Rwanda

Mara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

Mara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaLocation
Mara Cell, Ruhashya Sector, Huye District, Southern Province, Rwanda

Community Description
Mara cell is located in Ruhashya sector, in Huye district, in the Southern province of Rwanda. It is a hilly and mountainous area, with the cell surrounded by forested areas and valleys. It is home to approximately 3,200 people. There is one primary school, serving approximately 700 students.

Life in Mara cell is difficult. Many people live in poverty, as a majority of people do sustenance farming to make their living. Farmers cultivate plantains, beans, and corn, or herd livestock, especially cows and pigs. Mara cell is known for having the best plantains in the sector.

There is no electricity or access to a clean water source in the cell. When fetching water, it is typical to travel 2 to 3 kilometers, spending 30 minutes to an hour doing so. Often, families have to find water in neighboring cells, or they fetch unclean water from the valleys.

Every Tuesday, groups gather to save and lend money, as the cell leader explains, with the hope that all citizens may be able to buy health insurance, at a cost of 3,000 RWF ($3.85 US) per person for one year. This is one community-driven action they are doing to reduce poverty in the area.

Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaProblem Addressed
Mara cell is the most impoverished in the sector. It is rife with malnutrition, poor hygiene, and malaria.

One of the largest problems in the cell is that there is no access to water. People living in the area must travel to neighboring cells in order to fetch water, often spending up to an hour to do so. Because fetching water takes so long and water in the community is scarce, the citizens tend to prioritize water conservation over proper sanitation and hygiene, leading to increased disease, such as worms, diarrhea, and malnutrition.

Project Description
This project is to build a water system in Mara cell.

The project has been approved by the Ruhashya Sector Office, and will be carried out under the direction of a local water engineer. It can be broken down into three parts: (1) Extending pipeline to the cell office, (2) building the water source, and (3) conducting WASH training.

1. Extending the pipeline
The water pipeline will be extended from the closest water source in the neighboring cell, Ruhashya. The pipeline will extend all the way to the cell office, a central location from which future water sources can be added.

Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaThe Mara citizens, as part of their “umuganda,” a day of community volunteering, will use hoes, picks, and other tools they own to dig the trenches for the pipeline. The piping will then be connected and buried.

2. Building the water source
The water source will be built, under the direction of the water engineer, by Mara citizens, who will donate their time and labor. They have also committed to financing or obtaining sand and gravel on their own. Some of the funds will be used to pay for labor fees for the water engineer and his counterpart.

Water Charity funds will be used to purchase the pipes and the construction materials to build the water source.

At the completion of the water source, the water engineer will give a training on how to properly maintain the water source.

3. WASH Training
In order to address the issue of disease burden in the community, community health workers in Mara cell will attend a training on WASH so that they may be more knowledgeable in teaching this topic to their neighbors.

The training will address preventive hygiene measures that are the frequent cause of health issues in the community. It will be led by Community Health Worker supervisor and the Health Center Titulair.

Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaMara citizens have already been sensitized to improving their health, and decreasing the disease burden is one of the benefits that can come with improved access to water. With the access to a nearby water source, they are eager to learn how they can change their behaviors.

Project Impact
3,800 people will benefit from improved access to a clean water source.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Susan Robins

Monitoring and Maintenance
The Sector Social Affairs Officer has created a plan where the citizens of Mara cell will be charged 10 RWF for a 20 L jerrycan of water. The money collected will be used for maintenance and repairs.

During the first few months, the charge will be waived in appreciation for the work and materials that they have provided.

Fundraising Target
$6,100

Donations Collected to Date
$6,100

Dollar Amount Needed

$0 - This project has been paid for through the generosity of Judi and Jack Quinn.

Additional donations will be used for new projects in Rwanda.

Conclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

Conclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaThis project has been completed under the direction of Peace Corps Volunteer Susan Robins. To read about the start of the project, CLICK HERE.

The project was designed to build a water system in the Mara Cell. The project exceeded expectations.

Susan reports:

What was the scope of the project?
Planning called for a single water station, However, after the completion of the water station, funds remained to build another water station. Per the community’s request, the pipeline was extended from the new water station approximately 500 meters to create another new water station near the primary school.

What specific work was done?
In two phases, the Mara cell community was able to build two water stations. Additionally, 102 community health workers attended a training on sanitation and hygiene.

In the first phase, community members from two cells volunteered their time in digging a trench to place pipeline over two and a half weeks. Over 2,400 man-hours were put in for this work. When the trench was finished, a pathway existed which allowed for the 1.6 km of pipeline to be placed.

Conclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaThe local the water company was responsible for the oversight of the project. The water engineer and his 12-person team worked over the next two weeks, buying materials, connecting pipes, installing the tank, building the spigot, and correcting any water pipe connection issues. When all of the installation was complete, and problems were corrected, workers filled in the trench, providing safety and protection to the piping, and restoring the land to its original state.

Training and education on the importance of safe drinking water and hand washing was provided to community health workers. They were taught the ways to prepare safe drinking water and the key times to hand wash. Additionally, there was a demonstration to show adequate hand washing by using a bit of oil and sand to cover the hands; when proper hand washing techniques are used, the hands become clean. With improper hand washing techniques, oil and sand residue may remain. Community health workers were directed to teach the information they learned with their neighbors.

In the second handwashing station phase, community members from Mara Cell volunteered their time to dig a 500-meter trench. Over 1,000 man-hours were put into this work over six weeks. Materials were purchased, the water engineer directed and supervised the work, and a water station was installed. Because funds were limited for this extension project, a tank was not installed. Rather, the community would rely on the tank at the first water station for water needs at times of water scarcity.

How did the work progress though each stage?
First Water Station
The community mobilization in this stage was impressive! At the first word that the money had been received, sector officials called for umuganda to accomplish this project to be started within a week. The community service was accomplished with the push of sector and cell leaders, and under the supervision of the water engineer. The community worked diligently to dig the pipeline, doing multiple days of community service in order to accomplish the task.

The building of the water station was quick as well. The water engineer was highly qualified and invested in the project, and frequently communicated with the Peace Corps Volunteer about the estimated time it would take to finish the project.

Conclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaCommunity Health Worker Training
The community health worker supervisor previously agreed to provide community contribution in-kind in the form of a volunteer workshop in teaching about WASH to community health workers. However, in creating a plan for this training, it was found that having a training for the community health workers without providing a per-diem stipend would be difficult. To compromise, the training was conducted on the same date that the community health workers were having a meeting about their cooperative. The lesson was a success and the community health workers learned new ways to demonstrate and teach about hand washing to their neighbors.

Second Water Station
The second water station took a bit more time to complete. Delays were caused by a change of leadership in the community, but the second water station was built.

What was the end result?
In the end, two water stations were created as places for Mara citizens to fetch water. In the water station by the Cell Office building, a 5,000L tank provides a place to store water in times when the water access is temporarily shut off. In the water station by Mara Primary school, no water tank is there. Despite initial statements, the lack of a tank here means that during the dry season, the people will have to walk an extra half-kilometer to fetch water near the cell office. However, this water station functions during times of water surplus and also during the rainy season.

Conclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaIn order to provide education to the citizens, 102 community health workers were trained on the importance of sanitation and hygiene. Specifically, they were taught how to make clean drinking water, proper hand washing techniques, and essential hand washing times. These two water stations provide a source of safe water to the community members in Mara Cell.

Community comments:
The community was especially appreciative about having improved access to water. Local leaders frequently applauded the project and were excited about their ability to “kwiteza mbere” – develop themselves. The most heartfelt feeling was seeing the steady flow of people at the water stations on random visits and check-ins. The Mara people definitely got what they needed and wanted.

When asking Mara citizens their thoughts on the water and what they would like to tell the sponsors, they said –

“We are very poor. We could never have done this ourselves. We are so happy for your help.”

“Make sure that our sponsors are very happy, because they have made us very happy. We now have clean water very close to home. We now get a break in fetching water because we do not have to walk for very long.”

“We thank you so much. The water is good – there are no problems.”

Thank you again for your support in this project. It was so successful, and I personally know that it made a huge difference in the lives of the community members there.

We, in turn, extend our thanks to Susan for completing this important project, and to Judi and Jack Quinn for providing the funding.

Conclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaConclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

Conclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaConclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

Conclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaConclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

Conclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - RwandaConclusion of Mara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

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Rusagara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

Rusagara Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Rusagara Cell Water System Project - RwandaLocation
Rusagara Cell, Mbazi Sector, Huye District, Southern Province, Rwanda

Community Description
Mbazi Sector is located 5 kilometers from a large regional town, Butare. This poses unique challenges to the people living the the community. Most people do not have enough money to sell their goods in the large regional market, but also lose business due to the large number of people who travel to Butare to buy things. Fresh produce is often brought to the regional market to be sold because vendors can charge a higher price there, but this exodus of fruits and vegetables contributes to the large number of malnutrition cases, the highest in all of the Southern Province.

Most of the upper level officials commute from Butare to work in Mbazi, leaving the poorest of community members permanently living in the village.

The project community is the most distant Cell in Mbazi, called Rusagara. The area is very hilly, making travel difficult. Rusagara inhabitants are mostly farmers but are too far from the regional town to sell their goods at the market.

The community contains the poorest members of Mbazi Sector, with high amounts of malnutrition and poor hygiene-related illnesses.

During the Genocide Against Tutsis in 1994, many viable water sources were destroyed as an act of Genocide. This left many people without water, which contributes to the health problems the people experience and a generally lower quality of life.

Problem Addressed
The people of Rusagara Cell face several problems, most stemming from lack of consistent water sources. As with many people in Mbazi, Rusagara inhabitants suffer from both acute and chronic malnutrition. A large number of these cases are a direct result of poor hygiene practices, exacerbated by lack of water for proper cleaning. Children in Rusagara suffer from diarrhea frequently, thus decreasing the amount of nutrients they are able to absorb, and drastically limited their growth.

The available water source in Rusagara is a small pipe that is constantly trickling water. The pipe is located at the top of a large hill, with only goat paths leading to it. Some people must walk up to an hour and a half one way to fetch water for their families. This is no easy task, and the strain it puts on the body causes damage to the muscles, resulting especially in back problems.

Rusagara Cell Water System Project - RwandaWomen are usually the ones fetching water for their families but also have many tasks to complete at home and in the community. The long amount of time devoted to fetching water contributes to loss in overall productivity, thus heightening the level of poverty.

Project Description
This project is to build a water system to serve the needs of Rusagara Cell.

During the first month, the Peace Corps Volunteer, a counterpart, technician, and head of Rusagara Cell will hold a meeting with the population and other local leaders. This meeting will mobilize people to prepare for the project and organize a public service day to dig the trenches.

Then, the PCV, counterpart, and technician will go to order and purchase all necessary materials.

At the end of the first month, the community and PCV will dig the trenches in order to lay the pipes, and the technician and his team will begin to construct a 5-cubic-meter catchment tank that will store and redirect the water to a public standpoint.

The original water source is located at the top of a hill, Uwinkoko, roughly 1,200 meters from the proposed standpoint. One week after the catchment tank is built, the pipes will be installed and the trench will be backfilled, taking 2 weeks total.

During the final construction phase, a public standpoint will be constructed at the Rusagara Cell Office, a central location for people to fetch water. People will also still be able to access water at the catchment tank location.

Upon completion of the construction, the technician will test the pressure and function of the system.

The funds provided by Water Charity will pay for the construction of the water system by providing all materials necessary to build the tanks and pipeline.

The community will contribute by holding public service days in which they dig and backfill all the trenches for the pipeline.

Project Impact
3,364 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Kaitlyn Morgan

Rusagara Cell Water System Project - RwandaMonitoring and Maintenance
The community will sustain this project by maintaining the tank, pipes, and standpoints after construction. A meeting will be held upon completion of the project in order to discuss with the population the necessary steps to keep the water system functioning properly.

A lesson will be given to the population on how to keep the source clean and the public taps working. Local officials of Rusagara Cell and Mbazi Sector will periodically check the system to make sure it is not destroyed and has no problems.

Since this project has been largely community driven and the people see its importance, they will remain invested in the maintenance afterward, as per the stipulations of the project. They will form a committee made up of cell members to monitor the tank usage and function.

The cell and sector officials will also sign a Memorandum of Understanding stating that they are responsible for all repairs and that no other funds will be given upon completion of the project. Furthermore, the technician is conducting several tests to assess the function of the tank, ensuring that it is working properly.

In order to assess the impact of the project, Mbazi Health Center will evaluate the health of the people currently living in Rusagara Cell. Data will be collected on number of cases of diarrhea and other hygiene-related illnesses both before and one month after the project completion. Surveys will be taken to assess the perceived quality of life, focusing on difficulty to fetch water and subsequent health problems before and after the project.

Fundraising Target
$6,700

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$100

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$6,600

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Gisenyi Permagarden Training - Rwanda

Gisenyi Permagarden Training - Rwanda

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

The second training of our Permagarden Training Initiative - Worldwide will take place in February, 2018. Peter Jensen will train representative of Hand in Hand for Development (a Rwandan NGO) and other NGOs from the Gisenyi area of Rwanda, with his Terra Firma Permagardens for Empowerment and Resilience course.

Here is an outline of what we intend to accomplish in this monumental initiative to spread the permaculture technology across the globe.

Gisenyi Permagarden Training - Rwanda

Trainer: Peter Jensen, Agroecology and Permagarden Training Specialist. Peter previously completed the Peace Corps Permagarden Training - Swaziland

What: Four-Day Permagarden Creation and Outreach Training

Where: Gisenyi, Rwanda

When: January 21-30, 2018, including preparation, follow-up, and evaluation

Who: Thirty Trainees from the Gisenyi area, including Hand in Hand for Development outreach workers and staff, and representatives of other Rwandan and Ugandan NGOs, The training is being arranged and hosted by Niyitegeka Patient, Coordinator at Hand in Hand. Patient also serves as Country Director for Friendly Water for the World, and previously coordinated our jointly sponsored Gisenyi Rainwater Catchment System & Ferro-Cement Tank Training Program - Rwanda with that organization.

Gisenyi Permagarden Training - Rwanda

Terra Firma Permagardens are family-oriented, nutrition-focused, climate-smart, organic gardens. They serve as the missing link between seasonal agricultural production and the daily, nutrient-dense, food consumption needs of marginalized rural, urban and peri-urban families.

In order to achieve daily nutrition security of mother, child and extended family, agricultural techniques must be ‘climate smart’. This concept forms the key pillars of any Permagarden Training: Adaptation, Mitigation and Intensification.

These goals have a number of critical action steps which are small and doable following the Rule of CLOSE so as to achieve attitude and eventual behavior change amongst those directly trained and those who shall be trained within the community outreach program that will follow the training via the trainees and their respective organizations. These actions form the basis of the Terra Firma Method: Assess, Capture, Protect, Produce, Manage.

All ‘Terra Firma’ actions are close to the home, locally sourced, organic, small and easy so as to achieve a “53 week” harvest cycle by even the most marginalized individuals. This is achieved through the rational, step by step, water management strategy whereby the subsoil becomes the cistern. The Six Steps of Successful Water Management form a further key theme throughout this practical training: Stop, Slow, Sink, Spread, Save and Shade. With these steps practiced, observed and maintained, the severity of both climate and climate change is mitigated for long-term landscape and nutritional resilience.

A special addition to the training will be Gerald Nkusi, ALCDI Uganda, as training assistant and co-facilitator.

Gisenyi Permagarden Training - Rwanda

ALCDI is a nonprofit agroecology and community development organization based in Kisoro, Uganda within an hour of Gisenyi, Rwanda. The Executive Director, Gerald Nkusi, has been trained in the Terra Firma Permagarden Method and has begun to provide outreach training across the Kisoro, Uganda area through his organization. Gerald will provide invaluable local knowledge, skill, monitoring and evaluation assistance to Hand to Hand for Development during the training as well as over the many months to follow.

Water Charity is providing the funding for this large-scale endeavor with the knowledge that the trainees will go home and in turn teach the technology to the other members of the NGOs that they represent, as well as to the villagers in their own communities.

Trainees will keep records and report back the multi-generational impact that the training has as the cycle of “trainee becomes trainer” is replicated.

Although this project has been fully funded by an anonymous donor, your contribution using the button below will be used for our next permaculture training project in Africa.

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Health Center Water Project - Rwanda

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Health Center Water Project - Rwanda This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Location
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Rxxxxxxx Health Center, Rurengeri Cell, Mukamira Sector, Nyabihu District, Western Province, Rwanda

Health Center Water Project - Rwanda Community Description
Rxxxxxxx Health Center, located in Rurengeri Cell, is the main facility providing health care services to the Mukamira population. Other providers include the health center facilities of neighboring sectors and hospitals located in larger cities.

The Rxxxxxxx Health Center’s catchment area encompasses one cell, which is comprised of 6 villages. These villages include Kabyaza, Kibugazi, Maziba, Rugarambiro, Rutovu, and Rwankeri. The health center provides services to approximately 2,500. individuals each month.

The history of the location is deeply connected to the Adventist church because majority of buildings and homes were developed by Adventist missionaries many years ago. There is no longer a missionary presence in the community, but for the most part the population is Adventist. As a result, the Health Center is located on a property that is in large owned by the Rwankeri Adventist Secondary School (the College), a secondary boarding school.

As it relates to the project, the school has a private water source that they use to supply water to the school compound and to all neighboring residential areas that are owned by the College. These areas house and provide water to the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) NGO, and employees who live in the residential homes.

Health Center Water Project - Rwanda Problem Addressed
Currently, the Health Center uses water collected and stored in their rain water collection tanks, and the school gives the Health Center a small quantity of water from their private source each month. This water is stored and slowly utilized throughout the month for patient care services.

Over the past few years, the amount of water available at the College source has dwindled and the school is planning to cut off water supply to the Health Center. This is to ensure they have a steady supply of water for the school property and for the other areas they own. Although this has been difficult news for the Health Center, they understand that it is a step that needs to be done, and they have looked into alternative options for water access.

When the school source is cut off, the Health Center will only have their rain water collection tanks to rely on. This will create a problem during the dry season.

A Community Needs Assessment showed that 7 out of the top 10 health ailments treated at the center are related to poor hygiene and sanitation. These include various intestinal parasite infections, round worm infections, skin infection, urinary tract infections, eye infections, and dental infections. A large number of these ailments can be prevented with proper hygiene and water sanitation skills.

Health Center Water Project - Rwanda Project Description
This project is to build a water system to serve the needs of the Health Center.

The Titulaire, engineer, plumber and PCV have found that the best option for water access at the Health Center is to build off of an existing water collection tank (Rxxxxxxx source) that is located approximately 700 meters away. The idea is to construct a foundation base with a 5,000L tank approximately 10 meters away from the clinic, and then to install a water pipe from the Rxxxxxxx Source and connect it to the tank. This tank will then be directly connected to a new patient service building located on the Health Center compound.

The Health Center will provide the 5,000L water tank and help to organize umuganda (community volunteer days) for the unskilled labor.

The new building is planned to house a number of services that will be moved there from older buildings on the compound. The majority of these services will directly focus on improving maternal and child health through the First 1000 days Initiative interventions. These services will include nutrition, vaccination, antenatal consultation (ANC), family planning, prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT), and services related to the Integrated management of childhood illnesses (PCIME). Additional services will include dentistry, long term hospitalization and doctor consultation/visitation hours.

Health Center Water Project - Rwanda Health Center Water Project - Rwanda Following the connection of the water source, the new service building will officially be open and will be the main building housing behavior change communication (BCC) sessions and it will be the location of hygiene and sanitation training for HC staff, maternal community health workers (CHWs), as well as mothers and children in the First 1000 Days Program.

The first training will be for Health Center staff, to make sure everyone is following proper sanitation and hand washing protocol.

The second will ensure that the CHWs have the knowledge and ability to educate mothers within their community. This will help to reach a larger population of mothers and children, including those who are not able to come to the HC for hygiene and sanitation training.

The third training will be for mothers and children from the milk program, as well as other families from the community.

Project Impact
1,765 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Y. Malkovich

Monitoring and Maintenance
The Health Center will monitor the construction and use of the facilities, and perform all maintenance and repairs as necessary.

Comments
Overall, the new tank will provide the Health Center with a private source of water that they can store and access throughout the year for patient care use. This means that the source will primarily be used by health professionals to provide high quality and sanitary services for the population they service. The existing rain water collection tanks will continue to be used for the hygiene, sanitation and overall maintenance of the Health Center buildings and property.

Project Funding
This project has been made possible by the generosity of an anonymous donor. Please donate to our other projects.

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Nkomero Cell Water Project - Rwanda

Nkomero Cell Water Project - Rwanda

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Location
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxxxx Village, Nkomero Cell, Mukingo Sector, Nyanza District, Southern Province, Rwanda

Nkomero Cell Water Project - Rwanda Community Description
Between 1996 and 2013, Action Aid – a program of USAID, provided water access to Nkomero Cell from Nyakokoma mountain via pipes, tanks and taps, a distance of approximately 2 kilometers.

In 2013, a new hospital was built a few kilometers away and the water was rerouted to the new hospital, depleting water access from Nkomero cell. As a result, the existing infrastructure has fallen into disrepair and is going unused.

This project will focus on the two villages where the pipes directly run through – Yyyyyyy and Xxxxxxxx. Xxxxxxxx village is located at the center of Nkomero cell.

In total Nkomero cell contains 10 villages. In the central village Xxxxxxxx, there are many facilities central to the cell, Including: Nkomero Primary School (1268 students), Nkomero Secondary School (512 students), a poste de sante (small health clinic), police station, and cell office.

Problem Addressed
All the facilities have tanks that fill up during the rainy season, but during the dry season water access becomes a major issue. Once the water from the rainy season is depleted, the police station, school, and health center, along with all the community members must rely on fetching water.

The distance to the closest water source, streams that run at the bottom of the valley, imposes a significant burden on women and girls who are the primary water carriers for their families. The cost of hiring someone is 3,000 francs a month for one jerry can a day but most families use up to 3 jerry cans a day, making this not feasible. (A cow alone drinks one jerry can a day.)

During the dry season students are often required to fetch water during school so that the school kitchen will have enough water to cook the daily meal. This job is divided amongst classes so as to minimize time out of the classroom but the head teacher estimated that students are losing about an hour a week from fetching water.

Students fetch water during the day for the cooks to cook and clean the school with only. There is no water for the students to drink regularly during the day nor to use to wash their hands. Hygiene and water are directly linked. Fetching water is also incredibly time consuming. Both villages are densely populated and this causes high congestion even at the existing places where water is accessed.

Project Description
This project is to provide a water system to serve the villages of Xxxxxxxx and Yyyyyyy.

Nkomero cell, located in the southern region of Rwanda, contains 10 villages. The project will target two villages with existing piping and tanks. The village of Xxxxxxxx is home to approximately 667 people and Yyyyyyy, the neighboring village, is home to approximately 867 people who do not have accessible, clean water.

These two villages were chosen as a priority because the first village, Yyyyyyy is where the water source is located, and Xxxxxxxx is located at the center of the cell containing facilities used by all other villages including a small health center, two schools and a police station.

Nkomero Cell Water Project - Rwanda In addition, there is an existing main water line from the Nyakokoma mountain through the villages to E.S. Nkomero Secondary School. The project will build a secure water source in Yyyyyyy Mountain, 2 kilometers from Nkomero center.

The construction of the water source uses local techniques to first dig a trench then install a plastic sheet to collect water from the mountain. The filtration process consists of using local materials such as small rocks, charcoal and sand. The water will be collected at the source and confined in a nearby catchment which will be attached to the repaired main pipe line.

Beyond Yyyyyyy and Xxxxxxxx village, the project will have even farther-reaching effects because students come from all over Nkomero cell to attend school in Xxxxxxxx at E.S. Nkomero Primary and Secondary School. Often in the rainy season students living in various villages outside of Xxxxxxxx will bring a container to school and fill up their small container at the end of the day, if there is water in the rain tank, to take back to their families.

When there is more consistent water access at the school students who live in communities without water access can continue to support their families. While this project focuses on two villages, it provides support for the entire cell.

The project will be completed over the course of 3 months. Implementation of the water infrastructure is below.

Month 1: Site installation – engineer planning, purchasing and delivery of materials; Labor- excavation and backfilling of 1.5km, laying of pipes

Month 2: Labor- excavation and backfilling of 1.5km, laying of pipes,

Month 3: Labor- excavation and backfilling of 1.5km, laying of pipes, construction of manhole and tap, site cleaning

There are a number of expected and potential challenges. A majority of labor will be completed during umuganda. This will occur about twice a week. Unforeseeable circumstances like rain or low attendance may occur. Supervision and project management on these days will be vital.

The project will also involve coordination between a number of people including the PCV, engineer/technician, cell officials, village officials and the Head Teacher.

Nkomero Cell Water Project - Rwanda Project Impact
1,534 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
L. Adelstein

Monitoring and Maintenance
The community leaders have come together and decided that guards will be secured in each village. These guards will be villagers but they will change every so often.

In addition, there will be talks lead by local leaders to reinforce the importance of water access within the community and the roles that each village can play in making this a safe and healthy environment for everyone. A committee will also be elected by the community to protect and preserve the community project.

Comments
Water access in the village affects every aspect of life. It means healthier villagers, cleaner homes, and less time and energy spent on gaining access to an essential resource. This project will also profoundly support the efforts of the local school and poste de santé.

Water is imperative for hygiene at the poste de santé which services many villagers who cannot get to the hospital or larger health center. The poste de santé also sets an example for hygiene and water hydration.

The school will also greatly benefit from water access – students will no longer have to miss school to fetch water. The water is used to make lunch. Greater access means that students can drink water during the day. They can wash their hands. And clean the classrooms.

The head teacher of E.S. Nkomero also pointed out the importance of the school garden. Currently the land by the school is going unused because there is not enough water but when there is enough water the students and school staff can work together to grow many different types of crops. This can assist with school lunches and help to decrease the price of lunch, which at 4,000 francs a month, is a financial burden on many families.

Fundraising Target
$7,100

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$110

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$6,990

 

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Burera District Youth Groups Training - Rwanda

Burera Lake

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION, working with Friendly Water for the World and Hand in Hand for Development.

Burera Training, RwandaLocation
Burera District, Rwanda

Community Description
Burera District is located in the northern province of Rwanda, adjacent to the Ugandan border, and between the cities of Musanze and Byumba. It is a highlands district, home to Lakes Burera, Ruhondo and different rivers from Volcanoes Park.

Problem Addressed
In many of the sectors of the district, people do not have access to clean water. This training program is designed to train youth from six sectors that surround Burera and Ruhondo lakes, which are the main sources of water in these sectors. People from these sectors fetch water from lakes and rivers to be used at home. As a result, waterborne related diseases are frequently found there.

Project Description
This project is to provide 6 extensive trainings on hygiene, sanitation and biosand filter construction in BURERA District (Rwanda). Six groups with a total of 120 youth beneficiaries from 6 different sectors will be trained and provided materials and tools with which to make their own filters. This training will be conducted by FWFW in partnership with the local authority. 

The project focuses on the youth, as they are the change makers.  In Rwanda they face many problems, including lack of jobs, leading some of them to bad decision making.  The ability to make and sell filters as well as the sale of filtered water gives them a viable profession while also uplifting the health of the entire area.

Aid to those trained and follow-up services (including access to more materials) will be ongoing.  Extensive follow-up on how these 120 people have progressed in making filters and providing water to the Burera community will be provided.
Three women with their filters
Short-term

This training will increase:​

*  The knowledge of the trained youth of the community in general on hygiene and sanitation.

*  Sources of water maintenance.

*  Knowledge on treatment of water.

*  Education on consequences from using unsafe water and benefits from using clean water.

*  Knowledge leading to job creation.

Long-term

*  Start of small projects in order to increase incomes.

*  Reduction of youth unemployment in Rwanda.

*  Reduction of diseases from unsafe water by distribution biosand water filters.

*  Contribution to community’s economy and the whole country in general.

*  Increased number of people with access to clean water.

*  Economic growth of the District since people will be healthy.

Community Organization
HAND IN HAND FOR DEVELOPMENT is a non-profit organization managed by dispositions of the law Nº 20/2000 of 26th July 2000 related to non-profit organization.

The organization works with widows living with HIV/AIDS, Orphans, and street kids in Rubavu, Ngororero, Musanze and Nyabihu Districts.

4 men, rwanda
The head office of the organization is established in Kivumu cell, GISENYI Sector, RUBAVU District, WESTERN Province. In partnership with Friendly Water for the World, it trains the Rwandan youth on job creation and self employment in the domain of clean water via biosand water filters construction. The youth is also being trained in hygiene and sanitation, and after these trainings, they will start to run a business of selling the filters in order to grow their income and save the lives of people via distribution of clean water.

Project Impact
120 youth from six sectors of BURERA District, their families and to the population of this District in general through access to clean water.

Friendly Water for the World Volunteer Directing Project
Niyitegeka Patient

Monitoring and Maintenance 
The impact will be assessed after 6 months. From the profits of this project, trained youth will invest in different businesses and they will keep providing clean water to community via biosand water filters distribution.

Funding
This project has been funded by an anonymous donor. If you like this project, please donate to our East Africa Water & Sanitation Program so that we have funds on hand for our next great project.

THIS PROJECT HAS BEEN COMPLETED.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

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Makura Sector Water System Project - Rwanda

Makura Sector Water System Project - Rwanda

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Makura Sector Water System Project - RwandaThis project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

Location
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxxxx Village, Bukomeye Cell, Mukura Sector, Huye District, Southern Province, Rwanda

Community Description
Mukura Sector is located in Huye District in the Southern Province of Rwanda. Over 22,000 community members live in 34 villages. Xxxxxxxx Village, where the project will be completed, has a population of 539 people in 127 households.

Much like the rest of Rwanda, the landscape of Mukura is typified by a succession of rolling, terraced hills covered in coffee and banana trees, corn crops and rice fields. The sector is within 10km of the district hospital, university hospital, university, bus station, and other services.

Mukura is a densely-populated sector. Most community members work in the agriculture sector, and a majority of females in Huye are small- scale farm workers. Few people have electricity in Mukura (8.8%), though the number is steadily increasing. A combination of mud bricks, cement, and tree trucks is used to construct most of the houses in the sector with houses grouped into a umudugudu or village. The village center is often a place for socialization, buying and selling goods, and fetching water.

The epicenter of health in the sector is Mukura Health Center, which was founded in 2014 with the goal of improving access and use of quality health care in the sector. The health center sees over 2,000 patients each month, most patients being seen for malaria, gastrointestinal disease, or respiratory infections.

In Rwanda, three community health workers (CHWs) from every village work with men, women and children to provide various health services. Of these three, one CHW is specifically assigned to work with pregnant women, mothers, and children. The CHWs are the driving force behind a number of health-related project in Rwanda. The Peace Corps Volunteer (PCV) works directly with the health center, though this project will not directly impact water access at the health center.

Makura Sector Water System Project - RwandaProblem Addressed
Water availability and accessibility are notable issues in Rwanda. Despite national and local efforts, a significant portion of the community in Mukura Sector lacks access to improved water sources. In Mukura, 22.4% of people are receiving water from unprotected sources, 19% of which is from an unprotected well/spring. Currently, community members in Xxxxxxxx village fetch water from a protected tap in a neighboring village 1.5 km away, or from a nearby, unprotected river.

Access to clean water, along with lack of hygiene education, have significantly contributed to heath issues in Mukura. Nearly 15% of visits to the health center in Mukura are related to gastrointestinal conditions, a majority of which can be attributed to water-borne illnesses. Other conditions treated at the health center (dental problems, acute respiratory infections, etc.) may also be related to poor hygiene.

While many women in Rwanda wash their hands before eating, practices relating to washing hands when dirty, after using the toilet, or before meal preparation are less common. There is also a relationship between hygiene and malnutrition, another pressing issue in Mukura Sector.

Finally, few girls pursue educational opportunities or occupations in STEM fields in Rwanda. Despite national efforts towards gender equity, women and girls in rural areas are often pushed into traditional gender roles. Only 2.5% of women attend university in Rwanda. Early dropout is noted as an issue in Mukura sector as attendance rates decrease significantly in after primary school.

Project Description
This project is to build a water system to provide for the needs of the village.

Based on observations, surveying, and interviews, poor hygiene has significantly impacted health in the community. Government officials and the health center supervisor were actively involved in site selection and overall project design. Xxxxxxxx Village was specifically chosen as the site for a new water system because of the distance to the nearest water tap or water source. Working with a local engineer and technician, the project, described below, was planned.

Makura Sector Water System Project - RwandaThe water infrastructure project will take place in Bukomeye Cell, extending the pipeline from Bukomeye Village to Xxxxxxxx Village across 1.5km of land. The vertical distance of the pipeline is negligible since the pipes will follow an existing dirt road that runs across the side of the mountain.

The project will install a water station in the village center, building from existing infrastructure. Water pipes currently in place distribute water that is filtered by a local filtration center.

Water from small ground sources and a small river is treated at a water treatment plant in a nearby sector and flows into the current water system. PVC pipes (3/4” and 1” in size) will be used to construct the new system.

The tap will be created using bricks with a concrete slab on the bottom and two faucets. A manhole, also constructed with bricks, will be built and used to open or close a valve when the pipeline is damaged.

The community will significantly contribute to the project. Trenches will be dug (.8m deep) and backfilled by community members as part of scheduled service days known as Umuganda. The community will also provide a portion of the materials and materials transportation.

Most the funds from Water Charity will pay for the installation and materials for the water tap, piping, and salary for the engineering team.

The water infrastructure project will provide the community in Xxxxxxxx with a nearby filtered water access point, affecting 127 households and over 500 people. This will allow the community to fetch water in less than 10 minutes as needed, and discontinue use of unprotected water sources.

During the construction of the water line and tap, the PCV and counterpart will implement a hygiene education program targeting women and children. The 34 maternal and child health CHWs in Mukura Sector and nurses employed by Mukura Health Center will be trained on good hygiene practices and behavior change models, specifically focusing on issues affecting pregnant mothers and children.

A portion of Water Charity funds will fund per diem for this training. During the 3-month project period, CHWs will meet with all pregnant women in the sector. Promoting behavior change (hygiene education) in conjunction with the water infrastructure project will allow the community to improve their health.

A secondary aspect of the project will teach young women interested in STEM fields about water engineering. The PCV, a local mathematics teacher, and the water technician will work with the local school to teach girls about basic engineering principles and allow for practical experience in planning a water system. Topics will expand on lessons from the curriculum and are meant to be interactive. The students will visit the water project installation site to develop hands-on skills, funded through the grant. The students will also be asked to set goals for their future with the intention of guiding girls towards tertiary education and to create an environment where girls are equally equipped to succeed and explore engineering and other STEM fields.

Project Impact
539 people will benefit from the improvements in water infrastructure and 300 will benefit from hygiene education.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
A. Trocle

Monitoring and Maintenance
Sustainability is the cornerstone of the project design. A session following the construction of the tap will focus on educating the community to protect the water system in the area. Ownership of the system will make the community accountable for any damages. The PCV will work with local official to set up framework for the reporting of issues.

A trial committee of 2 people will be formed in Xxxxxxxx and Shingangabo village which will be responsible for the protection of water distribution lines. They will be responsible for reporting maintenance issues. If the committees are successful, the project will be expanded to all villages. The local water and sanitation corporation will also maintain some of the piping based on their registration agreement.

Community officials were key to the development of this project. Their ongoing support for the maintenance of the system is paramount to sustainability.

Village officials will choose the community member who will work to collect water payment. The worker will ensure they will make payment on time to avoid having water turned off to the community. The local water corporation charges ~7 RWF per jerrycan of water distributed to public taps.

Community members will regularly de-weed the area surrounding the tap. The PCV will discuss the water infrastructure project with CHWs from Xxxxxxxx village to coordinate this regular cleaning.

The Supervisor of CHWs will maintain the hygiene education lessons to be used in the future. A yearly plan for CHWs education will be created in conjunction with other health priorities. Repetition of lessons will give CHWs the opportunity to learn material and better disseminate information.

Monitoring and evaluation of the project will continue for 3 months after the project is complete by assessing the number of households that are accessing the tap, assessing knowledge of good hygiene practices, and analyzing monthly morbidity data from the health center regarding hygiene-related illnesses.

Comments
In general, the project will increase the capacity of the community by providing a closer improved water source which will affect the daily lives of community members. The project will contribute to building a number of skills in the community.

During Umuganda, community member will learn skills needed to install a portion of a water distribution system. The project will also provide professional development though the employment for one worker who will be responsible for receiving payments from the community and paying the water company monthly. The project is also intended to develop capacity by creating a system to properly maintain water infrastructure.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.

Makura Sector Water System Project - RwandaMakura Sector Water System Project - Rwanda

 

 

Conclusion of Makura Sector Water System Project - Rwanda

Conclusion of Makura Sector Water System Project - RwandaThis project has been completed under the direction of Peace Corps Volunteer Ashley Trocle. To read about the start of the project, CLICK HERE.

The project was designed to build a water system to provide for the needs of the village.

Ashley reports:

The water infrastructure project in Mukura Sector consisted of 3 parts: water tap installation, hygiene training, and STEM education. The work was done over the course of 3 months. In part 1, a trench was dug by community members, connecting the new tap to an existing water system. The tap and manhole were built using local workers with oversight by the technician and Peace Corps Volunteer. The newly installed tap now provides water from a protected source to 148 families from 2 villages.

In part 2, community health workers (CHWs) were trained to teach pregnant women and new mothers about basic hygiene habits and encourage behavior changes. CHWs have met with pregnant women and mothers to discuss how to adopt good hygiene practices. The program has reached over 200 women and will continue to educate new mothers and women with malnourished children.

Conclusion of Makura Sector Water System Project - RwandaFinally, the project included a STEM education component at the local school. In addition to STEM lessons, ten female students gained hands on training on how water systems are build and maintained.

Though the main objective of the project was to provide a clean water to the community, the tap installation and hygiene promotion engaged community members in many unexpected ways. Claudine Uwimana is a young mother in Gasunzwe. The project impacted Claudine in many of the ways the planning team had hoped: she was able to provide her family with clean drinking water and decrease her time to fetch water. She also has more time to focus on keeping up with good hygiene practices in her home and ration water less. She can wash clothes more often, spend less money on water, clean her own and her children’s hands more thoroughly, and prevent jiggers by cleaning her feet regularly. The greater availability of water has allowed Claudine to work more hours making crafts in the village.

The project has empowered many men and women in the community to greater develop their skills, take command of their lives, and improve their health.

We extend our thanks to Ashley for completing this important project.

Conclusion of Makura Sector Water System Project - RwandaConclusion of Makura Sector Water System Project - Rwanda

 

 

Conclusion of Makura Sector Water System Project - RwandaConclusion of Makura Sector Water System Project - Rwanda

 

Conclusion of Makura Sector Water System Project - RwandaConclusion of Makura Sector Water System Project - Rwanda

 

Conclusion of Makura Sector Water System Project - Rwanda

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Ryakibogo Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

Ryakibogo Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Ryakibogo Cell Water System Project - RwandaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxx Village, Ryakibogo Cell, Gishamvu Sector, Huye District, Southern Province, Rwanda

Community Description
The community that this project will target is the Xxxxxx Village of the Ryakibogo Cell of the Gishamvu Sector. 4,112 people make up the cell and 445 people make up the village. 95% of the population in this area are farmers, growing a multitude of crops, including rice, beans, maize, potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, and tomatoes.

In Rwanda, some health centers have health posts associated with them. Health posts are smaller versions of health centers and offer a number of important services, such as malaria testing, general consultation, and maternity care.

The Xxxxxx Village health post is on the other side of the sector from the health center, allowing the people who live in that area to access health care without the 10+ kilometer walk. The health post has a staff comprised of seven people: two nurses, one lab technician, one pharmacist, one registrar, one guard, and one cleaner. On average, the health post serves 600-700 people per month.

Problem Addressed
While the health post is a great resource for the community, it is lacking in a lot of basic necessities. The most pressing concern is its lack of water. At the moment, the cleaner, or umukozi, named Janvier, fetches water for the entire health post. A tap is located a 15-minute walk away from the health post. He fetches the water in jerrycans and has to make the 30-minute round trip between five and ten times per day. With only one cleaner in the entire post, it is a tiresome job keeping the post, the medical supplies, and the nurses’ uniforms clean on a daily basis, in addition to obtaining water.

Also, with the lack of easily accessible water, only the bare minimum can be used. This can lead to an environment where disease is easily spread, of special concern to pregnant women and infants who are susceptible to infections and visitors to the health post for maternity and postnatal care services.

Ryakibogo Cell Water System Project - RwandaProject Description
This project is to build a water system to serve the health post and the provide water for the entire community.

A collection box will be built to contain the water coming down from the hills. Piping will be run to an air valve chamber and then to a tap at the health post. A collection tank and a soak pit will also be built.

The water source chosen for this project is in a government-owned forest where people and animals are far and few between and machines are non-existent. Permission of the government at the village, cell, sector, and district levels to use the source has been obtained. The source has a water flow of 2L/second.

The project was designed by the PCV and her Titulaire, working closely with a local engineer, who works for UB Consult, an engineering firm in the regional town of Huye.

This solution was determined to be the best under the circumstances. Bringing water from a tap 15 minutes downhill would have required a pump. A rainwater catchment tank at the health post would not provide enough water during the two dry seasons. The location of the underground water made a borehole prohibitive.

Ryakibogo Cell Water System Project - RwandaThis system has six parts:

1. The Catchment Area: an underground chamber that collects and holds water from the source. This will be surrounded by fence to protect it against animals.

2. Starting Chamber: an above-ground chamber, connected to the catchment area by DE90 PVC pipes. This is located downhill from the catchment area and the water flows downward into the starting chamber. This chamber holds water, and the flow can be turned off when repairs are needed.

3. Piping System: DE50 PVC pipes connecting the starting chamber to the tap in the health post compound. These pipes are buried. There will be a total of 2,075.9 meters of piping (both DE50 and DE90 PVC). It is assembled by glue and joints.

4. Air Valve Chamber: this is an above-ground chamber with a valve that controls the amount of air in the pipes. The valve automatically controls the amount of air, but has a manual function as well. Too much air in the pipes interrupts the water’s flow.

5. Washout Basin: this is an above-ground chamber with a valve that allows the pipeline to be flushed in case of impediment. This is located at the lowest level of the water line. There will also be a soakaway pit.

6. Tap: this is the access point in the health post compound, which will be free for the public to use.

It will possible to add more taps and a storage tank at a later time should the need arise. The water will not require treatment.

The labor and tools for digging to bury the pipes, and subsequent backfilling, will be donated by the community through public work days, known as umuganda. The rest of the labor will be done by technicians and overseen by the engineer.

After the infrastructure is built, the health post nurses, the head of community health workers, the local community health workers, and the PCV will work together to teach a series of hygiene and sanitation lessons at the health post and surrounding areas, including the local school. The series will include lesson on proper handwashing techniques, appropriate timing for handwashing, substitutes for soap, how to make hand washing stations, and more. This will ensure that people use the water they will now have access to in appropriate ways.

Project Impact
800 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
E. Santos

Monitoring and Maintenance
A local committee will be formed, at the cell level, to monitor and maintain the infrastructure. This committee will be comprised of the head of the health center, the community health workers in that village, the cell executive secretary, and other community members. The engineer will train this committee on upkeep and routine maintenance techniques.

The hygiene lessons will focus on using the water properly to ensure that disease is not spread. This will be given at the health post, as well as, to the community health workers, local school, and surrounding villages.

This project has been funded by an anonymous donor. Donations using the Donate button below will be used for other projects in wanda.

Ryakibogo Cell Water System Project - RwandaRyakibogo Cell Water System Project - Rwanda

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Gisenyi Rainwater Catchment System & Ferro-Cement Tank Training Program - Rwanda

Gisenyi Rainwater Catchment System & Ferro-Cement Tank Training Program - Rwanda

Water Charity will be joining with Friendly Water for the World to put on a 9-day training program and conference in Gisenyi, Rwanda in January, 2017. The technology to be taught is the construction and maintenance of rainwater catchment systems, with a focus on ferro-cement tanks.

This program will proliferate the technology through 7 countries (Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, and Ethiopia), and will focus on “training the trainers”. Water Charity will provide additional funding for the new projects that are spawned by the process.

During the week, two teams, of six Rwandans each, will be trained. They have among them proficiency in English, Swahili, and French in addition to Kinyarwanda. They will set up cooperative businesses, and proceed to train others, while they build systems throughout the country. They will be available to train serving Peace Corps Volunteers in and around the communities where they live and work. They already have orders for 50 tanks.

Representatives of several local NGOs will be trained as well. All told, more than 80 people will attend the training, and most of them will go back to their agencies, villages, communities to build catchment systems, construct tanks, train others, and incorporate the technology into their operations.

The training will be led by Friendly Water’s Uganda Representative Richard Kyambadde, who is Africa Representative to the American Rainwater Catchment Systems Association, and a three-person team from Uganda with which he works.

Averill Strasser, Water Charity’s Co-Founder and COO, and Beverly Rouse, its Executive Director will be at the training, providing support, and lining up new projects in Rwanda, as well as the rest of East and Central Africa.

Participants will learn to make three types of systems:Gisenyi Rainwater Catchment System & Ferro-Cement Tank Training Program - Rwanda

(1) Larger 5,000-20,000-liter free-standing tanks,
(2) 2,000-3,000-liter tanks made with wooden molds, and
(3) 1,000 liter "waterhives", which are semi-prefabbed.

Aside from the hands-on work, there will be meetings to teach the determination of the optimal type and size of units under differing conditions. There will be a focus on the continuing training and production of systems in a way that it is self-supporting in the community, eliminating the need of further assistance.

This is the implementation of a bold new concept to provide needed improvements while also creating business and employment opportunities. It is a part of the Water Charity Training and Support Initiative.  In addition, since the benefits will accrue to displaced persons in 6 countries, it is included under our Refugee Aid Initiative - Worldwide.

Water Charity has contributed all the costs for this conference and training through the generosity of an Anonymous donor.  Any further donations to the effort will be used to fund the various projects that arise from this training.  As we anticipate this to be quite a few, we ask that give what you can.  We hope to expand our highly sucessful training efforts dramatically in the new year!

This project has been completed.  To see the results, CLICK HERE.

Catchment tank

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Sake Water System Project - Rwanda

Sake Water System Project - Rwanda

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Location
Rukoma and Gafunzo, Sake Sector, Ngoma District, Eastern Province, Rwanda

Sake Water System Project - RwandaCommunity Description
Sake is located in the Eastern Province, District of Ngoma. Ngoma is a very large district which divides into sectors, which then divides into cells and then villages. Sake is one of twenty sectors in Ngoma, which has 4 cells, Rukoma, Gafunzo, Kibonde and Nkanga. These fours cells have a total of 34 villages, with a population of 25,700 community members.

There are two beautiful lakes which runs through Sake, Lake Sake and Lake Mugesera. Sake neighbors a sector call Bugesera which happens to be the hottest place in Rwanda, which means living in Sake can be extremely hot especially during the dry seasons. Because Sake is in the Eastern Province, even the rainy seasons are not as wet as other areas.

In Sake, Gafunzo is considered the main town as there are many shops, the bus park, and most importantly the market.

Rukoma is where the health center is located and it services 25,700 community members. It is also the home of the Catholic Church in Sake where the majority of the community attends services.

Sake has a wonderful community environment. The people in Sake are both friendly and welcoming. Children enjoy seeing foreigners come in and out the villages and often times try to use English when approaching them. The majority of the community members are cultivators.

A major landmark in Sake is the gas station located near the Catholic Church (non affiliated). Many times there are heavy traffic due to construction being done by the government and also because the road leads the District Hospital. Sake has one of the most beautiful sunsets that reflects off the water.

Problem Addressed
Living close to open water, community members use the lake as a water source. This is a major issue because lake water is a health hazard. Because of the lack of water stations in the villages, community members rely solely on the lakes to provide water for their families. There is a high incidence of water borne illness in Sake, as reported by the health center, with many mothers and children who use lake water as a water source.

Sake Water System Project - RwandaSake has 34 villages and limited number of water stations nearing these villages. To get to a water station, some community members travel far. A jerry can contains 20 liters, which is a heavy load for a mother caring a child on her back. Because mothers are the primary caretakers, they are responsible for the majority of the household chores including fetching water. Many children can be seen fetching water and carrying them home to their families.

Rukoma and Gafunzo cells are the cells closest to the lakes and have very few water stations, resulting in community members using the lake as a water source.

Project Description
This project is to build a water system comprised of a water line connected to a new water station in each of three villages in Sake: Kizanye, Nyabuhoro, and Nyakagezi.

All of the work done will be done manually, with the help of the people of the community and the engineers who will lay the pipes.

The funds provided by Water Charity will be used to buy the materials and pay the engineers. The Sector officials (appointed officials of the sector) will pay for the community labor.

The implementation plan for this project is roughly five months:

First the engineers will buy the materials- (3 days)
Second the community will dig the path for the pipes (8 weeks)
Third the engineers will lay the pipes for the water stations.
The water pipes will be connected to Gasetsa water plant in Sake. (4 weeks)
The last month will be used to clean up the site and cover the pipes and to make sure everything is in place.

Sake Water System Project - RwandaIn order to build the water station in Sake, a trench will be dug from Gafunzo where the water source is located to where the water stands will be built. The trenches to all three villages will be 0.9 meters deep and 0.5 meters wide. The trench from Gafunzo to Nyabuhoro is 1 km long continuing another 1.5 km from Nyabuhoro to Kizanye and extending right of Nyabuhoro to Nyakagezi for an additional 2 km.

Since the trench will lead to three villages they will be 2,400 laborers working to dig the trench manually using shovels. After the trench is dug, a foundation will be put in place for the pipes.

Stones will be placed in the trench, and then sand placed to protect the pipes from damages that may occur from earth movement.

Next, galvanized pipe will be laid in the trench once a stable foundation is achieved. The pipes will be one continuous pipe from Gafunzo (location of the water tanks) to Nyabuhoro, Nyabuhoro to Kizanye and Nyabuhoro to Nyakagezi.

After the pipes are laid the laborers will place the small sand on top and around the pipes and then add small stones to ensure stability.

Finally, the laborers will come back to back fill the trench using the soil that was dug up from the trench.

The water stand will then be built. First sand will be placed around the area. Plank wood will be placed in a 8” x 16'' rectangular shape, which will then be filled with cement surrounding an upright above-ground pipe. Finally, a cylinder-shaped cement block will be placed around the pipe for stabilization.

Project Impact
This project will benefit all 2,618 members of the three communities reached.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Shinae Meylor

Monitoring and Maintenance
Once the piping is completed the community and the Sector office will take responsibility for the maintenance of the water stands. Each person that comes to the stand for water will pay 20 francs a jerry-can. The money collected from the community members will be used to pay the water company and the person responsible for collecting the money (community health worker).

The Executive Secretary will be responsible for any repairs that might occur in the future. She is responsible for actively communicating with the community members to assure that they are receiving quality water and that the pipe stands are available and working in the community.

Fundraising Target
$4,900

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$65

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$4,835

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