Kwaa-Paa Borehole Project – Ghana

Kwaa-Paa Borehole Project – Ghana

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Kwaa-Paa Borehole Project - GhanaLocation
Kwaa-Paa, Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana

Community Description
Kaa-Paa is a large village located next to Weremuso towards the regional capital (Sunyani). It is about a 35-minute drive to the district capital Sunyani, with a population of about 2,210 people. The main source of income is from agriculture and trading, mostly among women. In addition, young men and women serve as laborers at the various mining sites.

The Brong-Ahafo Region is located in south Ghana. Brong-Ahafo is bordered to the north by the Black Volta River and to the east by the Lake Volta, and to the south by the Ashanti region, Eastern and Western regions, and to the west by the Ivory Coast southeastern border. Some of the languages spoken by the people are Twi, English, Ewe, Bono and Hausa.

Because this location is a center of mining activity, it has associated problems, such as school dropout and teenage pregnancy. Due to economic hardships at home, a large number of children between the ages of 6 and 15 abandon their classrooms for gold mining, to either make a living or make a few Ghana cedis to support their parents.

The few children who are in school also work in illegal gold mining concessions after school to earn money to pay for their own education. They usually do not wear any protective gear, and are exposed to all manner of bodily injury, especially to the eyes and feet.

Kwaa-Paa Borehole Project - GhanaProblem Addressed
The people of the village suffer from lack of access to potable water. Their lands and water bodies have been largely destroyed as result of illegal mining activities and the use heavy chemicals on their land. The illegal mining in the area causes several environmental and health problems.

Several accidents have occurred, and in some cases, people have died from water-related issues. In April 2015, at least 16 people lost their lives as a result of consuming polluted water. This community now needs to transport water from nearby towns, and pay unaffordable prices.

Another serious impact is the health hazards as a result of pollution from gases, noise and dust. Coal mines release methane which can pollute the air. Sulphuric acid is utilized in the mining operations, which drains into the water bodies, and adversely affects them.

The movements of rock in the case of surface mining impacts the land negatively. Craters are left in the areas where mining activities took place, destroying landscape and lush vegetation in the process.

Deforestation is resulting in changes in the ecosystem which includes increasing the levels of carbon dioxide in the air.

Leakage of chemicals into the environment adversely affects the health of the local population.

Project Description
This project is build a borehole to supply ample water for the people of Kwaa-Paa.

The borehole will reach a depth of about 50 meters. Water will be accessed by a hand pump. Above-ground improvements will include a concrete area, as well as a channels and soak pit for removal of excess runoff.

A contract will be awarded to a borehole construction firm with experience in the region.

Activities prior to implementation include cost analysis, location selection, geologic and topographic consultation, and preparation of design sketches.

The community will contribute a monthly fee per home toward the maintenance and repairs of the facility, as well the unskilled labor needed for project implementation.

Kwaa-Paa Borehole Project - GhanaProject Impact
2,210 people will benefit from the project.

Project Administration
The project will be implemented under the direction of Nana Kudjoe Kesse, Executive Director and Chief Operations Officer of H2O Africa Care. Nana previously completed four other borehole projects.

We are grateful to Solomon Amuzu, of Call to Nature Permaculture, who is providing additional assistance and oversight.

Monitoring and Maintenance
The community will charge small monthly fees to take care of repairs and other related work when needed. A caretaker will be assigned to perform the management function for the smooth running of the facility. Also shade trees will be planted around the facility to provide some amount of shade for cool environment.

H20 Africa Care team will do a monthly check on the facility to ensure its sustainability.

Project Funding
The funding for this project has been provided by an anonymous donor.

If you like this project, please make a general-purpose donation to Water Charity, so that we will have funds available to immediately start our next project in Ghana.