Yagha Borehole Project II – Ghana
This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.
Yagha is a rural community within the Jirapa district in the Upper West region of Ghana. The community is located right off the Wa-Lawra paved road. The community consist of about 4,000 people, most of are from the Dagaaba tribe and speak the dialect of Dagaare, which is only spoken in the Upper West Region of Ghana.
The people in the community are mostly subsistence farmers. Their main crops are maize, millet, groundnuts and yam. All of these are used to prepare local food, but a large portion of millet is used to prepare a drink called pito. This is a semi-alcoholic drink is prepared by almost every woman in every house in the community.
The community has a primary school and a JHS, where a large portion of the youth (mostly boys) attend regularly. The children are the ones who fetch water the most. They go before and after school to fetch for their compound, and sometimes even during school break, because of the overcrowding at the current boreholes.
Yagha is confronted with a number of infrastructural challenges, but one of the biggest is access to potable drinking water. While conducting a needs assessment, the Chief of Yagha expressed extreme worry about the access to clean water, the importance of stopping the fetching of dam water and the need for the construction of a new borehole closer to the town center.
The community has three boreholes in total, which is not enough to serve the entire community, therefore most people fetch water from the nearby dam. Yagha consists of over 4,000 people and the boreholes are only capable of serving 1,800 people at maximum. This means that not only is there a severe shortage of water, but also the boreholes that are in existence are being overworked and the resources are rapidly being exhausted.
As the community members are fetching water at the dam for drinking and preparing food, there is a high rate of bacterial infections and diarrhea, due to the fact that animals also bathe and drink from this same water source. The only other source of water collection is from rain water harvest. However, due to the short rainy season, this does not provide enough water to sustain a household, and most people find themselves in a running very low on water during the insufferable hot season.
The borehole will be drilled to a depth of 70 meters in an area which has a good discharge of ground water. The project will employ an Afridev manual water pump and constructed with NC pipes, which is economical and sustainable.
There will be a concrete platform that leads to a runoff area, with a concrete basin at the end for water collection. This excess water will be used to water the permagardens that are being constructed and the livestock that passes by.
Around the concrete basin, a soak-away pit will be built to manage water overflow. This will prevent breeding pools for mosquitoes.
There will be a fence built, and a chain provided to lock the borehole when not in use. This way, the WASTAN committee can guarantee that borehole users have to pay a small fee when they use the borehole. The funds accumulated can then be used for maintenance purposes should the borehole ever breakdown.
The work will be directed by Rural Empowerment for Accelerated Development (READ) Ghana, a locally-based NGO based in Wa, the capital of the Upper West Region.
The borehole will be built on land made available by the community. Volunteers will clear the project site and dig the animal water reservoir. They will also collect all locally available materials for the borehole development work, namely stones and sand. They will also provide much of the labor needed for construction.
The RASHBASH Company Limited will be hired for the construction (the digging down to the water table and the construction of the borehole structure itself). RASHBASH has considerable experience and expertise in the borehole industry in Ghana, having executed several borehole projects at competitive cost. They have successfully executed similar projects in all the 11 districts in the Upper West Region of Ghana.
In summary, the community will provide the land, labor, water, and resources needed, such as rocks and sand, while Water Charity funds will pay for the remainder (hiring of the RASBASH and the remaining resources).
600 people will benefit from the project.
Peace Corps Volunteer Directing Project
Monitoring and Maintenance
A borehole management committee (an extension of the WATSAN committee) will be established to play a leadership and coordination role to ensure the sustainability of the project. As per the suggestion by community members, it will have 6 members (3 men and 3 women). Their roles will consist of making sure the borehole is being used and maintained properly. To enable this, READ Ghana will provide training for the committee and selected community members on the basis of strong leadership, management skills.
The borehole management committee, together with the whole community, will decide on reasonable fees to charge the users monthly. These fees will be collected and saved in an account with St. Joseph Credit Union-Jirapa. This will enable the community to maintain the borehole whenever it breaks down.
Funds raised in excess of the project amount will be allocated to other projects in the country.
Donations Collected to Date
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