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High School Water and Sanitation Project - Cambodia

High School Water and Sanitation Project - Cambodia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

High School Water and Sanitation Project - CambodiaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxx Xxxx Village, Ou Prasat Commune, Mongkol Borei District, Banteay Meanchey Province, Cambodia

Community Description
Conveniently located on Cambodia’s National Road 5, Xxxxx Xxxx High School serves as the point of convergence of 24 villages of the bucolic and widely dispersed commune. Due to its proximity to the market, the pagoda, and the national highway, Xxxxx Xxxx High School educates the clear majority of the community’s youth ranging from grade 6 through grade 12.

Problem Addressed
There were 3 prior Peace Corps Volunteers in the village. Each of these implemented projects at the school during their service, including painting a world map and globe, sprucing up and adding books to the library, and building 4 latrines on the south side of campus.

The school director, Mr. Modell, counterpart, Mr. Sophall, and the PCV have identified a two-part concern to address:

High School Water and Sanitation Project - Cambodia(1) Xxxxx Xxxx High School educates nearly 1,400 students, who are taught by 70 teachers. For this large population, there are no hand washing facilities anywhere on school grounds. The lack of adequate facilities is a public health concern, leading to the spread of disease.

Additionally, the female students miss school when they are menstruating because they do not have a way to wash away blood from their hands, bodies, or clothes.

(2) The school has only 10 working toilets available. Six of them are on the south side of campus and 4 are located on the west side of campus. None of them accommodates the needs of female students, in that that they are not separated from the boys’ latrines and they do not have the walls and doors to provide security and privacy.

There are 2 toilets on the north side of campus that have never been used, because when a Japanese NGO built them om 2014, they did not also build a water source.

This means that all the grade 7 and grade 8 students have the option of either defecating outside or walking across campus to use a toilet. This leads to most of our male students choosing to go outside, and there being an excess of female students having to wait for the toilets on the south side of campus

Project Description
This project is to improve the water access and sanitation conditions of the school by building a water storage container, a guttering system, 5 latrine stalls and a changing room, and handwashing stations.

High School Water and Sanitation Project - CambodiaOn the north side of the campus, a water storage container will be located next to the 2 existing latrine stalls, behind the grade 7 building. The container will be 1 meter in diameter, 2 ½ meters tall, and will have a 1 meter deep base. This container will be made of concrete and will model the water containers on the south side of campus.

A 10-meter gutter system will be built to convey rain water run-off into the water storage container. While one water container is likely not sufficient for long-term water demands, the school director has already begun rallying the community to donate funds to build one additional container. These water containers will connect to the 2 existing stalls through plastic pipes that the contractors will lay under the ground leading to the latrines.

Once operational, these two stalls will be dedicated to the male students. In addition to the existing 2 stalls, the water source will also provide water to the additional 5 female stalls to be built and the hand washing facilities.

Next, the 5 new latrine stalls and one changing room will be built. They will be equipped with a private sink, for female students. The latrine structure will be built of clay brick and concrete. The block of five latrines will be 8 meters wide. The latrines will be 2.5 half meters deep and 2.5 meters tall.

The changing room is designed to be more spacious, at 2 meters wide and 2.5 meters deep. Each latrine stall will be covered in porcelain tile with a porcelain squat-style toilet for easy daily cleaning. Each latrine will also have a cistern with access to water from the water storage container via a spigot from the water pipe Each stall will also have access to a waste bin for disposal of sanitary napkins.

High School Water and Sanitation Project - CambodiaThe 6 stall doors (5 latrine stalls and one changing room stall) will be behind a wall to provide female students privacy and safety. The wall will have a depth of 2 meters and will be 10 meters wide. The roof of the building will extend to cover the wall area. Behind the wall, 10 hand washing spots for the female students will be built to clean their hands in privacy.

The hand washing station will be rudimentary, consisting of faucets to release water with a ledge for hand soap, and a 3-meter-wide mirror. The contractors will build a small trench along the wall with a slope out one end of the building for the water from handwashing to escape. The floor will be poured concrete such that any excess water can be swept out and the floors can be kept clean.

The contractors will build waste storage containers behind the new latrines. The containers will consist of 3 units, each made of 4 individual concrete pieces. These pieces will be assembled such that 3 pieces will lay underground, the remaining one above ground. The remaining piece above ground will have a small door, such that when the containers are full, they can be pumped. The latrines will be connected to the storage container via 100-millimeter pipes.

On the south side of campus, a hand washing station with 10 spots to wash will be constructed in front of the existing 6 stalls. Along the wall of the grade 9 building, the contractors will connect 10 faucets to the existing water storage containers. The water that is released will drain into a narrow, poured concrete trench.

High School Water and Sanitation Project - CambodiaThe work will be done by community members during the months of August, September and October, while school is not in session.

The education component will begin with WASH lessons while the facilities are being built from August to October. In the first week of the new school year, there will be a celebration for the new facilities. Community members, students, and teachers will post on social media about the new facilities and the importance of sanitation.

At the start of the school year, a WASH session will be held for all the teachers to attend. This session will provide a general overview of WASH practices and the health benefits. The school director will explain the importance of all the teachers and himself to be models for the students by actively exhibiting positive WASH practices and encouraging non-compliant students to also practice hand washing.

Then, Mr. Sophall, Mr. Modell, and the PCV will ask 24 teachers (four from each grade level - two male and two female) to attend 3 additional WASH sessions. This is so that they can each work with Mr. Sophall and the PCV to train their students. Once the teachers have demonstrated understanding of positive WASH practices, they will hold two WASH session for their students.

Finally, when the school year is wrapping up, Sophall and the PCV will prepare materials and lessons to teach the grade 11 students with their counterparts how they will teach the coming year's grade 7 and grade 9 students. Three sessions will be held to instruct the grade 11 students in how to help teach the next year’s sessions.

Project Impact
1,480 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
L. Aylward

Monitoring and Maintenance
This project will be monitored by the PCV while she is in country, the school director, the teachers, and community members.

Xxxxx Xxxx High School has an existing system to sustain their latrines. Each grade has a day of the week in which they are expected to clean the latrines. With the construction of additional latrines and the hand washing stations, this same system will be applied.

At the end of each school year, the designated teachers, under Mr. Sophall’s supervision, will instruct the current grade 11 students with 3 sessions. These sessions will be aimed to prepare these students to lead the next year’s sessions for grade 7 and grade 9, only to be assisted by the teacher if necessary.

Let Girls Learn
This project particularly benefits girls by aiming to remove the barrier to education that menstruating can cause. With the new latrines, changing room with private sink, and general hand washing stations, females will no longer have to leave school when they start menstruating. With access to female-friendly facilities, comes access to female-friendly education.

Funding
This project has been paid for through a grant from the International Foundation.

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Sandu District Water Project - The Gambia

Sandu District Water Project - The Gambia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Sandu District Water Project - The GambiaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxx Kunda, Sandu District, Upper River Region, The Gambia

Community Description
Xxxxxx is an ethnically Mandinka village with a population of approximately 900, located within Sandu District of the Upper River Region in The Gambia, West Africa. There is a Lower Basic Cycle (up to grade 6) school located less than 2 km from the village where the majority of children attend school.

The village contains 30 compounds, and two hand pump wells used for domestic water supply. The economy of the area relies heavily on farming of peanuts with additional income generated from the selling of garden produce. The community generally farms for subsistence and includes crops such as peanut, maize, millet, beans, rice and other local vegetables.

Problem Addressed
The two hand pump wells in village are used all hours of the day in order to provide the daily water requirements of each compound. Due to the overuse of the wells, at least one well becomes damaged once per month, requiring costly maintenance and forcing villagers to look elsewhere for sources of water (including the nearby river). Using water for drinking from unsafe sources, such as the nearby river, has led to higher rates of waterborne illness and diarrhea.

Sandu District Water Project - The GambiaProject Description
This domestic water supply project will upgrade an existing hand pump well, add a storage tank, and build a water distribution system in the village.

In addition to deepening the well as necessary, the upgrade will include a 4,000 L water tank, a pump with four solar panels, seven taps distributed at major junctions and 462 meters of pipeline. This project will ease the burden of fetching water and provide safe and clean drinking water.

The PCV and counterpart activities include assisting the contractor (Water Point) in purchasing and construction of:

(1) one 4,000 L water tank with tank stand,
(2) 45 meters of well to water tank pipe and 462 meters of land pipe network with seven tap stands,
(3) four solar panels and solar support structure, and
(4) water pump

Other activities include training on proper maintenance and use of the water system, health talks with villagers on waterborne illness and water sources, and talks on time management to assist in girls’ education on study time versus water fetching.

The community has raised 26% of the cost to pay for the project, and will contribute labor in excavation to lay pipe down.

Sandu District Water Project - The GambiaProject Impact
900 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
S. Maccabe

Monitoring and Maintenance
The PCV and counterpart have set up and will work with a water committee in the community to help lead trainings and to monitor the outcomes of the project. Trainings to be conducted will include health talks on water sources and waterborne illness, time management for school children, and maintenance and proper use of the new water system.

Monitoring the outcomes of the project will include observing the percent of people utilizing the new water system's taps, checking the difference in school attendance before and after the project completion, recording the average study time of children before and after the project completion, and observing the number of meetings help by the water committee.

A group bank account was established to deposit maintenance funds received from the users of the taps. Each compound will require that the women who utilize the taps to pay 10 dalasi (local currency) each per month to help in maintaining the system.

Security against breakage and theft will be ensured with a chain link fence with wire and locks surrounding the solar panels and pumping system. Some of the maintenance fees raised by the community will also be used to maintain the solar structure as well as all parts of the water system.

Let Girls Learn
After many girls complete grade six, they often quit school to help with chores in the family compound. Women also spend a great amount of time fetching water that in turn reduces the time spent in gardens and time that can be used to pursue other interests in business.

This project has a particular benefit in allowing girls to remain in school by reducing the time needed to fetch water for daily use. When this project is completed, the burden of fetching water from only two sources will be reduced through the addition of seven additional sources, freeing up the girls to pursue their schoolwork.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.

Sandu District Water Project - The GambiaSandu District Water Project - The Gambia

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High School Latrine Project - Ethiopia

High School Latrine Project - Ethiopia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

High School Latrine Project - EthiopiaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxx, Tenta Woreda, South Wello, East Amhara, Ethiopia

Community Description
Xxxxxx is considered the central town in the Tenta region of East Amhara, Ethiopia, and is surrounded by six other communities. As the central town, it holds the only source of secondary education for the town of Xxxxxx and all of the surrounding six communities.

Due to the large community capacity of the area, Xxxxxx High School is ranked as the number one provider of education in the entire zone of South Wello. It supports the education of 3,221 students (1,385 female), 131 teachers, and 16 administrative staff.

Problem Addressed
Xxxxxx High School is deficient in hygienic latrine and wash facilities, especially for the female students.

The high school age is a particularly trying time for female students and this is the critical juncture, in their educational experience, where it has been shown that they tend to fall behind in their class work, attendance starts to decline, and drop-out rates increase. One reason for this decline is the lack of support at the school level when they have their monthly menstruation.

Currently, Xxxxxx High School only has one latrine, with four stalls, for the entire population of the 1,385 female students. This lack of a sufficient latrine facility and water source, for cleaning menstrual pads, is one deterrent for the attendance of female students.

High School Latrine Project - EthiopiaProject Description
The aim of this project is to construct one latrine and one hygienic wash facility for the female students of Xxxxxx High School.

The latrine will be comprised of eight stalls and a wash facility for the female students to use to wash their menstrual pads and to stay clean.

The project will also provide a water source for the school garden.

The PCV will work in conjunction with the Education Bureau, Youth Bureau, Agriculture Bureau, Water Bureau, and the High School administration to supervise the construction of the facility and to provide permagarden training and nutrition training.

Water Charity funds will pay for the materials and skilled labor. The community will provide local materials and unskilled labor.

Project Impact
1,385 female students will benefit directly from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
S. Alemayehu

Monitoring and Maintenance
The school administrative team will add the expenses for the new bathroom facility to their yearly budget, and pay for continued maintenance.

Funds from the school garden will help pay for upkeep and the purchase of provisions.

Let Girls Learn
This project addresses the need for girls to have safe and sanitary bathroom facilities, and creates a situation where it is easier for them to go to and remain in school. Thus, it comes under the Let Girls Learn program. 

This project has been paid for by an anonymous donor.

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School Well Project - Senegal

School Well Project - Senegal

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

School Well Project - SenegalLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxxxxx, Kolda Region, Senegal

Community Description
The rural village of Xxxxxxxxx, population approximately 500, lies about 15 kilometers north of the regional capital city of Kolda. There is no electricity and no running water. The village consists mainly of farmers and their families.

The primary school serves students from 4 villages: Soussotou, Saare Samba, Saare Dombel, and Saare Banje. The school currently has 129 students enrolled, 81 males and 48 females.

The community has an organization of parents of students (The Parents d' Eleves de Ecole Primere Xxxxxxxxx (PdE)) who upkeep and try to improve the school.

Problem Addressed
The school currently has no well, and the nearest water source is from a neighboring compound, about 600 meters away. With no close water supply, the school grounds have no trees or garden crops growing (excluding the young mangoes planted by the PCV and the head of the PdE August, 2016.) The PdE and teachers of the school have long wanted the school to be thriving with trees and a student-centered garden, but have not been able to realistically sustain any attempts because of the distance of the water supply.

When water is needed, students are pulled out of class to fetch water – usually girls. Additionally, there is no shade in the school grounds – as trees have no reliable source of water.

Project Description
This project is to build a well on the eastern perimeter of the school.

School Well Project - SenegalThe well will be located between the two teaching buildings. It will be 1 ½ meters in diameter, hand dug by laborers to a depth of 20 meters. The sides will be reinforced by rebar (locally sold as Fehr #10) arranged in a grid, and will be lined in with cement.

The sand and gravel for the cement will be sourced locally and brought by the community.

Upon completion of the well, an above-ground structure will be made. It will be approximately 1 meter tall and surround the well in a circle. On top of the structure will be a suspended metal pole (held up by two other pieces) to which a pulley and rope will be attached.

The project includes the purchase of buckets and watering cans.

Immediately upon completion of the well, a tree nursery will be set up with the students and teachers. Additionally, the well will be used to water 9 mango trees that were planted during the rainy season of 2016.

Long-term, the well will be used to continually sustain trees planted in the school. As the school nursery trees mature, they will be planted in the school yard and watered with water from the well. Moringa, pigeon pea, mango, and ornamental china pride trees are among the species that will be planted.

Additionally, when school resumes in Fall of 2017, the well will be used to support garden beds created and seeded by teachers and students. The students will grow bissap, okra, onions, and other assorted vegetables common to the village.

Another intended use of the school space is as a seed and grafted scion source for the community. The well will support grafted mango trees, as well as moringa and pigeon peas. Community members will be able to harvest seeds to plant in their own households as well as use the mangoes as sources for scions. The school can then also be a location for grafting trainings, moringa nutrition and transformation trainings.

School Well Project - SenegalProject Impact
200 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Holly Henriksen will manage the project. She previously implemented the Kolda Master Farm Water and Sanitation Project - Senegal.

Monitoring and Maintenance
This project will be monitored by the serving PCV, and volunteers who follow in the village. The Peace Corps indicators that will be measured are tree nursery creation, tree planting, tree survival, and gardens created. Additionally, any trainings associated with trees planted at the school (mango grafting, moringa transformation and nutrition, etc.) will be recorded – number of participants and other relevant information.

Maintenance of the actual structure of the well should be unnecessary in the coming years as it will be built to a high standard. The external structures (pulley, metal overhanging bar, buckets, and watering cans) can be maintained with funds from the school and PdE.

Maintenance and care of the trees and garden beds will be sustained by the students and overseen by the teachers, headed by the principal.

Let Girls Learn
This project supports Let Girls Learn. Currently, the school needs water to wash chalkboards, water the 9 mango trees planted, and wash hands. The water is retrieved exclusively by female students, who are pulled out of class to fetch water. Often, they are pulled out of class while class is in session. The addition of a well to the school will save the time that these female students are out of class getting water and increase their amount of time spent in the classroom learning.

Fundraising Target
$1,500

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$1,500

 

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Lelouma Prefecture Well Project - Guinea

Lelouma Prefecture Well Project - Guinea

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Lelouma Prefecture Well Project - GuineaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxx Sous-Prefecture, Lelouma Prefecture, Labe Region, Guinea

Community Description
Xxxxx is a mid-sized town with a population of about 20,000 in the mountainous Fouta Djallon region of Guinea. There is lots of activity in the community, as it houses the mayor as well as the sous-prefect.

There are over 20 primary schools. There is one secondary school that serves the entire community. The weekly market on Thursdays is filled with all types of vegetables, meat, and other treats. There are many small boutiques that sell basics as well as charge telephones.

There are many women's groups that spend their days gardening and creating small savings accounts. There are also many groups working with beehives to collect honey in the forest.

Lelouma Prefecture Well Project - GuineaProblem Addressed
There is a lack of safe and healthy environment at the secondary school. Every day, female students are responsible for arriving early or missing class to pull water from a neighboring well to use in hand washing stations and for drinking. Most students walk at least an hour to attend school, as it is the only secondary school in the sous-prefecture.

The lack of potable water and the task of retrieving water for the school are deterrents for attending school, especially after the first year. While there are more female than male students, the dropout rate for female students is much higher than for male students. The female students also miss school during their menstrual cycles because they are embarrassed to use more water to wash because others will know.

Project Description
This project is to construct a hand-dug well on the school grounds.

A local Well digger will hand dig and line the well. A concrete cap and a pulley system will then be installed.

Lelouma Prefecture Well Project - GuineaThe community has provided their contribution in the form of sand, gravel, and cement, which have already been purchased and delivered. They will also provide the transport for all local materials.

All governmental officials in the sous-prefecture, as well as school officials and the parent’s association, are working to develop this project. Many students have been involved in the planning process, and will continue to work after construction, on activities such as hand washing sessions and creating a school garden to raise money for a library.

Project Impact
365 students will benefit from the project

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
K. Kayser

Monitoring and Maintenance
A committee of community members will be responsible for ensuring the quick and correct construction of the well. They will also be responsible for utilizing school funds to complete any repairs necessary in the future.

Lelouma Prefecture Well Project - GuineaThe PCV will work with the biology teacher to teach two students from each class how to treat the well with bleach every month to ensure that it stays clean. Hand-washing sessions will be conducted every Saturday after classes.

A local women's group will provide the seeds and equipment for a school garden and will teach the students how to earn income from gardening.

Let Girls Learn
This project is part of the Let Girls Learn program started by the White House, in partnership with Peace Corps. The goal is to keep girls attending to school. It is a part of Water Charity’s Let Girls Learn Initiative - Worldwide

This project is designed to eliminate one of the many barriers of girls’ school attendance. As the girls are usually the students required to come early or leave class to retrieve water, this well will allow them to spend more time in class. They will also have more water accessible for drinking, hygiene, and sanitation.

This page will be updated upon receipt of final Peace Corps approval for the project.

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Kwahu West Water Project - Ghana

Kwahu West Water Project - Ghana

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Kwahu West Water Project - GhanaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxx, Kwahu West District, Eastern Region, Ghana

Community Description
Xxxxxx is a rural community located just off the main Accra-Kumasi road only about a 30 minutes’ drive from the market town of Nkawkaw in the Eastern Region of Ghana. It is surrounded by beautiful mountains and bounded by a river on its north end which shares its name.

Xxxxxx is home to approximately 900 residents with an ever-growing population. The community is comprised of both Muslims and Christians and is divided by the main highway. Xxxxxx also tends to share and borrow resources from its surrounding communities such as markets, schools, and water sources.

The community is full of hard-working, dedicated people who mostly rely on farming to sustain their livelihoods. They grow such crops as cocoa, maize, cucumbers, bananas, and plantains.

Kwahu West Water Project - GhanaIt is a very traditional community where you are expected to greet and revere your elders, treat guests with the utmost respect, and attend religious services and ceremonies whenever possible. Men are expected to go into the fields to work and provide for the family while women maintain the household. People live a simple and humble life with a positive outlook on the future.

Problem Addressed
The community currently has five hand-pumped boreholes within its city limits; however only two are functioning. Two of the boreholes are completely condemned due to poor workmanship, and one recently broke down.

With the expanding population and the demand for water being shared by adjacent communities the remaining boreholes are not enough to address the current need. To add insult to injury, the remaining boreholes are located on only one side of the community. This is causing many residents to travel longer distances and cross the main road in order to collect water.

Furthermore, the task of collecting water is traditionally given to women and children in this community. Some children begin fetching water as early as 3 years old. At times when one or more boreholes are not working due to maintenance issues, women and children tend to travel farther for water as well as have to cross the main highway. This can prove to be very dangerous for the younger children.

During the dry season, water becomes even scarcer because some of the boreholes do not function at these times. This once again causes increased travel time and effort for those sent to fetch the water. These circumstances in turn decreases productivity of the community by taking time away from other things such as school or work.

There are also situations in which individuals decide to collect water from the nearby streams because of the water shortage. This, of course, can lead to a variety of health issues because these waters have not been treated for pollutants.

Project Description
This project is to re-build an existing borehole, install an electric pump, build a platform and install a water storage tank, and install piping to access points in the community.

Kwahu West Water Project - GhanaAn existing borehole, with a yield sufficiently high will be rehabilitated into a mechanized borehole, powered by an electrical pump, that will bring water up from the water table and store it in a Rambo 1,000 Polytank capable of holding 10,000L of water. This tank will be able to satisfy the water demand for Xxxxxx and its immediate surrounding communities as well as alleviate pressure on the electrical pump by allowing time between fillings.

The Polytank will be placed on a concrete stand with four pillars for support as well as a maintenance ladder situated 12 feet above the ground. At the source of the borehole there will be one overhead spout for those who will carry water on their heads without support and one regular spout at the base.

The company will also excavate and lay approximately 250 meters of Duraplast piping for two additional fetching points away from the source with regular spouts.

An additional soakaway pit, aside from the one already located at the existing borehole, will be placed at the end of the extension to prevent standing water near the distal spouts.

Just prior to construction an electrical meter for the borehole will be applied for, and activities designed to teach the community about proper borehole maintenance and sanitation practices will be organized with the drilling company.

Kwahu West Water Project - GhanaA pumping test will be performed at the time of construction to determine the type and size of the pump required to fill the Polytank. A typical pump for this size tank would be a 1.5 horsepower Interdab electrical pump.

In conjunction with Global Communities, a company that has done extensive work in the area of identifying water tables throughout Ghana, a reputable company called LINKS Drilling and Construction, Ltd. was identified. The company provided estimates for the cost of mechanizing an existing borehole. The estimate included having an environmental assessment and hydrological survey performed before any construction will be initiated.

Construction will last for approximately 6 weeks, requiring two weeks for the excavation and tower construction, 3 weeks for foundation drying, and one week for Polytank installation and connection. Throughout the duration of the project, and even after completion, the Water and Sanitation (WATSAN) Committee will continue to conduct community education activities related to water & sanitation and borehole maintenance as well as manage the community’s water and sanitation needs.

The community will provide the land and base of the borehole, conduct trainings and education sessions to the whole community, and engage in communal labor to keep the work site as well as the community clean and well maintained.

Project Impact
961 people will benefit from the project

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Zakiya Miller

Monitoring and Maintenance
The WATSAN Committee will oversee project completion and borehole maintenance after installation.

The Committee will collect funds from the community for the purpose of maintaining and repairing current boreholes as well as the utility costs and upkeep of the new mechanized borehole. The committee will meet monthly to discuss issues of sanitation in the community as well as to hold training sessions and activities on communal work days.

The committee will also be responsible for the continued collection of funds and to ensure that the funds are being spent responsibly on water and sanitation projects.

The Peace Corps Volunteer will work with the community to ensure that the WATSAN Committee is formed and prepared prior to mechanization of the borehole and that adequate funds have been generated to cover the costs of any repairs.

Comments
The borehole will increase the number of vantage points that can be used throughout the community. This will in turn increase water access in areas that are remote or where the population is growing.

The borehole will also decrease the time it takes to fetch water allowing more time for other productive things in the community. It will also reduce the economic strain on the community by lessening the tension placed on the already existing hand-pumped boreholes. This will decrease the likelihood of breakdowns and maintenance malfunctions which will allow funds to be saved more readily in the WATSAN account.

Let Girls Learn
The role of collecting water is primarily reserved for women and girls in the community. This role is expected to be fulfilled whenever there is a need and regardless of other duties that need to be performed.

There is already some gender bias which favors boy’s receiving education over girls when it comes to resources and school fees in the community. This bias can lead to a huge knowledge gap between men and women which can in turn put a greater economic strain on the community as a whole.

Furthermore, a lack of education makes women and girls more vulnerable to gender-based violence, sexually transmitted infections, unwanted pregnancies, and other diseases which can reduce their economic productivity even more over time.

This project will mitigate some of the obstacles young girls must face when trying to get an education by decreasing the time spent away from class sessions due to collecting water.  It falls under our  Let Girls Learn Initiative - Worldwide

This project has been supported by an anonymous donor.

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Dahra Latrine Project - Senegal

Dahra Latrine Project - Senegal

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Dahra Latrine Project - SenegalLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

District of Dahra, Region of Louga, Senegal

Community Description
The village is approximately 30 km from the nearest town and has a population of roughly 3,000. It is made up of two ethnic groups, Wolof and Pulaar, and, dependent on the time of the year, you can find a sizable Sereer population.

The community is made up of 6 neighborhoods, and each neighborhood has at least 2 members who are volunteer community health workers. This means that they spend time extending education to the community about things such as malnutrition, malaria, exclusive breastfeeding, and vaccinations.

Problem Addressed
Currently, there is not a restroom or a water source in the middle school. As a result, many students have stopped attending school, or their attendance has dramatically decreased.

The health post serves approximately 7,000 individuals, including people from neighboring smaller communities, health post staff and their families, and even nomadic herders. It has only two fully operational restrooms.

Project Description
This project will provide seven latrines and one water access point (robinet).

The seven latrines will all be VIP latrines, consisting of cement privacy structures, roofs, and locking doors. Five of the seven latrines will have Turkish basins, and the final two will have western toilets seats.

Dahra Latrine Project - SenegalFive of the latrines, and the one robinet will be constructed at the local middle school, while the last two latrines will be added onto the health structure.

Once these structures are completed, students at the middle school will complete WASH trainings during class with the village's community health workers and the volunteer. The students will also be exposed to further WASH behavior change activities through their participation in the Junior Health Committee Club.

In addition, community health workers will hold bi-monthly trainings on proper WASH practices at the health post to educate the citizens that will be benefitting from the new latrines at the health post.

The community will contribute in the form of cash contributions to the project.

Objectives of the project include providing students at the middle school, as well as the patients at the health post, with access to improved water and sanitation as well as providing education on the importance of good sanitation practices.

Project Impact
3,000 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Sydney Hurst

Monitoring and Maintenance
The school and health post will elect separate committees to handle the care and cleaning of the latrines, contributing to the sustainability of the project by maintaining the latrines in good working order.

Should there be a problem, the latrines and robinet are both being built by masons in the community, so they will be able to fix them in the future.

The community will sustain this project by consulting the Latrine and Robinet Addition Committee, which will see to the cleaning, maintenance, and all other tasks regarding the latrines and robinet.

Dahra Latrine Project - SenegalThe education of proper hygiene and sanitation practices will be enacted and sustained by continuing to discuss the topic and working as closely as possible with the youth. Most recently, the community has planned to begin a youth club that will focus on health issues, being a primary way to increase the sustainability of the material side of the project as well as the educational side of it.

Let Girls Learn
Five of the seven latrines that are being built will be located at the local middle school. This will provide female students with the proper environment needed to fully focus on their studies. The five latrines will be separated based on gender, two for male, two for female, and one for teachers. This separation will allow for maximum privacy and safety for the female students.

This project is part of the Let Girls Learn program started by FLOTUS Michelle Obama in partnership with Peace Corps. The goal of this project is to keep girls attending to school. It is a part of Water Charity’s Let Girls Learn Initiative - Worldwide

Fundraising Target
$ 2,750

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$305

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$2,445

 

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Progress: 

Kati Pump Replacement Project - Togo

Kati Pump Replacement Project - Togo

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Kati Pump Replacement Project - Togo Location
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Kati, Togo

Community Description
The community of Kati is a rather large village by country standards, with a population of about 8,023 people who are predominantly farmers. It is located in the lush Plateau region of Togo near the regional capital of Kpalimé.

The area is surrounded by waterfalls and mountains, with the tallest mountain in Togo, Mt. Agou visible in the distance. Like much of the south of Togo, the community predominately grows corn and yams. On Tuesdays a very large and plentiful market takes place in Kati, and those from the surrounding cities of Lomé and Atakpamé come to buy goods and produce from villagers at a low price.

Although the community does not have amenities like electricity or running water, it is prosperous, and has great potential for growth. It is located on the road from Notse to Kpalimé- two major Togolese cities. There is much traffic in and out of the village from the market and travelers.

The community is very diverse; the majority of the population is Ewe, (an ethnicity that makes up almost all of the south), but ethnic groups from the north of Togo are represented. Thus, there is a great mixture of cultural traditions, with everyone learning from each other.

People in Kati are very sophisticated and open to new ideas. The community is highly motivated and organized, already fostering great initiative for its own projects in its Village Development Committee. The community just established its own high school, and already in existence are two middle schools and two elementary schools (Public and Catholic).

Kati Pump Replacement Project - Togo Problem Addressed
The majority of the community does not have direct access to potable water and may lose access completely if change does not occur in the near future. Currently, twelve 30-year-old pumps of a 32-meter depth exist in the community. The pumps break frequently; of the twelve only six are functioning, and only two are functioning well at this moment. The existing parts for the pumps are rare, and if found in the market, prove to be expensive.

To collect water, women, boys and girls are walking forty minutes to the River Zio and/or stagnant puddles left over from the rainy season to avoid long wait times at the pump. Additionally, many of them are walking far from their homes because their closest pump is broken and has stayed broken for months or even years.

When they finally arrive at home with water from the river, it is dirty and unsafe to drink. They consume it untreated and use it to prepare meals for their families. After consumption of this dirty water, many community members in Kati visit the local clinic complaining of symptoms of diarrhea and hematuria, (the appearance of blood during urination).

Consultation records at the local clinic in Kati show a high influx of patients suffering from a variety of gastro-intestinal parasites contracted from the intake of non-potable water. There are more likely others who suffer that will never visit the clinic, due to lack of funds or a preference for traditional medicine.

Project Description
This project is to replace 5 wells in the community.

Component one, of four components of this project, is the creation of water management committees made up of three women and two men, for each pump existing in Kati. This component has been completed.

Kati Pump Replacement Project - Togo The second component is the rigorous three-day training of the water committees on how to manage a pump, conducted by a hydraulics expert, (who is partnered with the Togolese government), and a representative from PLAN Togo. These two men have already successfully led trainings for water committees in other villages. The first two days will present the roles and responsibilities of the water committee along with safe water consumption and hand washing practices. The third day of training will challenge gender norms in regard to water management in the household and village, as well as address the importance of girls' education. Corresponding trainings will also occur for students in every middle and high school and for community members at pump sites.

The third component is the replacement of five pumps with the Togo standard, India Mark II Pump. First, the old cast-iron pumps, along with the concrete slabs that the pumps rest on will be removed. This will be completed by Kati’s own local water pump technician. Next, a mason from Kati will create new concrete slabs for the new pumps. Closely following, the new stainless steel Indian Mark II pumps will be installed.

The new pumps will be purchased from an established boutique in the capital city of Lomé which has, (due to the size of the order), agreed to transport them at no cost. The installation will be completed by two water pump technicians and their teams. The first technician is from Lomé. He has over twenty-three years of experience and has installed pumps for the Togolese government and UNICEF. The second technician is his apprentice, who resides in the neighboring county of Agou, (only thirty minutes away from Kati). He has over fifteen years of experience and has also installed pumps for UNICEF.

When the new pumps have been installed, the water committees will implement their selected manner of fund collection; (some villages select to charge monthly for water, while some charge for each basin). These funds will be kept in an account at the local micro-finance institution. These funds will exist to maintain and repair the new pumps.

The fourth component of this project is an effort to raise the water table in Kati by planting over 1,500 Teak trees on community-donated land. Kati has donated two hectares of land for the project. An agreement will be signed by the chief, local authorities and the local military police. Community members from each neighborhood will come together when the rainy season begins to plant the Teak tree seedlings on this land.

The funds from the Water Charity will be used for the following:

-labor for first technician and his team to remove ancient pumps along with old concrete slabs
-labor for mason to create new concrete slabs
-labor for second and third technician with their teams to install new Indian Mark II Pumps
-the five new India Mark II Pumps and materials (pump exterior, piping, rods, cylinder, strainer, teflon, bolts, nuts, bags of cement)
-per diem and materials for three-day water committee trainings (pens, notebooks, food, gasoline to transport trainers)
-transportation by motorcycle truck of Teak tree seedlings

Project Impact
8,023 people will benefit from the project

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
J. Slayton

Monitoring and Maintenance
After three months following the installation of the pumps, the technician nearby in Agou (that installed the pumps), will return to assure they remain in good form. He will make any necessary repairs. Monitoring will continue with succeeding Peace Corp volunteers in Kati.

In the future, the water committees will continue to oversee and maintain this project. The rigorous three-day training will help prepare them for lasting successful management.

The Village Development Committee will oversee the water committees and the project, and the Village Development Committee will be monitored by “Les Affaires Sociales”, a local development organization (partnered with the Togolese government) that created the Village Development Committee and has assisted in the implementation of this project.

Let Girls Learn
This is a designated “Let Girls Learn” project. It is projected that absentee and drop-out rates will decrease for girls in Kati after this project. Having potable water sources close to home will help them gain more access to education and future opportunities.

Additionally, girls will have more access to a quality education. After trainings demonstrating safe water consumption practices and hand washing, as well as the addition of nearby potable water sources, girls will be far less likely to fall ill from non-potable water. Sickness from dirty water can greatly limit the educational opportunities and future prospects for girls in the community.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.

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Chissey Majaw Pump Project - The Gambia

Chissey Majaw Pump Project - The Gambia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Chissey Majaw Pump Project - The GambiaLocation
Chissey Majaw, Jokadu, North Bank, The Gambia

Community Description
Chissey Majaw is located in the Jokadu region of The Gambia’s North Bank. The village is ethnically Wolof, along with Fula and Bambara constituents. The village has 54 compounds with a population of approximately 1,100.

Farming is the main source of income for all compounds, with groundnut being the main cash crop and coos being the staple crop. In The Gambia, the farming season extends from June to January, with all members of the household being extensively involved in all stages of agriculture from preparing the fields to harvesting. The majority of farmers employ subsistence farming methods with little or no modern equipment and the scant surplus of crop that is not used for sustenance is usually sold for a small profit.

Chissey Majaw has a lower basic school, which consists of EDC (Early Child Development) through grades six. The lower basic school serves Chissey Majaw as well as the neighboring villages of Tallen and Drammeh Joka.

Chissey Majaw Pump Project - The GambiaProblem Addressed
Presently, Chissey Majaw’s sole source of clean water is a borehole and tap system. Taps are placed at strategic points throughout the village, providing all compounds with a nearby water source. However, the borehole’s functionality is a problem. Last year, due to a variety of reasons, the borehole was only functional approximately 60% of the time. Especially during the dry season, the borehole tends to be problematic.

With a less than optimum supply of water, lines and waits for the tap become extremely long. Most compounds resort to drawing water from the village’s only other source of water, the open well. This decreased supply of water has the largest effect on the female population of Chissey Majaw. Since fetching water is primarily a female chore, many girls spend an inordinate amount of time waiting to fetch water – time that could be better used at school, studying, or performing other chores.

Furthermore, the increased use of the open well has increased the frequency of diarrhea in the village. Out of 26 compounds surveyed, 23 reported that their children suffered from diarrhea in the past three months. Reports from the local health post confirm that diarrhea is the most prominent affliction in the village.

Other than the borehole, Chissey Majaw has two non-functioning F.R.G.-era hand pumps. In the past, the village has been vigilant in its maintenance of the pumps. However, the pumps were malfunctioning at a rate that placed a large economic burden on the village. Furthermore, the provider of the F.R.G. pumps went out of business, making parts for repair difficult to find. The village has done its best to remedy the water situation. However, it can no longer find the necessary parts to fix the existing hand pumps.

Chissey Majaw Pump Project - The GambiaProject Description
This project is to install two new pumps in the village. This project will contract with Swe-Gam, a company with extensive water project experience, to replace the two outdated handpumps with the more modern BluePumps. A representative of Swe-Gam has visited the village and surveyed the wells. Water Charity has extensive experience in The Gambia, working with Swe-Gam on the installation of BluePumps.

Both wells are 36 meters deep and have their own aquifers - separate of each other and the borehole. It will not be necessary to re-dig the wells for the pumps; the contractor will simply replace the machinery, including pipes and pumping mechanisms, with the Blue Pump machinery.

The Peace Corps Volunteer (PCV) and his counterpart will facilitate a water committee training held by the neighboring village of Fas Omar Saho. 6 community members will be chosen to from Chissey Majaw’s water committee and receive training from select committee members of Fas Omar Saho. Fas Omar Saho is a neighboring village whose water committee has been noted for its efficiency and production - a model for water management. Chissey Majaw already has a fund for maintaining its borehole. However, this training will educate its water committee on incorporating the BluePumps into its water management methodology. The goal of this training is to strengthen the community’s water management capacity for ensuring the sustainability of the village’s clean water.

Upon completion of construction, PCV and counterpart will hold a training teaching Village Support Group members proper clean water practices.

Chissey Majaw Pump Project - The GambiaProject Impact
1,100 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
K. Hamzah Ahmed

Monitoring and Maintenance
The PCV and counterpart will use the project logic model of intervention to monitor the implementation of the project activities and to track project performance. Similarly, the model will be used to evaluate the immediate outcomes (impacts) of the project as well as the long-term impact whether the intervention has achieved the expected objectives and goal of the project.

PCV and counterpart will use Peace Corps water, sanitation, and hygiene data collection tools to collect the relevant figures during the project implementation. Sustainability of a clean water supply is the goal of this project.

A sub-committee for water system management was established under the village development committee and shall be responsible for monitoring the operations of the newly constructed BluePumps and existing water supply system. The management team will be trained on basic maintenance procedures to reduce the cost of the routine maintenance of the water system (borehole system and hand pumps).

There is already a system maintenance fund in place, with every compound head contributing 300 dalasi yearly and every married couple contributing 100 dalasi yearly. By following this model, the village has already accrued 60,000 dalasi for the maintenance of its water system.

The PCV and the counterpart will further train the water committee members on basic financial administration and management procedures to ensure financial records are up to date and funds are available to pay for routine maintenance cost at all times

Let Girls Learn
This project qualifies as a Let Girls Learn project because the goal is to reduce the spread of infectious diseases through utilization of clean water, improved hand hygiene, and sanitation. Project objectives include:

(1) Improved access to clean and quality water sources to the current borehole water system by creating a reliable, clean source of water, accessible throughout the year for the village,

(2) Improved access of quality education for girls through an improved water facility, and

(3) Improved the lower basic school’s garden projects through improved access to water to increase additional nutrition vegetables for the children.

Fundraising Target
$3,900

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$3,900

Dollar Amount Needed
$0 - This project has been funded through the generosity of Thomas Black.

Additional donations will be allocated to other projects in The Gambia.

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Medina Yoro Foulah and Niaming Latrine Project - Senegal

Medina Yoro Foulah and Niaming Latrine Project - Senegal

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Medina Yoro Foulah and Niaming Latrine Project - SenegalLocation
Medina Yoro Foulah and Niaming, Kolda, Senegal

Community Description
Two communes in the Kolda region of Senegal are included in this project. The first consists of nine villages with an estimated total population of 3,100 inhabitants; the second consists of 45 villages with an estimated total population of 150,000 inhabitants.

These populations are very young: almost 50% of the population is under the age of 18. The main ethnic groups are Fulakunda, Pula-Foutah, Wolof, and Serrer.

It takes approximately 3 hours by car to travel from these communes to the regional capital, along an unpaved dirt road that can sometimes become impassible during the rainy season of July through October.

Agriculture and animal husbandry compose the bulk of economic activity in the two communes. Almost all adults, as well as many children and teenagers, are involved in some kind of agricultural or gardening activity, either for sale at the weekly Sunday market or for personal consumption. People primarily plant and harvest millet, corn, peanuts, mangoes, bananas, egg plants, okra, and chili-peppers. Other vegetables such as tomatoes and carrots are consumed within the community as well, but they are usually imported from other areas.

Both communes are located in the poorest region of the country, with the majority of the population living below the poverty line of $1.90 per day according to the World Bank. This is evident in every aspect of life: people cannot always afford food, clothing, medication or other basic necessities. Two examples can be found in education and health: a large number of students cannot afford tuition for middle or high school; and many people cannot pay the 200-300 CFA (roughly 35 US cents) to see the doctor when they suspect they (or their children) have malaria.

Medina Yoro Foulah and Niaming Latrine ProjectProblem Addressed
Between them, the communes support two pre-schools, 15 elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school. The extreme poverty of the two communes has meant that, as of now, only nine of these schools (all at the elementary level) have been able to afford to provide their students with functioning latrines. Two other schools have latrines, but they are in a state of such complete disrepair that they cannot be used by the students. The rest of the schools have no latrines at all.

The children in these communities relieve themselves in the bush and do not wash their hands, a hygiene problem that can negatively impact both the children and their communities. Diarrhea and other illnesses related to a lack of hygiene are common.

Beyond general hygiene problems, the lack of functional latrines exacerbates gender imbalances, particularly at the higher levels of schooling. Teen girls who have reached puberty often choose to stay home during their period for lack of adequate hygiene resources. For example, in one of the communes, the ratio of boys to girls in school drops from 50/50 in primary school to 70/30 in high school. Furthermore, some classes at the high school level have no female students at all.

Project Description
The project targets schools in a number of rural villages in the Medina Yoro Foulah district of the Kolda region of Senegal. The plan is to rehabilitate 13 latrines in the village of Medina Yoro Foulah (four at the pre-school and nine at the elementary school), and to construct 16 new latrines in the following locations: four each in Sare Demba and Sinthiang Yoro Douda, and three each in Touba Mboyene, Sinthiang Sadio, Demanoufa, and Kour Sally.

The Peace Corps Volunteers in the two communes plan to address these issues through the rehabilitation of the existing latrines, the construction of new latrines where none existed previously, the implementation of joint hand washing / soap making classes for students and their parents, and the introduction of additional activities aimed specifically at girls to encourage them to stay in school (i.e. Girls’ Club, sports/nutrition class, mentoring and tutoring).

Medina Yoro Foulah and Niaming Latrine Project - SenegalThe Peace Corps Volunteers will be responsible for purchasing and ensuring the delivery of most necessary project materials to the site of the repairs. The community will be responsible for quarrying and transporting the necessary quantities of sand and gravel. Water for construction is available on site (through faucets), it will also be provided by the community.

Over the course of the repairs the Peace Corps Volunteers and the Mayor will be responsible for overseeing the work on a daily basis and for dealing with any problems that arise.

More specifically, the rehabilitation of the 13 existing latrines, under the supervision of one mason and one plumber, will cover the following:

1. Elementary school (eight student latrines, one teacher latrine)

a. The pipes connecting the latrine cabins with the pit are broken. These need to be replaced.
b. The PCV pipes providing aeration have snapped off; these also need to be replaced.
c. The doors and their hinges are damaged beyond repair and need to be replaced.
d. There is currently no privacy wall in front of the latrines. This needs to be built to conform to cultural norms to allow female students to use the latrines.
e. The cement cover of the pit is cracked and needs to be re-done.
f. There is currently no running water available for students to wash their hands. A new line must be connected to the school water mainframe and faucets must be established next to the latrines.
g. The latrine holes and pipes (within the cabins) are broken. They will be replaced with Turkish seats for easier use by the students. The eight student cabins will also be tiled (as requested by the principal), to facilitate easier cleaning and maintenance through the students.
h. The teacher latrine has no roof and no door.
i. There are four latrines on the school premises that are beyond repair (the pits have caved in and the cabin bricks are disintegrating). They are a serious health hazard and need to be removed.

2. Pre-school (four toilets within one bathroom)

a. The cement cover of the latrine pit has fallen into the pit and must be re-done.
b. The toilets are all clogged and need to be un-clogged.
c. None of the four English toilets currently have seats. The students therefore cannot use the toilets, as they would fall in.
d. The toilet boxes for three of the toilets are broken and need to be replaced.
e. There is currently no running water available for students to wash their hands. The existing faucets in the bathroom will be connected to the pre-school’s water mainframe.

A second mason will be responsible for the construction of the 16 new latrines at the other schools. In each of the six villages, the village in question will appoint an assistant mason to ensure that the communities are fairly represented and involved. Two of the villages will receive four toilets each (one each for male and female students, and one each for male and female teachers and other staff). The other four villages will receive two toilets each (one each for male and female students).

Again, all materials necessary for construction (other than gravel and sand) will be bought and transported to a central drop-off location by the Peace Corps Volunteers. All of these materials, in addition to gravel and sand (which will be quarried and transported to individual villages by community members) will be transported by the villages, as will be water, in whatever quantities necessary.

The construction of the new latrines will cover the following: 1. Pit

a. The latrine pit will be 2m x 2m x 2m in size, and will be lined with cement bricks to maintain structural integrity. The pit will be dug by the community and will be lined by the mason.
b. The latrine cover will be made of cement and rebar, and will be constructed by the mason.
c. A PVC pipe extending from the pit will permit aeration.

2. Latrine Cabin

a. The latrine cabins, sized at 1m wide x 1.5m deep x 2m tall, will be built apart from the pit; waste will move from the latrine cabins to the pit via a PVC pipe. This construction ensures the longevity of the latrine: the mayors of the respective communes have agreed to incorporate money into their yearly budgets to have the pits emptied when they become full. The latrines will be built in pairs and will share one wall to reduce the materials needed for construction.
b. The latrines will be tiled to facilitate cleaning.
c. Each school will have either two or four latrines to separate for boys and girls.
d. For all new latrines, privacy walls will be built to ensure the latrines conform to cultural norms, allowing female students to use the latrines.
e. The doors of the new latrines, like those on the repaired latrines, will be made of iron. This is to ensure durability and longevity of the latrines.

Transportation of required materials from the central drop-off point to the final village location is also the responsibility of the community members. Donkey- and horse-drawn carts will be arranged to move the materials from the central drop-off point to the individual schools.

All involved parties (masons, plumber, school principals, school security guards, mayors, Peace Corps Volunteers) have agreed to share responsibility on monitoring construction materials, keeping an inventory, signing out materials, and storing it in one central and lockable location until such time as it will be used.

Rehabilitation of the existing latrines and construction of the new latrines will start at the same time, at the beginning of February 2017. The second mason and the Peace Corps Volunteers will determine the order of villages for the construction of the new latrines.

The project is backed and supported by the communities. The communities and the Peace Corps Volunteers collaborated to decide on the design, layout, and exact location of the latrines. The design was chosen in discussions between the mason, plumber, respective school principals, and Peace Corps Volunteers.

The general layout of the latrines is based on the wishes of the mayors, as they have agreed to be responsible for latrine upkeep: the latrines will be separated from the pits so trucks can periodically remove waste when the pits are full. This serves to increase the longevity of the latrines. On a day-to-day basis, general cleaning and maintenance of the latrines will be undertaken by the teachers and students at each benefiting school.

The location of the latrines on school grounds was determined during meetings with the village chiefs, principals, and presidents of the parent-teacher associations in each village.

Also, in each village, a meeting was held to decide on in-kind and labor contributions. All the communities have offered to quarry and transport the sand and gravel necessary for the construction and rehabilitation of the latrines. The remaining community contribution will be paid in cash by the mayors for their respective communes.

Project Impact
The project will immediately benefit 1,000 students (currently enrolled), 32 teachers, and 500 parents

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Laura d’Elsa and Abigail Pershing

Monitoring and Maintenance
The Peace Corps Volunteers will be responsible for the following:

- Supervising/monitoring construction/rehabilitation of 13 existing and 16 new latrines
- Conducting joint soap-making / handwashing classes at all eight schools with students and parents
- Purchasing construction materials, creating inventory list, and monitoring material use
- Tutoring / mentoring female students at all eight schools

The mayors of the two communes will be responsible for:

- Paying the 10% cash contribution
- Coordinating delivery of the 15% in-kind contribution
- Supervising/monitoring construction/rehabilitation of 13 existing and 16 new latrines
- Maintaining latrines after their rehabilitation/construction, including emptying pits and repairing them when they are broken

The masons and plumber will be responsible for building/repairing the latrines.

The eight schools (principals, teachers, students) will be responsible for:

- Inviting participants for the joint soap-making / handwashing classes
- Attending classes
- Cleaning new latrines on a regular basis

Let Girls Learn
This project is part of the Let Girls Learn program started by FLOTUS Michelle Obama in partnership with Peace Corps. The goal of this project is to keep girls attending to school. It is a part of Water Charity’s Let Girls Learn Initiative - Worldwide.

The lack of functional latrines in these eight schools exacerbates gender imbalances. It is currently almost impossible for girls on their periods to engage in good hygiene practices while at school, especially given the total lack of functional latrines at the secondary level.

During the 2015/2016 school year, 531 students attended one of the primary schools, of whom 266 were boys and 265 were girls; that same year, 177 students attended the high school, of whom 125 were boys but only 52 were girls. This huge drop in the percentage of girls attending school is in part due to the inaccessibility of latrines. By repairing the latrines at the secondary education level, this barrier to girls’ education will be drastically reduced.

In addition, the Peace Corps Volunteers’ commitment to introduce additional activities aimed specifically at girls to encourage them to stay in school (including mentoring and the formation of Girls’ Clubs) will help address the gender imbalance issues in education.

Fundraising Target
$6,400

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$1,629

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$4,771

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