack of safe drinking water at the middle schools of the district is the main problem to be addressed.  
 
Another community need is for food security, as schools are not currently able to create gardens and orchards due to the long distance to reach a water source.  A new water source will allow easy watering of plants and provide improved knowledge of gardening for students, as well as a convenient food supply.
 

Project Description:

This project is to restore water to 13 schools through the installation of a new water pump and associated improvements at each school. 

During Emily’s time as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Zambia, she recognized the problem of inadequate access to safe drinking water sources throughout her 20-km catchment area. She was shocked to discover that all of the three schools in the area lacked an on-site, working water source.

Borehole and Pump - ZambiaThere was an existing play pump structure at all three schools, but the pumps had not worked since 2009. With the help of Water Charity, she was able to work with a local government group (similar to a Public Works Department) to renovate the water systems at all three primary schools. Each borehole now functional, and is expected to provide access to clean, safe drinking water for 300 people daily for a lifetime of 50 years.

Emily was informed of 13 other schools in Mansa District, with the identical play pump structures, currently facing water crises. She determined that the problem could easily and affordably be solved with the demolition of the existing structures and installation of new Afridev borehole pumps.

 
When she returned home after her Peace Corps service, she vowed to find a way to return to Zambia and renew her efforts to bring safe water to schools in the country.  She reached out to Water Charity to assist her in this endeavor, and a plan was developed for her to go back to Zambia and do this series of projects as a Returned Peace Corps Volunteer.  Water Charity decided to send her back with enough funding to accomplish this ambitious goal. 
 
This is one of the rare cases where WC paid to send someone to a location, and foot their living expenses while there.  The fact that she is doing 13 schools, and will also be sharing her experience with currently serving PCVs to develop their own WASH development work, makes this cost effective.
 
The work will be supervised by Emily and done by skilled technicians.  At each school, on the first day, there will be some demolition and installation of the pedestals. Then, after one week, allowing the pedestals to cure, the pumps and PVC piping will be installed
 

Each installation will include a runoff area, drain, soak pit, and other improvements as necessary.Mansa School Borehole Project - Zambia

 
Each community will provide the sand and perform the unskilled labor.
 
Each community will create an action plan regarding borehole maintenance, budgeting for spare parts, security, and sensitization of students, teachers, and surrounding communities.
 
Each school will host an orchard and garden.  The project will allow schools to complete other projects which may have been delayed due to a lack of water.
 
During Emily's stay in Zambia, as mentioned above, she will work with serving Peace Corps Volunteers to assist them in developing additional water and sanitation projects.  She will help them with all phases, including conceptualizing with the community, planning and budgeting, implementation, and maintenance and evaluation.  Her efforts in training and support on behalf of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association will result in a continuing flow of needed development projects. 

Project Impact: 
3.900 people will benefit from the project.  
 
Mbaso SchoolEach borehole will provide access to clean, safe drinking water for 300 people daily, for an expected lifetime of 50 years. As a result of this clean drinking water source, communities will experience improved health and sanitation. School absences for teachers and pupils (especially girls) will decrease, improving education for all.  There will be an increased knowledge of gardening and agriculture, food security, and community development.
 
Returned Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project: 
Emily McKeone, RPCV
 
Monitoring and Maintenance:
Local Community Maintenance Committees, School Administration, and Mansa District Municipal Council will play roles in the monitoring and maintenance
 
Comments:
In 2014, during Emily McKeone’s Peace Corps service, new boreholes were installed at an initial three primary schools within Mansa District in conjunction with Water Charity, as mentioned above. To read about that project CLICK HERE.  Not only did the communities report improved health and sanitation, but schools were also able to complete construction projects and further develop their infrastructure. This project and its 3 schools/ boreholes served can be considered the pilot project, or 1st project of this program.  Thus, when finished, a total of 16 schools and their defunct boreholes will have been served.
 
Dollar Amount of Project: 
13 additional schools at a cost of $28,000
 

Dollar Amount Needed
$0 - This project has been funded by a major Water Charity donor, who prefers to remain anonymous.

 
Any additional donations will be utilized to fund additional projects in Zambia.
 
Emily at her first borehole project for WC
Water For Zambia

 

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Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - Togo

Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - Togo

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - TogoLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxxxxxx, Tchaoudjo Prefecture, Central Region, Togo

Community Description
The village of Xxxxxxxxxx is located in the Northeast corner of the Central Region of Togo. It is 27 km from the regional capital of Sokode and is nestled in the mountains between Sokode and the Benin border. Nearly all inhabitants are ethnically Kotikoli Muslim, and speak the language Tem. A minority of people (mostly educated males) speaks French.

The clinic and middle school serve Xxxxxxxxxx and six other surrounding villages. The total clinic catchment area is close to 4,000 people. The village of Xxxxxxxxxx itself has roughly 1,000 inhabitants. Most everyone in Xxxxxxxxxx is a farmer, owning at most 2 hectares of land, and participates in small animal husbandry, including raising goats, sheep, and chickens. Additionally, the village is known for its traditional fabrics made by local weavers.

The biggest health issues are malaria and diarrheal diseases. There is one pump in Xxxxxxxxxx. Most people get their water from open wells or the nearby stream, all of which usually dry up during the dry season.

In terms of fetching water, showering, finding vegetables, and other daily activities, living in Xxxxxxxxxx is difficult. However, although the villagers are isolated and live in poverty, they are open, friendly, welcoming, and eager to learn.

Problem Addressed
There is no clean water available at the Xxxxxxxxxx clinic and no water source at the Xxxxxxxxxx middle school. The lack of clean, running water at the clinic lowers the overall level of hygiene at the clinic, especially during births. The clinic staff makes village women, oftentimes the family members of women giving birth, bring water (oftentimes from the non-potable, open well nearby) to the delivery room to clean the room, supplies, bloody rags, etc. and to provide drinking water for the pregnant mother.

A lack of running water also makes it difficult for health practitioners to wash their hands regularly. There is no available drinking water for clinic staff and patients. Pregnant women are often forced to return to their homes during their pre-natal consultations to bring drinking water in order to take their anti-malarial medications. If the women come from outlying villages, they are forced to buy water to take their medications, which can be a barrier to some women.

Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - TogoThe lack of a water source at the Xxxxxxxxxx middle school also presents a plethora of problems. Teachers and students alike do not wash their hands after defecating or before eating during recess. Food vendors do not have access to water to wash their hands before serving food to the children or to appropriately wash dishes between student use. The nurse has often seen waves of diarrheal diseases among students that stem from these food vendors' unsanitary practices.

Children also have no water to drink during the school day. Some students are forced to go without water all day, especially those who cannot return home during lunch because they live too far away. If a child is thirsty, they must walk to the stream 1 km away to drink dirty river water or ask households beside the school to give water.

Handwashing efforts at the school have failed because of this water access issue. Teachers even make female students fetch water from the stream during class, making them even more behind in their studies.

The Xxxxxxxxxx clinic was constructed in 2000. The original clinic construction included a tower and pipes to provide running water. Villagers or clinic staff would manually pump water every morning, which would be propelled into the sinks at the clinic.

When the clinic and water system was built, the workers stopped digging once they hit rock. Consequently, the running water was only available during the rainy season and dried up completely during the dry season. The running water system stopped working entirely in 2013. An Islamic NGO recently built a shallow well with a manual pump head mechanism close to the clinic. However, this pump head mechanism continuously breaks, and the well is not deep enough to sustain itself during the dry season.

Project Description
This project is to rebuild the water system at the clinic and provide a new water source at the middle school by constructing a well.

The project funds will be used to dig this well deeper (with help from the Islamic NGO) and connect new piping to the original tower. The water will then be pumped into the clinic sinks using electricity (the village got electricity last year).

The second part of the project will build a new 15-meter well at the Xxxxxxxxxx middle school. The well will be covered with a manual pump head mechanism. A well-experienced plumber from Sokode is in charge of all technical construction. Villagers will provide unskilled labor (e.g., digging the well deeper, withdrawing water, sand collection at the riverbed, etc.).

The president of the Village Development Committee is the project leader and will coordinate the clinic and school water committees. The clinic nurse and middle school teachers will co-implement trainings with the PCV.

Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - TogoThe already-established Committee for the Organization and Overview of Community Health will serve as the water committee for the repaired clinic water system. Several members of the parent teacher association, student leaders, and teachers, as well as the school director, will serve on the school water committee.

Both water communities will collect money periodically to make sure that there is always a current sum in their account to fix the systems at any given moment. The electricity bill for the improved clinic water system will be paid out of pharmacy and consultation revenues.

This project includes the following trainings: intensive WASH training (including treatment of water) with both water committees, handwashing and handwashing station construction training with the entire student body, and a gender equitable practices training with the middle school teachers. Fifteen water committee members (of the nineteen total for the two committees) will be able to identify at least three critical times to wash hands, as evidenced by pre- and post-tests.

Project Impact
4,000 inhabitants in the canton, including 260 students at the middle school, will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Y. Ryder

Monitoring and Maintenance
By participating in the water committee, five parents will strengthen the community-school relationship. Four students will also serve on the school water committee. These students will demonstrate leadership by motivating other students and food vendors to maintain school hygiene.

Observation logs will be used to monitor handwashing and water treatment at the school, improved hygiene by the school vendors, handwashing and water treatment at the clinic, and implementation of gender equitable practices by teachers in the classroom. By the end of the project, at least three teachers will have demonstrated gender equitable practices in the classroom.

The two water committees, one at the middle school and the other at the clinic, will ensure maintenance and sustainability of the project. The clinic water committee will be molded into the already well-established COGES committee. Future repairs to the water system will be paid for by the COGES's reserve account, which comes from pharmacy funds and village collections.

Because the new running water system will be powered through electricity, the clinic's monthly electricity bill will increase slightly. The clinic will still be responsible for paying all electricity bills.

The water committee at the middle school will be made up mostly of members from the Parent Teachers' Association, an active group in village. Repairs will come from the Middle School account, which gets money from school fees. The school water committee will collect money from students and their parents at the beginning of the project to add to the school account, and will continue this collection annually.

Both teachers and students in the water committee will ensure that water is treated before drinking and arrange work schedules to fill all classroom water buckets and handwashing stations.

Let Girls Learn
Women and girls are disproportionately affected by the lack of water at the clinic and middle school. More specifically, the lack of water at the school has spiraling negative effects on girls' education in Xxxxxxxxxx.

Girls are often pulled out of class to fetch water. This trip can take up to thirty minutes, especially if they are going to the nearby stream. Lack of water also makes girls late for school because they have to fetch water for the classrooms or school food vendors in the morning before class.

Girls are less likely to come to school during their menstrual cycles because they know they will not have access to clean water. Because they do not come to school full-time, they become very far behind and must drop out or retake a grade level.

This project will not only provide a water source at the school but will also teach the teachers how to implement gender-equitable practices in the classroom. One teacher and the director of the middle school have already attended a Student Friendly Schools training and will help me facilitate the gender training and classroom observations.

The Water Charity participation in this project has been paid for by an anonymous donor.

Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - TogoClinic and Middle School Water System Project - Togo

Conclusion of Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - Togo

Conclusion of Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - TogoThis project has been completed under the direction of Peace Corps Volunteer Yoonhee Ryder. To read about the start of the project, CLICK HERE.

The project was designed to rebuild the water system at the clinic and provide a new water source at the middle school by constructing a well.

Yoonhee reports:

Specific Work Done
This project was made up of three main components. First, two 13-meter wells were built in the isolated village of Djouwada in the Kpassouade county of the Central Region of Togo. Before construction of these wells, the Djouwada community members would mostly use the nearby river as their sole source of water and, during the dry season, were forced to dig boreholes in the dried-up riverbed to find water. The people of Djouwada were extremely motivated to implement this project and now continuously use these new wells.

Conclusion of Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - TogoSecond, the Community Health Worker (CHW) in Djouwada and I conducted baseline surveys on water treatment and access and subsequently followed up / conducted health talks with homes that did not treat their water. The Djouwada water committee (established in March 2016) is responsible for encouraging and monitoring water treatment at the household level as well as keeping up with well maintenance.

Third, in collaboration with the local middle school, the community of Kpassouade set up four treated drinking water stations. Students now have increased access to clean drinking water during school. I implemented a comprehensive WASH training with each of the classes at the Kpassouade middle school as well as conducted a school-wide demonstration on how to treat water using chlorination tablets.

Because the lack of water disproportionately impacted young girls, this LGL project had a strong gender focus. I conducted a gender equity training with the teachers at the Kpassouade middle school. Four of the five participating teachers demonstrated gender equitable practices in the classroom at the 4-month follow-up.

Scope of the Project
Due to unforeseeable circumstances and changes imposed by the Togolese government, we had to change the original location of this project***. I worked closely with the director of the Hydraulic office who was able to find the funding to build pumps at both the Kpassouade CEG and clinic. This is why the community decided to decrease the scope of the project and instead build two wells in Djouwada.

Although the scope of the project changed, many people were still impacted by the new wells, water treatment campaign, and gender trainings at the school. In fact, the updated project addressed a more dire need in the community.

Conclusion of Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - TogoCapacity and Skills Built
Many members of the community have increased their capacity and/or skills because of this project. First, the hired plumber, as well as the many community members who helped with labor, increased their capacity to build deep wells. The water committee in Djouwada developed project management and monitoring skills. All the community members in Djouwada were either directly or indirectly trained on water treatment thus increasing their capacity to maintain healthy families and reduce diarrheal diseases. Many community members, including the female students, also increased their capacity to save time in their day for healthy behaviors or studying by using the new, easily accessible wells.

The community health worker in Djouwada, Mr. PIRE Saman, worked closely with me throughout the project and increased his survey implementation and technical health skills. This project increased the capacity of teachers to implement gender equitable practices inside and outside the classroom through our training. The students also increased their own capacity and that of their families to stay healthy by learning about water treatment, handwashing, traditional latrines, and handwashing stations. The county development/project management committee improved their project implementation skills and learned more about project sustainability.

Conclusion of Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - TogoSustainability
The Djouwada water committee will ensure sustainability of this project. Future repairs to the water system will be paid for by the committee's already established reserve account (FUSEC Togo Sokode).

The total in the account is currently 30,000 CFA. This 30,000 CFA comes directly from community member collections. This FUSEC bank account also serves as the official bank account used to secure potential future pump projects with the Hydraulic department.

The water committee in Djouwada will continue to have monthly meetings do regularly discuss and monitor household water treatment and well maintenance. Mr. OURO SAMA Abdoulaye, the math and physical education teacher, will help monitor sustained gender equitable practices in the school. New drinking water stations at the school are able to hold large quantities of water (unlike "tippy-taps") and will be used by students starting in the academic year 2017-2018.

Conclusion of Clinic and Middle School Water System Project - TogoTimeline: How the work progressed
March 2016- started Djouwada water committee
April-May 2017- construction of two wells in Djouwada
June 2017- gender equitable practices training with teachers at the Kpassouade middle school. WASH trainings with all classes at Kpassouade middle school.
June-October 2017- water treatment surveys and trainings in Djouwada
October 2017- follow-up gender equitable practices application in the classroom
October 2017- water treatment training/demo with students at the Kpassouade middle school; set up treated drinking water stations in each classroom.

End Results By the end of the project

1. 2 deep wells installed
2. Increased the capacity of the water committee, staff of the local middle school, and the project development committee
3. Increased application of gender equitable practices at the local middle school
4. 4 drinking water stations installed at the local middle school
5. Reduced the average water collection time in Djouwada by over 10 minutes
6. Reduced the number of people using river water by 66.6%
7. Reached approx. 250 community members through water treatment home visits
8. Implemented a school-wide WASH training with students
9. Implemented a school-wide water treatment demonstration with students
10. Implemented a Student Friendly Schools training with teachers
11. Implemented water treatment trainings with Djouwada community members

Comments from the Community / Testimonials

Mr. BUTCHO, Chief of Djouwada
Mr. Butcho wants to sincerely thank Water Charity for providing water to the community of Djouwada. The village of Djouwada was suffering, especially in the dry season, because they did not have water. These wells have made the villagers healthier in the long run and save time and effort in collecting water. Water Charity has raised the quality of life in Djouwada and provided something so essential, because no one can do anything without water.

Mr. OURO SAMA Abdoulaye, teacher at the Kpassouade Middle School
Mr. Abdoulaye really took the gender training to heart. He decided to create and train a girls' handball team from the village to compete in the national handball tournament in July 2017. Even though he was not paid, and it was during the summer vacation, Mr. Abdoulaye spent hours coaching the team and organizing logistics for the tournament. The Kpassouade team was the only team from a small village participating in the tournament and beat the team from Lome, the capital of Togo. The Kpassouade team won 2nd place. All the girls on the team demonstrated increased self-confidence and leadership. Mr. Abdoulaye then organized a large party inviting the entire village to celebrate the victory and provide an opportunity for younger girls to see female role models in the village.

We extend our thanks to Yoonhee for completing this important project.

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Ouèssè Commune Water Project - Benin

Ouèssè Commune Water Project - Benin

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

Location
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxx, Ouèssè Commune, Collines Department, Benin

Ouèssè Commune Water Project - BeninOuèssè Commune Water Project - BeninCommunity Description
The village of Xxxxxx is an agricultural heavy community and is located in the Collines department of Benin. The majority of the village’s inhabitants are farmers or tradesmen. The population of the Ouèssè area is approximately 19,000.

Xxxxxx is an isolated village situated 26 kilometers off the north - south interstate. The small dirt road from Xxxxxx to the interstate is surrounded by nothing but agricultural fields. Due to its rich, diverse, and considerable agricultural production, Ouèssè is known as the breadbasket of Benin.

This project will take place at the Xxxxxx 3 Middle School. The school is located on a large cashew plantation several kilometers from the heart of Xxxxxx. There is no electricity or water on campus. The school has 8 classrooms, 6 of which are tents with tin roofs and sand floors. The other two classrooms are unfinished concrete structures with two walls, a tin roof, and sand floors.

The Middle School has an enrollment of 650 students ranging from 6th to 9th grade. The school’s enrollment has continued to increase significantly every year since it was founded in 2012.

Problem Addressed
The school needs potable water on campus. There is currently no public water source available within 1.3 kilometers (0.81 miles) of the school. This distance of potable water from campus leaves students, teachers, and administration without access to drinking water during the school day. Consequently, students and faculty go all day without drinking water and often suffer from dehydration and headaches. This is especially dangerous during the hot season when daily temperatures reach 103 – 106 degrees Fahrenheit.

This lack of water also has serious consequences to hygiene and sanitation. Students and faculty have no means of washing their hands after defecating or before eating. This includes food vendors who are unable to wash their hands before serving food and cannot clean dirty dishes. The distance of water from campus has stymied attempts to install hand washing stations and hygienic practices at school. As a result, students sometimes fall ill and are forced to miss class.

Ouèssè Commune Water Project - BeninOuèssè Commune Water Project - BeninProject Description
This project will construct a water tap at the Xxxxxx 3 Middle School, which will provide potable water to the school and surrounding community. This will be done by extending a existing municipal tap to the school’s campus.

Xxxxxx has one water tower which provides the village with potable water. Water is treated and pumped up into the tower which services the village’s 15 municipal taps. There is currently a municipal tap at the Kpassa Primary School, one kilometer (0.63 miles) from the Xxxxxx 3 Middle School, which will be extended to the campus. A one kilometer trench will be dug and 2.5” polybutylene pipe will be used to extend the water service line. The new tap will be located on the campus, near the food vendors, and will include a hose bib and overhead tap.

The community recognizes and understands that this project requires substantial work and commitment on their part. The school administration has organized various meetings with the Parent Teachers Association (PTA), local leaders, as well as the school’s teachers and students. These meetings have 1) ensured the project aligns with the needs of the community 2) gauged community interest in, and commitment to, the project, and 3) clarified the community’s role and ensuring they can provide the necessary support to complete the project. The community has committed to doing all the project’s manual labor. This includes digging and backfilling the 1-km trench for the water service line and gathering sand and gravel. This in-kind contribution covers 33% of the total project cost.

Project funds will be used to purchase the necessary project materials, such as concrete, pipe, pipe joints, and faucets. The funds will also cover the skilled labor costs of the plumber and mason. The plumber will connect the service line to the existing tap, lay and join the pipe in the trench, and install the faucets. The mason will construct the concrete structure necessary to install the faucets.

Project Impact
850 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
T. Caruana

Monitoring and Maintenance
To ensure the community continues to benefit from the project well into the future, steps will be taken to ensure the tap remains functional. The administration at the school will be vital in maintaining the tap. The school budget has already been adjusted to accommodate the cost of using and maintaining the tap. The school will hire a manager responsible for maintaining the tap and distributing water to the larger community. The tap manager will be responsible for ensuring the tap is used properly, allocating water to students and community members, and monitoring the tap’s condition.

Comments
Once the tap is completed, the availability of clean drinking water will continue to benefit the schools’ students, faculty, and the surrounding community. Students and teachers will be able to stay hydrated and healthier, allowing them to perform better in class. Local community members’ daily commutes to retrieve water will be drastically reduced.

The project will also empower the school to execute other projects, such as hand washing stations, health and hand washing sensitizations, and a school garden.

Funding
This project has been funded by an an anonymous donor.  A donation using the button below will be allocated to our next project in Benin.

Conclusion of Ouèssè Commune Water Project - Benin

Conclusion of Ouèssè Commune Water Project - Benin

This project has been completed under the direction of Peace Corps Volunteer Troy Caruana. To read about the start of the project, CLICK HERE.

The project was designed construct a water tap at the school to provide potable water to the school and surrounding community by extending the municipal water line.

Troy reports:

SCOPE OF THE PROJECT
During the month of October 2017, Ouèssè community members, including school administration of the Ouèssè 3 Middle School, contractor and tradesmen, village leaders, and 90 village volunteers came together to coordinate and execute the Ouèssè Commune water project. The community’s contribution of digging and backfilling a one-kilometer trench accounted for a third of the project’s total cost.

Conclusion of Ouèssè Commune Water Project - BeninThe project successfully installed a water tap at the Ouèssè 3 Middle School. This tap now provides potable water to the entire school community and to members of surrounding communities.

The completion of this project met our goals of 1) improving the school community, 2) increasing student success, and 3) disease prevention and promotion of healthy practices. The school is now a more suitable place for learning, as students and faculty have access to drinking water throughout the day. Students are able to stay hydrated and more focused on their classes. The number of students suffering from dehydration has already reduce drastically. In addition to improving student performance, potable water available on campus has already lead to the adoption of hygienic practices by the school’s vendors. Dishes are being washed after they are used.

The availability of water on campus has opened the opportunity for other projects to take place at the school’s campus. A WASH and gender equality project is already in its initial stages. Two female students are planning how to train the schools’ students, teachers, and vendors on the importance of, and how to, wash one’s hands. This project will also implement three or more hand washing stations around the campus. These hand washing stations will be up kept by female and male students equally.

SPECIFIC WORK THAT WAS DONE
This project successfully constructed a water tap at the Ouèssè 3 Middle School, which now provides potable water to the school’s staff and students as well as surrounding communities. This was done by extending an existing municipal tap one kilometer to the school’s campus. The one-kilometer trench was dug by 90 community volunteers. After the trench was dug, the local contractor was responsible for tapping the existing water main, laying and joining the one kilometer of 2.5” polyurethane pipe, and installing the faucet at its final location on campus. The same community volunteers were responsible for backfilling the trench after the contractor finished laying and joining the pipe.

Conclusion of Ouèssè Commune Water Project - BeninHOW THE WORK PROGRESSED THROUGH EACH STAGE
The initial planning stage of the project consisted of several meetings with the Ouèssè 3 Middle School administration, head contractor, and village leaders both individually and collectively. These meetings were to 1) ensure the project addressed the school’s most pressing needs 2) discuss project details and ensure the project was achievable, 3) gauged community interest in, and commitment to the project, and 4) clarified the community’s role in the project’s execution and ensuring they can provide the necessary support to complete the project.

In large part due to a thorough planning stage, the implementation stage did not encounter any significant holdups. Each party involved with the project understood their roles and how their roles were vital in the project’s completion. The materials were purchased and transported with the contractor and myself from Parakou, a major city 2½ hours from Ouèssè. Local leaders were able to coordinate ninety volunteers to dig the trench the following week. The contractor and his team of laborers were then able to lay and join the pipe and install the tap. After the contractor had finished, the community volunteers backfilled the trench.

The one hold-up this project encountered during the implementation stage was digging the trench. There was a rock formation of approximately ten meters in the line of the trench. Breaking through this rock formation added an extra day to the project.

END RESULT
This project successfully made potable water accessible for all the students and staff at the Ouèssè 3 Middle School. Members of surrounding communities are also able to gather water from the new tap on the school’s campus.

With potable water on campus, students can now stay hydrated throughout the day, allowing them to better perform in class and miss less school. During the morning and afternoon breaks, the school’s food vendors fill up large containers of water that students can drink.

The school vendors’ access to water has led to more hygienic practices. Vendors are able to wash spoons, plates, and cups after they are used. The vendors come to the school with large containers that they are able to fill free of charge.

Another result of this water project is that other WASH and gender equality projects can now take place at the Ouèssè 3 middle school. A student project lead by two motivated female students to implement a sustainable hand washing project at the campus is already under way. This project will include hand washing trainings for students, teachers, and school vendors, and the installation of at least three hand washing stations around the school. These stations will be up kept by both male and female students in the school.

Comments
Thank you immensely for working with our village and funding our project. The lack of potable water at the school I teach at has been a major barrier to healthy practices and education. I remember having to cancel English classes on several occasions last year because my entire class of fifty or more students was too dehydrated to participate by the end of the day.

Now that the students and staff have clean water, students can learn easier and teachers can teach better. My classes have been more active and participatory. In addition to the students and teachers, I have encountered multiple individuals living in the surrounding communities that have expressed their gratitude and have told me how this project has improved their quality of life and provided them with access to potable water. This project has had an immediate and immense impact on my entire community.

We extend our thanks to Troy for completing this important project.

Conclusion of Ouèssè Commune Water Project - BeninConclusion of Ouèssè Commune Water Project - Benin

Conclusion of Ouèssè Commune Water Project - BeninConclusion of Ouèssè Commune Water Project - Benin

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Bannakaroli Brothers - Kiteredde Water Project - Uganda

Bannakaroli Brothers - Kiteredde Water Project - Uganda

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Bannakaroli Brothers - Kiteredde Water Project - UgandaLocation
Bikira Catholic Parish, Masaka Diocese, Kasali Sub-County, Rakai District, Uganda

Community Description
The project will serve five communities, including three schools, one novitiate, and the Bannakaroli Brothers community. The schools are St. Joseph’s Secondary School (co-ed), Sacred Heart School (boys), and Kiteredde Vocational Institute (co-ed). Students in the three schools range in age from 12 to 20 years old.

Girls form the majority of the population in the two co-ed schools. More than half of the students are boarders at the schools, and the others walk to school from surrounding areas. Most of the students come from poor farm families. In addition to the students who live in the schools, the community is also made up of teaching and support staff, half of whom are women.

Problem Addressed
In recent years (2014 and onward) the Rakai district of Uganda has experienced adverse climate changes with reduced rainfall. This has negatively affected agricultural production and lowered the quality of life of the people.

Bannakaroli Brothers - Kiteredde Water Project - UgandaProject Description
This project is to implement an irrigation system to improve the productivity of two square kilometer area of farmland run by the Bannakaroli Brothers Institute to enable them to produce enough food to feed the students at the nearby schools, the people in the community, as well as their own group of teachers and workers.

The project will be implemented by the Brothers. They will contribute to the project a 25,000-liter water tank, connecting piping extending 2.5 km, and 250 cubic meters of construction material for the water dam. The purchase of the water pump and the electrical components will be financed by the Brothers of Charles Lwanga Foundation fundraising activities.

Water Charity funding will go to the remaining expenses, including the pump house, plumbing, electrical accessories, and labor.

Project Impact
2,500 people will benefit from the project, including students and staff of the schools (which are open to everybody), Brothers and employees, and the local farmers around Kiteredde. The breakdown is as follows:

Bannakaroli Brothers - Kiteredde Water Project - Uganda500 Kiteredde Vocational School--Staff and Students
650 St. Joseph Technical School--Staff and Students
700 Kiteredde Senior Secondary School--Staff and Students
50 St. Teresa Novitiate--Kiteredde---Staff and Novices
350 Bannakaroli Brothers Community--Brothers and Novices
250 Local Farmers and Family members

Project Adiministrator
James Salvatore, Returned Peace Corp Volunteer, Peru ‘66-‘68

Monitoring and Maintenance
The Brothers will monitor the condition of the improvements, and maintain and repair the piping, facilities, and equipment as necessary to maintain regular and full functionality.

Comments
This is a follow-up to the Bikira Catholic Parish Community Water Projects - Uganda previously completed. That project has increased the available water supply for the Brothers, the four schools in the area, and the rest of the community.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.  If you like this project, please donate to our East Africa Water and Sanitation Program, of which this project is a component. 

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