Filters

BioSand Filter Training Program - Liberia

BioSand Filter Training Program - Liberia

New Groups Being Trained in Liberia to Make Filters!

 

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION working with Friendly Water for the World.

Location: Paynesville, Liberia

Problem Addressed

Flag of LiberiaThe first and second Liberian Civil Wars took place from 1989 to 2003, and destroyed much of this very small country. A combination of tribal hostilities, personal power grabbing, and interference from neighboring countries left some 250,000 dead, and a million displaced, and most of the water and power infrastructure destroyed. The country has been faced with trying to rebuild trust and infrastructure at the same time. It hasn’t been easy.

WHO reports that only one out of every four Liberians gets water from an “improved water source” – this doesn’t mean that the water is safe, only that it comes out of a pipe. In the countryside, the percentage would be far lower than that. It is estimated that as many as one out of every five Liberians die of a condition related to unsafe water and inadequate sanitation. Many rural and urban areas are almost entirely without toilets. Cholera and other waterborne illnesses are common. 80% of the population lives in poverty; unemployment is extremely high, and the cause of continued unrest.

Between 2014-2016, there were almost 11,000 cases of Ebola reported, and close to 5,000 deaths. However, it should be noted that many cases went unreported. At the start of the outbreak, there were only 50 doctors in a population of 4.3 million. Liberia was declared “Ebola free” in early 2016.  However, even at the height of the Ebola epidemic, far, far more people were dying from waterborne illnesses. And while much foreign assistance was received, little of it has gone to improving water and sanitation conditions.

Today, there are over 4.7 million people in Liberia, and WASH continues to be the biggest issue.  There is hope, though... as Water Charity is part of a multi-NGO effort to bring clean water access to every person in Liberia by December 2020.  See our Rivercess Well Repair Program - Liberia for details.

Project Description

Getting water from turbid source, LiberaiFour groups will be trained in the fabrication, distribution, installation, and maintenance of BioSand Water Filters, and in the teaching of sanitation and hygiene.

The Alternatives to Violence Project (AVP) is a training program designed to enable participants to respond to potentially violent situations in new and creative ways. First developed by Quakers and others working in U.S. prisons in the 1970s, it has since proliferated around the world. The first training was organized in Liberia in 2010, and it has spread. Many of the participants are students, and are also seeking employment opportunities, and are excited about BioSand Filter projects.

Camp for Peace Liberia (CFP-Liberia) was established in 2005 by a group of visionary youths with the goal to transform the lives of young people through community-based education and awareness in response to the manifest need for sustainable peace and development. CFP-Liberia was incorporated in 2010 as a non-profit organization with an overarching goal to contribute to the development, empowerment and self-sustainability of young people in Liberia. It focuses on the promotion of the culture of nonviolence, reconciliation, promotion of education, and creating awareness of accountable governance and social transformation. It creates opportunities for young people to be equipped to deal with their Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and to participate socially and economically in Liberia’s post-war development. CFP also provides micro-credit to enable youth to establish their own enterprises. To focus on its vision, mission and goal, CFP is supervised by a management team comprising of 75% young people including a vast number of volunteers who offer activities through a network of trainers.

AVP and CFP-Liberia will be trained as a single team.

RICCE – The Rural Integrated Center for Community Empowerment (RICCE) empowers rural communities to participate in decision-making in Liberia, with emphasis on issues that impact on their lives and threaten community peace and security. To do this, RICCE facilitates community based peacebuilding and conflict resolution processes, and works for the promotion of biodiversity and transparency in natural resource management. RICCE was established by development specialists, engineers, health professionals, grassroots activists and professors at the University of Liberia who were alarmed by the conditions of rural residents in 2005. At the time it was observed that the rural people were neglected when it came to political decision-making, economic opportunities, better schools, hospitals and basic protection of fundamental human rights. These conditions still exist today, contributing to conflict in Liberia. RICEE is also involved in advocating for women's rights, promoting female empowerment through programs that allow them to participate in leadership and decision-making processes.

Peaceful Lutheran Church in Paynesvile, on the outskirts of Monrovia, will be hosting the training, and will be sending a team to be trained, with a workshop to be set up there.

Woman with pail of water, LiberiaRescue Women Liberia is a non-governmental organization established in 2015 by group of gender activists. The organization is involved in promoting basic human rights of women including access to justice, sexual and reproductive health, combating gender-based violence, and promotion of clean water and sanitation. Currently they do not have funding, but have been involved with voluntary community service in health education in communities and schools, awareness on gender based violence in and around Montserrado County.

Project Impact

The project is likely to have considerable impact. Fifty people will be trained, and four ongoing workshops set up and equipped. Health and employment will immediately improve among the 50 families. Taken together, the four groups have substantial contacts with NGOs throughout Liberia, with demand for Filters likely to be high among their constituents. The four groups will also have considerable contact with small community-based organizations throughout the country.

There will be a significant reduction in waterborne illnesses, increased employment, and new small business opportunities generated. The four groups, taken together, should be able to create significant synergies in the development sector.

Immediate Beneficiaries:

-          50 Individuals trained
-          200 members of their families

Community Beneficiaries (in first two years):

-          Four groups build and distribute 500 BioSand Filters each in first two years = 2,000 Filters
-          Each Filter serves on average 10 people – 20,000 people served
-          50 Filters go schools and orphanages – 3,500 children served

Future Beneficiaries:Bio Sand Filter System

-          Programs expand and require more than two molds each
-          Large orders likely to be received from other NGOs working in Liberia

Impacts:

-          Waterborne illnesses curtailed
-          Health improved
-          Child morbidity and mortality reduced
-          Medical/pharmaceutical expenses curtailed
-          School attendance increases
-          Community productivity enhanced


Person Directing
The training will be directed by Friendly Water for the World Technical Advisor Wayne Medrud, with assistance from Alisa and Ken Malloch, both of whom has significant experience with missions in sub-Saharan Africa. Philip Quoqui, Director of AVP in Liberia, will serve as interim country coordinator.

Monitoring 

Each group will have a trained monitor to visit homes post-installation and keep records. A first report from each group will be due 90 days after they start operations. Following the reports, each group will meet to adjust their business plans as appropriate. The coordinator will keep track of the activities of the four groups.

Comments:

The joint training and operation of these four groups together create an opportunity to make a real difference in the lives of the long-suffering people of Liberia.

Liberia Training Budget Breakdown

Description Amount raised by Water Charity Quantity Cost per Item  Funders Budget Justification:
Liberia Project -  4 groups          
Steel Molds  $4,800.00 8 $600.00 Water Charity Each mold makes one filter/day.* Equip all four groups
Toolkits $1,900.00 4 $450.00 Water Charity Needed for Filter Fabrication*
Starter Materials $1,000.00 4 $250.00 Water Charity Sand,gravel,cement,tubing for first 20-25 Filters
Printing and Copying Materials $800.00 4 $200.00 Water Charity  
Travel for Trainers - Wayne $1,800.00 1 $1,800.00 Water Charity  
Honorarium - Wayne $400.00 1 $400.00 Water Charity **
Lunch/Tea for Trainees   50 $25.00 Local Community Lunch and Tea for five days**
Training Space   1 $200.00 Paynesville Church **
Trainers - Accommodation/Food $1,800.00 3 $600.00 Water Charity  
Internal Transportation $400.00 1 $400.00 Water Charity  
           
(Two trainers - Alisa and Ken Malloch - are paying their own transportation)        

*Molds and Toolkits are provided on long-term loan

**Local community contributions are required. 

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor. Please donate to Water Charity to allow us to expand our efforts in Liberia.

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AVEC Water Filter Training - Democratic Republic of Congo

AVEC Water Filter Training - Democratic Republic of Congo

AVEC – Northeast Congo

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION working with Friendly Water for the World.

Location: Nzulo KAMURONZA, Northeast Congo

Problem Addressed:
There is currently a major cholera epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with 20 of 26 provinces affected. There is no clear count of the number of cases, as only those who show up at health centers are counted, but it is likely that there are 100,000 cases, and perhaps close to 2,000 deaths.

Nowhere is the epidemic worse than in the hilly areas to the northeast of the city of Goma. Because of mining operations (many of them illicit), water from the few streams there are is virtually undrinkable. People make do gathering water from small ponds and even puddles, or from ground-level cisterns. Waterborne illnesses seriously weaken the population, constantly ravaged by war and civil strife.

Project Description:
Initiated in 2009 when the great humanitarian Zawadi Nikuze began aiding survivors of war-related rape, the Peace Center for Healing and Reconstruction of Community (CPGRBC) has been a leader in building a framework to respond to inter-ethnic violence and rebuild social links, and to Drawing Filters in Classassist communities in seeking solutions to their own problems in the Congo. All of this takes place in the context of continuing war and civil strife, and as backdrop, a new, massive outbreak of cholera.

Over the past eight years, CPGRBC has created and sustained 120 peace committees and 23 village savings and loan associations (AVECs) (banks are not trustworthy), built a management office in Goma, and trained four new groups in BioSand Filters/community sanitation and hygiene. The original group of rape survivors that Friendly Water for the World trained in Goma has played a major role in fighting the cholera epidemic there. CPGRBC has also recently acquired new space to build a headquarters and training center.

The plan is for CPGRBC to train and equip four new groups, each representing one of the AVECs. These groups already meet weekly, so they are organized to take up the challenge, and to market BioSand Filters to all of their members. They will also include community sanitation and hygiene as part of the peace/conflict resolution curricula. CPGRBC is experienced in monitoring and evaluation, and is an excellent, trustworthy partner.

Project Impact:
The project is likely to have substantial impact among the populations CPGRBC serves. Already existing CPGRBC BioSand Filter projects in the region have made massive differences in people’s lives, both in the provision of clean water and new employment opportunities. Other projects in chicken and goat production have been generated, and many people now have enough income to be able to afford to send their children to school. People with HIV are now able to fight off opportunistic infections.

What makes this project special is that those trained come from the CPGRBC savings and loan associations. Banks in the area are unstable and untrustworthy. By banding together, members of the associations have new access to credit, all within the context of their local community. Once the new teams are created, there will be ready market for BioSand Filters among their own members, and those in need will be able to access funds to purchase them. This may become a new model program, and could later expand to all 23 savings and loan associations.Bio Sand Filter

Immediate Beneficiaries:

-          60 Individuals trained
-          300 members of their families

Community Beneficiaries (in first two years):

-          Four groups build & distribute 600 BioSand Filters each in first 2 years = 2,400 Filters
-          Each Filter serves on average 10 people – 24,000 people served
-          60 Filters go schools and orphanages – 4,200 people served

Future Beneficiaries:

-          Program spreads to as many as 19 other AVEC groups
      

Impacts:

-          Waterborne illnesses curtailed
-          Health improved
-          Child morbidity and mortality reduced
-          Medical/pharmaceutical expenses curtailed
-          School attendance increases
-          Community productivity enhanced

Person Directing:
Aristote Bwaire has long experience working with CPGRBC since its inception, and in carrying out BioSand Filter training programs with CPGRBC throughout the region. He will work with Friendly Water for the World’s Medical Officer, Dr. Kambale Musubao and Congo-DRC Country Representative Eliphaz Bashilwango.

Monitoring:
Each group will have a monitor trained to go into homes and check on Filter installation and use. The groups will report 90 days after the workshops are set up, and business plans adjusted as appropriate. CPGRBC will be responsible for communicating results. Funds are included in the project for follow-up.

Trained with filters, Congo

Budget 

PROJECT COSTS
  Transport facilitators 2X5 days @ $15 ea = $150  
  Certificate 40 @ $2.5 ea = $100  
  Molds 8 @ $650 ea = $5200  
  Sand, gravel, cement 4 groups @ $250 ea = $1000  
  Tool kit 4 groups @ $450 ea = $1,800  
  Facilitation (2 people) @ $150 ea = $300  
  Printing modules 40 modules @ $7ea = $280            

LOCAL CONTRIBUTION (BENEFICIARIES)   
  Training Materials = $1OO
  Coffee break 40 persons @ $3 x 5 days = $600  
  Room rental 5 days @ $50/day = $250  
  Transport of participants 40x5 days @ $10 ea = $1,000  
Local Participation$2,950  

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor. Please donate to Water Charity to allow us to expand our efforts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 

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Simanjiro Maasai Training Initiative - Tanzania

Boy filling container in Simanjiro

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Girl Filling Water - SimanjiroLocation:
Simanjiro district, Manyara region, north-central Tanzania

Problem Addressed:
Simanjiro is a semi-arid district of some 185,000 people south of Mount Kilimanjaro and the Arusha region. Most of its inhabitants – 85% Masasi, plus some Bantu groups – are pastoralists. There are constant water shortages, and it is not uncommon for women to get up in the middle of the night and walk for as long as nine hours to fetch water from ponds or shallow wells, where the water is shared with cattle. The water is unclean, with constant outbreaks of waterborne illnesses, particularly typhoid, bacterial dysentery, and, before the rainy season, cholera.

Project Description:
Community Life Amelioration Organization (CLAO – Mwanza, Tanzania), with the enthusiastic support of local government authorities, plans to train six groups of 10 people, mostly Maasai, from six different wards in Simanjiro. Three groups will be mixed (male/female) and three groups all-women, with the Girl Pouring Water - Simanjiro, Tanzaniaidea of comparing their effectiveness in fabricating and distributing BioSand filters. 

The six groups with ten beneficiaries from each of six wards will be trained and provided with starting materials. Participants will be trained on fabrication, installation, distribution and maintenance of BioSand water filters. Also, education on water, hygiene and sanitation will be provided, as well as basic skills on keeping records, financial management, and basic business planning.

Project Impact:
This project will be beneficial to 60 community members from 6 wards (each ward, 10 participants) of Simanjiro District; 30 of them will be women who will form 3 groups among 6 groups.  The actual number of beneficiaries will grow exponentially as the filters, clean water and knowledge of how to build them are spread.  It is possible the reach of this project could extend to 10's of thousands of people eventually.

Among the expected results, in addition to reducing waterborne illnesses, is increasing school attendance (many children miss school because of waterborne illnesses), and the community’s capacity to engage in other economic activities. Once better health is achieved, CLAO hopes to move forward by training groups to build rainwater catchment/ferro-cement tank systems, reducing ‘the long walk to water’. This will become increasingly viable once local authorities have experienced a successful partnership to improve the lives and health of their constituents.

There will be an increase in knowledge regarding hygiene and sanitation, as well as the importance of clean drinking water. Enhanced job creation and self-employment will reduce burden on family members and government in general through improved living standard. Waterhole - SimanjiroEnough income will be generated to start other small projects. Disease burden will be reduced. The district will experience economic growth.

Person Directing: 
Robert Kennedy Mahili and Obed Gidion, leaders of CLAO, will direct the training. They both have extensive experience in the field. They will be joined by Friendly Water for the World’s treasurer Ginny Stern, who is currently in Tanzania with the Tanzanian Teaching Fund.

Monitoring:
In collaboration with local authorities, group leaders, and the CLAO team, a communications plan will be established to ensure flow of information among groups trained and trainers for technical support, challenges, and progress of the project. Each group will have a trained monitor. CLAO representatives will meet with each group after 90 days, to evaluate progress, and make necessary modifications to the business plans.


Budget Details:

No

Item description

Quantity

Unit price $

Total price $

Funder

1

Steel molds

12

550$

6600$

 WC

2

Set of toolkit

6

450$

2700$

 WC

3

Mold Transport

1

250$

$250

 WC

4

Set of Starter material

6

250$

1500$

 WC

5

Certificates 

60

3$

180$

 WC

6

Printing manual

60

4$

240$

 WC

7

 Trainers honorarium

4

300$

1200$

Participants contributions

8

Trainer Transport

1

300$

300$

 WC

9

Trainees transport fees

60

@5$×60×5 day

1500$

Local authority

10

Trainer accomm, food, communication

4

@30$×4×6 days

720$

 WC

11

Participants lunch and tea

60

@6$×60×5days

1800$

Local authority

12

Venue

1

50$×5 days

250$

Local authority

13

Training materials (flip sheet, pens, note books)

FF

350$

350$

 WC

14

Monitoring and evaluation

FF

400$

400$

 WC

Simanjiro, Tanzania

Expected Results

Short-term

-          This will increase the knowledge of the trained members and the community in general on hygiene and sanitation

-           Knowledge on treatment of water before drinking will help to reduce water related diseases

-          Education on Consequences from using unsafe water and benefits from using clean water will lead to health improvement

-          Knowledge on job creation and self employment to participants will reduce burden to the family members and government in general hence improve living standard

Long-term

-          Start of small projects in order to increase their incomes.

-          Reduction of unemployed people in Simanjiro district and Tanzania in general.

-          Reduction of diseases from unsafe water by distribution Bio Sand water filters.

-          Contribution to community’s economy and the whole country in general.

-          Increased number of people with access to clean water.

-          Economic growth of the District since people will be healthy.

Sustainability 

From the profits of this project, trained groups will invest in other different businesses and they will keep providing clean water to community via BioSand water filters distribution. On the contrary, the idea will be sold to other NGOs working in and out of Simanjiro district to adopt and distribute the idea to those who have no access with water.

UPDATE: Simanjiro, Tanzania Filter Training
 


Footage of dancing and jubilation concluding our training.  Full conclusion report to be posted soon!

 

Project Funding: 
This project has been funded through the generosity of a donor who chooses to remain anonymous.

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