Cambodia

Kampot Province School Hygiene Project - Cambodia

Kampot Province School Hygiene Project - Cambodia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Kampot Province School Hygiene Project - CambodiaLocation
Kampot Province, Cambodia

Community Description
The high school serving as the site of this project is located in a semi-rural conurbation that hosts the district offices, the commune health center, and several other important regional institutions. Due to the presence of these institutions, this community serves as a hub for the district and as a result, the high school serves more than 1,600 students from seven surrounding villages.

As in many other Cambodian communities, incomes are rising but wealth remains largely concentrated and invested in a small number of private homes and businesses. Despite the relatively high concentration of community institutions, the resources available to residents diminishes rapidly the farther they live from the nearest paved road.

In the outlying villages that some high school students call home, the prevalence of at-risk for underweight among children younger than 5 is as high as 49%, a problem exacerbated by a concurrently high prevalence of diarrheal illness.

Even within the urban environment, sanitation and garbage management have much room for improvement, and other complicating factors, such as illiteracy, are present. Yet the industriousness of community members shows a determination to improve living conditions and better provide for children's needs.

Problem Addressed
Diarrhea-related illnesses kill an estimated 11,000 Cambodians every year, and represent the second leading cause of death worldwide for children under 5. Beyond these numbers, days lost to diarrheal illnesses erode the economic productivity needed for disadvantaged families to get ahead, and entrenches the damage of chronic malnutrition that limits children’s potential.

Kampot Province School Hygiene Project - CambodiaWhile the high school's three NGO-constructed latrines are regularly used by students, and school administration officials have committed funds to their maintenance, the school has no hand washing stations to support healthy hand hygiene habits.

Project Description
The health club students at the high school will construct three hand washing stations at the school. This will complement their sanitation education efforts for a greater impact in promoting effective hygiene behaviors that minimize the spread of diarrheal illnesses.

The hand washing stations will be constructed by local professional builders at three latrines located at the high school.

Water Charity funds will be used for materials, including bricks, cement, piping and faucets, safety signage, and tiling, as well as to compensate professional builders for their labor.

The community will provide building materials, pro bono consultation services, and cash contributions, together constituting a 25.4% community contribution towards the total project expense.

Health club students will conduct peer education activities eight times during the last 30 minutes of a class period with instructor approval.

After the peer education, they will distribute and collect post-intervention surveys assessing hand washing behaviors and knowledge to the two classrooms that received pre-intervention surveys.

During the final health club wrap-up meeting at the end of their cohort’s service health club students will practice building accountability by reporting a summary of their activities to health center and school administration staff.

Kampot Province School Hygiene Project - CambodiaProject Impact
1,709 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Matthew Thielker

Monitoring and Maintenance
The school administration will monitor the use of the facilities and maintain and repair them as needed.

A sanitation schedule was drafted in which high school students will clean the hand washing stations on a weekly basis and check that they have adequate water. Additionally, administration officials have pledged to keep the stations stocked with liquid soap, and this commitment will be reaffirmed periodically throughout this project.

Comments
By providing health club students the means to provide hand washing education in a setting where adopting this behavior is convenient and visible to peers, this project provides the club greater capacity to instill good hand hygiene habits among students that can persist over a lifetime and transfer to other community settings beyond the school grounds.

Furthermore, the education portion of this project will reinforce the health club students' ongoing development of experience in community health education, public speaking, and community engagement. As evidenced by the pilot trial of the health club, by taking on educator roles and participating in the reporting of activities to superiors during wrap-up meetings, students will also gain confidence - a vital asset for future professionals.

Fundraising Target
$1,300

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$1,300

Kampot Province School Hygiene Project - CambodiaKampot Province School Hygiene Project - Cambodia

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Banteay Meanchey Province Health Center Water Project - Cambodia

Banteay Meanchey Province Health Center Water Project - Cambodia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Banteay Meanchey Province Health Center Water Project - CambodiaLocation
Banteay Meanchey Province, Cambodia

Community Description
Banteay Meanchey is a province of Cambodia located in the far northwest. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey and Siem Reap to the east, Battambang to the south, and shares an international border with Thailand to the west.. Banteay Meanchey is the 13th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 678,033, agriculture, particularly rice paddy, plays very important role in the province's economy.

The rainy season lasts from May-October. However, from late October-April there is little or no rain.

Problem Addressed
The health center has identified two problems to be solved: First, the current water system of the health center is poorly designed, and the building has no running water as a result. Secondly, there is a high incidence of hygiene-related health issues within the commune.

In 2016, 37.30% of the 7,294 patients that came into the health center were suffering from illnesses whose transmissions can largely be prevented by improving hand-washing techniques (colds & diarrhea). The goal is to reduce the overall number of patients coming into the health center with diseases related to poor hygiene practices by turning the health center itself into a model of hygiene and teaching hand-washing techniques around the commune.

Banteay Meanchey Province Health Center Water Project - CambodiaWhen the health center was constructed, its architects constructed a 6,000L concrete water basin outside the health center to collect rainwater and feed it into the building. However, because the basin is at ground level, there is inadequate pressure. Consequently, there is no water flow into the building.

The health center has four sinks already, one in the OPD room, one in the pediatric room, one in the ANC room, and one in the delivery ward. However, because the cistern is too low to the ground, none of these sinks receives water (midwives even need to carry buckets of water from the latrines to the delivery room), even though all of these sinks have existing piping. Because water is not readily available, even the health center staff do not wash their hands. The closest water source is in the latrines.

Project Description
This project is to install a well and water tank on the health center premises.

Sinks (equipped with soap and hand-washing infographics) will be installed in the patient waiting area, outside the latrines, and cooking area outside the delivery ward.

Lastly, VHSGs will be trained to conduct health outreach and teach villagers about the importance handwashing in preventing disease transmission as well as proper handwashing techniques.

The new well will be drilled to about 50 meters and located near the main building.

The health center will purchase a 2,000L water tank to be used as the new water storage unit feeding into the existing piping.

Banteay Meanchey Province Health Center Water Project - CambodiaThe health center will install sinks with soap in three locations of high patient density where handwashing is important: (1) patient waiting area, where patients spend the longest amount of time at the health center, (2) outside the latrines, which can be a breeding ground for germs, and (3) the cooking area outside the delivery ward, where families can spend an entire day waiting for their loved one to birth a child.

Project Impact
11,000 people served by the health center will benefit from the project

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Rajath Kenath

Monitoring and Maintenance
The operation district provides the Health Center with a monthly budget which allows for maintenance on the well and water tank, and allows for the replacement of supplies such as soap.

The VHSGs, once educated in hand washing knowledge and trained in facilitating this knowledge to others, will continue to educate families in their villages.

Fundraising Target
$1,700

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$1,700

Banteay Meanchey Province Health Center Water Project - CambodiaBanteay Meanchey Province Health Center Water Project - Cambodia

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Takeo Province Health Center Water Project - Cambodia

Takeo Province Health Center Water Project - Cambodia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Takeo Province Health Center Water Project - CambodiaLocation
Takeo Province, Cambodia

Community Description
The community to benefit from this project is a vibrant, rural commune in rural Takeo Province. Everyone is ready to greet with a smile and a joke in between fishing, rice-planting, and family duties. The commune's villages sprawl out along the shore of an expanse of flood lands across which a view of several mountains can be enjoyed.

At the nucleus of this community lies its health center, staffed by 10 exceptionally compassionate and dedicated local health care providers. Given that provincial hospital is as far as 18 kilometers of unpaved road away for some community members, the health center is the preeminent provider of health care. Of the average 9,497 patients who it serves annually, 71% are women and children under 5 years old. This number of patients represents 69% of the total commune population and the majority of services provided (pre-natal, maternity, and consultation) require staff-to-patient contact.

Problem Addressed
In 1997, a water system comprised of 2 wells was built behind the health center. However, the water pressure is unreliable. Although there are new, functional hand-washing stations equipped with soap in nearly every room of the health center, water pressure is often insufficient to deliver water to the sinks.

Knowledge of proper hand-washing technique and purpose is strong among staff members; they merely lack water with which to do so. Previously, water at the health center was accessed via a single faucet behind the main building directly between the existing wells and the latrines. Water was stored in buckets throughout the health center and frequently changed, although this bucket-water was rarely used for sanitation purposes.

Takeo Province Health Center Water Project - CambodiaRecently four new hand-washing stations were built throughout the health center. These were funded by the Cambodian Ministry of Health, and were awarded due to the existing water system at the health center. However, the water pressure from the well system has proven insufficient to deliver water to each of the hand-washing stations, many meters away from the wells. Although staff members instinctively turn to these sinks to wash their hands throughout the day, water flows from the faucets approximately half the time.

Currently, staff members are forced to treat upwards of 30 patients - the sick elderly, small children, and pregnant women - every work day.

Project Description
This project will build an elevated cistern, and install a pump and piping system, which will ensure consistent presence of water in all areas of the health center.

Available water is expected to increase frequency of HWWS (hand-washing with soap) among staff members before and after more routine patient contact points.

To promote proper hand-washing techniques and other sanitary water practices throughout the community, the midwives have agreed to lead two trainings for the village health volunteers (VHVs), with the help of the remaining staff members, deputy chief, and health center director.

When these initial trainings are complete, the VHVs will lead trainings with local families in their respective villages concerning hand-washing and water treatment. It is the hope of this project that the exemplary hygiene exhibited by the health center staff during their training-of-trainers and routine health care provision - as well as a physical structure which promotes proper sanitation practices and importance of clean water - will catalyze improved sanitation in the surrounding rural community.

The outcomes of this project will include a reliable water source for all sections of the health center and increased knowledge of 1) common routes of fecal-oral contamination and 2) critical times to hand-wash with soap among health center staff, VHVs, and families who participate in the village trainings. This knowledge is expected to lead to improved hygiene practices in the homes of participants who will then propagate their knowledge and skills gained to their neighbors and relatives.

Takeo Province Health Center Water Project - CambodiaConstruction supplies will be purchased by the HC staff during the first midwife-led training with the staff and VHVs. The Peace Corps Volunteer will assist in lesson planning for this initial training.

Construction of the water-tower will begin upon completion of this initial training. VHVs will select families for participation in their village trainings during vaccine outreach days in their respective villages.

Water Charity funds will be used for the materials and skilled labor.

Project Impact
About 4,000 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Kelsey Swalwell

Monitoring and Maintenance
Regarding maintenance, many welders and repairmen own shops throughout the village in which the health center is located. Any issue with water tower functionality can be easily resolved by way of local workmen and a portion of the monthly stipend provided by the Ministry of Health (MoH) for grounds upkeep. This MoH stipend is meticulously managed by the health center's vaccinator who has been a trusted cashier and groundskeeper at the health center for decades.

Additionally, educational materials such as visual aids have long lifespans at the health center where they are kept in pristine cabinets in between uses. Thus, it is expected that the visual aids created for this project will be useful for years to come.

Finally, each staff member has already offered different ways they can work HWWS and water-treatment education into their usual patient contact points, i.e. the pharmacist can inquire about soap use in the home for frequent diarrhea patients and the vaccinator knows to consider HWWS and water-treatment education for caretakers whose children are frequently ill and underweight.

Between the routine health promotion performed by the VHVs and the new conversations started about HWWS on the part of the health center staff, hand-washing with soap is expected to become a topic that is not only on the community's radar but one that will be met by improved HWWS practices in the home.

Fundraising Target
$1,600

Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.

Donations Collected to Date
$0

ADOPT THIS PROJECT BY CONTRIBUTING THE DOLLAR AMOUNT OF PROJECT

Donations of any amount will be appreciated. The full amount will give you "naming rights", if that is something you would like.

Dollar Amount Needed
$1,600

Country: 
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Progress: 

Sandan District Latrine Project - Cambodia

Sandan District Latrine Project - Cambodia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Location
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Sxxxxx Village, Sandan District, Kampong Thom Province, Cambodia

Sandan District Latrine Project - CambodiaCommunity Description
Located 75 kilometers north and east of Kampong Thom provincial town in central Cambodia, Sandan District is a sprawling administrative district encompassing nine communes, each with anywhere from five to thirteen villages.

To the north lies the Prey Long forest, stretching across northern Kampong Thom Province into Preah Vihear and Stung Treng provinces, the largest evergreen forest in Southeast Asia and home to a remarkable variety of flora and fauna, as well as several indigenous communities on the southern fringes in Sandan District. The land begins to roll with small hills in the east, where rubber and cassava farms have brought relative prosperity to several small towns. To the south and west, the land is wide and flat, dominated by rice fields and occasional patches where the remnants of the once-sprawling Prey Long forest still remain.

In the center of this landscape lies a cluster of villages collectively referred to as Sandan town. At their heart is Sxxxxx Village itself, which houses the various administrative buildings and offices for Sandan Commune as well as Sandan District: the district seat, education office, and police and army posts; a commune hall and agricultural development office; the district health center and high school.

Benjamin Rost - CambodiaProblem Addressed
Despite tremendous progress in recent years, Cambodia still faces significant challenges in the WASH sector. Less than half of the national population has access to basic sanitation, and 41 percent still practice open defecation -- a figure that rises to 51 percent when looking at exclusively rural populations (JMP, Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene, 2017).

The practice of open defecation is associated with diarrheal diseases and overall poor health indicators, particularly among children, and working to end open defecation is crucial for Cambodia if it is to achieve the targets for WASH, nutrition, and maternal and child health established in the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals.

Sxxxxx Village boasts higher-than-average rates of latrine coverage, but 36 (of 109) households still lack adequate sanitation solutions, and diarrheal illnesses, especially among children, remain a leading cause of health center visits and missed days of school and work.

Sandan District Latrine Project - CambodiaProject Description
This project aims to build local capacity and ownership of Sxxxxx Village as Sandan District’s first Open Defecation Free (ODF) village. The project combines a social marketing campaign and social mobilization with subsidized latrines for the 36 remaining households that lack the resources to afford a latrine at the standard cost, and will result in the declaration of Sxxxxx as an ODF village.

During the first stage, villagers will participate in VHV-led education sessions around the ill effects of open defecation and an introduction to the fecal-oral cycle. A local builder will lead introductory sessions on latrine construction and maintenance. Villagers will work with the builder to select the best latrine option for their home, and will additionally develop latrine maintenance and sustainability plans.

The infrastructure component of this project consists of the construction of latrines for 36 households in Sandan Village. A local business will provide the materials and labor at a discounted cost for a full latrine sub- and superstructure: a three-cylinder septic tank (one meter in diameter) and cover; a latrine base (one meter by one meter) with brick foundation; a tiled floor and ceramic bowl; and a superstructure of wood and tin.

Sandan District Latrine Project - CambodiaThe final stage of the project will involve additional WASH education sessions on topics such as handwashing and household WASH. Houses that have functioning latrines will receive plaques that demonstrate their support for and commitment to maintaining Sandan Village as an ODF community.

A Village Health Volunteer (VHV) has taken the lead in community mobilization and encouragement, and will play a crucial role in facilitating the educational sessions on latrine maintenance and WASH topics. Each household constructing a latrine through this project will make a monetary contribution of $25.00, as well as contribute labor during the construction itself, so as to increase households' ownership of and investment in their individual sanitation solutions.

A local craftsman has spent considerable time and effort already in designing the ideal set-up of latrine and superstructure for households, and has agreed to discount materials costs so as to make latrines more accessible for the village's poorest residents.

Throughout October and November, the VHV and the PCV will hold three sessions for participating families. The first will be open to the community at large, and will consist of education around the dangers of open defecation and an introduction to the fecal-oral cycle.

Sandan District Latrine Project - CambodiaThe second session will be for the 36 families that will be constructing latrines. The local builder will join to discuss latrine construction and maintenance, and contracts will be drawn up for each household that detail the specific type of latrine each household will be receiving, from a set list of different options. Each household will also work to craft its own latrine maintenance plan. The final session will involve the PCV, the VHV, and the builder going house to house to review final construction plans.

Building will begin in mid-/late-November and continue into December. Families will assist with the building in order to take more direct ownership of their new latrines, as well as to help keep costs down and accelerate the timeline required to construct 36 new latrines.

Water for the latrines will come from wells, as is standard practice in the area: buckets are filled with water and placed inside the latrine superstructure. Regular cleaning and ensuring that there is always water in the buckets will be included in education sessions on latrine maintenance and handwashing, as well as in households' maintenance plans.

From January through March, three follow-up sessions will be held to discuss additional WASH topics and to help trouble-shoot any initial problems or concerns that families have with their new latrines. These sessions will be open to anyone from the community, and will cover topics such as latrine cleaning and maintenance, handwashing with soap, household WASH practices, and the linkages between WASH and nutrition.

Project Impact
500 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
B. Rost

Monitoring and Maintenance
As part of participation in the project, households will complete latrine maintenance plans that they will adhere to and reference over the coming months and years in order to maintain a standard of usability and quality. The head latrine builder will additionally lead a session on latrine maintenance, covering such topics as what to do when a septic tank fills up or how to replace or repair certain latrine components, and will be available in coming years to work with villagers to make any large-scale repairs.

Buy-in from local leaders -- the VHV leading the project, the Village Chief -- are crucial to the continued monitoring of Sandan's ODF status. The plaques declaring an ODF household will be distributed after an initial assessment as to whether a household has adequate sanitation facilities, but as latrines age and new houses are built, both the VHV and the Village Chief will be responsible for ensuring that ODF standards continue to be met by both individual households as well as the community as a whole.

The health impact of this project will continue to be monitored at the health center, in terms of community members visiting for diarrheal illnesses. Informal follow-up assessments will ask villagers as to the health and economic benefits that they have received from living in an ODF community.

Funding
This project has been paid for through a grant from the International Foundation.  Additional donations will be applied toward other projects in Cambodia.

Country: 
Funds Needed : 
Progress: 

Bakong High School Water Project - Cambodia

Bakong High School Water Project - Cambodia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

Hun Sen Prasat Bakong High School, Siem Reap Province, CambodiaLocation
Hun Sen Prasat Bakong High School, Siem Reap Province, Cambodia

Community Description
Caring for Cambodia partners with the Cambodian government to provide preschool and K-12 education to over 6,600 children in Siem Reap Province. This project impacts the students, faculty, and community at one of the target high schools, Hun Sen Prasat Bakong High School, reaching more than 1,700 people, including the 930 female students from Grades 7-12 who currently attend the school. Many of these individuals and families live in homes without water, and must either purchase or carry in and filter their own drinking, tooth brushing, cooking and handwashing water supply.

Problem Addressed
There is an immediate need for water filtration and other WASH infrastructure at Bakong High School as the old filter has expired. In addition, there is a shortage of bathroom facilities, for the students, especially to serve the needs of the females.

Project Description
This project is to build a potable water system throughout the school, build 3 new toilets, repair the existing toilets, provide a water filtration system, and renovate the handwashing systems at Bakong High School.

Three new toilets will be built and designated for use by female students, ensuring that they will support menstrual health management. A few repairs will be made to existing toilets and the drainage system as they have worn down over the years.

The old water filtration system will be refurbished, and a new, more sustainable filtration system added, consisting of a biosand filter and a UV filter. Local expertise and supplies will be used, with the work being done by a Cambodian biosand-filter provider.

PVC will be laid where needed to connect the filtered water to the handwashing stations. The unfiltered water will be directed from the well to the toilets.

Old Filtration SystemThe handwashing stations, previously supplied by USAID, will be refurbished and connected to the campus-wide potable water drinking system. Soap will be maintained at each of the handwashing stations to aid in the prevention of diarrhea and other diseases.

The school has already made a financial commitment to this project and has spent $250 to connect their new well to the old filtration system which helps distribute the water across the campus. They will also raise another $75 to show their strong commitment to the health of their students. The filtration company will make another in kind donation of $200 by discounting their product and the hired labor is also contributing by discounting their regular cost by $47.

Project Impact
1,700 students, in addition to their families, will benefit from the project. The potable water will be made available to the broader community, allowing families who need it to come and access potable water for their families.

Project Administration
Christin Spoolstra, Returned Peace Corps Volunteer (RPCV), now Deputy Country Director, Caring for Cambodia.  To read about the 4 prior projects Christin did with Water Charity, CLICK HERE.

Monitoring and Maintenance
CFC will teach school staff to conduct weekly maintenance and water filter flushing, to ensure that all water on the campuses is clean and healthy. Technicians from Water for Cambodia will test the water quarterly.

Comments
The potable water system is an affordable and sustainable solution to the water and sanitation needs of the school.

Clean, potable water on the campus has a strong and direct impact on the health of the students, directly correlating with their attendance and achievement. Access to clean water and toilets helps stop the spread of transmissible diseases which weaken students over time and can cause them to miss school, fall behind, and eventually make the choice that school is not for them.

Funding
This project has been funded through the generosity of the International Foundation.

If you like this project, and wish to contribute to our next project in Cambodia, please donate.

Student CouncilStudent Council at BHS

 

StudyingStudents in Bakong Village

 
 
Conclusion of Bakong High School Water Project - CambodiaConclusion of Bakong High School Water Project - Cambodia
This project has been completed under the direction of Returned Peace Corps Volunteer Christin Spoolstra, Deputy Country Director, Caring for Cambodia. To read about the start of the project, CLICK HERE.
The project was designed to build a potable water system throughout the school, build 3 new toilets, repair the existing toilets, provide a water filtration system, and renovate the handwashing systems at Bakong High School.

Christin reports:

Conclusion of Bakong High School Water Project - CambodiaCaring for Cambodia was able to work alongside Hun Sen Prasat Bakong High School and the surrounding community to complete the needed WASH infrastructure at the school.

We switched to a more sustainable filtration system, using local expertise and supplies, and refurbished existing handwashing stations and toilets. We also built a new block of three toilets, exclusively for female students.

Caring for Cambodia will continue to care for the upkeep of these projects, including paying for quarterly water testing at Water for Cambodia and providing soap at the toilets and handwashing stations to aid in the prevention of diarrhea and other diseases.

This project directly improved the lives of all 1,645 students from Grades 7-12 as well as their families and the wider community as the newly potable water is accessible to community members.

During construction, the workers revised their estimate and the new toilets cost $45 less than our projected cost. The construction worker for the new toilets also decided to discount $40 from his normal price to help with the project which was an unanticipated community contribution. As such, with Water Charity’s approval, $85 in funds from Water Charity will be applied to maintenance of the filtration system, including quarterly water testing.  

We extend our thanks to Christin for completing this important project.

Conclusion of Bakong High School Water Project - CambodiaConclusion of Bakong High School Water Project - Cambodia

Conclusion of Bakong High School Water Project - CambodiaConclusion of Bakong High School Water Project - Cambodia

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Funds Needed : 
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Svay Leu District Water Purification Project - Cambodia

Svay Leu District Water Purification Project - Cambodia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Svay Leu District Water Purification Project - CambodiaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxxxx Xxxx, Svay Leu District, Siem Reap Province, Cambodia

Community Description
Xxxxxxxx Xxxx is a quiet, rural village located down a long dirt road, approximately 8km from the health center and the district market. It consists of around 120 families, all of whom live in wooden, stilted houses along their rice fields. Most community members make their living through farming, or selling various wares out of the fronts of their houses.

The village contains one small primary school next to its community meeting hall, where moms and their children can be seen gathered throughout the day. The community hall is where all major events happen, including trainings from NGOs, blessings of the village by the local monks, annual vaccination outreach, and celebrations for the many Khmer holidays.

Xxxxxxxx Xxxx has two major water sources that feed the whole community, dug out rice fields that collect water during the rainy season.

Problem Addressed
The main health issue the community faces is hygiene-related illness, especially in terms of clean water. Although there is a large water source located in Xxxxxxxx Xxxx, the water itself is dirty and can be unsafe to drink, especially for younger children, older community members, and pregnant or nursing women.

Svay Leu District Water Purification Project - CambodiaMost community members know about hygiene and sanitation, as there are many NGOs in the area that educate on these topics. However, there are no programs in place to bridge the gap between education and access to materials. As this is a low-income, rural community, this project will help families to sustainably and affordably improve their access to clean water and proper hygiene practices.

Project Description
The Village Health Support Group (VHSG) seeks to bridge the gap between education and access by providing 30 families with biosand water filters, and 50 families with hand washing containers to be placed outside of their bathrooms.

The biosand filters are made of concrete, and will contain gravel, sand, and biological layers. They will remove bacteria and other pathogens, and will be procured locally.

The project will begin with two, 1-day education trainings, where health topics concerning hygiene, clean water, and water storage will be discussed. The first training will be for the 30 families who will receive a water filter. This training will cover why having clean water is important, how to properly store clean water, and the positive short term and long-term impacts of using clean water.

The second training will be for the 50 families who will receive a hand washing container. This training will cover the importance of washing your hands, the proper hand washing technique, and how washing your hands can positively impact you and your families’ health.

Svay Leu District Water Purification Project - CambodiaAfter these educational trainings, 5 smaller trainings will occur at participants’ houses, with 6 families in attendance at each. These trainings will cover how to properly install and maintain your water filter, with one being done for demonstration. These six families are then responsible for helping each other install and maintain their water filters in their homes. In addition, there will be 5 separate trainings for the families who want a hand washing container.

Community involvement is a major component of this project, and is essential for its success. This is ensured through attendance fees that promote ownership over the project and by having participants be responsible for building, transporting, and maintaining their water filters and hand washing containers.

Project Impact
500 people will benefit from this project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
C. Becker

Monitoring and Maintenance
With 1- and 3-month follow-ups, the PCV and her counterpart will visit the participants’ houses to observe whether they are implementing what was learned at the trainings, as well as if their water filters are being properly maintained.

Since the community members are being trained on how to maintain their water filters and hand washing containers, and are responsible for installing and building them themselves, it creates ownership over the project and makes it more likely the community will be invested in its success.

Funding
This project has been funded by the International Foundation. Please Donate to Water Charity to allow us to start new projects in Cambodia and elsewhere.

Svay Leu District Water Purification Project - CambodiaSvay Leu District Water Purification Project - Cambodia

 
Country: 
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Progress: 

High School Water and Sanitation Project - Cambodia

High School Water and Sanitation Project - Cambodia

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

High School Water and Sanitation Project - CambodiaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxx Xxxx Village, Ou Prasat Commune, Mongkol Borei District, Banteay Meanchey Province, Cambodia

Community Description
Conveniently located on Cambodia’s National Road 5, Xxxxx Xxxx High School serves as the point of convergence of 24 villages of the bucolic and widely dispersed commune. Due to its proximity to the market, the pagoda, and the national highway, Xxxxx Xxxx High School educates the clear majority of the community’s youth ranging from grade 6 through grade 12.

Problem Addressed
There were 3 prior Peace Corps Volunteers in the village. Each of these implemented projects at the school during their service, including painting a world map and globe, sprucing up and adding books to the library, and building 4 latrines on the south side of campus.

The school director, Mr. Modell, counterpart, Mr. Sophall, and the PCV have identified a two-part concern to address:

High School Water and Sanitation Project - Cambodia(1) Xxxxx Xxxx High School educates nearly 1,400 students, who are taught by 70 teachers. For this large population, there are no hand washing facilities anywhere on school grounds. The lack of adequate facilities is a public health concern, leading to the spread of disease.

Additionally, the female students miss school when they are menstruating because they do not have a way to wash away blood from their hands, bodies, or clothes.

(2) The school has only 10 working toilets available. Six of them are on the south side of campus and 4 are located on the west side of campus. None of them accommodates the needs of female students, in that that they are not separated from the boys’ latrines and they do not have the walls and doors to provide security and privacy.

There are 2 toilets on the north side of campus that have never been used, because when a Japanese NGO built them om 2014, they did not also build a water source.

This means that all the grade 7 and grade 8 students have the option of either defecating outside or walking across campus to use a toilet. This leads to most of our male students choosing to go outside, and there being an excess of female students having to wait for the toilets on the south side of campus

Project Description
This project is to improve the water access and sanitation conditions of the school by building a water storage container, a guttering system, 5 latrine stalls and a changing room, and handwashing stations.

High School Water and Sanitation Project - CambodiaOn the north side of the campus, a water storage container will be located next to the 2 existing latrine stalls, behind the grade 7 building. The container will be 1 meter in diameter, 2 ½ meters tall, and will have a 1 meter deep base. This container will be made of concrete and will model the water containers on the south side of campus.

A 10-meter gutter system will be built to convey rain water run-off into the water storage container. While one water container is likely not sufficient for long-term water demands, the school director has already begun rallying the community to donate funds to build one additional container. These water containers will connect to the 2 existing stalls through plastic pipes that the contractors will lay under the ground leading to the latrines.

Once operational, these two stalls will be dedicated to the male students. In addition to the existing 2 stalls, the water source will also provide water to the additional 5 female stalls to be built and the hand washing facilities.

Next, the 5 new latrine stalls and one changing room will be built. They will be equipped with a private sink, for female students. The latrine structure will be built of clay brick and concrete. The block of five latrines will be 8 meters wide. The latrines will be 2.5 half meters deep and 2.5 meters tall.

The changing room is designed to be more spacious, at 2 meters wide and 2.5 meters deep. Each latrine stall will be covered in porcelain tile with a porcelain squat-style toilet for easy daily cleaning. Each latrine will also have a cistern with access to water from the water storage container via a spigot from the water pipe Each stall will also have access to a waste bin for disposal of sanitary napkins.

High School Water and Sanitation Project - CambodiaThe 6 stall doors (5 latrine stalls and one changing room stall) will be behind a wall to provide female students privacy and safety. The wall will have a depth of 2 meters and will be 10 meters wide. The roof of the building will extend to cover the wall area. Behind the wall, 10 hand washing spots for the female students will be built to clean their hands in privacy.

The hand washing station will be rudimentary, consisting of faucets to release water with a ledge for hand soap, and a 3-meter-wide mirror. The contractors will build a small trench along the wall with a slope out one end of the building for the water from handwashing to escape. The floor will be poured concrete such that any excess water can be swept out and the floors can be kept clean.

The contractors will build waste storage containers behind the new latrines. The containers will consist of 3 units, each made of 4 individual concrete pieces. These pieces will be assembled such that 3 pieces will lay underground, the remaining one above ground. The remaining piece above ground will have a small door, such that when the containers are full, they can be pumped. The latrines will be connected to the storage container via 100-millimeter pipes.

On the south side of campus, a hand washing station with 10 spots to wash will be constructed in front of the existing 6 stalls. Along the wall of the grade 9 building, the contractors will connect 10 faucets to the existing water storage containers. The water that is released will drain into a narrow, poured concrete trench.

High School Water and Sanitation Project - CambodiaThe work will be done by community members during the months of August, September and October, while school is not in session.

The education component will begin with WASH lessons while the facilities are being built from August to October. In the first week of the new school year, there will be a celebration for the new facilities. Community members, students, and teachers will post on social media about the new facilities and the importance of sanitation.

At the start of the school year, a WASH session will be held for all the teachers to attend. This session will provide a general overview of WASH practices and the health benefits. The school director will explain the importance of all the teachers and himself to be models for the students by actively exhibiting positive WASH practices and encouraging non-compliant students to also practice hand washing.

Then, Mr. Sophall, Mr. Modell, and the PCV will ask 24 teachers (four from each grade level - two male and two female) to attend 3 additional WASH sessions. This is so that they can each work with Mr. Sophall and the PCV to train their students. Once the teachers have demonstrated understanding of positive WASH practices, they will hold two WASH session for their students.

Finally, when the school year is wrapping up, Sophall and the PCV will prepare materials and lessons to teach the grade 11 students with their counterparts how they will teach the coming year's grade 7 and grade 9 students. Three sessions will be held to instruct the grade 11 students in how to help teach the next year’s sessions.

Project Impact
1,480 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
L. Aylward

Monitoring and Maintenance
This project will be monitored by the PCV while she is in country, the school director, the teachers, and community members.

Xxxxx Xxxx High School has an existing system to sustain their latrines. Each grade has a day of the week in which they are expected to clean the latrines. With the construction of additional latrines and the hand washing stations, this same system will be applied.

At the end of each school year, the designated teachers, under Mr. Sophall’s supervision, will instruct the current grade 11 students with 3 sessions. These sessions will be aimed to prepare these students to lead the next year’s sessions for grade 7 and grade 9, only to be assisted by the teacher if necessary.

Let Girls Learn
This project particularly benefits girls by aiming to remove the barrier to education that menstruating can cause. With the new latrines, changing room with private sink, and general hand washing stations, females will no longer have to leave school when they start menstruating. With access to female-friendly facilities, comes access to female-friendly education.

Funding
This project has been paid for through a grant from the International Foundation.

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Tram Kak District Water Project - Cambodia

Tram Kak District Water Project - Cambodia

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

This project has been completed.  To read about the conclusion, CLICK HERE.

Tram Kak District Water Project - CambodiaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxx Xxxx Commune, Tram Kak District, Takeo Province, Cambodia

Community Description
In the rural community of Xxxx Xxxx Commune, many families are rice farmers. The eighteen villages that Xxxx Xxxx Health Center serves, thrive off the land of lush green rice fields during rainy season and dry, cracked dirt during the dry season.

Although the commune serves over 1,000 people, the families are intertwined as one large family. Like many communities in Cambodia, families in the area are recovering financially, structurally, physically, mentally, and developmentally from their broken past.

Problem Addressed
In 2015, a new maternity ward was built without consideration of distance and accessibility to the health center's current water source. Currently, there is no running water in the delivery room or the bathroom attached to the maternity ward.

During a delivery, the midwives ask the family of the woman in labor to take a bucket to fill it up with water located about 20 meters from the delivery room. With this one bucket of water, the midwives perform their hand washing and washing of medical supplies.

The current water source is a small well that can be unreliable during hot season. Therefore, the staff needs to pull water from the pond, which is not hygienic.

Tram Kak District Water Project - CambodiaIn addition to the lack of running water, the community has not had any formal education on proper hand-washing techniques. Proper hygiene practices go beyond the health center. The community does not know the appropriate elements and techniques needed to wash their hands to prevent illnesses.

Project Description
This project is to build a reliable, running water source at the health center.

Both the delivery room and the bathroom have access points (i.e. sink, toilet, cistern) that were installed during the construction of the building in 2015. A well and tank will be constructed at a location behind the maternity ward near the delivery room and the bathroom.

Water will be pumped from the well up to the tank using an electric motor. The water will be stored in the tank until someone turns on the faucet in the maternity ward. The water will then flow from the tank to the delivery room or bathroom.

The base of the tank will be constructed from concrete and be 2 m x 2 m. The plastic tank will hold 1,500 L of water. The structure of the tank will include a metal roof to protect the tank and water inside from overheating.

The construction of the well, tank, and pipes will be done by local companies specializing in well and tank construction.

The health center staff will undergo a training involving knowledge and skills about why, how, and when to wash their hands

In addition, the midwives will be trained on necessary knowledge to be passed on to new mothers about hygiene related to post-natal care involving breastfeeding, bottle feeding, personal hygiene, and hygiene of their baby.

Tram Kak District Water Project - CambodiaOnce all nine staff members can demonstrate and explain hand washing, they will then use this knowledge to lead trainings. The first training will be with the Village Health Volunteers. They will go through a similar workshop related to critical information about hand-washing and skills on how to train others.

In November, at the start of the new school year, the health center staff will lead a training with class monitors and selected teachers. All the trainings will cover proper hand-washing techniques, critical hand-washing times, and knowledge of hygiene.

The health center staff has accumulated savings over the past few years to help contribute 25% for supplies, materials, and labor of the project. Their contributions will mainly go toward training materials and their contribution of time to train others in the community.

Recently, the health center chief installed wall shelves and soap to accompany the sinks in the old health center as well as the maternity ward.

Project Impact
Over 1,000 people will benefit from this project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Shelby Farmer

Monitoring and Maintenance
The staff maintains the facilities on a daily basis. The health center chief takes responsibility in budgeting and contacting individuals to maintain the running water and in restocking the soap every month through the monthly budget assigned to the health center at the commune level.

In addition, the midwives’ training on hygiene related to maternal health care will be sustained through the constant flow of patients who come in for ANC and PNC check-ups. The sustainability of knowledge will occur during midwives’ interaction with this target audience.

In addition, the staff member responsible for outreach meets with the Village Health Volunteers when going to their village. He will assess retained knowledge of hand-washing during his outreach.

Comments
The new well and tank will provide running water, allowing midwives to perform safer, more hygienic deliveries, and will provide an opportunity to educate the community about basic hygiene.

This project has been paid for through a grant from the International Foundation.

Conclusion of Tram Kak District Water Project - Cambodia

Conclusion of Tram Kak District Water Project - CambodiaThis project has been completed under the direction of Peace Corps Volunteer Shelby Farmer. To read about the start of the project, CLICK HERE.

The project was designed to build a reliable, running water source at the health center.

Conclusion of Tram Kak District Water Project - CambodiaShelby reports:

The Clean Care, Clean Community Project has created a healthier environment where community members feel safe and their health a priority. The maternity ward in the Health Center now has access to running water. This running water has increased proper handwashing of midwives before and after contact with patients.

Prior to the installation of running water, the midwives would ask the family of the woman in labor to take large buckets out to the cistern, or the pond during the drier months, to bring buckets of water into the maternity room. These buckets of water created a barrier for the midwives to easily and properly wash their hands. Now with a turn of a faucet, the midwives can comfortably and properly wash their hands as well as the surgical tools used for women’s health, therefore decreasing risk of infection.

The work that was done using Water Charity’s funding included installing a 35-meter well. This allows more reliable access to water since the rain water dries up during the drier months. Once the well was installed, a large structure that included a metal frame and 1,500L storage tank was built to allow the well water to be stored for high-pressure flow.

Pipes were then installed to deliver the water to the maternity ward. Some funding also helped develop health education trainings that discussed hand washing importance for the health center staff as well as educating midwifes about post-natal care hygiene to the new mothers and their families. In addition, these trainings extended to village health volunteers and the local primary school.

Conclusion of Tram Kak District Water Project - CambodiaThe progression of the project began with the Peace Corps Volunteer and her midwife counterpart attending a project design and management workshop provided by Peace Corps. The plan for this project was then presented to the health center staff. Once the project was fully funded and the community contributions were in place, the health center chief coordinated with community members such as construction workers and hardware stores to help with the project.

The installation of the well and motor occurred over a course of three days. The construction of the framework and water tank was more expensive than budgeted for, so we waited a few weeks in order to find more community contribution, which was provided by donations of the health center staff. Once enough funding was available, the structure was built over a course of a week.

Pipes were then connected from the new structure to the maternity ward. When the first flow of water was tested, the health center found that there were issues with the pipes and that the flow of water was very limited. Since no grant money was allotted for this unforeseen issue, the health center had to wait for monetary budget from the commune level to pay someone to come and check the pipes.

Once the pipes were cleaned out and the flow was restored, the maternity ward had access to flowing water. Along with the physical construction of flowing water, trainings on water and sanitation hygiene were conducted with the health center staff and the community. Every member of the staff was trained in proper handwashing and understanding of hygiene. In addition, the midwifes were trained in proper use of the facility as well as post-natal care hygiene that is to be taught to new mothers and their families after delivery. Lastly, outreach was conducted with the support of the health center staff teaching village health volunteers and the school about proper handwashing techniques.

The end result of this project has provided running water to a health center that serves 1,800 people. This running water provides easy access to proper handwashing techniques and cleaning of surgical equipment in a rural setting. It decreases the risk of infection in the clinical setting. The project has allowed an opportunity for behavior change regarding sanitation and hygiene within the community.

Comments from community:

“As a staff, we want to say thank you very much for providing an opportunity to better our community.”—Deputy Health Center Chief

“We treat the health center as a second home. With this new infrastructure, we feel like our home is complete.” –Midwife

We extend our thanks to Shelby for completing this important project.

Conclusion of Tram Kak District Water Project - CambodiaConclusion of Tram Kak District Water Project - Cambodia

 
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Dang Tong District Water Project - Cambodia

Dang Tong District Water Project - Cambodia

NPCA and WC logos

This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Dang Tong District Water Project - CambodiaLocation
This project summary has been redacted for security reasons to omit the specific project location.

Xxxxxxxxx, Dang Tong District, Kampot Province, Cambodia

Community Description
Xxxxxxxxx is home to about 10,000 people. It is located directly on the national road, so it's not your typical quiet Cambodian community. Many people commute to and from the local provincial town or the capital city every day.

Even though Xxxxxxxxx may be more hustle-and-bustle than your average Khmer community, none of the famous Cambodian friendliness has been lost. Every day is different from the next in the village.

Problem Addressed
Xxxxxxxxx Health Center serves the greater community's pre/post-natal care needs. Pregnancy check-ups, deliveries, and vaccinations are all done there. The center also provides basic medication and simple procedures, such as minor sutures.

Dang Tong District Water Project - CambodiaCurrently, all water provided to the health center is pumped out of a well on the corner of the property and placed in plastic buckets in the rooms where it will be used. Stagnant water is a breeding ground for mosquitos, bacteria, and therefore disease. The health center staff is left with no other practical option than to use this water for hand washing, cleaning minor wounds, and sanitizing medical equipment. This greatly increases the probability for staff and patients to contract or spread disease.

Project Description
This project is to construct a system to deliver water from the site of the well directly to the rooms of the health center to be used for all medical needs . Water will be pumped from the well using a motor and directed into a 2,000-liter water tank. The tank will stand 6-8 meters off the ground, supported by stilts. A series of pipes and hoses will connect the water tank directly to the rooms requiring water (bathrooms, ante-natal care room, delivery room), which are already equipped with sinks and a water disposal system.

Dang Tong District Water Project - CambodiaThe Xxxxxxxxx Health Center staff will implement the project and maintain the system, which is expected to result in an improvement in hygiene and sanitation. Time and energy will be saved, and there will be a great improvement in patient care.

Project Impact
The entire community of 10,000 people will benefit from the project.

Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
A. Gonglach

Monitoring and Maintenance
The running water system requires minimal upkeep. The plan for sustaining the project requires nothing more than occasionally pumping water into the water tank, and taking care of the water pump and pipes.

This project has been funded through the generosity of the International Foundation.

Dang Tong District Water Project - CambodiaDang Tong District Water Project - Cambodia

 

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Cambodia Water and Sanitation Program

Cambodia Water and Sanitation Program

We are pleased to announce the implementation of our new Cambodia Water and Sanitation Program. The first phase of the program is budgeted at $60,000. Funding has already been received from a U.S.-based foundation in the amount of $25,000.

The program is being implemented at once, with the intention of raising the remaining funds through donations and grants over the next several months. This will allow for a regular and continuing flow of projects over the coming year.

The program seeks to complete 20 water, sanitation, public health, and environmental projects in the neediest rural villages of Cambodia. The projects will be cost-effective, using appropriate technology and local labor. They will be administered by Peace Corps Volunteers and Returned Peace Corps Volunteers. Each project will be planned and implemented quickly and completed in a matter of months.

Many of the project will be aimed at creating conditions that further the goal of allowing girls to go to, and remain in, school, and will be included under our Let Girls Learn Initiative - Worldwide.

Today, there are over 100 Peace Corp volunteers stationed in Cambodian villages. In addition, there are over 400 Returned Peace Corps Volunteers who have served in the country since 2007, some of whom will be available to manage projects.

Cambodia Water and Sanitation ProgramThe Cambodia Water and Sanitation Program is designed to counteract the following conditions:

6.3 million out of 14.9 million Cambodians are unable to access clean drinking water, most of them poor and living in rural areas.

The lack of access to clean water leaves Cambodian children vulnerable to diseases, such as diarrhea, the second leading cause of death among children under five.

40% of primary schools and 35% of health centers in the country do not have access to safe water and sanitation.

Water Charity was started in 2008, and projects began in Cambodia in 2009. Since then, 76 projects have been completed in the country, including wells, pumps, latrines, handwashing stations, water systems, rainwater catchment systems and towers, along with filter projects, agriculture projects and solar/environmental projects.

The new program follows the model of our extremely successful WHOLE WORLD Water Program – Cambodia, which was completed in 2015 

We are seeking donations from foundations, other nonprofits, businesses, and individuals who recognize the value of our model. Please direct any questions you may have to mail (at) watercharity.org, or contribute now by clicking on the Donate button below.

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