KriKri Clinic Borehole System Project – Togo

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This project is made possible through the partnership of WATER CHARITY and the NATIONAL PEACE CORPS ASSOCIATION.

Location
KriKri, Centrale Region, Togo

Community Description
Krikri is in the same general location as the Affem Kabyé health clinic, to the north of the town of Tchamba and near the Benin border. The population of KriKri is around 4,000 inhabitants, mostly cultivators farming the common regional crops of maize, soy, beans, manioc and yams. A small cashew nut cash crop cultivation exists as an agroforestry crop within household plots. Processing plants are accessible as the region of Tchamba in general is a major exporter of cashew nut.

The majority of the population are of the Tchamba (or Tem) ethnic group, with Molla and sedentary Fulani. While animism was the dominant religion at the time of settlement, today most inhabitants are Muslim.

Water scarcity is widespread. While there is a municipal water tower in KriKri, the distribution is inadequate to supply the needs of the entire village. Other community wells exist. However, most of those dry up during the dry season. Several international and national NGOs have worked and continue to work in Krikri in areas of family planning, trafficking awareness and prevention, and youth development.

The health clinic in KriKri serves a larger population of 6,200 including outlying villages. The clinic was built in 1988 initially by the community and later, in 2013, a larger maternity clinic was built with the assistance of a Togolese NGO with international funds. The clinic is powered by electricity and has indoor plumbing fixtures. The clinic commonly treats cases of malaria, gastro-intestinal ailments (particularly in children), and dermatological problems by those inhabitants living next to the region’s rivers. Clinic births average seventeen a month. The initial water source at the clinic was a shallow, open 8-meter well, later in 1983 the well was covered, and a metal water tower, polyethylene tank and hand pump installed.

Problem Addressed
The water source at the clinic ceased being potable shortly after the clinic was first built due to lateral contamination of the well water from nearby open sources, and infiltration of pesticide and fertilizers from area fields. The clinic well, as in most of the region, runs dry from February to the start of the rainy season in May or June. While the well water continued to be used (until 2012 when the old metal pipes began rusting) for cleaning, potable water was and continues to be brought to the clinic from village wells, and typically by the patients themselves. The lack of water at the clinic is particularly onerous for women giving birth. The relatives of patients are required to haul water during and post-birth for cleaning of the maternity room, utensils and birthing cloth. Potable water for staff and patients is brought to the clinic from a closed well 3 kms away in plastic containers and treated with bleach. The water used for cleaning surfaces post treatment is typically not treated with bleach. Filtering of sediment is not done.

Project Description
This project is to build a borehole well for the clinic. Under the guidance of the Department of Hydraulics and Sanitation’s regional office in Sokode and with support from the Ministry of Health regional director, who identified clinics with the most critical need, and a local drilling company, this project proposes to drill a 60- to 100-meter borehole well at the clinic, equipped with the following:

• An electric submersible pump,
• a 4.5-meter high cement block water tower,
• a 2 meter3 polyethylene tank
• piping to the main intake valve at the clinic.

The submersible pump will be run using electricity. The local drilling company selected, Plomberie Génerale de Réalisation de Forage, in operation since 1998 and based in Tchamba, has extensive experience drilling deep borehole wells throughout Togo and regionally in Burkina Faso, Benin and Nigeria.

Project Impact
Number of people affected by the project: 6,200

Project Administration
This project will be managed by Anne Jeton, hydrologist and Returned Peace Corps Volunteer (RPCV), Burkina Faso (’82-’85) and Returned Peace Corps Response Volunteer (RPCRV), Togo (’16 -’17).

Anne was sent to Togo on behalf of Water Charity to develop and administer new projects, and to coordinate with Peace Corps.

Monitoring and Maintenance
Along with staff from the Department of Hydraulics and Sanitation who will monitor the well “indefinitely” (the well data becomes part of the official borehole well database, and as such is included in periodic field monitoring by technicians based in each Prefecture ), the contract for well drilling states a one-year guarantee provided by the drilling company. Problems with pump and borehole functioning are typically resolved in the first month of use.

Proper screening of the borehole and submersible pump placement relative to the static water table often mitigate most common problems. However, any mechanical problems surfacing in the first year will be the responsibility of the drilling company.

The clinic staff will be responsible for maintaining a well repair account which will be funded from the sale of medicines. The clinic will decide a nominal fee for water use should the water account be insufficient, or the community will be asked to contribute directly to the costs.

Project Funding
This project has been funded by an anonymous donor.