Simanjiro Maasai Training Initiative – Tanzania

Simanjiro Maasai Training Initiative – Tanzania

Simanjiro Maasai Training Initiative – Tanzania

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Girl Filling Water - SimanjiroLocation:
Simanjiro district, Manyara region, north-central Tanzania

Problem Addressed:
Simanjiro is a semi-arid district of some 185,000 people south of Mount Kilimanjaro and the Arusha region. Most of its inhabitants – 85% Masasi, plus some Bantu groups – are pastoralists. There are constant water shortages, and it is not uncommon for women to get up in the middle of the night and walk for as long as nine hours to fetch water from ponds or shallow wells, where the water is shared with cattle. The water is unclean, with constant outbreaks of waterborne illnesses, particularly typhoid, bacterial dysentery, and, before the rainy season, cholera.

Project Description:
Community Life Amelioration Organization (CLAO – Mwanza, Tanzania), with the enthusiastic support of local government authorities, plans to train six groups of 10 people, mostly Maasai, from six different wards in Simanjiro. Three groups will be mixed (male/female) and three groups all-women, with the Girl Pouring Water - Simanjiro, Tanzaniaidea of comparing their effectiveness in fabricating and distributing BioSand filters.

The six groups with ten beneficiaries from each of the six wards will be trained and provided with starting materials. Participants will be trained on the fabrication, installation, distribution and maintenance of BioSand water filters. Also, education on water, hygiene, and sanitation will be provided, as well as basic skills in keeping records, financial management, and basic business planning.

Project Impact:
This project will be beneficial to 60 community members from 6 wards (each ward, 10 participants) of Simanjiro District; 30 of them will be women who will form 3 groups among 6 groups.  The actual number of beneficiaries will grow exponentially as the filters, clean water and knowledge of how to build them are spread.  It is possible the reach of this project could extend to 10’s of thousands of people eventually.

Among the expected results, in addition to reducing waterborne illnesses, is increasing school attendance (many children miss school because of waterborne illnesses), and the community’s capacity to engage in other economic activities. Once better health is achieved, CLAO hopes to move forward by training groups to build rainwater catchment/Ferro-cement tank systems, reducing ‘the long walk to water’. This will become increasingly viable once local authorities have experienced a successful partnership to improve the lives and health of their constituents.

There will be an increase in knowledge regarding hygiene and sanitation, as well as the importance of clean drinking water. Enhanced job creation and self-employment will reduce the burden on family members and the government in general through improved living standards. Waterhole - SimanjiroEnough income will be generated to start other small projects. The disease burden will be reduced. The district will experience economic growth.

Person Directing:
Robert Kennedy Mahili and Obed Gidion, leaders of CLAO, will direct the training. They both have extensive experience in the field. They will be joined by Friendly Water for the World’s treasurer Ginny Stern, who is currently in Tanzania with the Tanzanian Teaching Fund.

In collaboration with local authorities, group leaders, and the CLAO team, a communications plan will be established to ensure the flow of information among groups trained and trainers for technical support, challenges, and progress of the project. Each group will have a trained monitor. CLAO representatives will meet with each group after 90 days, to evaluate progress, and make necessary modifications to the business plans.

Budget Details:

No Item description Quantity Unit price $ Total price $ Funder
1 Steel molds 12 550$ 6600$  WC
2 Set of toolkit 6 450$ 2700$  WC
3 Mold Transport 1 250$ $250  WC
4 Set of Starter material 6 250$ 1500$  WC
5 Certificates 60 3$ 180$  WC
6 Printing manual 60 4$ 240$  WC
7  Trainers honorarium 4 300$ 1200$ Participants contributions
8 Trainer Transport 1 300$ 300$  WC
9 Trainees transport fees 60 @5$×60×5 day 1500$ Local authority
10 Trainer accomm, food, communication 4 @30$×4×6 days 720$  WC
11 Participants lunch and tea 60 @6$×60×5days 1800$ Local authority
12 Venue 1 50$×5 days 250$ Local authority
13 Training materials (flip sheet, pens, notebooks) FF 350$ 350$  WC
14 Monitoring and evaluation FF 400$ 400$  WC

Simanjiro, Tanzania

Expected Results


–          This will increase the knowledge of the trained members and the community in general on hygiene and sanitation

–           Knowledge of the treatment of water before drinking will help to reduce water-related diseases

–          Education on the Consequences of using unsafe water and the benefits from using clean water will lead to health improvement

–          Knowledge of job creation and self-employment to participants will reduce the burden on the family members and government in general hence improving the living standard


–          Start of small projects in order to increase their incomes.

–          Reduction of unemployed people in Simanjiro district and Tanzania in general.

–          Reduction of diseases from unsafe water by distribution Bio Sand water filters.

–          Contribution to the community’s economy and the whole country in general.

–          Increased number of people with access to clean water.

–          The economic growth of the District since people will be healthy.


From the profits of this project, trained groups will invest in other different businesses and they will keep providing clean water to the community via BioSand water filters distribution. On the contrary, the idea will be sold to other NGOs working in and out of Simanjiro district to adopt and distribute the idea to those who have no access to water.

UPDATE: Simanjiro, Tanzania Filter Training

Footage of dancing and jubilation concluding our training.  Full conclusion report to be posted soon!

This training was completed, and these Maasai communities are now producing water filters at a very good rate.  Furthermore, this is having the (expected) good results on the health and general wellbeing of the region that we find whenever filtration of water sources becomes standard practice.


Erick Reports:


Simanjiro groups is the name given to the six Maasai groups trained in Biosand water filter construction in November 2017. The groups have a total number of 109 members.

The groups were trained in water hygiene and sanitation, fabrication of bio-sand water filters, installation, maintenance, and marketing.

This report covers what we have achieved, planned activities that we have not achieved, when to achieve them, challenges faced and the way forward.

The planned activities on implementing the project went as follows:

  1. Public community awareness on bio-sand water filters on human hygiene and sanitation

All the six groups namely Namnyaki  Group, Juhudi group, Naberera group, Chapakazi Group, Njoro Women Group, and Mshikamano Group initiated the community movement of having clean water to the Maasai people which has been greatly supported by the government.  This campaign helped them in implementing their project through making the community aware of Biosand water filter as a cheap and easy method of having safe and clean water for a low cost, this campaign was done jointly under the supervision of village health officers.

  1. Filters fabrication and installation

At the time of this report, the groups have successfully managed to fabricate and installed filters as follows:

No. Name of groups Fabricated filters Installed filters
1. Namnyaki  Group 358 321
2. Mshikamano Group 284 278
3. Njoro Women Group 521 459
4. Naberera group 104 96
5. Chapakazi 232 223
6 Juhudi 139 134
Total 1638 1521

These numbers will continue to grow exponentially as the technology spreads, more training are conducted, and more molds and tools are purchased to ramp up the production efforts.

  1. Achievements/ success

Through this new technology which has brought a positive impact to the community and indeed has changed the lives of some families that managed to get the filters. The achievements are as follows:

  • All the 60 people who participated in the training received the filters.
  • Three filters have been installed at Endarok kindergarten pre-school
  • Health improved among all the Bio sand water filter users’ families, by comparing the epidemiological questionnaire filled during the training that was shown that 98% of the people attending the hospital every month were due to water-related diseases. The new epidemiological questionnaire filled showed that after starting using the bio-sand filter only 16% of the bio-sand user attends the hospital for that case, and this 16% may perhaps be improper uses of the filters.  Therefore ClAO directs the group’s leaders to make follow-up on that in order to understand the reasons behind that.
  • All the government schools order to have the filter the order that was paid by the local government, the local government made a payment of 1000 filters to all schools. The order was divided considering the number of schools available in a certain location
  • The project turned out to be permanent job opportunities to most of Maasai women and this makes them contributes much to their family’s income
  • The group succeeded to contribute 25000$ (half of the money paid by the local government order of 1000 filters to school) to the construction of community water harvesting tank that will be used to collect up to 6 million liters of water when finished
  • Through this project funded by FWFW the Njoro women group have managed to open a small shop of selling animal’s food that helps them to generate more (we are likely to see the shop is moving up as their planned)
  1. Challenges faced

Apart from all they achieved, the project faces several challenges as follows,

  • Lack of enough water during washing sands for installation during drought season, the distance of collecting water from the lake is very long to collect water.
  • Lack of proper means of transportations, this makes more filters broken during transportations (cows and donkey are their popular means of transporting filters)
  • Lack of projector that will attract more Maasai society to view our work /project and creates more market as well as bio-sand water filters beneficiaries
  1. Way forward
  • The groups have planned to continue with public community campaign awareness and making fabrication of more filters as well as installing to the community.
  • The groups are looking for more markets of filters and sponsors who will help them the money to complete the local tank that will help them to have constant and enough water all the time.

Suggestions from group members:

  • There is a need for Maasai women to be equipped with other small projects such as soap making, micro flush toilets, poultry projects, vegetable garden goat and milk cow projects are great projects that will also increase their income even if by a loan that will be repaid back after four-month installation.

Project Funding:
This project has been funded through the generosity of a donor who chooses to remain anonymous.

Ango Compassionate Hearts Program – Congo (DRC & Central African Republic)

Ango Compassionate Hearts Program – Congo (DRC & Central African Republic)

Ango Compassionate Hearts Program – Congo (DRC & Central African Republic)

Ango Compassionate Hearts – Congo

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

Location: Ango, Bas Uele Province, Congo-DRC

Water Charity is pleased to announce that we have begun a comprehensive project for the people on the border of the Democratic Republic of Congo & the Central African Republic.  Most of these people are refugees from the ongoing crisis in the CAR, and the aid available in the DRC is minimal at best.

This is an ambitious program involving a series of water filter manufacturing trainings, soapmaking instructions, and also includes medical components as well.  Eyeglasses, medical supplies and doctors will be brought to this beleaguered area in addition to the manufacture of on-site BioSand Filters.  100 youths and widows are being trained to make long-lasting BioSand water filters, distribute them, and give sanitation instruction. The net benefit of this effort cannot be overstated.  Not only will people be able to deal effectively with the poor water quality, waterborne illnesses and hygiene issues that are rife there, but the trainees will be learning valuable, teachable and commercial skill sets that will enable them to create income while helping others.

Water Charity has paid for all of the WASH elements of this effort.  All of the training supplies, molds, tools, soapmaking supplies, teaching, transportation, supplies and local expenses have already been funded by us.  The project is being done in partnership with a local group and our friends at Friendly Water For The World, under the direction of David Albert, and there are other donors covering the medical costs.  Together we will have a profound effect on the health and wellbeing in the Ango region.

Woman getting water in AngoPlease consider donating to this effort here.  As usual, Water Charity has funded this project out of pocket, and only presents it to you once it is already underway.  We ask people to “reimburse” us for funds we already spent, and adopt projects that are already underway or completed, because this allows us to be extremely agile and quick to deliver our aid.  We are not raising money for something we envision doing in the future, which can’t start until X amount of dollars is raised.  We do projects immediately, and then show our donors what we are actually doing.  In this way, you can know that you are contributing to something that is actually happening… NOW.

Problem Addressed:

Ango is in Bas Uele Province in north-central Congo-DRC, on the border with the Central African Republic. It is a “village”, but, with its surrounding population, has about 100,000 people, all living on subsistence (or sub-subsistence) agriculture. The area is very isolated. Road travel is extremely difficult, and the area is very cut off, as the war in northeast Congo (some 900 miles away) to the east makes supply provision extraordinarily difficult. The provincial capital – Kisangani – is more than 500 miles away (14 hours at under ideal conditions) by road.

There are several schools (some of them currently occupied by refugees). There once was a health clinic, now abandoned, and few or no medical supplies. There are very high rates of child mortality and morbidity, mostly from waterborne illnesses, as well as malaria. Typhoid is an epidemic.  Water and sanitation conditions are horrific. There is one well, set up by Ango Compassionate Hearts.  Housing consists mostly of grass and thatch huts. There are churches (both Catholic and Protestant), and a mosque. There is no reliable data from the area.

Refugee HousingThe ongoing war in the Central African Republic – ostensibly a religious one, including the Lord’s Resistance Army and Muslim insurgents, but really just a struggle for power – and a lack of stability – has sent thousands of refugees, both Christian and Muslim, into the province, in areas around Ango. There is no NGO or United Nations or government presence to deal with them.  They are mostly welcomed by the local inhabitants, provided with space to build a hut, and food is shared as people are able.
Project Description:

This is the first of what is likely to be a series of visits. Note that the initial services are not aimed at refugees, but at the permanent residents of Ango. Refugee services may be in our future planning. However, it is a good assumption that the refugees will not be returning home anytime soon, and will be there into the long-term future.

There will be four major elements:

Current Water Source1. Training two groups to build BioSand Filters. One group will be an already existing youth group. The other will be widows nominated by several churches. The lead organizer Neema Paininye (see below) is working to make sure we have teams ready to be trained. We have allocated enough funds so that each trainee (100 total) will be able to get a Filter for their own family at cost.

2. Training one group in soapmaking. Our team will be trained in soapmaking by Richard Kyambadde, Friendly Water Country Representative in Uganda, and then take the knowledge to Ango. We already have one group in Uganda that has become self-sufficient through soapmaking. (There is virtually no soap to be had in Congo.

3. An environmental health assessment. Led by Holly Myers (below) we will try to assess where “the low-hanging fruit is”. Where would be the most cost-effective future interventions? Is it better food storage? Water? Mosquitos? Waste disposal? Toilets? Rainwater catchment? Where would an NGO (not necessarily us) get the most “bang for the buck”?

4. Medical care and medicine – Obviously, the needs are overwhelming. Besides helping to lead BioSand training, Dr. Riziki will provide medical services to at least some people. She will, with Neema, purchase needed medical supplies with MAP Medical Missions (with whom Neema has worked before). In the longer run (though we might start now), it would be great to begin to train a team of women in very, very basic nursing care (and how to administer the little in the way of supplies they have). This may be the start of a larger venture later.
Project Impact:

The project aims at beginning the process of ameliorating the conditions faced by the people of Ango and, eventually, refugees streaming into the area. The two BioSand workshops will bring a source of employment to widows and to youth, and provide for the first 100 BioSand Filters to ensure clean water in the community. More than 1,200 people will immediately have access to clean water; over the next 18 months, it should increase to at least 8,000. Soapmaking will provide additional employment, and bring soap to a community that has virtually none. Immediate health care needs will be provided for. An abbreviated environmental health assessment should provide direction for the next steps for the community, and will increase the possibility that other NGOs might be convinced to step in. Contacts will be firmed up with what little local administration there is. Communications with the area will be streamlined.

Person Directing:
Neema with a widow in Ango

Neema Paininye, who was born in Ango but who lives in Tracy, California, returns to Ango at least twice a year. She visits with her family (her mother and sister are still there, both often sick with typhoid), brings medical supplies and other things of benefit to the community, and works with community leaders to try to better conditions there. On her most recent visit, she began working with refugees in a surrounding community as well.  With difficulty, she also arranged for the construction of a well. She has been in touch with Friendly Water for more than two years, and came to the August 2017 training, where she made many friends.

She writes:

Ango Compassionate Heart’s main goal is to end poverty in the region of Bas Uele, in north central Congo-DRC. Most of our work is done in the village of Ango. We are developing and implementing programs that address the basic human needs so that one day the people of Ango and their surroundings can take the lead within their own communities and develop it. Our program includes four categories:

  1. Water Sanitation
  2. Education
  3. Women’s Programs
  4. Healthcare

Clinic in Ango, CongoWe are a group of people driven by the desire to bring assistance to the people living in extreme poverty. Our hope is that more people will join us in this effort and partner with us in order to improve the lives of the poor in the Bas-Uele region and around the world. I started life in a tiny, remote Congolese village to very poor parents, yet, by the grace of God, I grew up to earn a degree in psychology at an American university, and returns to the Congo each year to minister to the people of my village.

In 2013, I was burdened for the people of the Congo, especially those in my village of Ango. The people of my village live hopeless, helpless lives, and wake up in the morning not knowing when they will have their next meal. I then decided to start Ango Compassionate Hearts Foundation, with the vision of bringing assistance to the people leaving in extreme poverty in Bas Uele region in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo.”

Holly Myers (who will be the second trainer) is Environmental Health Director of Yakima Health District, one of the largest health districts in Washington State. She met up with Friendly Water at the annual Washington State Environmental Health Association (WSEHA) Conference three years ago, and had wanted to come to the training since. She brings a wealth of knowledge and 20 years of experience on all aspects of environmental health (though she hasn’t traveled abroad previously), and an encyclopedia of people who can help! She can do an environmental health survey of the entire community. On her return, she can also bring Friendly Water to a larger stage, with environmental health people across the country.  We have already scheduled a presentation at WSEHA (being held in Olympia in May).

Dr. Riziki Mupelevendu is a general practitioner who deals primarily with children. She has trained many groups in Congo-DRC in BioSand Filter fabrication and use, including one in Butembo where Filter sales support her health clinic. She has dealt with all waterborne illnesses endemic to Congo-DRC.

Kids fetching water at the refugee camp


Each group will have a trained monitor, who will go into homes to ensure BioSand Filters are installed properly and are being used correctly. Reports from each group will be due in 90 days, at which time business plans will be adjusted as necessary. An epidemiological questionnaire (before and after), translated into Lingala (the local language) will be administered to all those being trained, and all those who receive BioSand Filters.

Although the funds for this project have been contributed by an anonymous donor, your donation using this Donate button will ensure that we have funds available for our next project in these countries.

People With Albinism Communities Program – Tanzania

People With Albinism Communities Program – Tanzania

People With Albinism Communities Program – Tanzania

Working with People with Albinism in Tanzania

Training to help the residents of Albinism Communities solve their water & sanitation issues across 13 communities across Tanzania. 

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

This ambitious program to help the Albinism Communities of Tanzania is still ongoing, but the first few trainings have been accomplished successfully.  To read reports from the field, scroll down below.

Water Charity, in partnership with our friends at Friendly Water For The World, is conducting a series of training in a variety of water, hygiene, sanitation, and health areas which will impart the recipients with useable skills that will make their lives easier, and impact their health tremendously.  Training includes Rainwater Catchment, Water Tank Construction (using Interlocking Stabilized Soil Brick technology), Microflush Toilets, Permagarden Instruction, Soap Manufacture, and Water Filter Construction.  Upon completion of training, not only will they have finished products to use, but they will have the ability to teach others, and spread the techniques.

There are 13 communities of people with albinism in Tanzania, and this program aims to spread these technologies to all of them, as they are easily one of the most impacted and disenfranchised groups on the planet.  The program begins with training in 2 of the 13 communities, and builds upon the foundation of BioSand Filter Construction trainings that have already been completed successfully, and are already increasing the physical security and water security of the people, as they were in extreme danger when they had to leave the protection of their communities to seek for water.

Basic Information

People with albinism are found throughout Africa, especially in the eastern and central regions. A lack of skin pigmentation (melanin) – a genetic condition – results in people appearing white (actually pinkish), with skin burning easily in the equatorial sun, and often with severely impaired eyesight. The physical condition would itself be difficult enough to manage – long clothes, hats, body lotions, strong eyeglasses – but worse is the social situation in which people with albinism find themselves.

People with albinism in Tanzania live in constant fear. They are hunted, killed, and dismembered, especially by those in fishing and mining communities. Witchdoctors teach these communities to believe that possession of bones and body parts from people with albinism can lead to wealth. More than 100 people with albinism are killed and gruesomely mutilated in Tanzania each year. It should be noted that many are killed while walking to gather water for their households. There is also a myth that sex (i.e. rape) with a woman, boy, or girl with albinism is a cure for HIV – hence, many of those raped are infected with the disease.

Since they have no way of protecting them in their own communities, the Tanzania government has chosen to collect people with albinism in camps, where they receive very minimal aid from other community-based or non-governmental organizations.

Shinyanga is one of five regions in the Lake Zone of northern Tanzania. There are some 2,700 people living with albinism in the area; the family count is larger, because many families with children with albinism may not be people with albinism themselves. Conditions in the camp are brutal. Unemployment is virtually 100%. People are constantly sick, there is massive water scarcity, and it was not unheard of for people to walk 15 kilometers roundtrip to find water. There have been attacks on people with albinism when going for water, or simply using the bushes to relieve themselves. There are no toilets. Typhoid and bacterial dysentery are common and almost universal. Life expectancy is short.
The Project

The program we have developed contains projects implemented in four stages. The first, now completed, provided training in the manufacture, distribution, installation, and maintenance of BioSand Filters. This made it possible for two groups of people to set up small enterprises to sell the Filters while providing clean water for their own families and community. More than 500 have already been sold! This is the first effort to help reintegrate people with albinism into the larger community, as they have become the only available source of clean water technologies. Profits are now being used to spin off other small enterprises, such as chicken and goat raising or sewing projects. And the improvement in health has been extraordinary!

The second step will be to train people with albinism to build rainwater catchment systems/Ferro-cement tanks. First, we will train and equip two teams to fabricate interlocking bricks, which will be used for the foundations of the catchments (and for the MicroFlush toilets – see below.) The bricks can also be sold into the community to assist with housing needs. Then we will train two teams of people with albinism to build the catchment systems. The newly available water will substantially reduce the ‘long walk to water’ for many people with albinism and hence eliminate they’re being hunted in the process, while at the same providing employment and a path to self-sufficiency. Water can also be sold, increasing economic opportunity.

The third stage will be teaching people with albinism to build MicroFlush toilets. MicroFlush toilets are simple, very inexpensive, composting toilets, that make use of worms, and require an only one-quarter cup of water peruse. They do not have to be mucked out for two-and-a-half years and are very simple to fabricate. Two more businesses will be created.

Teams in Shinyanga and Geita will also be trained to manufacture and market Friendly Soap – a simple liquid soap that does not require palm oil (and hence the destruction of palm trees in the process).

Finally, Water Charity trainers will teach the communities advanced, yet simple to implement, agricultural methodologies known as Permagarden Technique.  Water used for growing food accounts for the majority of any community’s water usage.  Therefore, teaching people to get more food for less water, while also replenishing their aquifers and keeping the valuable topsoil from being washed away makes a huge difference.  It simultaneously addresses food & water scarcity and improves the economic situation of the farmers in the process.  This effort has been forwarded by a concerted training effort to train the people with albinism directly, as well as a group of HIV-positive volunteers who can take this training to the various communities, whereas the albinism community members themselves are unable to travel in this way.  See this effort unfolding here:

The program also includes Microfinance and Business Training aspects which will be handled by our partners.

The overall result will be an integrated program for people with albinismthe very first of its kind, with significant enhancements in both water availability and water quality, and improvements in community sanitation and hygiene. It will remove some of the risks faced by people with albinism by people who are hunting them. It will also provide for job creation and self-sufficiency, and the opportunity for people with albinism to work with members of other communities, a significant step towards the removal of stereotypes. The health of children will be improved, enabling them to attend school more regularly, as many of them will no longer be taken out of school to walk for water.

Word of this program has spread. Local government officials and leaders of people with albinism communities all over the country are contacting our local affiliate. In addition, the Office of the President of Tanzania has requested that all local governments cooperate and collaborate with our efforts to ensure clean water for people with albinism throughout the country.

Become part of the campaign.  This program has been paid for in its entirety by Water Charity out of pocket, so by adopting parts of it and helping us recoup the funds we have expended, you allow us to expand this work and spread this training to other communities.

Updates From The  People With Albinism Communities Program – Tanzania

Following this, you will find a continuing stream of updates from this very important program.  The Albinism Communities of Tanzania are some of the most impacted anywhere, and the work we are engaged in there is far-reaching.  There are many further trainings and assistance projects that are to be done until we have managed to help all 13 of these communities. As new updates from the field come in, we will post them here.

To know more about this project, CLICK HERE, or scroll back to the top of this page.

David Reports:

Jambo Rafiki ,I sent many pictures so that you may choose the most one for you to use, the ceremony was so fun, our project was leading the first number than all that presented there, and the way it helps the community to get safe and clean water, and also earning money, another is that there are no lies for what we doing so I am sending this greeting to FW, CLAO For their wishes to work with people of Shinyanga, third the project seems to put people together especially people with Albinism who perished away by stereotype and segregated from the community, other thanks to FW from the government is how you helps People with Albinism to work since they were not thought to work for their own risk. May you please receive all these thanks from The National Leader of UHURU TORCH EXHIBITION. And the other leader from the local government.

Challenges, people with Albinism faced many challenges such as market to sell filter this is due to lack of awareness from the community due to primitive and illiteracy of people, another challenge is how to transport the filter from one place to the customers, this is seemed big problem to them due to geographical of the area and fearness due to local beliefs, and so on. The way to overcome the problem still challenges. This is what happened to Shinyanga.

It’s amazing! Following the training of the two people with albinism groups in interlocking brick making, the training in rainwater catchments has gone fabulously!

In Bukombe, Geita, where all these tank photos are from, local government officials visited every day, and also provided police protection for the people with albinism. They were so pleased with the work, that they provided a land grant to CLAO and the people with albinism as a center for them to organize and continue their work.

As noted below, other than our folks (CLAO and the Tanzania Albinism Society), no NGOs come to Geita. We are what they’ve got!

“Ofsini Kwa mkuu wa wilaya ya Bukombe inapendeza. “Thank you for visiting us at bukombe district in Geita, we are inspired by your coming because geographically bukombe is a district which is far away from the city since many stakeholders cannot come because of the remoteness of our district, the coming of CLAO with Friendly water projects it is grace for us. Thank you for your coming, I assure you security and any assistance you will need.” words of Hon. Said Nkomba the District commissioner of Bukomba when he invited us to his office today.

Updates From The People With Albinism Communities Program – Shinyanga Tanzania

Our bio-sand training has been extremely successful in Eastern Africa, with many people trained and now distributing filters.

Kenedy Reports:

You folks funded the catchment training in Uzima, for the people with HIV. Those trained turned around and have now completed training people with Albinism, in Shinyanga and Geita, which you also funded.


A thank you note/update:

Tanzania Albinism Society (TAS) has great pleasure and thanks to informing you that the Bio Sand water filters, Interlocking bricks, rainwater catchment tanks, and micro flush toilet projects planted the tremendous attitudinal changes to the marginalized people with albinism in our community.TAS appreciates CLAO, FRIENDLY WATER, and WATER CHARITY for your special support to people with albinism. Also, we give great thanks to Kenedy and Obed for their great efforts in building the new inclusive society.

People with albinism in Tanzania live life in great tension, particularly in the lake and western zone of the country – especially in Tabora, Shinyanga, Simiyu, Geita, Mwanza, Kigoma, Kagera and Mara region. These are the regions where there is the largest number of people with albinism. The community believes that this group of people has miracles and supernatural power which lead to someone to live in the prosperous life by using people with albinism body parts like hair, tongue, skin in the witchcraft ways. This situation led to the killings of people with albinism where about 76 people with albinism were killed from 2006 to 2016. Many children with albinism were taken and still been taken to temporary centers for security. Even elders with albinism also some of them denied by their relatives hence stay in these temporary centers. Many children with albinism miss education through school dropout, fear of been kidnapped and family separation.

In Geita and Shinyanga, the four projects brought many achievements in 2018 including the use of clean and safe water, reduction of epidemic diseases like diarrhea due to poor (or lack of) toilets in the families, and generation of income through selling filters that becomes the job opportunities to us as well as interlocking bricks, health improvement where the water illness clinic attendant reduced to 96%, family security increase where family members do not walk a long distance for water due to the use of rainwater catchment tanks.

Also, from these projects, local government leaders are supporting people with albinism by funding the projects for sustainability. In Shinyanga, the government-funded six hundred thousand Tanzania Shillings (3000 US Dollars) for the Biosand water filters. Also, they ordered 200 filters for all primary schools in the academic year of 2019, and the groups already fabricated the filters which will be bought by the district government for the pupils in schools in January 2019.  In Geita, people with albinism have been given their office and the place for all the projects from FRIENDLY WATER and WATER CHARITY. The police leaders also do ensure full security for people with albinism in their activities.

Therefore, the dream for an inclusive society was realized within the year of 2018. The situation of most children with albinism was critical due to the unique factors of their community’s socio-economic, cultural, traditional and developmental circumstances, natural disasters, armed conflicts, exploitation and hunger, and on account of the child’s physical and mental immaturity he/she needs special safeguards and care. From this point of view, many people with albinism remain uneducated, rejected, isolated and dependent.  We hope that this will continue to improve due to the work you are doing.


It is my hope that CLAO/FRIENDLY WATER/WATER CHARITY will be our major stakeholders in building the community to be the cool, safe and peaceful place for the people with albinism to live through entrepreneurship supports. And so doing, I do recommend that in 2019, CLAO/FWFW/WC should expand the project areas to the other parts of the country where there is a camp with people with albinism in Tanzania than to the two districts from Shinyanga and Geita because it will create a good environment for them to the society, security, reduce water illness, reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS  as well as job creation opportunity, and the years 2019 is the year towards the general election of 2020 in Tanzania where some people believe on the use of witchcraft.

9 Training Programs for the Serengeti – Tanzania

9 Training Programs for the Serengeti – Tanzania

9 Training Programs for the Serengeti – Tanzania

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION, working with Friendly Water for the World.

Nine BioSand Filter Training Programs for the Serengeti, Tanzania

Boy with bucket mid-pondLocation: Serengeti, Tanzania

Problem Addressed:
The combination of national development and global climate change has not been kind to the people of the Serengeti in northern Tanzania. The remaining forests, which helped hold the water to the soil, have virtually all been cut down, and turned into charcoal which is then shipped off to the cities. The forests are rapidly being replaced by water-hungry tobacco agriculture, intensively farmed, with massive use of only semi-regulated pesticides.
Meanwhile the people of the Serengeti suffer. There is no clean water, with the only water there coming from shallow ponds or from behind agricultural dams. Some 97% of the population now earns less than $1 a day. Changes in climate also seem to have altered disease patterns, with cholera and typhoid now becoming much more prevalent, in addition to endemic amoebic and bacterial dysentery. Tsetse flies have returned with a vengeance.

The government does not have the funds to provide clean water to all the villages. The aim of these 9 training projects is to improve health and alleviate suffering due to waterborne illnesses by providing clean, safe drinking water to families especially vulnerable children across the Serengeti region of Tanzania.

Project Description:
The primary method of achieving the goal of providing clean water is to train villagers on proper sanitation and hygiene and on the construction of BioSand water filters.  9 trainings are scheduled for 8 groups.

OGathering water in Tanzaniaur services include providing materials to construct the filters, train people on the construction of the filters, distribute the filters to the target population, train villagers on sanitation, and the proper use and maintenance of the filters.  Systems are placed to monitor and evaluate the usage and effectiveness of the filters​.  And, in addition, the people are also taught business skills which will help them establish income and job generating economies in the sale of filters, clean water, and the training of others in this technology.

The cost to provide a filter to a family is a small investment in comparison to cost of illness in terms of health and economic issues. The program saves children’s lives through providing a basic necessity of life.

Water Charity’s partner in many training projects in the region, Friendly Water for the World, has been partnering with an extraordinary non-governmental organization in the Musoma/Mara Region of Tanzania – Hope Revival Children’s Organization (HRCO), under the leadership of Stephen Marwe – that has been doing extensive social work with children (especially orphans), widows, people with HIV, and unemployed youth. They have pioneered several highly successful BioSand Filter/community sanitation and hygiene programs in the region, and now want to extend the work throughout the Serengeti, with assistance from the local government, and community-based organizations that they have already helped establish.

The main goal of training the groups is to change peoples’ lives by improving  the standard of health through the use of BioSand water filters since the water sources around the area are not that safe. The community will be educated on the importance of using BioSand water filter in avoiding waterborne infection and save money over water boiling, which also spares forest destruction, and profiting from selling filters.

The plan is to train and equip eight groups in the Serengeti to cover a large geographical area in a short period of time, and also to set up a support network among them, to prevent groups from feeling isolated, and so they can aid each other in promotion of the importance of clean water and sanitation.
Four of the groups who are in relatively close proximity to each other will be trained together, with significant support from local authorities. Woman collecting waterOf the four groups to be trained together, two will be made up of people with HIV, one a women’s group, and one a group of unemployed youth.
The other four groups, who live in more outlying areas, will be trained individually. In total, some 180 participants will receive training, and workshops will be set up in eight locations.

General activities will be education, fabrication of filters, selling, installation and monitoring by follow up households to ensure proper usage of filters.

  1. Mobilization of young mothers, school dropout, widows and youths from all wards
  2. Training in demonstrating bio-sand filtration systems, health and hygiene
  3. Small business seeding and
  4. Providing documents regarding construction of bio sand filtration systems
  5. Capacity building on entrepreneurship.
  6. Training preparation manual
  7. Establishment of technology and entrepreneurial library for all vulnerable women, orphans and youth
The Bonchugu Group is one among the groups formed by HRCO in Serengeti with the mission and objectives of fighting overwhelming poverty through traditional dance, performing for the tourists.  They also do cultivation for income.  They have a campaign to eliminate childhood marriage and Female Genital Mutilations (FGM) as well.

After sharing the idea of BioSand Filter technology with the group, they were very touched by it, and are enthusiastic for the training.  They understood immediately how this would improve their lives.
Project partners:  Local authorities from Sedeko Ward in Serengeti District.​   Project location: Sedeko Ward Serengeti District, Tanzania

This group advocates for women and children rights in Gatasamu Ward in Serengeti working with traditional cultures existing in the area. The group has a big interest of having the bio sand water filter to assist the local community using clean and safe water, making a sustainable project to make profit out of it by selling clean water and filters.

Project partners: Local authorities from Mugumu Ward in Serengeti District.​   Project location: Itununu Ward – Serengeti District, Tanzania


​Another group that has lined up to receive the training.  More than half of those served by the program are children. Deaths due to water borne illness are particularly high in children under 5 years of age. Illness i3 kids gathering watern older children and adults results in their inability to work, inability to attend school, and extra costs for medication. The Project is an important program for these villages because it will eliminate water borne illness and provide a most important resource, clean water!
Project partners: Local authorities from Mugumu Ward in Serengeti District.​    Project location: Mugumu Ward – Serengeti District, Tanzania

This group in an outlying area, requests our service to improve the ability of families to care for children and achieve goals of self-sufficiency. This will increase the knowledge of the trained members and the community in general on hygiene and sanitation.  Knowledge on treatment of water before drinking will help to reduce water related diseases.  Knowledge of job creation and self-employment these participants gain will reduce burden to the family members and government improve their living standard.
Project partners: Local authorities from Mugumu Ward in Serengeti District.​    Project location: Mwibagi Ward – Serengeti District​, Tanzania

This training will include 4 groups, of which two will be from People Living with HIV, one other group will be formed by widows, and another one will be formed by youths who are school dropouts and young mothers.

After the training, each group is expected to initiate a project (bio sand water filter fabrication), which will include the selling of filters in order to generate income.  This will have the effect of saving lives as the project (and its ripple effects) will lead to the reduction of water related diseases, and improve health. Members will become ambassadors of the WASH, and change makers, as they educate their communities about water issues.
Project partners: Local authorities from Mugumu Ward in Serengeti District​     Project location: Serengeti District, Mara region, Tanzania

Project Impact:
Almost immediately the families of the 180 participants will have access to clean water. Each group will likely set up microfinance schemes so that people in their subdistricts will be able to afford clean drinking water, especially as medical and pharmaceutical expenses currently being borne will be substantially reduced. Child absence from school will significantly decrease, productivity will be enhanced. And there will be significant increases in employment.
Immediate Beneficiaries:
– 180 individuals trained
– 900 members of their families
Community Beneficiaries (in first two years):
– Nine groups build and distribute 500 BioSand Filters each in first two years = 4,500 Filters
– Each Filter serves on average 10 people – 45,000 people served
– 60 Filters go schools and orphanages – 4,200 children servedWater source, Serengeti, Tanzania
Future Beneficiaries:
– Programs expand and require more than two molds each
– Auxilary businesses start up – chicken and goat raising; soapmaking
– Programs in rainwater catchment initiated
– Waterborne illnesses curtailed
– Health improved
– Child morbidity and mortality reduced
– Medical/pharmaceutical expenses curtailed
– School attendance increases
– Significant increases in employment
– Community productivity enhanced
Person Directing:
Stephen Marwa, director of HRCO, will direct the programs, with three staff under his direct supervision. Friendly Water’s Kenya and All-Africa Representative Eric Lung’aho Lijodi, will act as advisor to the program.
One person from each group will be trained as a monitor, able to go into homes and check on installation and proper use. There will be a report due 90 days after each workshop is established, with changes made to each group’s business plan as appropriate. Funds have been allocated for follow up by HRCO staff.

The follow up will be done on monthly bases as well as recording the productions, sales and challenges faced by the project. The information gathered will be submitted to the country representative to the Management Committee and later be used to inform relevant stakeholders and project supporter’s partners on how the project is meeting its intended objectives as well as to provide a road map for improvements. The final Evaluation will be conducted to evaluate project impact and provide information of poverty reduction, education, access to information, and target group response and project sustainability for future scale up.

As per the monitoring and follow up, the sale of the filters will be accumulated and enable future projects.  This “added advantage” to the project is enhanced because the groups will be trained in entrepreneurship skills that will enable them to be quite a bit more self-reliant.  It also means that there will be a sustained and keen interest in maintaining the project.

HRCO dreams of transforming the health of the entire region. Their proposal is audacious, but based on our past experience, it is well within our joint capabilities to accomplish.

This program of 9 training projects is the latest in a long string of successful programs and projects that WC and FW have undertaken together.  It falls under our Training & Support Initiative.  Other FW collaborations can be viewed by clicking here.

Our budget for this project is well under $30,000.  Please contribute to this tremendous effort using the Donate button below.

Tarime people with HIV making filters