$5,001 to $10,000

Molino Belén Water Project - Guatemala

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Molino Belén Water Project - GuatemalaThis project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Location
Molino Belén del Barrio San Bartolo, Sololá, Sololá, Guatemala

Community Description
Sololá, in the western highlands of Guatemala, is the second poorest state, where 94% of people live on less than $3.00 per day. According to the Guatemalan government, 98% of the state of Sololá is indigenous Maya.

There are 240 families, with a total of 960 people, in the Molino Belén community.

Molino Belén Water Project - GuatemalaProblem Addressed
The community has a serious water problem. While there is a water distribution system set up in the community, the original water source was from the 1970s and is no longer sufficient to support the growing community. Many families go several days without water and the community has implemented a strict water management system, turning off access to the water daily, so there is only access to water for a few hours each day. With that said, many days the water does not reach all of the families in the community, and they are in dire need of a new water source.

Project Description
This project is to build an effective water system in the community. It consists of building a wall and water capture tank for a new water source, as well as providing tubing for distribution of the water to individual homes.

In July of this year, the community bought the land rights to a new water source 800 meters from their current water source. Each family had to save money for more than a year to be able to buy the land rights to the water source.

Molino Belén Water Project - GuatemalaThe community has already paid $9,655 for the water source (land rights), has paid to have an engineer assess the land and feasibility of the project ($205) and will provide the unskilled labor for the project ($2,760).

Wall construction details
The wall that will be built will be 14 meters wide (angled in a U shape) and 3.5 meters high. The wall will be planked by wood, filled with wire mesh with iron anchors, and finally filled with a cement, sand, and gravel mixture. This will ensure that all of the water is captured and filtered to the water capture tank.

Water capture tank/ditch construction details
The water capture tank will be built with bricks and cement and have a cement top to ensure that the water doesn’t get contaminated. The tank will have a cement, sand, and gravel foundation as well. The water tank will be 2.5 meters X 2.5 meters. The tank will be placed eight meters from the wall and connected with PVC tubing.

Ditches will also be dug on the side opposite the wall and water capture tank in order to filter the water. For this, the community will use rocks and PVC tubing for five ditches that are between eight and nine meters each.

Tubing
The majority of the tubing for the water system is in place already, including most of the tubing and valves to the homes. There will be, however, tubing from the water capture tank to the main water line for the community, which covers a flat distance of 75 meters. From there, tubing is required to three new homes that were not already connected to the main water line. The total of these lines is 200 meters of tubing. (All valves are metal valves that the families are required to purchase separately

Molino Belén Water Project - Guatemala

Project Impact
960 people will benefit from the project.

Returned Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Carolyn Daly, RPCV, is In-Country Director for Mil Milagros, a local NGO that has as its mission to partner with communities to prevent malnutrition and hunger and improve the health and education of children in Guatemala. She is undertaking this project on her own, in the community where she lives.

Monitoring and Maintenance
The community already has in place a system for control and maintenance of their existing water source and plans to continue with the system. The town committee, 11 members elected for two-year terms, is charged with maintaining the system, checking water levels daily and turning off the water when necessary, and ensuring proper maintenance of the system. Each family with a community water source pays Q25 per year for their water to the town committee, and small repairs are paid through that fund.

The community has monthly work days, usually Sunday, to clean the tanks and repair tubing or valves that are not working properly, and all families with a community water source are expected to work or pay someone to work in their place. For larger repairs, the community meets in assembly and divides the cost among all water users evenly and gives a timeframe to ensure that each family has paid its quota.

Fundraising Target
$6,800

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$6,800

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Progress: 

Nkomero Cell Water Project - Rwanda

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Nkomero Cell Water Project - Rwanda This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Location
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxxxx Village, Nkomero Cell, Mukingo Sector, Nyanza District, Southern Province, Rwanda

Nkomero Cell Water Project - Rwanda Community Description
Between 1996 and 2013, Action Aid – a program of USAID, provided water access to Nkomero Cell from Nyakokoma mountain via pipes, tanks and taps, a distance of approximately 2 kilometers.

In 2013, a new hospital was built a few kilometers away and the water was rerouted to the new hospital, depleting water access from Nkomero cell. As a result, the existing infrastructure has fallen into disrepair and is going unused.

This project will focus on the two villages where the pipes directly run through – Yyyyyyy and Xxxxxxxx. Xxxxxxxx village is located at the center of Nkomero cell.

In total Nkomero cell contains 10 villages. In the central village Xxxxxxxx, there are many facilities central to the cell, Including: Nkomero Primary School (1268 students), Nkomero Secondary School (512 students), a poste de sante (small health clinic), police station, and cell office.

Problem Addressed
All the facilities have tanks that fill up during the rainy season, but during the dry season water access becomes a major issue. Once the water from the rainy season is depleted, the police station, school, and health center, along with all the community members must rely on fetching water.

The distance to the closest water source, streams that run at the bottom of the valley, imposes a significant burden on women and girls who are the primary water carriers for their families. The cost of hiring someone is 3,000 francs a month for one jerry can a day but most families use up to 3 jerry cans a day, making this not feasible. (A cow alone drinks one jerry can a day.)

During the dry season students are often required to fetch water during school so that the school kitchen will have enough water to cook the daily meal. This job is divided amongst classes so as to minimize time out of the classroom but the head teacher estimated that students are losing about an hour a week from fetching water.

Students fetch water during the day for the cooks to cook and clean the school with only. There is no water for the students to drink regularly during the day nor to use to wash their hands. Hygiene and water are directly linked. Fetching water is also incredibly time consuming. Both villages are densely populated and this causes high congestion even at the existing places where water is accessed.

Project Description
This project is to provide a water system to serve the villages of Xxxxxxxx and Yyyyyyy.

Nkomero cell, located in the southern region of Rwanda, contains 10 villages. The project will target two villages with existing piping and tanks. The village of Xxxxxxxx is home to approximately 667 people and Yyyyyyy, the neighboring village, is home to approximately 867 people who do not have accessible, clean water.

These two villages were chosen as a priority because the first village, Yyyyyyy is where the water source is located, and Xxxxxxxx is located at the center of the cell containing facilities used by all other villages including a small health center, two schools and a police station.

Nkomero Cell Water Project - Rwanda In addition, there is an existing main water line from the Nyakokoma mountain through the villages to E.S. Nkomero Secondary School. The project will build a secure water source in Yyyyyyy Mountain, 2 kilometers from Nkomero center.

The construction of the water source uses local techniques to first dig a trench then install a plastic sheet to collect water from the mountain. The filtration process consists of using local materials such as small rocks, charcoal and sand. The water will be collected at the source and confined in a nearby catchment which will be attached to the repaired main pipe line.

Beyond Yyyyyyy and Xxxxxxxx village, the project will have even farther-reaching effects because students come from all over Nkomero cell to attend school in Xxxxxxxx at E.S. Nkomero Primary and Secondary School. Often in the rainy season students living in various villages outside of Xxxxxxxx will bring a container to school and fill up their small container at the end of the day, if there is water in the rain tank, to take back to their families.

When there is more consistent water access at the school students who live in communities without water access can continue to support their families. While this project focuses on two villages, it provides support for the entire cell.

The project will be completed over the course of 3 months. Implementation of the water infrastructure is below.

Month 1: Site installation – engineer planning, purchasing and delivery of materials; Labor- excavation and backfilling of 1.5km, laying of pipes

Month 2: Labor- excavation and backfilling of 1.5km, laying of pipes,

Month 3: Labor- excavation and backfilling of 1.5km, laying of pipes, construction of manhole and tap, site cleaning

There are a number of expected and potential challenges. A majority of labor will be completed during umuganda. This will occur about twice a week. Unforeseeable circumstances like rain or low attendance may occur. Supervision and project management on these days will be vital.

The project will also involve coordination between a number of people including the PCV, engineer/technician, cell officials, village officials and the Head Teacher.

Nkomero Cell Water Project - Rwanda Project Impact
1,534 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
L. Adelstein

Monitoring and Maintenance
The community leaders have come together and decided that guards will be secured in each village. These guards will be villagers but they will change every so often.

In addition, there will be talks lead by local leaders to reinforce the importance of water access within the community and the roles that each village can play in making this a safe and healthy environment for everyone. A committee will also be elected by the community to protect and preserve the community project.

Comments
Water access in the village affects every aspect of life. It means healthier villagers, cleaner homes, and less time and energy spent on gaining access to an essential resource. This project will also profoundly support the efforts of the local school and poste de santé.

Water is imperative for hygiene at the poste de santé which services many villagers who cannot get to the hospital or larger health center. The poste de santé also sets an example for hygiene and water hydration.

The school will also greatly benefit from water access – students will no longer have to miss school to fetch water. The water is used to make lunch. Greater access means that students can drink water during the day. They can wash their hands. And clean the classrooms.

The head teacher of E.S. Nkomero also pointed out the importance of the school garden. Currently the land by the school is going unused because there is not enough water but when there is enough water the students and school staff can work together to grow many different types of crops. This can assist with school lunches and help to decrease the price of lunch, which at 4,000 francs a month, is a financial burden on many families.

Fundraising Target
$7,100

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$7,100

 

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Loma Linda Water Project - Mexico

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Loma Linda Water Project - MexicoThis project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Location
Loma Linda, Chiapas, Mexico

Community Description
Deep in the Sierra Madre Mountains in Chiapas, Mexico there is no television in the homes. In Loma Linda, there is no Internet either, and cell phones only have reception at 6 a.m. for a little while. So, children enjoy a childhood freed from technologies that would otherwise make them sit still and opt for passive entertainment. Instead they run and play all day in the rainforest and coffee groves. Teenagers spend afternoons shooting hoops at the school. It looks like what childhood used to be.

Loma Linda Water Project - MexicoLoma Linda is home to 280 residents. All households depend on growing coffee for a living which affords people the most meager of incomes in good years. Recently however, the rust plague, which is widely believed to be the result of the warming climate, has dramatically reduced yields. While a few families have small stores fronts in their homes, everyone grows their own corn and beans to keep their families fed. They raise a few chickens for the eggs and for meat a couple of times a year on special occasions.

Problem Addressed
Loma Linda is another of the many villages in this impoverished mountainous region that suffered the destruction of essential infrastructure when Hurricane Stan did its damage in 2005. The water system that they had relied on for many years was damaged beyond repair. Families have had to get water as best they can from tiny springs and creeks that inevitably dry up in the spring.

They have tried unsuccessfully to get help from the municipality of Siltepec on many occasions. Every time there is an election, the candidates have made promises to fix this situation. No one has followed through with their promises in eleven years.

Beyond the extreme inconvenience of raising a family without water, the lack of access to water has had a specific impact on household economies in the village. When the coffee is harvested it must be thoroughly washed on the same day to remove the fruit from the bean. Unfortunately for Loma Linda coffee farmers, right about the time the coffee beans have been painstakingly picked from trees on steep mountainsides, the local springs dry up. This means that farmers cannot properly wash the coffee. Instead the sticky fruit pulp ferments on the beans and pretty much destroys their hopes of being able to obtain a good price for what would otherwise be considered exceptionally attractive coffee sought after by specialty buyers abroad.

Project Description
This project is to build a water system for Loma Linda.

TLoma Linda Water Project - Mexicohe community has identified two perennial creeks that are near each other. The system will draw water from each creek and bring it in one hose to a tank from which it will be distributed to all homes. The population has grown in the past decade since the natural disaster so this new system has been designed to provide water to new homes higher up the mountainside.

The plan is to build a dam at the highest end of each creek using what is called "piedra ahogada" construction whereby the masons use rock from the site that is encased in concrete reinforced with rebar. This is the strongest construction possible and is cost effective since rock from the area will be used.

The distribution tank will also be built with rock and will be reinforced with "armex" in the traditional way to insure that it can withstand the pressure of the water when full. Armex is a rectangular structure made of rebar that is used to reinforce concrete columns. The water will come from the creeks in a 2" hose for over a little more than 2 kilometers. The entire system will rely on gravity to bring the water to homes.

Loma Linda residents have formed a new water committee to oversee the work needed to build the new water system and to organize the work required to maintain the system once completed. They will insure that all residents properly conserve the water. Community members have agreed to work together to complete all work required to create a system that will last many decades. They are committed to making sure that all people living in the community benefit from the project with no household being left out due to topography.

Loma Linda Water Project - MexicoThis village is located in the same valley where Sexto Sol and Water Charity have already successfully completed three water projects: Santa Domingo La Cascada, Cipresal La Cascada, and Hermosillo. The 9-kilometer road from the highway to the area is paved most of the way. Local providers sell cement and other building materials in La Cascada eliminating the need to transport materials from Motozintla, the city 3 hours away.

Project Impact
280 people will benefit from the project.

Project Manager
The project will be administered by Tamara Brennan, Ph.D. of The Sexto Sol Center for Community Action, an award-winning non-profit that has had a permanent presence in the region since 1997.

This project is the 12th water system project in the ongoing Sierra Madre Water Program, a comprehensive effort to improve water access in the underserved and impoverished Sierra Madre de Chiapas region of Mexico, spanning the border with Guatemala.

Monitoring and Maintenance
The water committee will monitor the functioning of the system, and perform maintenance and repairs. Sexto Sol will periodically check to ascertain that the system is working properly.

Fundraising Target
$6,500

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$6,500

Loma Linda Water Project - MexicoLoma Linda Water Project - Mexico

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Kiang Central Water System Project - The Gambia

Kiang Central Water System Project - The Gambia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Kiang Central Water System Project - The GambiaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxxxx, Kiang Central, Lower River Region,The Gambia

Community Description
Kiang Central is one of the six districts of the Lower River Division of the Gambia. It is comprised of about 760 people, including 137 children under 5, the majority of whom are ethnically Mandinka, along with few Fula constituents.

Most men do farming and most women do gardening and go to the rice field. Farming is the main source of income of most compounds, groundnut being the main cash crop and rice the staple one. The majority of farmers use traditional, subsistence farming methods with little or no modern equipment, and the scant surplus of crop, if any, that is not used for sustenance is usually sold for a small profit.

Xxxxxxxx has 42 compounds, a lower basic school that consists of two Early Child Development (ECD) classes through grade six, and a health center. The school serves Xxxxxxxx as well as some neighboring villages. Likewise, the health center is a major facility in the district and serves 33 villages.

Both the school and the clinic have boreholes that provide part of the village with non-potable water. The community has 4 stand taps extended by a community member from his compound to the village to supplement an uncovered well used by the community members for their daily domestic use.

Problem Addressed
There is a lack of clean water to solve all of the needs the village. The village borehole has not been functioning for the past few years. There is a cylinder problem coupled, with a leaking pipe network due to poor construction. The community invested over D100,000 to repair the system, but to no avail.

Kiang Central Water System Project - The GambiaEvery day, women and girls spend long hours fetching water, and sometimes waiting time involves fights over taking turns.

About two months ago, the private borehole that supplies 4 taps to the community, stopped functioning, and consequently, most of the village members now fetch water from a hand pump.

In a sample of 20 girls and women of ages ranging between 7 and above 50, the members spend a total of 83 hours/day (an average of 4 hours each per day) fetching water, 59 hours of which are spent by students.

The Officer-In-Charge (OIC) of Xxxxxxxx Health Centre confirmed that women and children are the most affected in the community by this serious, inadequate supply of clean water.

Project Description
This project is to improve the water capacity and quality in the village by building a water system, as follows:

Install four 250 Watts/24V solar panels
Install a GrundfossSQF5-8A AC/DC pump
Install a metal tower
Install four 2,000 L plastic tanks
Install 348 PVC pressure pipe extensions of 50 mm, connected to 14 one-inch complete taps
Construct a wastewater soakaway

Papa Sanneh, an engineer in Serekunda, surveyed the Village. The community will dig half-meter-deep trenches for installing the pipes, and provide the meals and support for Sanneh’s professional team.

Once the trenches are dug, the team will do the installation. Project funding will provide a substantial financing (~75%) for its implementation. The community will contribute about 25% in cash and in kind of the total cost of the project.

Once the system is installed, every adult in the village will pay 10 Dalasis/month as maintenance fee.

Kiang Central Water System Project - The GambiaDuring the installation period, the PCV along with counterparts from Xxxxxxxx Health Center will conduct 3 sensitization workshops on hygiene, sanitation, and maintaining the water system at the place where the community meets to take care of the village affairs, in Xxxxxxxx Lower Basic School, and Xxxxxxxx Lower and Upper Basic Junior Secondary School.

Project Impact
800 people in the community, plus students from nearby villages, will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
R. Osta

Monitoring and Maintenance
Sustainability of a clean water supply is the goal of this project. Participating in a project and carrying on the responsibility is a crucial part for its sustainability. The community will be able to sustain a clean water supply because it has a stake in the project. When a community is the fighting force behind change, it will become engaged, attentive, and respectful of others and the equipment.

The Water Committee will be responsible for monitoring the operation of the new water supply system. It will encourage community collaboration and develop a sense of accomplishment.

Let Girls Learn
This project qualifies as Let Girls Learn project because it addresses access to clean water, a basic need that is essential for quality life, the burden for which falls inordinately upon females. Girls and women will spend less time fetching water and more time taking care of themselves, and on capacity building, including studying, learning new skills and becoming able to generate income to have financial independence and security.

Fundraising Target
$5,500

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$5,500

 

 

Country: 
Funds Needed : 
Progress: 

Komiguéa Borehole Project - Benin

Komiguéa Borehole Project - Benin

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Komiguéa Borehole Project - BeninLocation
Komiguéa, Commune of N'Dali, Department of the Borgou, Benin

Community Description
The village of Komiguéa is 5 km from the large city of Parakou, in the northern half of Benin on the main road towards Niger. The population is composed of a mix of ethnic groups including Bariba, Biali, and Zerma, practicing religions including Islam, Christianity and animism.

Situated close to the equator, the climate is characterized as tropical savanna and is hot all year around. There is one rainy season from June to October, and a dry season from November to May.

Almost all of the residents earn a living in agriculture and animal husbandry, their main crops being soy, maize, cassava, yams, and cashews, and the domestic animals being cows, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, rabbits, and guinea fowl. Many people also process agricultural products, primarily soy into tofu, cassava into gari, and shea nuts into shea butter. A smaller number of people practice market gardening during the rainy season, producing chili peppers, carrots, cabbage and lettuce among other things. Many people sell their agricultural products in nearby Parakou.

Komiguéa has a primary school, a secondary school serving the surrounding area, and access to electricity. However other infrastructure such as municipal water, health centers, and financial institutions are lacking.

Komiguéa Borehole Project - BeninProblem Addressed
While many students do attend primary school, far fewer enter and complete secondary school because of lack of financial resources and administrative documents (namely birth certificates), and failure to perform well enough on the periodic entrance tests. Girls are particularly vulnerable to dropping out of school early because domestic obligations lead to them perform worse on tests, and because families tend to prioritize limited resources on boys' education.

Poverty and malnutrition are on the rise in the Komiguéa compared to previous decades due to drops in soil fertility, leading to falling agricultural productivity and reduced family income. Many families are forced to sell their land assets and venture further to find fertile land. Growing poverty and stagnating education combine with an exploding youth demographic, resulting in increases in challenges like youth unemployment and undesired pregnancies (leading to more girls leaving school).

These problems mean Komiguéa struggles to keep up with the regional, national and global pace of development, and they are all exacerbated by the lack of reliable potable water sources. While there are many wells and rainwater storage tanks due their low cost of construction, none of them provide potable water and they all run dry at the onset of the dry season.

The village has three boreholes equipped with foot-powered pumps, but they are laborious to operate, have a low flow-rate, suffer from frequent mechanical failures, and are also prone to running dry. As a result, especially during the dry season, the village's water sources are overcrowded and the acquisition of water becomes excessively burdensome.

Those looking to save time, money and effort resort to drawing drinking water from the wells and rainwater storage tanks, or even marshes and stagnant pools to satisfy their needs. These sources are often contaminated and cause illness, reducing physical capacity to farm and diverting financial resources to pay for treatment.

Women and girls are the ones who bear the greatest burden in acquiring water and therefore suffer the greatest consequences. The time and energy spent acquiring water is time and energy that could be spent on income generating activities or studying, so women are less able to afford essentials like food and education, and girls perform worse at school and are prone to dropping out.

Komiguéa Borehole Project - BeninFinally, as Komiguéa is close to the large town of Parakou, the market gardeners have access a large market for their produce. Unfortunately, water is only sufficient for gardening during the rainy season when produce prices are at their lowest and the gardeners end up profiting little from the activity.

Project Description
The goal for this project is to alleviate the burden of water acquisition and create new economic opportunities for community members. This will be accomplished by constructing a borehole as a permanent water source that quickly and efficiently delivers potable water to community members for drinking and other domestic uses, as well as other activities such as irrigated market gardening and fish farming.

A location for the borehole has been chosen near the northern edge of the town in a low-lying area where drilling costs and the risk of running dry will be reduced. There is ample available land nearby which is already used by market gardeners and fish farmers. The water storage tank will be approximately 200 meters from the borehole in a spot along the main road that is convenient for community members to access water for domestic uses.

The first step is to drill the borehole, which will be done by a team based in Parakou. Next, a plumber will install the associated pumping and water storage equipment, which includes a 750 W submersible pump at the bottom of the borehole to bring water to the surface, a 750 W surface pump to move water horizontally to the location of the water storage tank and up into the tank, and the 5,000-liter water storage tank itself. A mason will construct a 6-meter-high tower made of reinforced concrete on which the tank will be situated.

Komiguéa Borehole Project - BeninFinally, community members will install a 5 kW gasoline-powered generator to provide the electricity to power the pumps, and will construct a security fence to protect the borehole, generator and surface pump.

Echelle Africaine de Développement is a local organization that will assist in project implementation and long-term maintenance.

Project funds will pay for the drilling, plumbing equipment and labor, and water tower materials and labor. The community contribution will cover materials and labor for the security fence, pay for the gas-powered generator, and contribute to materials and labor costs for the plumbing.

Given the frequent power cuts in the community, the use of a gasoline-powered generator will ensure that there are no breaks in water access. The high-capacity elevated water storage rank will make water extraction easy and quick for domestic users. And the proximity of the borehole to ideal gardening and fish farming land will provide a substantial economic opportunity, making highly-profitable off-season vegetable and fish production possible.

This project will directly or indirectly benefit all members of the community. Many will use the water storage tank as their primary source of potable water due to its rapidity and ease of use, while others who use one of the other water sources will benefit via reduced traffic at the other sources.

Komiguéa Borehole Project - BeninProject Impact
5,901 people will benefit from the project.

Volunteer Directing Project
Clinton Lee is a Returned Peace Corps Volunteer, having served in Benin from 2012 to 2015. He is a member of the National Peace Corps Association and the affiliate groups Friends of Benin and Minnesota Returned Peace Corps Volunteers.

Monitoring and Maintenance
In order to know whether this project has attained its goals of alleviating the burden of water acquisition and creating new economic opportunities, and in order to ensure sustainability of the project, the partner organization Echelle Africaine de Développement will perform a baseline and follow-up survey of households, as well as manage water sales and long-term maintenance of the equipment and infrastructure.

For the household surveys, they will gather information on the sources and costs of water acquisition. In addition, they will observe existing water sources to gather information on wait-times and monthly water source functionality. These surveys will be performed at monthly intervals before the completion of the water source proposed in this project, as well as after its completion to provide a view of the impact of the project.

Komiguéa Borehole Project - BeninLong-term sustainability of the water source will be ensured by the partner organization, who will hire an employee to manage the sale of the water and perform basic maintenance of the equipment. Sales revenue will be used to pay for the employee's salary, maintenance and repairs requiring a technician, and future improvements.

Let Girls Learn
In this community, women and girls are the ones primarily responsible for the acquisition of water. When water becomes scarce and acquisition becomes more onerous, women and girls suffer the most. Worse, the time period when water is most scarce coincides with the school year. For girls trying to perform well in school, water acquisition is a significant drain on time and energy better spent studying.

Many girls are forced to begin collecting water well before sunrise in order to finish before school. Others, upon arriving home at the end of the school day go directly to the pump and work until after dark. Meanwhile, their male counterparts are free to study during these hours, and girls fall behind their brothers at school. This phenomenon creates the false impression among community members that girls are less intelligent or not worth the investment in their education, and the gender gap persists.

Komiguéa Borehole Project - BeninMuch needs to be done to achieve gender equality in Benin, but as long as women and girls are weighed down by poor water access, they remain handicapped from attaining their educational and economic potential. This project aims to reduce the burden placed on women and girls by allowing much faster and less energy intensive water acquisition. Girls will have more time to spend more time studying, they will perform better in school, they will begin to change the perception of their potential, and they will move closer to gender equality.

While this project is not a part of the official Let Girls Learn program, it contains the same elements.  Therefore, we have given it our Let Girls Learn Plus designation, and made it a part of our Let Girls Learn Initiative - Worldwide.

Fundraising Target
$5,800

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$740

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$5,060

 

Country: 
Tags: 
Funds Needed : 
Progress: 

Mara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

Mara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaLocation
Mara Cell, Ruhashya Sector, Huye District, Southern Province, Rwanda

Community Description
Mara cell is located in Ruhashya sector, in Huye district, in the Southern province of Rwanda. It is a hilly and mountainous area, with the cell surrounded by forested areas and valleys. It is home to approximately 3,200 people. There is one primary school, serving approximately 700 students.

Life in Mara cell is difficult. Many people live in poverty, as a majority of people do sustenance farming to make their living. Farmers cultivate plantains, beans, and corn, or herd livestock, especially cows and pigs. Mara cell is known for having the best plantains in the sector.

There is no electricity or access to a clean water source in the cell. When fetching water, it is typical to travel 2 to 3 kilometers, spending 30 minutes to an hour doing so. Often, families have to find water in neighboring cells, or they fetch unclean water from the valleys.

Every Tuesday, groups gather to save and lend money, as the cell leader explains, with the hope that all citizens may be able to buy health insurance, at a cost of 3,000 RWF ($3.85 US) per person for one year. This is one community-driven action they are doing to reduce poverty in the area.

Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaProblem Addressed
Mara cell is the most impoverished in the sector. It is rife with malnutrition, poor hygiene, and malaria.

One of the largest problems in the cell is that there is no access to water. People living in the area must travel to neighboring cells in order to fetch water, often spending up to an hour to do so. Because fetching water takes so long and water in the community is scarce, the citizens tend to prioritize water conservation over proper sanitation and hygiene, leading to increased disease, such as worms, diarrhea, and malnutrition.

Project Description
This project is to build a water system in Mara cell.

The project has been approved by the Ruhashya Sector Office, and will be carried out under the direction of a local water engineer. It can be broken down into three parts: (1) Extending pipeline to the cell office, (2) building the water source, and (3) conducting WASH training.

1. Extending the pipeline
The water pipeline will be extended from the closest water source in the neighboring cell, Ruhashya. The pipeline will extend all the way to the cell office, a central location from which future water sources can be added.

Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaThe Mara citizens, as part of their “umuganda,” a day of community volunteering, will use hoes, picks, and other tools they own to dig the trenches for the pipeline. The piping will then be connected and buried.

2. Building the water source
The water source will be built, under the direction of the water engineer, by Mara citizens, who will donate their time and labor. They have also committed to financing or obtaining sand and gravel on their own. Some of the funds will be used to pay for labor fees for the water engineer and his counterpart.

Water Charity funds will be used to purchase the pipes and the construction materials to build the water source.

At the completion of the water source, the water engineer will give a training on how to properly maintain the water source.

3. WASH Training
In order to address the issue of disease burden in the community, community health workers in Mara cell will attend a training on WASH so that they may be more knowledgeable in teaching this topic to their neighbors.

The training will address preventive hygiene measures that are the frequent cause of health issues in the community. It will be led by Community Health Worker supervisor and the Health Center Titulair.

Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaMara citizens have already been sensitized to improving their health, and decreasing the disease burden is one of the benefits that can come with improved access to water. With the access to a nearby water source, they are eager to learn how they can change their behaviors.

Project Impact
3,800 people will benefit from improved access to a clean water source.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Susan Robins

Monitoring and Maintenance
The Sector Social Affairs Officer has created a plan where the citizens of Mara cell will be charged 10 RWF for a 20 L jerrycan of water. The money collected will be used for maintenance and repairs.

During the first few months, the charge will be waived in appreciation for the work and materials that they have provided.

Fundraising Target
$6,100

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$6,100

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Call to Nature Permaculture Tree Planting Project - Ghana

Call to Nature Permaculture Tree Planting Project - Ghana

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Call to Nature Permaculture Tree Planting Project - GhanaLocation
Oyibi - Legon in Accra and Nsawam - Adaeso, in the Eastern region, Ghana

Community Description
This project will be implemented by planting trees along roadsides from Oyibi - Legon in Accra and Nsawam - Adaeso in the Eastern region of Ghana. These two locations were identified through a search to determine the areas of greatest need.

Problem Addressed
Many urban areas of Ghana are devoid of trees. Trees are a necessary part of the water cycle, whereby rainfall is captured and finds his way down into the water table.

In addition, trees are needed to:

o Help to combat climate change

o Clean the air

o Provide oxygen

o Cool the streets and city

o Increase energy conservation

o Prevent water pollution

o Prevent soil erosion

o Shield children from ultraviolet rays

o Save water, as shade from trees slows water evaporation from thirsty grasses

o Provide food and medicine

o Provide canopy and habitat for wildlife

Project Description
This project is to plant and maintain 20,000 trees in two areas of Ghana.

Call to Nature Permaculture Tree Planting Project - Ghana

The project is being implemented by Call to Nature Permaculture (CTNP), a Ghana-based NGO, led by Solomon Amuzu, its Founder and Director. CTNP previously implemented Water Charity’s Call to Nature Permaculture Project - Ghana, which resulted in a great increase in the scope of operations of CTNP by facilitating water storage and distribution. 

CTNP has already begun planting the seedlings, and is readying them to be transplanted. Once this is done, the trees will be maintained for one year by CTNP and selected community members. The responsibility for the trees will then be handed over to the various communities and the state.

The Albizia tree was chosen for this project because it is fast growing and strong, provides a heavy canopy, and produces huge numbers of flowers for pollination.

The trees are to be planted along roadsides for stretches measuring 25 km each from Oyibi - Legon in Accra and Nsawam - Adaeso in the Eastern region of Ghana. With the rising levels of heat worldwide this is a move toward alleviating effects of climate change.

The lack of trees has made the ground in many areas very hot and dry. Trees recharge ground water, and when it rains, water pours onto the plant leaves and follows the root structure. Surface water is able to make its way deeply into the ground and finally into the water table, thereby increasing the amount of water stored in the ground.

The project will require a mobile water supply to initiate and to maintain the trees, through periodic watering, for a period of one year, the time needed for the trees to develop a strong root system.

Water Charity funds will be used for the purchase of a used pickup truck, water tank, hose, and fuel for one year.

CTNP is providing the seedlings, and the labor for implementing the project.

Project Impact
3,850 residents will directly benefit. In addition, all the travelers to and from the nation's capital, Accra will indirectly benefit.

Returned Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Michael McGaskey

Call to Nature Permaculture Tree Planting Project - Ghana

Monitoring and Maintenance
Solomon Amuzu will perform the regular monitoring and maintenance of the project in order to ensure its sustainability. He will document the results with an eye toward creating a model that can be replicated.

RPCV Michael McGaskey will assist with monitoring and maintenance of the project.

Comments
The project has as one of its major objectives the improvement of capacity of an active, successful, and forward-thinking local NGO. The effectiveness of the tree planting effort can provide a model for expansion of the concept to other areas of Ghana, and other countries in Africa.

A second project like this has been undertaken for Water Charity by Solomon.  Read about the 2nd Call Of Nature Permaculture Tree Planting Project, and consider supporting both of these worthy efforts.

Fundraising Target
$5,950

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$5,950

This project has been completed. To read about the conclusion of the project, CLICK HERE.

 

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Bubazi Health Center Water Project 2: Gatugunguru Source - Rwanda

Bubazi Health Center Water Project 2: Gatugunguru Source - Rwanda

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Bubazi Health CenterLocation
Bubazi Cell, Rubengera Sector, Karongi District, Western Province, Rwanda, Africa

Community Description
The Bubazi Health Center’s catchment area encompasses two cells (Bubazi and Gitwa Cell) and 15 villages, and has a population of approximately 8,700 people. This project will benefit Bubazi Cell, which has a population of approximately 3,436 people and 7 villages: Kavumu, Kigarama, Gakomeye, Nyagahinga, Makurungwe, Gitwa and Kabuga Village.

Bubazi Cell has two schools: one Primary School and one Secondary School, with over 1,100 students attending (about 800 primary students and about 300 secondary students). There is also one nursery school with approximately 20 children in attendance. Students come from a wide range of cells to attend these schools. These are day schools, where some of the children walk well over 1 hour to attend. The school system is not able to provide food to the children and at this time there is no water available to the children.

The Bubazi Cell is located in the Western Province of Rwanda where the weather is mild, the terrain is mountainous and lush. It rains often with the rivers and streams flowing strong, yet very brown. The majority of the people still fetch their water from the rivers and streams.

The people are hard workers. They love to cultivate! Every day, without fail you will see women (and in the more remote villages, men and children) cultivating and planting from early morning until early afternoon. There is an abundance of vegetables, fruits and grains grown in the area (eggplant, cabbage, tomatoes, green beans, onions, garlic, avocado, bananas, pineapple, papaya, mango, corn, rice, soy and beans). This is due to the abundant rain and people who love to cultivate.

Bubazi Health CenterIn the early 1970’s a Swiss NGO established an Agricultural Project in the area of Bubazi Cell. They helped establish plantain farms and formal agriculture. To this day the people of this community are extremely knowledgeable about farming. Between 1972 -1976 the Swiss constructed the buildings of the compound that is now the Bubazi Community Health Center.

In 1990 the Swiss built two extensive and efficient water distribution systems. Locally they are known as Gakoma Source and Gatunguguru Source. Both of these water sources are prolific in their water supply. However, Gatunguguru Source appears to be especially vast.

The Gakoma Water Source distribution system originates from an underground source of water located at Gakoma Springs in a remote area of Gitega Cell. This distribution system has been repaired, thanks to Water Charity, through the implementation of Bubazi Water Project 1: Gakoma Source and now provides clear water, suitable for drinking, to 3,116 people in six villages.

The Gatunguguru Water Distribution System originates from an underground source of water located at Gatunguguru Springs in Muvungu Village, Gitega Cell. This distribution system, when in good working order will provide clear water, suitable for drinking to a minimum of 3,436 people in 7 villages as well as providing an abundance of quality water to Bubazi Primary School and Bubazi Secondary School.

Problem Addressed
Through interviews with the Bubazi Health Center staff, with Community Health Workers and with the village people, as well as through observation it is very clear that quality water access, poor hygiene and waterborne illness is a high ranking problem in the area. The underlying problem which contributes to poor hygiene and illness is access to clean water.

There is an abundance of water in the Bubazi area. The problem is that it is brown and full of parasites. Yet the people drink this unclean water.

Bubazi Health Center Water Project 2: Gatugunguru Source - RwandaThere is a high need for hygiene education in Bubazi and Gitwa Cells in order to align the minds of the people with the concept of hygiene. The W.A.S.H. (Water, Sanitation, Hygiene) Program would be valuable for this purpose. However, many of the people in the Bubazi area must walk long distances to fetch water for their families and then afterwards they should boil it. When one village woman was asked why she did not boil the water she fetched from the river before drinking it she replied with a weary expression of resignation on her face, “Who has the time?” Also the charcoal required for boiling water is very expensive. The problem is lack of access to quality water. It is not possible to have good hygiene and health if there is not access to clean water.

At one time the people of the Bubazi area had access to an abundance of quality water within their villages and at their schools. However, due to circumstances, access to this water has been lost. Both the Gakoma and the Gatunguguru water distribution systems were built in 1990. Sometime in the early 1990’s the Swiss NGO left Rwanda. Since the construction of these systems, 25 year ago, there has been very little maintenance of these systems.

This system consists of large, main water lines coming directly from the sources, with feeder lines branching out from the main line. These feeder lines feed into tap systems where villagers can easily fetch clean water. Many of the feeder lines are broken and most of the taps systems have deteriorated and are unusable. At one time these distribution systems provided water to 31 villages, possibly more. Most of these 31 villages no longer have access to these abundant water sources due to the deterioration of the distribution system. With the implementation of Bubazi Water Project 1: Gakoma Source quality water has been made available to 3,116 village people and to the Bubazi Health Center through the repair of the Gakoma distribution system. However, the Gatugunguru Water source and the 26 water fetching stations (fountains) that provide water to the 7 villages of Bubazi as well as to two Bubazi schools is still in severe disrepair. This leaves over 3,000 village people as well as the 1,130 children who attend the Bubazi schools without access to quality water.

Project Description
The goal of Bubazi Water Project 2: Gatugunguru Source is to repair the Gatugunguru water catchment system, the entire main distribution line and all secondary lines from Gatugunguru Source to Bubazi Cell, its 7 villages and 2 schools.

Through the implementation of this project the following repairs will be made:

Bubazi Health Center Water Project 2: Gatugunguru Source - Rwanda1.The Gatunguguru Source catchment system will be repaired and protected.

2.The main line and all secondary lines will be repaired.

3. All the water catchment tanks, and feeder lines to storage tanks that are supplied by the Gatugunguru Source will be repaired.

4. All water fountains directly on the entire main line will be repaired and made operable.

5. The 26 water fountains (water fetching stations) located in the 7 villages of Bubazi Cell, and all distribution lines supplying these fountains will be repaired, made in good working order, and made available for the all people of the community for water access.

6. All feeder lines to the Bubazi Primary and Bubazi Secondary Schools will be repaired and four holding tanks on school grounds will be repaired and made in good working order. All fountains (water fetching stations) on school grounds will be repaired.

7. To set up a program for monitoring and maintenance of the Gatunguguru Source distribution systems.

The holistic goal and desired outcome is to provide the people of the Bubazi community the means to create healthy, vital lives for themselves. This will support the objective of the First Thousand Days project of improving the health and life expectancy of pregnant mothers and children as well as significantly lightening their work load.

In the Bubazi Community quality water access is the foundation of good health, followed by education and behavior change. It is difficult to ask people to change behavior when they do not have the resources to do so. This is a set up for failure. By making quality water accessible to the community we are setting the community up for success in the areas of good hygiene and good health.

Bubazi Health Center Water Project 2: Gatugunguru Source - RwandaProject Impact
This project will provide quality water to 3,436 village people and 1,130 school children (many of these children travel from villages outside of Bubazi Cell).

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
April Zachary

Monitoring and Maintenance
The Bubazi Health Center will be taking responsibility for the maintenance of the Gatunguguru Source and the Gakoma Source water distribution systems.

The Bubazi Health Center’s maintenance plan for the Gatungurguru Source and the Gakoma Source distribution system is as follows:

1. Each March, when the Health Center’s budget is planned, the health center will request funds for the year’s maintenance/repair of the water distribution system.

2. The health center will create a contract with a local plumber who will work for them on an on-call-basis for any repairs or maintenance needed for the system

3. The Executive Secretary of Bubazi Cell and the Bubazi Health Center Titulier will require each Village to create a Village Water Security Committee (VWSC). The committee will have a minimum of 3 people (more if possible) who will be responsible for the Water Security in their villages. They will provide quarterly Water Security Awareness Training to the peoples of their village. The training will have the purpose of inspiring the community to take ownership of the water distribution system and to participate in keeping it secure and strong. Parents will be asked to talk with their children about the importance of keeping their water system functioning efficiently (this will help prevent the occasional vandalism that happens to the water lines by the children). Parents and children will be asked to report to the Water Security Committee any broken pipes, non-functioning tap systems or anything that could be related to water security.

Bubazi Health Center Water Project 2: Gatugunguru Source - Rwanda4. The Water Security Committee will do a monthly inspection of all of the water catchment tanks and tap systems in their village areas. They will report any problems (or potential problems) to the health center.

5. Quarterly, the people will clean (de-weed, etc.) the exterior of all water catchment tanks and taps systems, and the grounds around them, in their village area. They will report to the VWSC anything that looks unusual or could become a problem to water security. 6. The plumber will do an annual inspection of all water catchment tanks and taps in the Bubazi Cell. 7. The Health Center Titulier will have an annual meeting with the Village Water Security Committees in order to discuss any potential problems to the water security, any improvements needed to the reporting systems and any changes that need to happen within the committee (member rotations, etc.)

Comments
This is a second stage of a two-part project for repairing the water distribution system in the Bubazi area. The first project, Bubazi Water Project 1: Gakoma Source, was successfully completed on March 10, 2016.

Upon the completion of this second project, Bubazi Water Project 2: Gatugunguru Source, the entire water distribution system supplying quality water to the Bubazi area will be in good working order, with a maintenance/protection plan in place.

Friends and family of Peace Corps Volunteer April Zachary may contribute using the donate button below.  Funds in excess of the project amount will go to other projects in Rwanda.

If you would like to help us with similar projects, please donate to the East Africa Water and Sanitation Program.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

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Badoudou Latrine Project - Senegal

Young female students carrying water

This project is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association.NPC & WC Logos

Location

Badoudou, Department of Foundiougne, Fatick Region, Senegal

Community Description
Badoudou is a small rural village of approximately 800 people, in the Fatick Region of Senegal.  Livelihood primarily consists of subsistence millet and peanut farming, but due to the village’s close proximity to the mangroves, fishing and gardening also generate income.  However, the community is still extremely poor.

The majority of households, which hold an average of 14 people, most of which are children, do not have access to essential facilities, such as latrines or water.

Badoudou has a French primary school, which also serves three surrounding villages.  Badoudou also has a daara, an Arab school, which serves and lodges more than 70 children from nearby islands, year round.  Both schools have committees dedicated to bettering the lives of their students.  

Additionally, the village has a health hut, a two roomed facility, staffed by one health worker to provide basic health care, such as first aid and malaria treatment, as well as a midwife to deliver babies.  The health hut also has a functioning health committee, which is committed to providing the Road in Badoudou community with the information and materials necessary to keep themselves healthy and prevent disease.

Badoudou is made up of almost 100% Sereers, a lively ethnic group with a beautiful culture.  For generations the village has been home to the same families, and thus the atmosphere of the community is very supportive, and all decisions are made collectively.  The people of Badoudou have determined their greatest need is for a latrine and WASH project after discussing the health status within the community, and are very committed to its success and grateful for the opportunity.

Problem Addressed
In Badoudou, community members are constantly sick with coughs, colds, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, and fever.  Young children experience this burden in excess, both in severity and frequency. It is most noticeable during the rainy season, when bacterial infections leave many out of work and school for days, and require mothers to walk their sick children the seven kilometers to the nearest hospital, too frequently. This can primarily be attributed to poor hygiene and sanitation, due to open-defecation and lack of hand washing.  Without the knowledge on hygiene and health, and the facilities to keep the community clean, the people of Badoudou are suffering too often and living in fear of disease.

After a health baseline survey was performed in Badoudou, results showed the community to have a high incidence of hygiene-related illness, especially amongst children under five.  In Senegal, diarrheal disease and pneumonia represent the top causes of death for children under five, behind malaria. Survey results also showed that 55 out of 67 households within the community did not have a latrine, and thus a majority of the population practices open defecation in their own yards, or in nearby fields.

Additionally, neither the French nor Arab school in the village has a latrine or hand washing station, leaving over 200 students without access to proper sanitation.  Finally, survey results showed that members of Badoudou do not have the knowledge of how hygiene impacts their health, and do not take important measures, such as hand washing, to prevent disease.  When asked about hand washing practices, the households generally only mentioned before meals as a critical time, and typically use a communal bowl of water with no soap.  No household presented a designated hand washing station.

After a community-wide meeting to discuss the survey results, all in attendance determined a latrine and hygiene project to be most beneficial for the community as a whole.  It has the ability to improve community-wide sanitation due to access to latrines, as well as to encourage healthier hygiene practices through health talks and school programs.  A large-scale WASH project is essential to improving the overall health status in this community.

Project Description
The Badoudou WASH Education and Latrine project is composed of three phases:

First, a curriculum has been developed to teach the students at both the French elementary school and the Arab school about the importance of hygiene for health, as well as how to adopt better practices. Activities include a course on germ theory, a WASH mural painting, soap making, hand wash station building, as well as a day of filming students’ skits and songs on related topics. The school directors, teachers, as well as some students will be leading these activities.

The second phase of this project is a series of similar health trainings for the rest of the community members.  A member from each household will be required to attend each training in order to be eligible to receive a latrine.  The topics include hygiene and related illnesses, hand washing and hygienic behaviors, soap making and hand wash station building, and finally latrine usage and maintenance.  These trainings will be led by volunteers in the community, members of the health committee, local NGO representatives, and the local hospital’s hygiene agent.
 
The final, and most important phase of this project, to which the vast majority of funding for this project will be dedicated, is building of improved latrines for community-wide access. Fifty-five households will receive a simple pit latrine.  These will be 2 x 2-meter square pits, lined with bricks, cemented over, and capped with iron bars and concrete.  This model is the most basic, yet hygienic and sustainable option.  The cement lining prevents the latrines’ contents from contaminating the surrounding ground, and thus keeps the community cleaner.  It will be durable throughout rainfall, is large enough to last years, and can be pumped out and reused in the future.  

Pit LatrineAdditionally, the two schools in the village will each receive one 2 x 2-meter pit latrine, but attached via PCV piping to a Turkish toilet, in a 1 x 1-meter stall for privacy. Each pit is to be dug by household and community members, while village masons will be constructing bricks and the rest of the latrines.  Funds for this project will go primarily towards the cement, concrete, and metal for latrine construction, as well as some labor fees.  In addition to digging the pits, the community will be transporting all materials, as well as contributing sand, water, and cash.

Project Impact
This project will impact 975 people.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Lindsay Reesing

Monitoring and Maintenance 
When the project is completed, improved health status, as well as improved health behaviors are expected across the community.  Aside from improved latrines, expected outcomes of this project include increased number of hand washing stations, as well as members using these stations at the necessary times.  Additional outcomes include women being educated on childhood illness prevention, a decreased number of children who had coughs, colds, and diarrhea, and an increased number of their parents seeking care.

As these outcomes are recognized within the community, and members believe in the success of the project, it is expected that they will take responsibility for their health and embrace behavior change to improve overall health status.

Each household will be monitored over the next year to assess this change through a series of home visits by community health workers.  Incidence of illness, as well as methods and urgency of treatment will be measured. WASH behaviors will be observed, and barriers to these behaviors determined.  Depending on the progress that has been made, additional trainings can be developed to re-ensure that community members have all the knowledge necessary, and are taking the proper steps, to keep their families healthy.

Comments
The community organization that is involved with this project is the Badoudou Health Committee.  As Badoudou's health committee also serves two other nearby villages, this project is an example to possibly be implemented again over the next few years.

Dollar Amount of Project

$5,500

Donations Collected to Date

$50

Dollar Amount Needed
$5.450

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT
Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will allow you a posted dedication, if that is something you would like.

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Kiritiri Water Tank Project - Kenya

Villagers

NPCA & WC LOGOSThis project is made possible through the partnership of Water Charity and the National Peace Corps Association, and falls under our East Africa Water & Sanitation Program..

Location

Kiritiri, Mbeere South, Embu County, Eastern Province, KenyaDry season

Community Description
Kiritiri, Kenya is a market community of several thousand located in Eastern Province. Recently, it was made a regional headquarters and the population has grown drastically. The area is south of Mount Kenya, far enough from the effects of the Mountain to get any benefit from the increased rain there. Kiritiri is located on the paved road leading to Kamburu dam, one of the largest hydroelectric dams in the country. Despite that, one in three planting seasons produce enough for excess to sell for income. Water is by far the community's largest concern. Other issues within the community are lack of income and poor housing.

Problem Addressed
When RPCV Jennifer Mueller lived in the community from 1997-1999, there were four water boreholes as well as some shallow hand-dug pits where water collected. Since then, however, 3 of the 4 boreholes have stopped working due to the water table lowering and since a recent political division, Kiritiri is now a district headquarters causing the population to grow considerably. Fifteen years ago, water could be purchased for 5 shillings a 20-liter jerry can, (a fee used to keep the boreholes maintained); the cost has increased to 20 shillings a liter in the dry season (accounting for supply and demand). The one borehole remaining just doesn’t have the capacity for the population growth.

rainy season

Project Description
The Maragwa Umoja group will start to build Interlocking Stabilized Soil Bricks, and then build water tanks to help with lack of water, poor housing, and lack of income. With the addition of cement to normal local subsoil, and needing little water and no firing to cure (using wood that is scarce), the bricks are then made into uniform interlocking bricks. The hand-operated press machines creating the interlocking bricks take less mortar, thereby reducing costs. The brick presses come in straight and curved forms, the curved specifically for water tanks and the straight bricks for foundations and water draw points. One bag of cement makes 100 to 150 bricks depending on the soil consistency. About 400 bricks are needed for a 5,000 liter tank.

Rainfall in the area and the average size of homes (tin roofs available for catchment area) would make 5,000-liter tanks the best option to sustain an average family of five through a dry season using the water for drinking and cooking. Any greater capacity would rarely fill fully.  The press machines are made in Nairobi, and are hand operated requiring no electricity and few parts with the potential to break. Should replacement parts be necessary, as they are built in-country, parts would be locally available. The tanks then need only a skin of waterproof cement on the inside to make them waterproof, and a roof to prevent malaria-carrying mosquitos from entering... as well as reducing loss from evaporation. 

Project funds will be used to build 10 tanks to get the project started, using them as training. When the business is off the ground and making profits, the group will then use that money to build tanks for the remaining 90+ members. Bricks will also be produced for sale to others in the community

local homeThe brick method allows tanks to be built for half to 2/3rds of the cost of plastic water tanks bought from out of the area. The straight bricks used for the support platforms can also be sold as housing bricks that do not melt away in the rain, as many conventional mud brick or wattle and daub houses do, expanding the business potential beyond just water tanks. 

With both machines, materials for water tanks and houses can be produced locally without transportation costs, as the machine can be moved to the building location instead of moving thousands of mud brick or stone. Costs of the ISSB bricks are a bit more than mud brick but less than the stone quarried out of the area, a local engineer estimates they should be sold for 15 shillings instead of 26 for stone. Mud bricks are about 10 shillings each, but are poor quality, and do not withstand the rainy seasons well.

Once the technology and access spreads across the districts it could reach 10,000 or more with the communities of Iriamurai, Siakago, and Gachoka all within a short distance and lacking water.

Project Impact
This project will directly impact 500 people and indirectly benefit several thousand in Kiritiri itself.
dry season
Returned Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Jennifer Mueller

Monitoring and Maintenance
Each family receiving a tank, will be responsible for the care and maintenance of the tank.

The tanks are fairly easy to keep once built.  A little water needs to be kept in them to prevent the concrete from cracking over time and to keep it hydrated. Each year they do need to be cleaned of the roof debris that gets washed in as well as cleaning the roof before the rainy season to prevent debris and contaminants from entering the tanks. Once the tanks are in place, the 105 women of the group will have more time for their families and school as well as increased funds from not having to purchase water. As the profits from the business come in, money to build more tanks, pay school fees, improve their housing, and those directly doing the labor, will be paid wages they would not receive otherwise.

Comments

Water Charity has extensive experience with the ISSB technique and has done many projects that utilize them.  A good example is the Interlocking Stabilized Soil Bricks Water Tank Program - Uganda.

The Maragwa Umoja self-help group is a women’s group registered with the government of Kenya, located about a quarter kilometer from the town, founded in 1999, to help improve their situation. They received a grant from the Department of Agriculture a few years ago to build a water pan by placing an earthen dam across a drainage way to help with the water problem in the area. Without any engineering design or assistance on the construction, the end result is that water evaporates quickly leaving them without in the dry season and even when it is there, it is too dirty to be drinkable from sediment and animal access. As water is such a common problem in the area, the group swelled from 20 members to over 105. With the increased membership this project will directly benefit at least 500 members of the group and indirectly benefit several thousand in Kiritiri itself as the demand for the available water sources are lessened.

Jennifer plans on traveling in the summer of 2016 (July at best guess right now) and staying for three months to establish the business side of the project, and oversee the completion of the first tanks.

Dollar Amount of Project
$5,900

Donations Collected to Date
$0

Dollar Amount Needed
$5,900

This project has been completed, but we are still accepting donations.  To see the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT
Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will allow you a posted dedication, if that is something you would like.

dry seasonkitchen in local home

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